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February 29 2012



(J)udicial powers should be wrestled back from Strasbourg and courts given enhanced latitude in interpreting decisions, according to a leaked draft of the British plan for reforming the European court of human rights.

The 12-page document circulated to the other 46 member states of the Council of Europe is intended to cut the backlog of cases waiting to be heard at Strasbourg and empower national courts.

Britain currently holds the council's chair and has embarked on a diplomatic offensive to galvanise support for far-reaching reform of the court.


The paper, titled High Level Conference on the Future of the European Court of Human Rights, will be debated at an international conference in Brighton in April at the end of the UK's six-month term of office.Some details have not been finalised and alternative options are included in certain sections.

It has not been released to parliament but follows along broad lines set out by David Cameron.

The content may nonetheless alarm civil liberties groups who fear that international standards could be diluted in favour of allowing individual states greater leeway on sensitive human rights issues.

The document argues for expanding what is known as the "margin of appreciation", the way in which states may choose how to implement the different articles of the European convention on human rights.

It states: "The principles of subsidiarity and the margin of appreciation should be enhanced by their express inclusion in the convention." It suggests that the "necessary amending instrument" should be endorsed within a year.


Britain plans reform of the European court of human rights | The Guardian - 2012-02-28

February 28 2012



Was kann man gegen die Überschuldung tun?

Vordringlich braucht es die innovativen Methoden für ein neues Funktionieren von Organisation und Management. Vorübergehend sollte man auch die meisten Wirtschaftsfakultäten der Unis und Business-Schools schließen und für einen Neustart fragen: Warum habt ihr Wissenschaftler das geduldet und nicht hinterfragt? Wir haben in einer Periode der systematischen Bewusstseins-Verschmutzung gelebt. Die Welt wurde gemacht von Personen, die sich und den Globus nur über die Geld-Dimension wahrnehmen, alle Dinge nur in Geld bewerten. Eine Facette dabei ist, dass wir das Börsengeschehen zum verführerischen Infotainment entwickelt haben. Das hat zusätzlichen Schaden angerichtet. Viele Menschen sind vor allem über die Pensionsfonds und andere Vehikel noch am Ende der großen Hausse zur Jahrtausendwende in Aktien eingestiegen und leiden jetzt unter den Verlusten, die aber erst in ihren Anfängen stehen.


Fredmund Malik im Interview: „Es droht eine teuflische Abwärtsspirale“ | Handelsblatt 2012-02-26

February 27 2012



American officials have traditionally viewed the World Bank as an extension of United States foreign policy and commercial interests. With the Bank just two blocks away from the White House on Pennsylvania Avenue, it has been all too easy for the US to dominate the institution. Now many members, including Brazil, China, India, and several African countries, are raising their voices in support of more collegial leadership and an improved strategy that works for all.

From the Bank’s establishment until today, the unwritten rule has been that the US government simply designates each new president: all 11 have been Americans, and not a single one has been an expert in economic development, the Bank’s core responsibility, or had a career in fighting poverty or promoting environmental sustainability. Instead, the US has selected Wall Street bankers and politicians, presumably to ensure that the Bank’s policies are suitably friendly to US commercial and political interests.

Yet the policy is backfiring on the US and badly hurting the world. Because of a long-standing lack of strategic expertise at the top, the Bank has lacked a clear direction. Many projects have catered to US corporate interests rather than to sustainable development. The Bank has cut a lot of ribbons on development projects, but has solved far too few global problems.

For too long, the Bank’s leadership has imposed US concepts that are often utterly inappropriate for the poorest countries and their poorest people. For example, the Bank completely fumbled the exploding pandemics of AIDS, tuberculosis, and malaria during the 1990’s, failing to get help to where it was needed to curb these outbreaks and save millions of lives.

Even worse, the Bank advocated user fees and “cost recovery” for health services, thereby putting life-saving health care beyond the reach of the poorest of the poor – precisely those most in need of it. In 2000, at the Durban AIDS Summit, I recommended a new “Global Fund” to fight these diseases, precisely on the grounds that the World Bank was not doing its job. The Global Fund to Fight AIDS, TB, and Malaria emerged, and has since saved millions of lives, with malaria deaths in Africa alone falling by at least 30%.

The Bank similarly missed crucial opportunities to support smallholder subsistence farmers and to promote integrated rural development more generally in impoverished rural communities in Africa, Asia, and Latin America. For around 20 years, roughly from 1985 to 2005, the Bank resisted the well-proven use of targeted support for small landholders to enable impoverished subsistence farmers to improve yields and break out of poverty. More recently, the Bank has increased its support for smallholders, but there is still far more that it can and should do.


A World Bank for a New World | - Jeffrey D. Sachs 20120227 
Reposted bydatenwolfmihaicontinuum
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