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April 24 2013

April 04 2013

Four short links: 4 April 2013

  1. geo-bootstrap — Twitter Bootstrap fork that looks like a classic geocities page. Because. (via Narciso Jaramillo)
  2. Digital Public Library of America — public libraries sharing full text and metadata for scans, coordinating digitisation, maximum reuse. See The Verge piece. (via Dan Cohen)
  3. Snake Robots — I don’t think this is a joke. The snake robot’s versatile abilities make it a useful tool for reaching locations or viewpoints that humans or other equipment cannot. The robots are able to climb to a high vantage point, maneuver through a variety of terrains, and fit through tight spaces like fences or pipes. These abilities can be useful for scouting and reconnaissance applications in either urban or natural environments. Watch the video, the nightmares will haunt you. (via Aaron Straup Cope)
  4. The Power of Data in Aboriginal Hands (PDF) — critique of government statistical data gathering of Aboriginal populations. That ABS [Australian Bureau of Statistics] survey is designed to assist governments, commentators or academics who want to construct policies that shape our lives or encourage a one-sided public discourse about us and our position in the Australian nation. The survey does not provide information that Indigenous people can use to advance our position because the data is aggregated at the national or state level or within the broad ABS categories of very remote, remote, regional or urban Australia. These categories are constructed in the imagination of the Australian nation state. They are not geographic, social or cultural spaces that have relevance to Aboriginal people. [...] The Australian nation’s foundation document of 1901 explicitly excluded Indigenous people from being counted in the national census. That provision in the constitution, combined with Section 51, sub section 26, which empowered the Commonwealth to make special laws for ‘the people of any race, other than the Aboriginal race in any State’ was an unambiguous and defining statement about Australian nation building. The Founding Fathers mandated the federated governments of Australia to oversee the disappearance of Aboriginal people in Australia.

March 01 2013

Four short links: 1 March 2013

  1. Drone Journalismtwo universities in the US have already incorporated drone use in their journalism programs. The Drone Journalism Lab at the University of Nebraska and the Missouri Drone Journalism Program at the University of Missouri both teach journalism students how to make the most of what drones have to offer when reporting a story. They also teach students how to fly drones, the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) regulations and ethics.
  2. passivednsA network sniffer that logs all DNS server replies for use in a passive DNS setup.
  3. IFLA E-Lending Background Paper (PDF) — The global dominance of English language eBook title availability reinforced by eReader availability is starkly evident in the statistics on titles available by country: in the USA: 1,000,000; UK: 400,000; Germany/France: 80,000 each; Japan: 50,000; Australia: 35,000; Italy: 20,000; Spain: 15,000; Brazil: 6,000. Many more stats in this paper prepared as context for the International Federation of Library Associations.
  4. The god Architecturea scalable, performant, persistent, in-memory data structure server. It allows massively distributed applications to update and fetch common data in a structured and sorted format. Its main inspirations are Redis and Chord/DHash. Like Redis it focuses on performance, ease of use and a small, simple yet powerful feature set, while from the Chord/DHash projects it inherits scalability, redundancy, and transparent failover behaviour.

June 22 2012

Publishing News: Penguin goes back to the library

Here are a few stories that caught my attention in the publishing space this week.

Penguin tests digital library waters

Penguin LogoPenguin Group and ebook distributor 3M announced a pilot program this week to distribute Penguin books in The New York Public Library and the Brooklyn Public Library. The program is scheduled to begin in August, and if successful, could be rolled out to libraries nationwide. There are a couple conditions, as noted in the announcement: Ebooks for lending will be windowed — or held back — for six months after publication, and the books will expire (and need to be repurchased) after one year.

Tim McCall, vice president of online sales and marketing at Penguin, told the Wall Street Journal "the six-month delay is intended to prevent library e-books from undercutting other sales" and "the renewable one-year expiration date on e-books, meanwhile, is designed to mimic the natural shelf life of print books."

Over at Publishers Weekly, Peter Brantley wrote a nice commentary on Penguin's return to the library and its included conditions. He says Penguin has it all wrong in terms of protecting sales:

"Most recent studies of library patron's borrowing and purchasing habits indicate that the most active library users are also the most active purchasers ... These surveys suggest that windowing will indeed have an impact on sales: it will reduce them, by eliminating their exposure among patrons who would otherwise be among their most fervent marketers."

A Pew Internet study, "Libraries, patrons, and e-books," released this week states: "Among those who read e-books, 41% of those who borrow e-books from libraries purchased their most recent e-book." Statistics from the report also highlight another important point about awareness:

  • 58% of all library card holders say they do not know if their library provides e-book lending services.
  • 53% of all tablet computer owners say they do not know if their library lends e-books.
  • 48% of all owners of e-book reading devices such as original Kindles and NOOKs say they do not know if their library lends e-books.
  • 47% of all those who read an e-book in the past year say they do not know if their library lends e-books.

Brantley says this is an area of untapped opportunity: "[B]oth publishers and libraries should be particularly trying to build relationships with the large portion of the population that is 'e-unaware' — prospective readers who have not been introduced to e-books, or find their adoption too difficult because of digital illiteracy. Libraries can bridge these divides and increase the number of readers that no bookstore or online retailer would be able to reach." Brantley's post is a must-read this week.

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Ebook accounting

Philip Elmer-Dewitt at CNNMoney highlighted an excerpt from a piece by Ken Auletta at the New Yorker (subscription/purchase required) this week that debunks claims and perceptions that ebooks cost almost nothing to produce. In the New Yorker piece, Auletta concedes that ebooks are about 20% cheaper to produce than print books, as they don't require paper, printing, shipping and warehouse, and there are none of the costs associated with book returns. But Auletta points out other cost considerations:

"... [T]hey create additional costs: maintaining computer servers, monitoring piracy, digitizing old books. And publishers have to pay authors and editors, as well as rent and administrative overhead, not to mention the costs of printing, distributing, and warehousing bound books, which continue to account for the large majority of their sales."

Elmer-Dewitt also submits that "[t]he accounting gets even more complicated when you consider that most books cost publishers more than they earn." To this end, Kevin Murphy over at Melville House shared a New York Times graphic that approximates publisher costs and profits for hardcover books and ebooks. According to the graphic, for a $9.99 ebook, a publisher will profit $3.51 to $4.26 — this is profit before overhead costs, such as staff salaries, building rent and utilities.

Tracking news that resonates

The first round of 2012 Knight News Challenge winners were announced this week. The theme for this round of awards was networks. Mathew Ingram at GigaOm has a nice roundup of all the winners, as does The Nieman Journalism Lab, but one startup stood out in its practical approach to solving a problem newsrooms are experiencing across the board: shrinking resources. Using an editorial analytics approach, looks to help editors decide which stories warrant resources. From the Nieman Lab post:

" aims to help, by tracking social engagement with the news — scanning social network activity to provide real-time information on what's resonating with readers. Editors are able to track their own — and competitors' — stories. will sort not just headlines but news topics — to spot trends and spikes in interest."

You can read full descriptions of the six winners here and here.


  • The anchor on ebook prices is gone. Now we'll see where they float
  • Open question: Do libraries help or hurt publishing?
  • Dominant form of journalism foretold by Reynolds Journalism Institute
  • More Publishing Week in Review coverage

  • Four short links: 22 June 2012

    1. Reality Bytes -- We make things because that’s how we understand. We make things because that’s how we pass them on, and because everything we have was passed on to us as a made object. We make things in digital humanities because that’s how we interpret and conserve our inheritance. Because that’s how we can make it all anew. Librarians, preservation, digital humanities, and the relationship between digital and physical. Existential threats don’t scare us. We’re librarians.
    2. Kickstarter Stats -- as Andy Baio said, it's the one Kickstarter feature that competitors won't be rushing to emulate. Clever way to emphasize their early lead.
    3. ICANN is Wrong (Dave Winer) -- Dave is right to ask why nobody's questioning the lack of public registration in the new domains. You can understand why, say, the Australia-New Zealand bank wouldn't let Joe Random register in .anz, but Amazon are proposing to keep domains like .shop, .music, .app for their own products. See all the bidders for the new gTLDs on the ICANN web site.
    4. The Art of GPS (Daily Mail) -- beautiful visualizations of uncommon things, such as the flights that dead bodies make when they're being repatriated to their home states. Personally, I think they tend too much to the "pretty" and insufficient to the "informative" or "revealing", but then I'm notorious for being too revealing and insufficiently informative.

    May 28 2012

    Four short links: 28 May 2012

    1. Canada Wages War on Knowledge -- Library and Archives Canada is ending acquisitions, not digitizing material, dispersing its collection to underfunded private and public collections around Canada, and providing little in the way of access to the scraps they did keep. Apparently Canada has been overrun by Huns and Vandals. Imminent sack of Toronto predicted. (via BoingBoing)
    2. Cyberpunk Dress Code (BoingBoing) -- what caught my eye was how many gadgets have been subsumed into the mobile phone.
    3. Brief Intro to TPCK and SAMR (PDF) -- slides from a workshop framing technology in education. SAMR particularly good: technology first Substitutes, then Augments (substitutes and improves), then Modifies (changing the task), and then finally Redefines (makes entirely new tasks possible).
    4. Virtual CDRW -- awesome Mac tool: gives you a fake CD/RW drive so when you have to play the burn/rip game to get music out of DRM, you don't have to waste plastic.

    March 12 2012

    Four short links: 12 March 2012

    1. Web-Scale User Modeling for Targeting (Yahoo! Research, PDF) -- research paper that shows how online advertisers build profiles of us and what matters (e.g., ads we buy from are more important than those we simply click on). Our recent surfing patterns are more relevant than historical ones, which is another indication that value of data analytics increases the closer to real-time it happens. (via Greg Linden)
    2. Information Technology and Economic Change -- research showing that cities which adopted the printing press no prior growth advantage, but subsequently grew far faster than similar cities without printing presses. [...] The second factor behind the localisation of spillovers is intriguing given contemporary questions about the impact of information technology. The printing press made it cheaper to transmit ideas over distance, but it also fostered important face-to-face interactions. The printer’s workshop brought scholars, merchants, craftsmen, and mechanics together for the first time in a commercial environment, eroding a pre-existing “town and gown” divide.
    3. They Just Don't Get It (Cameron Neylon) -- curating access to a digital collection does not scale.
    4. Should Libraries Get Out of the Ebook Business? -- provocative thought: the ebook industry is nascent, a small number of patrons have ereaders, the technical pain of DRM and incompatible formats makes for disproportionate support costs, and there are already plenty of worthy things libraries should be doing. I only wonder how quickly the dynamics change: a minority may have dedicated ereaders but a large number have smartphones and are reading on them already.

    January 27 2012

    Publishing News: Ereader ownership doubles, again

    Here are a few of the stories that caught my attention this week in the publishing space.

    Two surveys indicate a bright future for digital publishing

    Back in June, a survey conducted by the Pew Internet & American Life Project showed ereader ownership in the U.S. had doubled in six months. As impressive as those statistics were, the latest survey released by the company this week showed that both tablet and ereader ownership in the U.S. nearly doubled again, but in a much shorter time frame between mid-December and early January (the holiday season, of course).

    Ereader ownership chart

    The survey also indicated that "[t]he number of Americans owning at least one of these digital reading devices jumped from 18% in December to 29% in January." And ownership wasn't gender biased in terms of tablets: The survey showed that the same percentage — 19% — of both males and females own a tablet. Ownership of ereaders, however, skewed female: 21% of women in the U.S. own ereaders but just 16% of the men do.

    Pew attributed the dramatic growth not only to holiday shopping, but to the timely release of devices priced in the double digits by Amazon and Barnes & Noble.

    Another survey released this week by RBC Capital indicated that Amazon may be making more bank per Kindle Fire device than initially thought — meaning it may not be losing money on each sale in the long term. Eric Savitz at Forbes quoted analyst Ross Sandler:

    "Our assumption is that AMZN could sell 3-4 million Kindle Fire units in Q4, and that those units are accretive to company-average operating margin within the first six months of ownership. Our analysis assigns a cumulative lifetime operating income per unit of $136, with a cumulative operating margin of over 20%."

    codeMantra collectionPoint 3.0 — Compose it; convert it; package it; distribute it; track it; re-price it; control your digital book workflow and metadata from one platform with collectionPoint 3.0, now available

    Houghton Mifflin Harcourt strikes a deal with Amazon

    AmazonLogo.jpgHoughton Mifflin Harcourt and Amazon Publishing East Coast announced a deal this week in which HMH will publish the print editions of Amazon's East Coast titles and, as Laura Hazard Owen pointed out, "will distribute them everywhere in North America outside of"

    Owen astutely observed that this agreement may pave the way for Amazon to get its books in the hands of Barnes & Noble brick-and-mortar shoppers, a feat Amazon has yet to accomplish.

    Also this week, Bloomberg Businessweek ran a feature piece on Larry Kirshbaum, the man behind Amazon Publishing East Coast's success thus far — or "Amazon's hit man," as Businessweek dubbed him. The feature also dipped into the history of Amazon Publishing and its relationship to traditional publishing and the Big Six. It's well worth the read.

    A call to arms for libraries

    Much of the current discourse around libraries centers around ebook availability. But the importance of the future existence of libraries goes way beyond whether or not the digital version of James Patterson's latest bestseller can be had with a library card. A Slideshare post by Ned Potter this week elevated the discussion to a higher plane. Some highlights from the presentation include:

    • "The top 10 jobs of 2010 didn't exist in 2004 — who can provide relevant up-to-date information in areas in which none of us are educated? Libraries can."
    • "There are three billion Google searches per day — libraries can provide access to the Internet and help people use it safely."
    • "Librarians are information professionals — they can help sort, assess, collate and present information in our age of information overload."

    Here's the presentation in full:

    To stay current with the library discussion, other library experts to follow include Peter Brantley, Andrew Albanese, Justin Hoenke, and Sarah Houghton (to name just a few).


    January 25 2012

    Four short links: 25 January 2012

    1. Mobile Overtaking Web -- provocatively packaged extrapolations of ComScore and similar numbers to conclude that Americans spend more time interacting with mobile apps than with web sites. I'm sure you could beat an iPhone developer to death with the error bars.
    2. Best Privacy Policy Ever -- satiric privacy policy from a Firefox plugin.
    3. The Time for Libraries is Now -- forceful presentation on the need for librarians (aka "information professionals") in an age of excess information.
    4. Google 2011 vs Microsoft 1995 (Nelson Minar) -- interesting analysis which prompted Andy Baio's comment Google will be in trouble if their strategy succeeds, or if it doesn't.

    November 29 2011

    Four short links: 29 November 2011

    1. Reconstructing My Grandfather (JP Rangaswami) -- this is how libraries will be used in the future, by ordinary people (i.e., not professional researchers) reconstructing their families. See my library essay for more thoughts on this.
    2. Physical Conservation vs Digitisation for Preservation (Leeds) -- they chose deliberately compromised paper materials (acid-riddled paper) and found that it still would take 50 years for digitisation to pay off. Digitisation, even destructive, is bloody expensive compared to just keeping the paper ticking along.
    3. Open Source Everything (Tom Preston-Werner) -- reprises a lot of the discussion we had around the boardroom as we figured out how to articulate why we keep Silverstripe open source. It was interesting to see this the same day Doom3 was open-sourced. (via Hacker News)
    4. Coding is the New Latin (BBC) -- in elite England, "Latin" means that it's part of a classical education which leads to new career opportunities and social mobility.

    November 24 2011

    Four short links: 24 November 2011

    1. Libraries: Where It All Went Wrong -- I was asked to provocatively help focus librarians on the opportunities offered to libraries in the Internet age. If I ask you to talk about your collections, I know that you will glow as you describe the amazing treasures you have. When you go for money for digitization projects, you talk up the incredible cultural value. ANZAC! Constitution! Treaties! Development of a nation! But then if I look at the results of those digitization projects, I find the shittiest websites on the planet. It’s like a gallery spent all its money buying art and then just stuck the paintings in supermarket bags and leaned them against the wall. CC-BY-SA licensed, available in nicely-formatted A4 and Letter versions.
    2. Green Array Chips -- 144 cores on a single chip, $20 per chip in batches of 10. From the creator of Forth, Chuck Moore. (via Hacker News)
    3. The Atlantic's Online Revenue Exceeds Print -- doesn't say how, other than "growth" (instead of the decline of print). (via Andy Baio)
    4. On the Perpetuation of Ignorance (PDF) -- ignorance about an issue leads to dependence leads to government trust leads to avoidance of information about that issue. Again I say to Gov 2.0 advocates that simply making data available doesn't generate a motivated, engaged, change-making citizenry. (via Roger Dennis)

    November 23 2011

    Four short links: 23 November 2011

    1. Massive Wikimedia Donation -- I missed it when it happened, but the State Library of Queensland made the 4th largest ever donation of high-resolution out-of-copyright images to the Wikimedia Foundation. The image metadata are available through Wikimedia under liberal licensing terms, too. This is what your national and state libraries should be doing!
    2. -- strip all the crap from around YouTube pages. (via Ed Tech Ideas)
    3. Nabi Tablet (Toys R Us) -- ruggedized Android tablet for kids, $199 price point. (via Mark Osborne)
    4. Face-Tracking KiddyZoom Video Cam (YouTube) -- I'm always startled most when the future turns up in kids' toys. Tablets and face-tracking? Soon it'll be face recognition ("hello mommy!" says the doll), brainwave-triggered activity, and 3D printers. (via BERG London)

    November 11 2011

    Four short links: 11 November 2011

    1. Nudge Policies Are Another Name for Coercion (New Scientist) -- This points to the key problem with "nudge" style paternalism: presuming that technocrats understand what ordinary people want better than the people themselves. There is no reason to think technocrats know better, especially since Thaler and Sunstein offer no means for ordinary people to comment on, let alone correct, the technocrats' prescriptions. This leaves the technocrats with no systematic way of detecting their own errors, correcting them, or learning from them. And technocracy is bound to blunder, especially when it is not democratically accountable. Take heed, all you Gov 2.0 wouldbe-hackers. (via BoingBoing)
    2. Country Selector -- turns a dropdown into an autocomplete field where available. Very nice! (via Chris Shiflett)
    3. Ebook Users Wanted -- Pew Internet & American Life project looking at ebooks, looking for people who use ebooks and tablet readers in libraries.
    4. The Public Library, Complete Reimagined (KQED) -- the Fayetteville public library is putting in a fab lab. [L]ibraries aren’t just about books. They are about free access to information and to technology — and not just to reading books or using computers, but actually building and making things. (via BoingBoing)

    August 24 2011

    British Library digs out decorative paintings to brighten up dark ages

    Library will display treasures such as illuminated royal transcripts and a 13th century pilgrimage route map as part of new show

    They may have been called the "dark ages", but a new exhibition at the British Library will aim to show that there were medieval artists producing work that was as remarkably colourful as it was beautiful.

    The library has announced details of a winter exhibition that will display, on a scale never seen before, some of the treasures from its collection of illuminated royal manuscripts.

    The show's curator, Scot McKendrick, said on Wednesday that the 1,200 manuscripts it owned was "a remarkable inheritance". He added: "They are some of the most outstanding examples of decorative and figurative painting that survive in Britain from between the 8th and 16th centuries."

    Illuminated manuscripts are some of the most luxurious of all artefacts from the middle ages, and ones produced for English kings and queens are among the most stunning.

    McKendrick said the state of preservation was "truly remarkable, truly spectacular" and the vibrancy of the colours seem as fresh now as they would have been when they were first painted.

    One level of the show will be a rare opportunity to see glorious art contained within books that are normally stored away. Another will shine light on to the evolving relationship between English monarchs and the Christian church from Anglo-Saxon to Tudor times.

    One section will focus on a monarch who should be better known – Edward IV, who ruled between 1471-83 and who succeeded in reviving the fortunes and finances of England. He was a great collector of illuminated books and some of the best were from Bruges and the Low Countries. "They are large, very colourful and focus on subjects both secular and religious," said McKendrick.

    A highlight of the exhibition will be a route map or itinerary for any 13th century pilgrim preparing to journey from London to Jerusalem. Drawn by Matthew Paris, a historian and an advisor to Henry III, it is almost a rough guide to getting there through Kent, France and Italy to the boat in Apulia, showing the must-see landmarks en route. It is all the more surprising since the only foreign country Paris is known to have ever visited is Norway.

    There will also be a contemporary illustration of a 10th century king, a rather jolly-looking Edgar, celebrating the introduction of Benedictine rule at Winchester. Another exhibit, from 600 years later, will be Henry VIII's psalter, in which he has made intellectual annotations in Latin.

    The details came as BBC4 also announced a three-part tie-in series called The Private Lives of Medieval Kings.

    • Royal Manuscripts: The Genius of Illumination will be at the British Library from 11 November-13 March. © Guardian News & Media Limited 2011 | Use of this content is subject to our Terms & Conditions | More Feeds

    August 16 2011

    Hilary Evans obituary

    Paranormal researcher and co-founder of the Mary Evans Picture Library

    The life and career of Hilary Evans, who has died aged 82, were indelibly entwined with those of his wife, Mary. In 1964, they co-founded the Mary Evans Picture Library, a world-famous collection of millions of (primarily) 18th- and 19th-century illustrations. Less well-known, perhaps, was Hilary's career as a writer and researcher into the paranormal. Many groups benefited from his curiosity, intelligence and self-effacing kindness.

    Having developed an interest in the paranormal during his student days, he joined the Society for Psychical Research in the late 1960s. He also belonged to the British UFO Research Association and the Folklore Society. In 1981, he co-founded the Association for the Scientific Study of Anomalous Phenomena, a national educational and research charity designed to investigate the common psychological processes behind varying phenomena, studying them together rather than in isolation.

    In five decades as a professional writer, besides countless articles Hilary published three novels; 15 books on art, illustration and picture librarianship; seven books on social history, including a history of prostitution (1979); and 16 books on anomalous phenomena.

    When I started the Skeptic magazine in 1987, one of the first subscribers to write back was Hilary, offering us the run of the picture library's collection to liven up the pages of what at the time was a very drab, poorly designed newsletter. Being foreign and new to British publishing, I had no idea how lucky we were. For 20 years the look of the magazine has been largely defined by his generosity.

    Hilary was born in Shrewsbury, Shropshire, the son of a vicar who moved the family to India to take up a headteacher's job when Hilary was four. At nine, in 1938, he returned to Britain to attend St George's school in Harpenden, Hertfordshire. From then on, he rarely saw his family, spending school holidays with British-based relatives. He served in the military in 1947-48 as a constable with the Palestine police. Discharged with exemplary conduct, he read English at King's College, Cambridge, and completed a master's degree at Birmingham University. After a couple of years tutoring the son of a wealthy Turkish family, he joined an advertising agency as a copywriter in 1953. He stayed there for 12 years, until he and his employer agreed he was not suited to management. Thereafter, he devoted himself full-time to the library and freelance writing.

    He met Mary at a party, and they married in 1956. Family legend has it that he realised how perfect a match they were on their honeymoon when, during a meal in a restaurant in Paris, he felt her kicking him under the table. Investigating, he discovered that she was trying to pass him a small mustard pot. Spotted: a fellow collector.

    Most people who research paranormal phenomena choose a side in a war of competing beliefs and disputed evidence. Hilary chose instead the side of scholarship, backed up by the massive home library that he donated to the Archives for UFO Research in Sweden – all 5.5 tonnes of it. His measured approach focused on social and cultural context and human psychology, as he believed that understanding extraordinary phenomena required understanding the person who experienced them. That is not to say he never drew conclusions. He was scathing about alien abductions, for example, a belief he (wrongly) predicted in the late 1980s would never take hold in Britain because people there were too sensible.

    The range of his scholarship through time and across phenomena meant he was able to see connections no one else could. In books such as Intrusions: Society and the Paranormal (1982), Visions, Apparitions, Alien Visitors (1984) and Gods, Spirits, Cosmic Guardians (1987), he drew a direct line from, for example, folktales of fairies and leprechauns to modern-day accounts of extraterrestrial visitors. His later books included Outbreak! (2009), which examined cases of mass hysteria, and Sliders (2010), which covered street-light interference, the belief by some people that they turn off street lights as they pass by them. Failing eyesight prevented him from writing down his next book, which he had ready in his head.

    Mary died last year. Hilary is survived by their daughter, Valentine, three grandchildren, two brothers and a sister.

    • Hilary Evans, picture librarian and author, born 6 March 1929; died 27 July 2011 © Guardian News & Media Limited 2011 | Use of this content is subject to our Terms & Conditions | More Feeds

    August 03 2011

    July 04 2011

    Four short links: 4 July 2011

    1. Let There Be Smite (Pippin Barr) -- simple diversion for the 4th of July. It won't be easy for God to save America. (via Pippin's blog)
    2. Basel Wear -- to answer the question I know was burning on your lips: "what *did* the Swiss wear in 1634?" Impressively detailed pictures from a 1634 book that is now online. One of the reasons I'm in favour of digitizing cultural collections is that we're more likely to encounter them on the net and so ask questions like "how did people dress in 1634?", "why did everyone carry keys?", and "what is a Sexton?"
    3. databranches: Using git as a Database -- it's important to approach your design for using git as a database from the perspective of automated merging. Get the merging right and the rest will follow. I've chosen to use the simplest possible merge, the union merge: When merging parent trees A and B, the result will have all files that are in either A or B, and files present in both will have their lines merged (and possibly reordered or uniqed).
    4. Joshfire -- open source (dual-licensed GPLv2 and commercial) multiplatform development framework built on HTML5.

    June 27 2011

    May 11 2011



    (PDF, 1.21 MB)

    Mémoire de Master 2 - 10/05/2011, Cécile Meynard (Dir.) Liste des fichiers attachés à ce document:
      PDF Gauquelin_T._memoire_-_sans_image.pdf(1.2 MB)

    L'impact du développement de l'e-book sur l'organisation des bibliothèques et le métier de bibliothécaire Tiphaine Gauquelin1

    Bien plus qu'un simple produit informatique, le numérique fait aujourd'hui partie intégrante de notre quotidien. À l'aube des années 2010, après la musique et la vidéo, c'est au tour du secteur du livre de se voir bouleversé par l'arrivée du numérique. Il s'agira ici de s'interroger sur la manière dont se sont développés les livres électroniques et sur la façon dont ils peuvent s'insérer dans notre société. Cela nous amènera ensuite à réfléchir à l'impact d'un tel changement sur les bibliothèques et sur les possibles attitudes à adopter face à l'arrivée d'e-books dans les collections, aux côtés de documents papier plus traditionnels.

    1 :  UFR des Lettres et Arts - Grenoble 3

    original www-site:

    Four short links: 11 May 2011

    1. webshell -- command-line tool for debugging/exploring APIs, open sourced (Apache v2) and written in node.js. (via Sean Coates)
    2. sample -- command-line filter for random sampling of input. Useful when you've got heaps of data and want to run your algorithms on a random sample of it. (via Scott Vokes)
    3. Yale Offers Open Access To PD Materials in Collections -- The goal of the new policy is to make high quality digital images of Yale's vast cultural heritage collections in the public domain openly and freely available. No license will be required for the transmission of the images & no limitations imposed on their use. (via Fiona Rigby)
    4. Resistance to Putting Lectures Online (Sydney Morning Herald) -- lecturers are worried that their off-the-cuff mistakes would be mocked on YouTube (they will be), but also that students wouldn't attend lectures. Nobody seems to have asked whether students actually learn from lectures.

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