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August 05 2013

Quand Petite Poucette écrit (Le Café Pédagogique)

Quand Petite Poucette écrit (Le Café Pédagogique)

L’étude confirme combien l’écrit occupe une place centrale dans la vie quotidienne des adolescents. SMS, messageries instantanées, réseaux sociaux en sont les principaux vecteurs, mais il emprunte d’autres modalités : lettres, créations narratives, écrits fonctionnels du quotidien, citations ou poèmes recopiés, réflexions et notes personnelles via journal intime ou sur supports variés, y compris scolaires comme les cahiers et classeurs… […] Cette importance de la communication influe sur les manières d’écrire et produit de nouvelles conventions […] Sans doute, l’école aurait-elle tout intérêt à prendre conscience de cette appétence des adolescents pour l’écriture, y compris dans sa dimension fondamentalement relationnelle : à multiplier et diversifier les situations de production de textes, à leur donner un vrai destinataire, autrement dit à mettre en place des dispositifs d’écriture autres que le sempiternel « devoir » sur « copie »…


L’étude montre encore combien les adolescents ont développé une forte adaptabilité, acquis une capacité à utiliser différentes variantes de la langue […] Les auteurs font d’ailleurs remarquer que le langage SMS lui-même est plus complexe qu’on ne le pense et obéit à des règles, « auxquelles on ne déroge pas impunément, sans risque de sanction sociale […]. Toutes ces constations donnent à penser qu’il une y a bien là une forte conscience des situations énonciatives et des codes linguistiques, une forme d’intelligence et de maîtrise de la langue plus subtile qu’on ne le croit. […]

L’étude souligne enfin combien les adolescents, bien qu’ils ne soient pas brillants (ou peut-être parce qu’ils ne se le sont pas ?), ne font guère preuve de laxisme en matière d’orthographe. […] Les auteurs montrent en particulier combien les ados se révèlent « très conformistes lorsque l’on parle d’orthographe » […]

Des aspirations à une vraie maitrise de la langue apparaissent aussi : les adolescents s’inventent des codes stricts, adhèrent fondamentalement aux normes scolaires, évoluent peu à peu dans leurs pratiques pour coller davantage à celles-ci. Il apparait dès lors que les pratiques d’écriture numérique de Petite Poucette ont développé chez elle une qualité essentielle : l’éducabilité.

#éducation #TICE #écriture #langage #sms

February 07 2013

DIY robotic hands and wells that text (industrial Internet links)

Two makers come together to make a robotic hand for a boy in South Africa (TechCrunch) — The maker movement is adjacent to the industrial Internet, and it’s growing fast as a rich source of innovative thinking wherever machines and software meet. In this case, Ivan Owen and Richard Van As built a robotic hand for a South African five-year-old who was born missing fingers on his right hand. Owen is an automation technician and Van As is a tradesman. They did their work on a pair of donated MakerBots — evidence that design for machines and the physical world at large is more accessible than ever to bright enthusiasts from lots of different backgrounds. The designers even open-sourced their work; the hand’s CAD files are available at Thingiverse. Owen and Van As are running a Fundly campaign; more information is available at their Web site.

WellDone — Utilities in the developed world use remote monitoring widely to keep far-flung equipment running smoothly, but their model is tough to apply in places where communications infrastructure is thin, though. This initiative has adapted the philosophy of the industrial Internet to the infrastructure that’s available: SMS text messaging. WellDone is installing water-flow sensors at local wells that send flow data by SMS to a cloud database. The system will alert local technicians when it detects anomalies in water flows, and the information it gathers will inform future data-driven development projects.

Manufacturing’s Next Chapter (AtlanticLIVE) — I’m visiting this conference in Washington, D.C. today; it’s also being live-streamed at The Atlantic‘s Web site. At 2:35pm Eastern Time and at 3:25pm, panelists will talk about the effect of technology on industry and the rise of advanced manufacturing.

Electricity Data Browser (U.S. Energy Information Administration) — The EIA has made its vast database of detailed electricity statistics available through an integrated interactive portal. The EIA has also built an API that opens more than 400,000 data series available to developers and analysts.

This is a post in our industrial Internet series, an ongoing exploration of big machines and big data. The series is produced as part of a collaboration between O’Reilly and GE.

December 21 2011

Four short links: 21 December 2011

  1. AntiMap -- open source Android software to gather arbitrary data and visualize it. This enables you to be a 21C Francis Galton, the man who walked the streets of England using a pin to prick holes on a cross of card in his pocket, all to keep track of the relative average beauty of women in different parts of the country. He was such an obsessive data gatherer that, during one particularly boring meeting, he kept track of fidgets from each of the other meeting participants. Now you can too.
  2. Defending Privacy at the U.S. Border: A Guide for Travelers Carrying Digital Devices (EFF) -- a must read guide for travelers with commercial, political, or personal confidences they would like to keep. (via Marcia Hofmann)
  3. TextSecure Open Sourced -- GPLv3 release of the source code to an encrypting text message app for Android.
  4. Meet the New Mozilla (David Ascher) -- Mozilla looks up from the browser and realizes apps and mobile are the new battlegrounds for proprietary vs open web. Bravo!

July 22 2011

Visualization of the Week: Mobile data redraws the map

New technologies may blur boundaries, but in many ways geography still dominates how our relationships are formed. Researchers at AT&T Labs Research, IBM Research, and MIT SENSEable City Laborator have analyzed mobile phone and SMS data to demonstrate how place continues to play an important role in our relationships.

Here's how the "The Connected States of America" project put mobile data to use:

Using millions of anonymized records of cell phone data, researchers were able to map the communities that people form themselves through personal interactions. The cell phone data included both calls and texts and was collected over a single month from residential and business users.

The analysis and accompanying visualization highlight the communities that are regional but that also stretch beyond official borders and across county and state lines. Some of the findings:

  • California, Illinois, and New Jersey are split on a north-south basis.
  • Pennsylvania is divided east-west.
  • Some communities merge several states: Louisiana-Mississippi, Alabama-Georgia, New England.
  • Some communication communities, such as Texas, actually match state borders quite closely.

The Connected States of America
Click to see the original graphic from "The Connected States of America" project. You can also check out more visuals and an interactive map.

Found a great visualization? Tell us about it

This post is part of an ongoing series exploring visualizations. We're always looking for leads, so please drop a line if there's a visualization you think we should know about.

Android Open, being held October 9-11 in San Francisco, is a big-tent meeting ground for app and game developers, carriers, chip manufacturers, content creators, OEMs, researchers, entrepreneurs, VCs, and business leaders.

Save 20% on registration with the code AN11RAD


March 04 2011

Four short links: 4 March 2011

  1. JSARToolKit -- Javascript port of the Flash AR Toolkit. I'm intrigued because the iPad2 has rear-facing camera and gyroscopes up the wazoo, and (of course) no Flash. (via Mike Shaver on Twitter)
  2. Android Patterns -- set of design patterns for Android apps. (via Josh Clark on Twitter)
  3. Preview of Up and Running with Node.js (O'Reilly) -- Tom Hughes-Croucher's new book in preview form. Just sorting out commenting now. (via Tom on Twitter)
  4. #Blue Opens for Business -- a web app that gets your text messages. You can reply, and there's an API to give other apps read/write access. Signs the text message is finally becoming a consumer platform.

February 23 2010

Four short links: 23 February 2010

  1. SMS in Disaster Response -- Haitians SMS urgent needs to 4636, where they're translated through crowdsourcing and acted on. All based on the Uhsahidi SMS engine.
  2. Inside Open Source's Historic Victory -- open source developer wins against someone who took his work, added it to an open patent application, and then sued the open source developer for violating his patent.
  3. What's Wrong with Confidence (Pete Warden) -- the lean startup approach and the scientific method. Good read, with two magnificent quotes: "Strong opinions, weakly held, and Confidence is vital for getting things done, but it has to be a spur to test your theories, not a lazy substitute for gathering evidence.
  4. If You're a Pirate -- the user experience of legitimate DVDs is shite. That's not the only reason that people pirate, but it sure ain't helping.

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