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August 22 2013

Edito du NYT qui juge la sentence de Bradley_Manning « excessive ». Il pourra faire appel dans 8 ans.…

Edito du NYT qui juge la sentence de #Bradley_Manning "excessive".
Il pourra faire appel dans 8 ans. Il est incarcéré depuis 3.

Bradley Manning’s Excessive Sentence -

But the larger issue, which is not resolved by Private Manning’s sentencing, is the federal government’s addiction to secrecy and what it will do when faced with future leaks, an inevitability when 92 million documents are classified in a year and more than 4 million Americans have security clearance.

Quelle autre sentence eut été possible ? Exercice de #droit international comparé :

Une autre réaction, celle de Birgitta Jónsdóttir, qui souligne les errements d’Obama, prof de droit constitutionnel, qui a pesé de tout son poids dans cette affaire :

When the president says that the Ellsberg’s material was classified in a different way, he seems to be unaware that there was a higher classification on the documents Ellsberg leaked.

Affaire Snowden : Obama n’a pas su réformer les politiques sécuritaires

En examinant l’entourage du président américain, il est frappant de constater le nombre d’anciens de l’administration Bush qui continuent d’occuper des postes-clés en matière de surveillance et d’espionnage.

Fin d’un procès devant une cour martiale qui aura vu, quelques jours après son ouverture, éclater l’affaire #Snowden #Prism #surveillance ; et que les #journalistes (dont le destin se confond de plus en plus avec celui des #whistleblowers) auront eu toutes les peines du monde à couvrir.

Qu’est-ce qui fait le succès du #lanceur_d'alerte ?
Un entretien avec le sociologue Francis Chateauraynaud qui a importé en France le terme de « lanceur d’alerte », tout en le distinguant de sa matrice anglo-saxonne de whistleblower.

Au même moment, on apprend que la surveillance domestique de la #NSA a été jugé illégale (contraire au 4e amendement) dès 2011 :

#Secret Court Rebuked N.S.A. on Surveillance

Reposted bywikileaks wikileaks

August 09 2013

Edward Snowden helps France rediscover its own whistleblowers - Index on Censorship | Index on…

Edward Snowden helps France rediscover its own whistleblowers - Index on Censorship | Index on Censorship

For [Marie] Meyer, [Expert of Ethical Alerts at Transparency International, an anti-corruption NGO] France’s failure to protect whistleblowers employed in the public service has had direct consequences on the level of corruption in the country.

“Even if a public servant came to know that something was wrong with the financial accounts of a Minister, be it Cahuzac or someone else, how could he have had the courage to say it, and risk for his career and his life to be broken?” she says.

In June, as France discovered Edward Snowden’s revelations in the press over mass surveillance programs used by the National Security Agency, it started rediscovering its own whistleblowers: André Cicolella, Irène Frachon or Philippe Pichon, who was dismissed as a police commander in 2011 after his denunciations on the way police files were updated. Banker Pierre Condamin-Gerbier, a key witness in the Cahuzac case, was recently added to the list, when he was imprisoned in Switzerland on the 5th of July, two days after having been heard by the French Parliamentary Commission on the tax evasion case.

Three new laws protecting whistleblowers’ rights should be passed in the autumn. France will still be missing an independent body carrying out investigations into claims brought up by whistleblowerss, and an organisation to support them, like British charity Public Concern at Work does in the UK.

So far, French law doesn’t plan any particular protection to individuals who blow the whistle in the press, failing to recognise that, for a whistleblower, communicating with the press can be the best way to make a concern public – guaranteeing that the message won’t be forgotten, while possibly seeking to limit the reprisal against the messenger.

#lanceur_d'alerte #corruption #France #whistleblower

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