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October 01 2013

Sergueï Lavrov : « La résolution adoptée sur la Syrie ne permet pas la moindre ambiguïté »

Sergueï Lavrov : « La résolution adoptée sur la #Syrie ne permet pas la moindre ambiguïté »

Sergueï Lavrov, ministre des Affaires étrangères russe, revient sur sa victoire diplomatique en SyrieThe post Sergueï Lavrov : « La résolution adoptée sur la Syrie ne permet pas la moindre ambiguïté » appeared first on Le Courrier de Russie.


August 19 2013

Belgique : manif contre un local de Nation à Bruxelles

Belgique : manif contre un local de Nation à #Bruxelles

Ce 31 aout le groupe d’extreme-droite identitaire Nation veux inaugurer son nouveau local à Bruxelles. Ils en ont d’ors et déjà un à Amay près de Liège. Nous trouvons l’expension récente de ce groupe en Wallonie et à Bruxelles pour le moins préoccupante. Ils multiplient les tractages, les sections locales (il y en a désormais [&hellip

#Autres #International #Non_classé #Hervé_Van_Laethem #manifestation

February 18 2013

Science Podcast - Science From the International Space Station - AAAS Meeting [Feb 18, 2013]

Cheryl Nickerson explains how microgravity can aid in research on pathogens and infectious diseases.

January 24 2013

ACTA – Der Big Bang der Netzpolitik

Das Kürzel ACTA markiert einen der wichtigsten Konflikte in der Netzpolitik. Nach jahrelangen Geheimverhandlungen brachten europaweite Proteste das umstrittene Abkommen zu Fall.


August 18 2011

ePayments Week: The economics of in-app purchases

Here's what caught my attention in the payment space this week.

Flurry: Gamers buying more consumables

Mighty Eagle from Angry BirdsA few weeks ago we reported on research from Flurry Analytics that found the freemium model for games was quickly becoming the dominant source of income from mobile apps on the iOS and Android platforms. This week, Flurry has followed up that report with some details on the types of goods gamers buy. Economists in the physical world divide goods into durables (washing machines) and consumables (detergent). So does Flurry, which found that only 30% of purchases were for things users could keep (like a new suit of armor or a building), while 68% was spent on things we use up getting to the next level (like Smurfberries or fertilizer). Personalization items, like decorations, accounted for 2%.

Flurry's Jeferson Valadares speculated that the relative value of a purchase depends on the game's goals. For example, purchasing a structure in a city-building game may help you reach a higher level, whereas in a farming game consumables like fertilizer may be more valuable. And it just may be that in more games out there, consumables help players reach their goals more often than durables do.

Over on The Unofficial Apple Weblog, Mike Schramm reported on the finding and added another perspective: that in some cases, gamers will balk at too much help. "[S]ome consumers will backlash against a consumable item that affects gameplay too much, like a double-damage token in a multiplayer game, or anything else that could be seen as cheating." Gamers, like anyone else, don't mind a little help, but not so much help that they feel they're not winning on their own.

Android Open, being held October 9-11 in San Francisco, is a big-tent meeting ground for app and game developers, carriers, chip manufacturers, content creators, OEMs, researchers, entrepreneurs, VCs, and business leaders.

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Cheap Androids invade Kenya

While One Laptop Per Child continues its mission of distributing inexpensive, network-enabled laptops to school children around the world, it seems that smartphones may make an end run around that effort. Chinese technology firm Huawei is manufacturing an $80 Android-based phone called IDEOS, and it has sold 350,000 through Safaricom in Kenya.

Writing on Singularity Hub, Jeremy Ford dissects some of the technology used in the IDEOs to show that by delivering a slightly less powerful phone, Huawei is able to deliver a significantly less expensive product that still offers users access to hundreds of thousands of Android apps. Ford describes some of the apps available, including one that uses crowdsourcing to track crop diseases.

Safaricom has already made an international name for itself through its M-PESA program, which has brought mobile banking services to millions of Kenyans in urban and rural environments. Having innovated in the financial arena on phones that were only capable of sending text messages, it will be interesting to see what sorts of payment applications take shape once millions of Kenyans are carrying smartphones — and it sounds like that won't be far off.

What makes a successful mobile app?

What should mobile developers be thinking about as they approach development on their next project? Which platform offers the most potential for growth? How about revenue? Over at Fierce Developer, Sandhya Raman has a round-up of six questions that developers should ask themselves before starting that next project. Raman links to a similar article that ran last month on GigaOM, Rachel Youens' "7 Habits of Highly Effective Apps." Both make good, quick reading for anyone involved in mobile development.

Got news?

News tips and suggestions are always welcome, so please send them along.

If you're interested in learning more about the payment development space, check out PayPal X DevZone, a collaboration between O'Reilly and PayPal.


July 08 2011

Open government data to fuel Kenya's app economy

Open KenyaFrom Brazil to France to Australia to India, new laws and platforms are giving citizens new means to ask for, demand or simply create greater government transparency. The open data movement has truly gone global, with 19 international open data websites live around the globe. This week, the world will see another open government platform go live in Kenya.

On July 8th, the government of Kenya will launch an open government data platform. Open Kenya is powered by Socrata, the Seattle-based startup that has been instrumental in standing up open data platforms at the state, city and federal levels in the United States. With the launch of Open Kenya, Africa will have its own story of promoting transparency through open data to celebrate, learn from and share.

Newly open data will enable the comparison of different counties in Kenya, in terms of how they use resources, said Bitange Ndemo, secretary of the Kenyan Ministry of Information and Communications, at a press conference on July 7th. Ndemo said that the Kenyan government is committed to releasing more open data on an ongoing basis. With open data, the information and communication technology (ICT) sector can increase its contribution to the gross domestic product to 15%, asserted Ndemo, pointing to the development of local Web and mobile applications.

"The Kenyan Parliament has been pushing the open data as part of a larger policy," said Paul Kukobo, chief executive officer of the Kenya ICT Board, in a phone interview this week. "We have been giving grants to people who develop applications that meet citizen needs for years. Many people asked us to give them access to data that they could then use for developing applications."

As with governments around the world, the technical challenges of data collection, structuring and publishing were balanced with another issue: the beast of bureaucracy. A similar phenomenon can be seen where open government is taking root in India, with the passage of India's Right to Information Act. New digital platforms have the potential to change the dynamic between citizens and their governments.

"The whole culture of government is that they are the data originators and data collectors," said Kukubo. "Sharing internally was a problem in the first place. That was why the parliament secretary taking a huge role was a big deal, in terms of talking to colleagues about opening up this data. Technical challenges were not where the headache was — we have plenty of skill and partners here to do that — it was in getting the data in the first place, in the form that we needed it. Plenty of data wasn't in digital form or usable, and was trapped in agencies."

Strata Conference New York 2011, being held Sept. 22-23, covers the latest and best tools and technologies for data science — from gathering, cleaning, analyzing, and storing data to communicating data intelligence effectively.

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Open Kenya will fulfill many of Tim Berners-Lee's expectations for open data, including machine-readable data structured in .CSV files and XML, and available through APIs. Notably, the concept for Open Kenya offers context, rationales and a definition for open data, including the apt observation that "publishing PDF files do not constitute 'open data' and are not helpful to large-scale users." The Open Kenya concept states that open government data must be easily found through search engines, machine-readable, interoperable and available for use and re-use under non-commercial and commercial licenses, i.e. "Creative Commons."

That perspective is a progressive one for Open Kenya to take and will set a standard for other open data efforts. Making government data searchable changes how citizens can access it in important, potentially disruptive ways. While Open Kenya will only contain five or six datasets at launch, government officials say more will go online over the coming months. The United States open government data platform,, started with just a few data sets as well; now there are thousands.

"The project involved a significant effort to make geo-coded data available and present it using new geospatial boundaries for 47 counties," said Safouen Rabah, vice president at Socrata. "Since 98% of Internet access in Kenya happens through mobile phones, location awareness on the site and through the API is really critical to make the data contextually relevant to ordinary Kenyans."

Open Kenya isn't simply about meeting data standards or publishing data online. Ultimately, it's about changing the compact between citizens and their government. The World Bank, no small enterprise itself, was featured in the New York Times this month because of its own open data initiative. The Bank assisted the Kenyan government with its efforts. Aleem Walji, practice manager for innovation and technology at the World Bank Institute, wrote that Kenya will provide a live case study for open data, picking up the same theme and focusing on the newfound importance of opening county-level government in Kenya:

A Freedom of Information act has been sitting with the Government for years. The country recently passed a new constitution devolving significant fiscal and political authority to newly created counties. Elections are scheduled for 2012 and there is considerable demand for greater efficiency in the delivery of public services, youth-focused job creation, and improved governance. Against this backdrop, the Kenyans heard about Open Data, Open Government, and saw them as opportunities given their booming IT industry and youthful population. Over a period of 6 months, a handful of Government reformers working closely with a World Bank team paved the way for Kenya to launch one of the first and most comprehensive Open Data portals in Sub-Saharan Africa. The portal will make available multiple years of detailed government expenditure data (at the county level), household survey data, and the 2009 census mapped to the district level.  Citizens will be able to download information directly, compare data within and between provinces, create visualizations including maps and graphs, and most importantly understand the relationship between spending and public service delivery. This is where the rubber meets the road with Open Data. It's a shift from opening datasets towards a more open and inclusive model for citizen-centric development.

"I'm most excited about the reaction that people have had," said Kukobo, "particularly at the business level. Tickets for the launch of the website are sold out." He found that he's personally gaining from the change. "I'm learning a lot myself, in terms of what the data is telling me," he said. "You can't be clear about something you can't define. What is going on in my country? Income levels? How many hospitals or schools are there in a county? The development community is excited about building applications so data can be useful to citizens."

Several members of the Kenyan technical community views this launch as an historic day. "In Kenya, accessing public records even those that are about you is difficult," tweeted Muraya Kamau, a web and mobile apps developer in Nairobi, in response to a question. "Tomorrow we get access and not just that, we get a chance to build apps that disseminate that info through various platforms."

Open data in Kenya "means a great deal," tweeted Juliana Rotich. "Kenyans can disaggregate the big data pronouncements into relevant info. Dev com is already using open data. Our devs have already been hacking and will showcase today."

Open data drives the innovation economy

Wired Kenyans are wondering if open data will "give rise to great stuff," as it has in other countries and municipalities, notably in the healthcare apps generated by the release of open data by the United States Department of Health and Human Services.

"Data will fuel employment and wealth creation like never before," tweeted Ndemo, this week. That's a bold prediction. It may will be aided, however, by the kind of open data released, which draws from fundamental sectors in the Kenyan economy.

"The nature of Kenya open data effort is really cool, simply because of the quality of the data and how it's presented," said Rabah. "Open data will be available about schools, access to drinking water, hospitals — basic things that relate to daily life in Kenya."

The prospects for mobile apps driven by open government in Kenya gaining traction are good, given a population that primarily accesses the Internet over mobile devices. "The whole reason they've released the data is to empower people to create social change," said Jessica Colaço, developer evangelist at iHub, Nairobi's online Innovation community, in an interview. "The biggest step that the Kenyan government has taken is giving data to the development community, allowing them to make visualizations and to make the data usable and useful to society."

Colaço said that iHub has a database of 4,000 developers right now, with around 200 members interested in using this open government data. While not everyone is subscribed to data on their mobile devices, Colaço thinks that the more than 20 million mobile subscribers in Kenya will be interested in these apps. Most Kenyans with Internet access get in through their phones. In urban areas, phones are running on the Android platform, she said, including devices from Samsung, Nokia and HTC. "Currently, there's a craze for the Android app store," she said. "Developers will definitely get people to use open data apps." In rural areas, however, data connections are in short supply and expensive. "I think mobile phones will be used for lot of querying of data using SMS via a USSD platform," said Colaço. "Mobile web and SMS will be used to reach rural areas."

There's plenty of local technical talent to make great apps, she emphasized, pointing to the growth of M-PESA, Kenya's mobile banking system, and the success of the Ushahidi platform for crowdsourced information gathering as evidence of Kenya's vibrant mobile ecosystem and local development community. "An innovation such as Ushahidi being so simple and being used worldwide goes to show that when there's a problem and a need for it, we have the resources in house to solve it," she said.

Robert Alai, a Kenyan blogger who covered the Open Kenya press conference, said via Skype that a $100 Android smartphone device launched in December led in smartphone sales by March. "There's a very big community," he said, with one government agency estimate that by the end of 2012, almost every Kenyan household will have a smartphone. And at least some of that adoption was being driven by the demand for access to Facebook on mobile phone. Alai put Kenyan success on the World Stage with Ushahidi and M-PESA in the context part of a larger push towards joining the innovation economy. "Kenyans are very excited about making money from applications," he said. "A Kenyan won a prize in the World Bank competition, in Nokia's competition and others."

Alai predicted that the open government data Kenya is releasing will find even more use in the development community. "Developers have been saying that when they want to create applications, it's very difficult to get data," he said. "When we process data, we can create applications that will make it useful." Alai focused on the importance of releasing county level data. "Existing applications is applications are not being used to solve real life problems or used locally, yet," he said. "They need local data. Costs are currently very high to get it. There's a very big hunger for the data. I hope as the platforms are built that they'll pan out well."

In the future, Colaço hopes to see apps that create feedback loops between citizens carrying mobile phones and their government, where health, water, sanitation and education projects are monitored by everyone. "Open data does make government more accountable to the citizens, increasing trust between the government and citizens, and enhances collaboration, acting as a kind of the audit," she said. "If you see inconsistencies, feedback in your application could report it."

Here come the apps

Data visualizations will be among the first applications to use the open data, Colaço said. "You can actually see what's being utilized intensely in different areas, using heatmaps. In the northeast, for instance, funds have been used for drought and famine."

It's in that context, perhaps, that one of the value propositions of open government data will be tested first. This week in Kenya, police tear-gassed maize and fuel price protestors as millions of lives are threatened by historic draughts in the Horn of Africa. No application can bring the rains nor data visualization deliver food to a starving child. Citizens equipped with mobile phones can, however, tell their governments where and when aid has or hasn't arrived. In time, they can look at the government's resource allocations in different regions and see if it matches up with reality on the ground. With better data and tools to analyze it, government itself can track what's happening and where.

Those kinds of apps may not be long in coming. Eric Hersman (@WhiteAfrican), co-founder of Ushahidi and founder of the iHub, published a comprehensive review of Africa's first national open data initiative that demonstrates that apps are already online:

  • The Ushahidi team took census data and mashed it up with healthcare institution data on their Huduma site
  • An SMS query apps allows Kenyan to text the name of their county or constituency to 3018. In return, they'll receive a text with the demographics and minister of parliament of that location.
  • The iHub community built a mobile app called "Msema Kweli" that allows a citizen to find Constituency Development fund projects near them and add pictures of them

"There have been many people pushing for this, over many months, and it's been an exciting process to watch unfold," wrote Hersman. "Foremost amongst the drivers on this has been Dr. Bitange Ndemo, the Permanent Secretary of Information and Communications. This is indeed a very proud moment for Kenya, and a leading position to take on the continent."

When the needs of the many are great, the empowered have a civic responsibility to help. Open government data offers those who want to help their fellow citizens a new form of civic participation. Science fiction author William Gibson famously said that "the future is here, it's just not evenly distributed yet." Perhaps this week, and in the years ahead, even more Kenyans will be showing the world what it looks like.


Reposted bymurdelta murdelta

May 27 2011

November 17 2010


November 15 2010

November 12 2010

September 23 2010

Die taktische Ausrichtung der Urheberrechtslobby geht m.E. von dem Kalkül aus, dass aufgrund einer  unablässigen legislativen Beanspruchung der Entscheidungsträger auf nationaler und internationaler Ebene (Zensursula, Elena, Galloreport, Swift, ACTA, Combating Online Infringement and Counterfeits Act, etc. ICANN), sich die Rechtslage auf den diversen legislativen Rechtsfindungsprozessen höchst unübersichtlich und für die öffentliche Meinung kaum nachvollziehbar gestaltet. Das Ergebnis sind in der Öffentlichkeit als auch in den Gremien und Parlamenten unübersehbare Kompetenzlücken, die  der Möglichkeit zu wie auch immer gearteter Manipulation in der Gesetzgebung Tür und Tor öffnet.

Was sich hierbei schlussendlich erwarten lässt,  ist  ein löchriges Urheberrechtssytem sowie ein x-beliebig definierbares Recht auf Meinungs- und Informationsfreiheit, das sich je nach Land und Mehrheitsverhältnissen beliebig formen und verformen lässt und somit mehr denn je ökonomisch den Intentionen der Film-, Musik- und Softwarebranche, aber eben nicht nur dort, sondern nicht minder den langen Wunschlisten auf zensierende Einflussnahme durch die jeweiligen politischen Mehrheits- und Machtverhältnisse (siehe u.a. Rundfunkänderungsvertrags-Regelung und die hier thematisierte us-amerikanische Initiative) entgegenkommt.

oanth - muc - 2010923
Reposted bykrekk krekk

May 14 2010

Der große Ausverkauf - The Great Sellout
(Germany 2006 - mostly in English, with German subtitles)

Youtube Playlist in 10 pts - permalink

"Diese Dokumentation ist ein absolutes Muß. Florian Opitz offenbart in seinem schockierenden Dokumentarfilm die zum Teil dramatischen Folgen von Privatisierung zur Steigerung des Wirtschaftswachstums. An konkreten Beispielen wie Soweto, wo die Einwohner sich den Strom des neuen Anbieters nicht mehr leisten können, oder England, wo sich nach der privaten Übernahme von British Rail die tödlichen Unfälle häufen, zeigt er, dass das so genannte Allheilmittel zur Sanierung öffentlicher Kassen alles andere als gut funktioniert und vor allem die Menschlichkeit auf der Strecke bleibt."

Citation form the youtube sidebar
yt-account: Sitanok

May 01 2010

Play fullscreen
TheWeekInGreen | 20100430 |  Episode 21: Interview with Robert Dreyfuss

In the 21st episode of The Week in Green, journalist Robert Dreyfuss discusses the impact of the Green Movement on Iran and the surrounding region and the possible outcomes of nuclear negotiations and economic sanctions against Iran.
در بیست و یکمین برنامه هفته سبز با حمید دباشی، خبرنگار سرشناس آقای رابرت درایفوُس درمورد اثرات جنبش سبز بر اوضاع سیاسی ایران و منطقه و همچنین درباره نتایج احتمالی مذاکرات هسته ای و تحریم های اقتصادی ممکن بر ایران گفتگو میکند.
Reposted byiranelection iranelection

April 16 2010


Die Träume der Netz-Utopisten und die Wirklichkeit: Ist das Internet ein Medium der Emanzipation und des Umsturzes - oder ein Werkzeug der Kontrolle und der Unterdrückung? Haben Twitter und Facebook die Rebellion in Iran befeuert, oder halfen sie, die Rebellen zu enttarnen? Ein skeptischer Dialog

Internet: Das Unbehagen an der digitalen Macht - Hintergründe - Feuilleton - FAZ.NET
Reposted fromannalist annalist

April 04 2010

Flickr: Easter Decorations - Group

About EASTER DECORATIONS - This group is for posting photos of Easter decorations and imagery. Any photos of secular or sacred Easter material is welcome. Please refrain from posting family Easter pictures or other photos taken on Easter Day which do not primarily feature a decoration or a symbol that is directly related to Easter. Also, feel free to start discussions. But, keep it family oriented.
*NOTE: Palm Sunday, Holy Week and Good Friday photos can be included in the Easter Decorations group pool. Just remember to keep the focus on decorations and symbolism.

April 03 2010

Check out these divine pictures of Holy Week 2010, curated by the incomparable site called “The Big Picture.”

See the pictures at

More on Christianity.

Permalink | Leave a comment »

Reposted fromSigalonalltop Sigalonalltop viaSigalon02 Sigalon02

October 23 2009

Judge Richard Goldstone.

International courts, Israel and Hamas.

April 22 2009

April 21 2009

Play fullscreen
UN Secretary-General Keynote: "The Imperative for a New Multilateralism"

March 27 2009

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