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May 09 2011


Cyprus, Greece, Italy, Malta, & Spain Issue Joint Communiqué Regarding Response to North African Migration « | 2011-04-25

Ministers of Home Affairs and Internal Security from Cyprus, Greece, Italy, Malta, and Spain, met in Nicosia on 19 April and issued a Joint Communiqué.  Here is the full text (HT to EASO Monitor):

“Joint Communiqué II

(Nicosia, 19 April, 2011)

Following the meeting in Rome on the 23rd February 2011, the Home Affairs and Internal Security Ministers of Cyprus, Greece, Italy and Malta as well as the representative of the Minister of Interior of Spain, met again today in Nicosia and discussed the continuing dramatic developments in the Southern Mediterranean region. At the end of the meeting it was decided to issue the following Joint Communiqué.

The Home Affairs and Internal Security Ministers of the Mediterranean Member States of the EU:

Recalling our February 23rd,2011 Joint Communiqué, we have repeated our utmost concern for the unfolding events in relation to the humanitarian situation as well as to the massive illegal immigration flows and movements of possible beneficiaries of international protection that affect our countries;

Taking into account that the escalating events in countries of Northern Africa and the greater Middle East are destabilising the region and acknowledging that political reforms and democratic transitions will not take effect immediately and that their outcome is still uncertain;

Bearing in mind Europe’s longstanding tradition and commitment to the provision of international protection to people in need, in accordance with the Geneva Convention and in line with humanitarian principles and full respect of human rights;

Underlying that security and stability in the Mediterranean is directly linked to the security and stability of the EU as a whole and that effective response to this challenge requires joint efforts, commitment and solidarity from all EU Member States;

Stressing that the current emergency situation with regard to the massive illegal immigration flows and movements of possible beneficiaries of international protection brings upon the Mediterranean Member States additional social, economic, administrative and demographic burden, to that already prevailing;

Recalling the already existing intense and continuous migratory pressure at the south eastern external borders of the EU;

Expressing deep concern about the conflict in Libya and its consequences in terms of sufferings of countless human beings and growing number of displaced persons fleeing the war and taking into account that huge number of people in need of international protection could arrive at the most exposed Mediterranean Member States in the immediate future;

Emphasizing that the possible prolongation of such influxes of illegal migrants and asylum seekers to the Mediterranean Member States, cannot be managed without the concrete and substantial support and solidarity from the rest of the EU’s Member States; alternatively, the situation will seriously jeopardize our ability, and subsequently the Union’s ability, to manage the displaced persons and provide those in need with international protection as well as undermine our common security;

Stressing that the arising situation will challenge and undermine the efforts of those Member States to reform their overburdened national asylum systems;

Reaffirming the urgent necessity for EU to provide concrete and immediate support to Member States on the EU southern external borders;

Stressing the need for additional actions and policies with a view to implement the EU principle of solidarity and fair sharing of responsibility as expressed in the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union and in line with the Stockholm Programme, the European Pact on Immigration and Asylum, the Global Approach to Migration, the relevant European Council Declaration of 11 March 2011 and Conclusions of 24 and 25 March 2011, the JHA Council Conclusions of 11and 12 April 2011 on the management of migration from the Southern Neighbourhood and the JHA Council Conclusions of 25 and 26 February 2010 on 29 measures for reinforcing the protection of the external borders and combating illegal immigration;

Therefore we, the Ministers of Home Affairs and Internal Security of the EU Mediterranean Countries, have adopted a common position on the emerging situation in our region and urge the European Union to practically offer operational as well as financial support to Member States which face mass and disproportionate mixed migration flows, by fully mobilizing all available EU assets, instruments and capabilities, either existing or additional ones,.

Particularly, as the competent Ministers of the EU Mediterranean Member States, urge the European Union to:

Urgently present and implement proposals on the Global Approach to Migration as well as on Mobility Partnerships, in a spirit of genuine cooperation with the countries of the Southern Neighbourhood Region, also to effectively control and manage the current and the anticipated mass migration flows as well as situation-specific schemes on return and readmission.

Call on FRONTEX to immediately implement the provisions set out in section 5 of the JHA Council Conclusions of 11 April 2011, to speed up negotiations with the countries of the region – and in particular with Tunisia – with a view to concluding operational working arrangements, and organising joint patrolling operations in cooperation with Tunisian authorities and in application of all relevant international Conventions, in particular the UN Convention on the Law of the Sea (“the Montego Bay Convention”).

Call on FRONTEX to intensify the monitoring of the situation based on risk analysis and encourage Member States to provide the Agency with further human and technical resources so as to continue its ongoing operations (Joint Operation Hermes, Joint Operation Poseidon Land and Sea and the possible deployment of a RABIT operation in Malta) in the light of the emerging situation. Furthermore, call FRONTEX to expand its operations, where and when necessary, to prevent illegal flows in the eastern Mediterranean area of Egypt and Syria. To this end, further adequate financing of FRONTEX should be considered so as to increase the Organization’s capabilities to fulfil successfully its tasks.

Enhance the operational capacity and the coordinating role of the FRONTEX Operational Office in Piraeus in order to effectively deal with the situation;

Accelerate work on the FRONTEX Amending Regulation with a view to an agreement by June 2011 which will strengthen its capacity, make it truly operational and improve its synergy with other bodies.

Promote practical cooperation with the countries of origin or transit of illegal migrants in the region in preventing and fighting illegal migration flows, inter alia by concluding Readmission Agreements, developing Voluntary Return Programmes, enhancing their capacity of border management and surveillance, expanding the Immigration Liaison Officers Network, promoting legal migration by exploring the possibility of concluding mobility partnerships;

Encourage Member States to expedite discussions on the proposal for recasting the Dublin II Regulation, including a mechanism to suspend the transfers to Member States facing particular pressure on their national asylum systems.

Urgently mobilize all available financial assistance through the External Borders Fund and European Refugee Fund and in addition, as section 4 of the JHA Council Conclusions of 11 April, 2011 reads, activate supplementary funds that can be made available to Member States or FRONTEX at short notice when needed. In this vein establish a special solidarity Fund, when necessary, to tackle exceptional emergency situations and humanitarian crisis.

Deploy every available possibility by the European Asylum Support Office to offer practical support to the Member States of the Mediterranean Region in need. A permanent specialised mechanism should be set up through the EASO, which, at exceptional emergency situations, will provide Member States in need with the necessary logistical and technical support.

As a matter of priority, present a proposal for implementing a coherent and comprehensive mechanism for distributing responsibilities, on a voluntary basis, specifically regarding the relocation of beneficiaries of international protection among member states, in case of European countries faced with particular pressures, as a consequence of their geographical or demographic situation, especially when facing the sudden arrival of third country nationals in need of international protection.

Commit to the work on establishing a Common European Asylum System with a view to respect the 2012 deadline.

We the Ministers of the Mediterranean Member States of the EU agreed to meet again soon, at a date to be agreed, in order to further coordinate our efforts before the European Council of June this year.”

April 13 2010

March 29 2010

Trois raisons de rejeter l'ACTA

Paris, 29 mars 2010 - L'une après l'autre, les fuites ont dévoilé la vérité sur les négociations de l'Accord Commercial Anti Contrefaçon (ACTA, de son acronyme anglais). Les commentaires se concentrent sur des points spécifiques et les nuances des positions des différents pays qui prennent part aux négociations. Dans ce contexte d'information partielle, La Quadrature du Net souligne les trois raisons principales de rejeter le principe même de l'ACTA: le blanchiment politique ; une approche globale qui confond différents domaines ou activités et compromet l'accès à la connaissance, à la santé et à l'innovation ; des risques réels d'atteintes aux droits fondamentaux tels que la liberté d'expression et de communication.
Ces trois points ont été documentés dans chacun des documents révélés depuis le début du processus de négociations de l'ACTA :

  • ACTA est un blanchiment de politique1 par lequel une négociation internationale est utilisée pour court-circuiter les débats démocratiques au niveau national ou européen, et faire adopter des politiques que les Parlements n'auront d'autre choix que de rejeter en bloc ou de ratifier dans leur ensemble. Le Congrès pourrait même ne pas être consulté dans le cas des États-Unis2.
  • Les promoteurs et rédacteurs de l'ACTA ont créé une salade composée de multiples catégories de titres3, d'infractions et de mesures d'exécution des droits, dans laquelle de faux produits potentiellement mortels et des organisations criminelles sont mis au même rang que des activités à but non-lucratif qui jouent un rôle dans l'accès au savoir, l'innovation, la culture et la liberté d'expression. ACTA généraliserait, de facto, une présomption d'infraction.
  • Dans les négociations, l'Union européenne cherche à introduire les pires éléments de la proposition de directive européenne relative aux sanctions criminelles en matière de protection de la propriété intellectuelle (IPRED 2, finalement abandonnée pour cause d'incertitude sur sa base légale), en particulier des sanctions pénales pour encouragement ou incitation à la contrefaçon.

Pour de plus amples informations sur ces trois points, lisez notre analyse : « Les fondamentaux de l'ACTA » 4.

« Contrairement à ce que prétendent les négociateurs et personnes en charge de l'ACTA au sein des gouvernements nationaux, nous sommes en train d'assister à une offensive directe contre la liberté d'expression et les droits fondamentaux, ainsi qu'à l'élaboration de procédures généralisant le contournement du contrôle démocratique. ACTA doit être abandonné: c'est une condition pour qu'un processus plus raisonnable de collaboration internationale en matière de lutte contre la contrefaçon puisse s'engager, », explique Philippe Aigrain, co-fondateur et conseiller stratégique de La Quadrature du Net.

  1. 1. « De même que le money laundering (blanchiment d'argent) consiste à dissimuler l'origine de fonds acquis de façon délictueuse en les recyclant dans les activités légales, le policy laundering consiste à utiliser les organisations internationales pour mettre en place des politiques que se heurtent à la résistance des institutions nationales. Adoptées comme des décisions auxquelles les Etats sont tenus de se conformer, ces politiques échappent au débat démocratique : 'Le recyclage est ainsi obtenu au prix d'un contournement du processus législatif'.» Mireille Delmas-Marty, Libertés et sûreté dans un monde dangereux, Seuil, 2010, p. 133. La citation dans la citation est de Colombe Camus, in La guerre contre le terrorisme, Editions du Félin, p. 109.
  2. 2. Voir l'article de Goldsmith et Lessig dans le Washington Post:
  3. 3. Brevets, droit d'auteur, droit des marques, etc.
  4. 4.
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