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November 11 2011

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Marin Marais (1656-1728) - Sonnerie de Ste. Genevieve du Mont de Paris (1723) - 

Uploaded by theprof1958 on Dec 25, 2009

Ralph Rousseau Meulenbroeks, viola da gamba (in the picture)
Pieter Jan Belder, clavicembalo
Rémy Baudet, violino

more from the same cellist


Marin Marais (31 May 1656, Paris -- 15 August 1728, Paris) was a French composer and viol player. He studied composition with Jean-Baptiste Lully, often conducting his operas, and with master of the bass viol Monsieur de Sainte-Colombe for 6 months. He was hired as a musician in 1676 to the royal court of Versailles. He did quite well as court musician, and in 1679 was appointed "ordinaire de la chambre du roy pour la viole", a title he kept until 1725.

He was a master of the basse de viol, and the leading French composer of music for the instrument. He wrote five books of Pièces de viole (1686-1725) for the instrument, generally suites with basso continuo. These were quite popular in the court, and for these he was remembered in later years as he who "founded and firmly established the empire of the viol" (Hubert Le Blanc, 1740). His other works include a book of Pièces en trio (1692) and four operas (1693-1709), Alcyone (1706) being noted for its tempest scene.

Titon du Tillet included Marais in Le Parnasse françois, making the following comments on two of his pieces:
" A piece from his fourth book entitled The Labyrinth, which passes through various keys, strikes various dissonances and notes the uncertainty of a man caught in a labyrinth through serious and then quick passages; he comes out of it happily and finishes with a gracious and natural chaconne. But he surprised musical connoisseurs even more successfully with his pieces called La Gamme [The Scale], which is a piece de symphonie that imperceptibly ascends the steps of the octave; one then descends, thereby going through harmonious songs and melodious tones, the various sounds of music. "

As with Sainte-Colombe, little of Marin Marais' personal life is known after he reached adulthood. Marin Marais married a Parisian, Catherine d'Amicourt, on September 21, 1676. They had 19 children together.

Facsimiles of all five books of Marais' Pièces de viole are published by Éditions J.M. Fuzeau. A complete critical edition of his instrumental works in seven volumes, edited by John Hsu, is published by Broude Brothers. Marais is credited with being one of the earliest composers of program music.[1] His work The Gallbladder Operation, for viola da gamba and harpsichord, includes composer's annotations such as "The patient is bound with silken cords" and "He screameth."[1]

March 31 2011

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Pavan of Lord Salisbury, by Orlando Gibbons

"This consort music is 'Pavan of Lord Salisbury', by the late Elizabethan and early Jacobean composer and keyboard player Orlando Gibbons. Played by the viol consort called 'Phantasm'."
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March 30 2011

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- Two Chorales a) from the St. Matthew and b) St. John Passion by J.S.Bach in a setting for viol consort - Ernst Stolz plays the viol (viola da gamba) - in playback?


The melody of the 1st chorale "O Welt, ich muss dich lassen" is a loan from Heinrich Isaac's  "Innsbruck ich muss dich lassen".


This famous melody was most likely composed by Heinrich Isaac from whose pen we have two 4-pt settings, the earliest with the melody in the tenor, the latest with the melody in the soprano part (it has not been definitely established, however, which version came first.) In any case, the earliest appearance of this melody as used by Isaac dates roughly from about 1490. The text used by Isaac is secular in nature and reflects the poet’s/singers’ sadness and reluctance in departing from the city where he will leave behind him his beloved as he sets forth to go elsewhere in the world. Without being able to provide clear evidence for their suppositions, musicologists have surmised that Isaac may have derived/taken the melody from a 15th-century folksong or frottola, but the majority of musicologists believe that it might be Isaac’s own melody. Certainly the excellence of his settings aided in the quick dissemination of this melody so that was already being used for sacred songs as early as 1505. In 1550 it was used as the basis of the CM for the CT Du Friedefürst, Herr Jesu Christ (see: CM Du Friedefürst, Herr Jesu Christ)


cf.:  --  Chorale Melodies used in Bach's Vocal Works
O Welt, ich muß dich lassen / Nun ruhen alle Wälder

May 15 2010

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Marin Marais (1656-1728)
Allemande & Courante from Suite in A minor

15. Mai 2010 — Insula Magica soloists:
Ekaterina Kuzminykh - viola da gamba
Arkadi Burkhanov - theorbo
Novosibirk Philharmonic Society, 14.05.2010

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