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August 23 2013

July 16 2013

Article11 - « Vous êtes parfaits, vous êtes comme des machines » - Lémi

Article11 - « Vous êtes parfaits, vous êtes comme des machines » - Lémi
http://www.article11.info/?Vous-etes-parfaits-vous-etes-comme

Écrit en 1920-1921 par un certain Ievgueni Zamiatine – russe de son état – et illico censuré par le pouvoir bolchevique, Nous autres est un livre précurseur en matière de dystopie, de récit contre-utopique. La trame du roman rappelle d’ailleurs furieusement celle de deux monuments de la littérature d’anticipation publiés plus tardivement, 1984 de George Orwell (1949) et Le Meilleur des mondes d’Aldous Huxley (1931). Les trois récits reposent en effet sur le même schéma narratif : le servant fidèle d’un totalitarisme achevé comprend soudain (notamment grâce à l’amour) que son époque est un tas de purin liberticide. Et il paye cette révélation au prix fort. Le Bernard Marx du Meilleur des mondes est ainsi exilé dans une île où ses pensées « hérétiques » resteront inoffensives car confinées. Le Winston Smith de 1984 est torturé pendant des semaines, « rééduqué » jusqu’à renier tout ce qui comptait pour lui. Et le D-503 de Nous autres subit un traitement éradiquant son imagination : « Vous êtes malades. Votre maladie c’est l’imagination. C’est un ver qui creuse des rides noires sur votre front. » Dont acte et intervention chirurgicale ; retour au mouton bipède.

Le récit de Zamiatine paraît familier parce qu’il a posé l’équation de base dans l’analyse littéraire du mal totalitaire : au nom d’un idéal dévoyé, l’homme renonce à sa liberté et se retrouve sous le joug d’une instance suprême. Les outils permettant à celle-ci d’imposer durablement son système de domination varient selon les auteurs et le contexte d’écriture – le Novlangue pour 1984, le Soma pour Le Meilleur des mondes, l’informatique pour Un Bonheur insoutenable (Ira Levin, 1969) –, mais la trame reste la même : une société tout entière est privée de libre-arbitre, intégralement sous contrôle. Emprise si forte que le souvenir même de la liberté s’estompe. Tout est verrouillé.

Nous autres décrit une société tellement obnubilée par l’efficacité (Stakhanov powa) et la logique industrielle qu’elle a accepté de renoncer à la liberté. L’essentiel est dans la gestion efficace, la maîtrise des affects, l’ablation de toute individualité au nom du bien commun : « Vous êtes parfaits, vous êtes comme des machines : le chemin du bonheur à cent pour cent est ouvert. » Dans ce contexte, poser des questions ou soulever des objections équivaut à désobéir à la ligne du Parti unique : « L’Homo Sapiens ne devient homme, au sens plein du mot, que lorsqu’il n’y a plus de points d’interrogation dans sa grammaire, mais uniquement des points d’exclamation, des virgules et des points. »

Aboutissement logique : le processus totalitaire, qu’il soit d’inspiration communiste ou fasciste, n’admet de littérature que servile et planifiée, utilitaire. Le reste est ennemi. Évoquant les bureaucrates-bourreaux dans sa préface à Nous autres, Jorge Semprun écrivait : «  L’infini de la révolution les effraye. Ils veulent dormir tranquillement la nuit. De temps en temps, un Zamiatine surgit et les réveille. En sursaut. »

#dystopie #totalitarisme #revolution

January 09 2012

7 Hebdo | L’éliminateur - Le Républicain Lorrain

Le film de Rithy Panh Duch, le maître des forges de l’enfer est diffusé demain sur France 3 avant sa sortie en salles le 18 janvier.

 

-------------------------------------

 // quotation by oAnth

 [...]

 Pourquoi et comment, un paisible enseignant en mathématiques s’est progressivement transformé en un rouage parfaitement huilé de l’une des plus monstrueuses machines de mort du XX e siècle ? Face à la caméra, c’est un homme-tronc, assis derrière une modeste table de travail, qui s’explique pendant plus d’une heure et quarante minutes. Relativement impassible, Duch raconte comment il fut l’artisan méticuleux de l’élimination physique des ennemis de l’Angkar, littéralement « l’organisation », qui était alors à la tête de son pays. Parce qu’il croyait à ce Kampuchéa démocratique né sur les cendres du royaume de Sihanouk. Parce que c’était « l’intérêt du parti » et parce que c’était « son propre intérêt : afin de rester vivant ». Pour toutes ces raisons, explique-t-il, « ce travail, je devais le faire ». Et parce qu’il n’était pas homme à négliger sa tâche, il s’en est remarquablement acquitté.

 Un raisonnement parfaitement glacial servi par des exécutants pour qui les prisonniers étaient si certainement voués au trépas qu’ils finissaient par les considérer « comme de simples bûches ». C’est-à-dire des objets, des non-sujets. Rien de plus. Duch s’étonne d’ailleurs : « Méchant ? Cruel ? Je ne sais pas quel sens donner à ces mots ».

 [...]

 Original URL -- http://www.republicain-lorrain.fr/actualite/2012/01/08/l-eliminateur

 

See it on Scoop.it, via manually by oAnth - from my scoop.it contacts

January 06 2012

January 04 2012

Egypte-actualités : suite... | egyptactus.blogspot.com

Suite à ma note précédente, je vous informe que nous pourrons continuer à nous retrouver... au point de départ de notre aventure commune, à savoir sur le blog qui a servi d'ébauche à cette revue de presse.

 

Je vous en rappelle l'adresse :

http://egyptactus.blogspot.com/

 

Le premier mini-dossier que je vous proposerai sera consacré à l' "affaire" des ONG perquisitionnées au Caire. Il est en cours de rédaction et sera publié vraisemblablement au début de la semaine prochaine.

Merci pour votre fidélité.



December 30 2011

Egypt: 2011 in Blog Posts

The year 2011 is coming to an end, and with all the events took place in Egypt, it is important to list the most important or controversial blog posts of the year.

Maikel Nabil: “The Army and The People were never One Hand”

MaikelNabil

Maikel Nabil


This blog post by Maikel Nabil Sanad [Ar] is important on many levels: Sanad was sentenced to jail for what wrote in that blog post, to be the first prisoner of conscience after the start of the Egyptian Revolution. Also, the post came less than a month after Egyptian president Hosni Mubarak stepped down, when the moment the majority of Egyptians didn't criticize the military either out of fear or because they didn't see that they deserved any criticism. What Sanad wrote in the post was challenging to the way many people used to see the military at the time. In the post, Sanad listed many examples of arrest and torture during and after the 18 days of the revolution that he saw as proof that the Army was never with the Egyptian revolution, and hence he was accused of “insulting the military institution and publishing false news about it” and “disturbing the public security” - crimes for which he was sentenced to three years in prison, which were then reduced to two years. Sanad continues a hunger strike, which he started almost 130 days ago, against his sentence. Add to all this, the fact that his arrest is not getting enough support on the street and in the media, because of his controversial opinions in his blog posts. However, it was this blog post that opened the door for breaking the taboo of criticising the military, and since then it became normal to see blogs criticizing and attacking it [Ar].

Mohamed Abo El-Ghait: “The Poor Come First Son of B*tches”

A #jan25 martyr

A #Jan25 Martyr

When I asked people on Twitter which blog posts they saw as the most important in 2011, this blog post [Ar] was the second one to get recommendations after Maikel Nabil's post. It was written in June, a few months after the constitution amendments referendum. At the time, there was a huge debate on whether to have the parliamentary elections first and then let the parliament write the country's post-revolution constitution, or have a committee to write the constitution then have the parliamentary and presidential elections later on. The debate was huge, and reached it's peak during the referendum. Mohammed Abo El-Ghait's wrote that post as he saw that the majority of those who participated in the revolution didn't care about such an “elitist” debate as their goal then was related to improving their living standards. In the post, he also did two important things, he first sort-of coined that expression, which Alaa Abdel-Fattah used later on in another important blog post called “The Dream Comes First [Ar]“, as well as many others who played on this expression in their discussions. The second thing he did, is that he challenged that mindset that the Egyptian revolution was a peaceful revolution powered by the middle and upper class. He started his post with photos of poor people, or what Egyptian call “Sarsageyya,” making fun of them because the way they dress, the background and the visual effects they have in those photos, then he shocked the readers by telling them that those photos are for martyrs who died during the revolution even though the media insists on showing the photos of the middle-class martyrs only.

Alyaa El-Mahdy: “Nude Art”

Alyaa nude photo

Alyaa Nude Photo

We can have a similar debate to that that took place among the board of the Society of Independent Artists regarding Marcel Duchamp's urinal whether what Alyaa El_Mahdy published in her blog post [Ar] was art or not. However, this post with the nude photographs of herself and some others is possibly one of the most visited blog posts in Egypt during this year. She has had more than 5 million visitors to her blog to date, and you can safely assume that almost all of those visits are to that specific post.

Alyaa has been featured and interviewed later on by many national and international newspapers, and Ahmed Abd El-Fatah also tweeted [Ar] that the feature about her in Al-Masry Al-Youm English (one of the leading English-language newspapers in Egypt) got the highest number of visits in the newspaper's history. Her decision to publish nude photos of herself also ignited a heated debate online as well as offline. Personally, I know people who never read a blog post in their lives, yet have visited Alyaa's blog.

More Blog Posts

Three days before the beginning of the Egyptian revolution on January 25, and few days after the Tunisian one, Zeinobia wrote a list of lessons she believes we should learn from the Tunisian revolution. One day after Mubarak stepped down, and while people were celebrating their victory and leaving Tahrir Square back to their homes, Hossam El-Hamalawy wrote a post warning that the revolution is far from over. He also defended the workers' right to strike, which he believes is an integral part the revolution just like demonstrations in the squares. During the sit-in in Tahrir in July, Sandmonkey wrote a post entitled, “Tahrir: an Exercise in Nation Building“, in it he said that away from the political value of the sit-in as a sort of pressure to achieve the revolution's demands, those taking part in the protest were having a fascinating social experiment as “Tahrir was very quickly becoming a miniature-size Egypt, with all of its problems, but without a centralized government. And the parallels are uncanny”. He went on comparing the parallels, and ended his post saying:

“basically if you are interested in figuring out what the problems facing our society and the best way to solve them, Tahrir is where you should be heading to right now”.

Sandmonkey's post reminds me of that post of Obliviology, where she to some extent also described Tahrir Square but during the 18 days of the revolution this time. And finally, another interesting post is that of Karim Shafei [Ar] - which was featured by Ayesha Saldanha here - where he described Cairo (the capital of Egypt) and in ironic way, compares it to mini-independent-states and not just a single city.

Thanks to @Sarahngb, @7okaha, @BentAboEs3oud, @IbrahimNegm, @YMetry, @Sankafollah, @Biiishi, @HusseinElGammal, @NermeenEdrees, @SlipknotMody and all those who helped in suggesting blog posts for me to include here.

December 22 2011

Play fullscreen
Egyptian Women March Against Military Brutality

Jihan Hafiz reports on a historic march of 10000 women mobilized in central Cairo against military

Time: 07:20 More in News & Politics
Reposted bysofias sofias

December 20 2011

02mydafsoup-01

Egypt: Women Rally for Dignity

This post is part of our special coverage Egypt Revolution 2011.

Egyptian women took to the streets of Cairo to protest today against women rights violations committed by military officers during the #occupycabinet battle that led to the death of at least 13 protesters over the previous five days.

The protest followed the buzz created by a video that showed men in military uniform, dragging a female protester, exposing her underwear, and beating her in the chest.

For three weeks prior to the clashes between the army and protesters in downtown Cairo, activists have been staging a sit-in outside the Cabinet headquarters, protesting against the military appointment of Kamal El Ganzouri as the new Prime Minister of Egypt earlier this month. The ongoing battle has so far claimed the lives of at least 13 people, leaving hundreds injured as soldiers battled with protesters in and around Tahrir Square since December 16.

Apart from this, the atrocities committed by the soldiers against women shocked the world, prompting Egyptian women to take to the streets and call for dignity today.

Female protesters gather at #tahrir square, photo shared by yasmine el rashidi

Female protesters gather at #Tahrir Square, photo shared by Yasmine El Rashidi

Ayman Mohyeldin, NBC News foreign correspondent, tweets:

@AymanM: In #tahrir, a women's rally in solidarity w female victims attacked by the military #dec17 #egypt

According to Abdeltwab Hassan, about 7,000 women took part in the protests [ar]:

#womenmarch #Tharir عند نقابة الصحفيين والهتاف الشعب يريد اسقاط المشير. والعدد كبير فشخ عدى 7000
@AbdeltwabH: near the journalists' headquarters; the slogan is ”people want the overthrow of the Marshal.” The number is big, more than 7,000.

The Marshal is Field Marshal Mohamed Hussein Tantawi, the de facto military ruler of Egypt since the ousting of former president Hosni Mubarak on February 11, 2011.

Men join women's cause

Men also joined the protest and formed a human wall to protect the female protesters.

Photo by abdeltwab hassan featuring young men surrounding the female protesters shared on twitpic

Photo by Abdeltwab Hassan featuring young men surrounding the female protesters shared on Twitpic

Yasmin Galal notes:

@YasminGalal: Proud of all the men joining Egypt's #WomenMarch , physical integrity is a right for all Egyptians

And Randa Ali adds:

@randamali: Men and women of all classes, ideologies , ages here! #womenMarch.

Slogans at the march

The protesters were not only chanting slogans in solidarity with their female compatriots, who have been brutally beaten up by soldiers, but were also calling for the fall of military rule in Egypt. Here are some of the slogans chanted, and shared via the hash tag #womenmarch on Twitter.

@Occupy_Tahrir:The protesters are chanting “hold your head high, every part of you is purer than the one who attacked you” #WomenMarch #OccupyCabinet

@MinaNaguib90:Chant: Come out of your homes, Tantawy took off your daughters' clothes

@WessamAbdrabo:ثورة ثورة حتي النصر … الستات هتحرر مصر
@WessamAbdrabo Revolution, revolution until victory…women will free Egypt

@loolyez: Banat masr khat 2a7mar banat masr khat 2a7mar #womenmarch

@loolyez: Egyptian women are a red line, Egyptian women are a red line

@farida904: We weren't just chanting for ourselves. We were chanting for freedom, social justice and the respect of human dignity #womenmarch #egypt

The following video, uploaded by sawrageya on YouTube, features female protesters calling for Marshal Tantawi to leave.

According to Egyptian @Egyptocracy, who is taking part in the protest, at around 5:15 pm Cairo time, the rally reached the #occupycabinet sit in, and then headed back towards Tahrir Square, the epicenter of the Egyptian revolution, and the site of clashes between protesters and the military for the past five days. She tweets:

@Egyptocracy: 5.55pm: #womenmarch approaching #tahrir.

And adds:

@Egyptocracy: 6.14pm: We are marching in the dark. Lights out in #tahrir. #OccupyCabinet #Egypt

This post is part of our special coverage Egypt Revolution 2011.

December 17 2011

Play fullscreen
Violence Erupts in Egypt After Second Round of Parliamentary Elections

Egyptians decry military regime as government cracks down on cabinet occupation

Time: 08:35 More in News & Politics

Egypt: Tahrir Square Burning

This post is part of our special coverage Egypt Revolution 2011.

Egypt's Military Police set Cairo's Tahrir Square ablaze and forcefully pushed away protesters demonstrating outside the Cabinet on the first anniversary of the Arab revolution, sparked by the self-immolation of Mohammed Bouazizi in Sidi Bouzid, Tunisia. Egypt's netizens are on hand to provide witness accounts of what is happening on the ground now.

The battle #OccupyCabinet has been raging for two days: eight people have been killed and more than 300 injured as the military attacked protesters who have been camping outside the Cabinet headquarters in Cairo for the past three weeks, protesting against the military appointment of Egyptian Prime Minister Kamal El Ganzouri as the new Prime Minister earlier this month.

El Ganzouri just gave a press conference, stressing that the army would not attack peaceful protesters. Minutes later, a full offensive was waged on the protesters, pushing them away from the cabinet and clearing and burning Tahrir Square. Netizens report their witness accounts live on Twitter as I type.

OneRevolution tweets:

@nagoul1: A massacre is taking place in #Tahrir right #now! #egypt #NoScaf #MediaBlackout

And screams:

@Nagoul1: We lost the square! #Tahrir #Egypt #NoScaf

He explains:

@nagoul1: The army used live ammunition to disperse #tahrir protesters -forcing them back away from cabinet buiding to the mddle of the square.

And pinpoints his vantage point:

@nagoul1: I am three blocks away from where the action is. It was very loud.

On Twitter, Sharif Khaddous shares this image from Tahrir Square now and explains:

Sharif kouddous shares this picture of tahrir square minutes ago on twitter

Sharif Kouddous shares this picture of Tahrir Square minutes ago on Twitter

@sharifkouddous: Groups of soldiers roaming square. Some people getting beaten randomly. Tents burning. Tahrir looks like a war zone

The journalist adds:

@sharifkouddous: Army soldiers just came into apartment we are at and took cameras from us

As usual, journalists have not been spared in this attack on protesters. Hayat Al Yamani tweets that her colleagues from Al Jazeera Mubashar have been arrested too.

الشرطة العسكرية قبضت على زمايلي من الجزيرة مباشر مصر اللي كانوا بيصورو الفجر

@HayatElYamani
: The Military Police have arrested my colleagues at Al Jazeera Mubasher Egypt who were filming at dawn
الشرطة العسكرية داهمت المكان اللي كنا بنصور منه الفجر واخدوا المعدات وقابضين على 3من زمايلنا

@HayatElYamani
: The Military Police broke into the place we were filming in at dawn and took our equipment and arrested three of my colleagues

Bel Trew is also on the scene, tweeting live. Here are some of his frantic tweets as the chaos unfolds:

@Beltrew: Tents on fire on the midan [Square]. Army everywhere and extremely violent. Can here bangs not sure if it's gunfire #tahrir a mess

@Beltrew: Protesters being chased down corniche running between the traffic. This is ridiculous #tahrir

And Adam Makary exclaims:

@adamakary: PM Ganzouri SAID violence will not be used on peaceful protesters just ten minutes ago #Egypt

And adds:

@adammakary: The military police have taken tahrir and qasr el aini - they've got it sealed from every rooftop and every road entrance. Painful images

And he shares this image too:

Tahrir burning. adam makary shares this image of tahrir burning on yfrog

Tahrir Burning. Adam Makary shares this image of Tahrir burning on yfrog

@adammakary: This is #tahrir now, I'm speechless #egypt #occupycabinet

He explains:

@adamakary: Military police setting every tent ablaze in their vicinity, bashing cars, everything.. anything #egypt

This post is part of our special coverage Egypt Revolution 2011.

December 16 2011

Play fullscreen
Egyptian Workers Strike and March Against Regime

Workers say repression getting worse as they fight for a minimum wage

Time: 03:58 More in News & Politics
Reposted by99percent 99percent

December 15 2011

Video: Middle East Responds to Media via Webcam

Talk Back TV Middle East provides a way for people from in the Middle East and North Africa can talk back and give their take on state controlled television and mass media using only a webcam and computer.

The concept is explained on the talk back website:

You see something on TV and want to TalkBack – Pick your clip from our rich source media database, record your comments via webcam, use our simple editor to put it together, and then watch your video remix on TalkBackTV’s dual-screen player. When you’re done, hit publish and share you finished ‘Rant’ everywhere you go online. Your webcam is now a weapon of mass communication.

Currently highlighted on their blog is a rant by Khaled Eibid on Essam Atta, a 24 year old Egyptian activist tortured and murdered by guards in the the Egyptian military prison where he was retained. The event has failed to make headlines internationally, and that his death should go unnoticed has spurred Khaled Eibid into action:

Khaleds Eibid rant honoring Essam Atta and other activists killed by the regime is in Arabic. Here is the rough translation. I can't tell what the music is. But it is perfect.

“We did not get justice for Khaled Said”
” We did not get justice for Said bilal”
” Are going to let justice flee again for Essam Atta?”

” Why the Egyptian blood so cheap ” ?

Other collaborators have added their videos on a diversity of topics. For example, Raafatology brings to the discussion the need Egyptians had to be able to vote from abroad for the recent elections like counterparts in other countries like Sudan and Iraq are able to do. At the end and after a fight, their right to vote was respected.

Khaled Eibid provides another rant on the impunity for crimes of violence the military commits against civilians. The Egyptian army assaulted civilian demonstrators after Jan25 and the judiciary system failed to be effective in getting justice for those cases. The army represses the revolution but fails to take the chance to do something positive for the country, instead taking it out against protesters, sometimes in a ratio of 15 military personnel for each civilian.

And as a short comment on the same video, Akhnaton wonders why the police don't fall back into the headquarters now, just like they did on January 28th.

December 14 2011

Egypt: Long Queues in Second Stage of Egyptian Elections

This post is part of our special coverage of Egypt Elections 2011.

The second stage of Egypt's parliamentary elections started today, with Egyptians in nine provinces going to the polls.

Zeinobia, from Egyptian Chronicles, blogs about this stage saying that polling stations will be open in Giza, Bani Sawif, Monufia, Sharkia, Ismailia, Suez, Beheira, Sohag and Aswan.

She adds:

There are 3,387 candidates across the 9 governorates competing for 180 seats in this stage. “2,271 are competing for 60 individual seats while 1,116 are competing over 120 lists seats”

The elections, the first since the fall of former President Hosni Mubarak, started on November 28 and are expected to continue until January 10, 2012, and are being held in three stages.

About 19 million Egyptians are eligible to vote in this second stage, which continue until tomorrow. The candidates are vying for 498 seats in the lower house. Today's and tomorrow's elections will be followed by run-off elections where neck to neck candidates will face off after a week. In this round, constituents are expected to cast three ballots, two for individual candidates and a third for a party.

Once a Parliament is in place, it will be responsible for appointing a committee which will draft the country's new constitution, which will pave the way to the presidential elections later on.

Here is a snap shot of reactions from Twitter about is happening in different provinces across Egypt today.

Journalist Rawya Rageh tweets her experience in Giza so far, complaining about the harassment the Press is facing there. She asks:

@RawyaRageh: Are other journos having difficulties reporting from inside voting stations in #Giza? #Egyelections #Egypt

And continues:

@RawyaRageh: Security this time not as cooperative.. Military asked us to move away from station, police asking us about ‘permits' #Egyelections #Giza

She adds:

@RawyaRageh: Not being allowed to film inside several voting stations in #Giza despite HEC credentials, being told state TV only #Egyelections #Egypt

Rageh observes:

@RawyaRajeh: Turnout quite low in #Giza, nothing at all like the numbers I saw in #Assiut in 1stround. Any word on other provinces? #Egyelections #Egypt

Nadia El Awady disagrees with this observation, noting long badly organised queues at the polling station in Al Haram, in Al Koum Al Akhdhar.

She tweets:

@NadiaE: There was an endless non-line of women infront of school. I'll have to try again tonight or early tomorrow #egyelections

She shares this photograph on Twitpic showing the chaos.

Long queues at polling station in al haram. photo by nadia elawady, shared via twitpic on twitter

Long queues at polling station in Al Haram. Photo by Nadia ElAwady, shared via Twitpic on Twitter

She then asks:

@NadiaE: Can someone tell me the down times for women in #egyelections? Lunch time? Evening? When do i have best chance of finding fewest women?

Other journalists are also reporting long queues elsewhere.

Steven Cook tweets:

@stevenacook: Long lines waiting to vote in Imbaba. People are in good spirits #EgyElections

Hannah Allam is in Suez and writes:

@HannahAllam: In Suez, long lines of voters, heavy army presence. #Egyelections

And it won't be Egypt, if reactions were not infused with Egyptian humour.

Amira Salah-Ahmed jokes:

@Amiralx: Come to Egypt, home of the pyramids and land of perpetual elections #EgyElections

And the Arabist adds:

@arabist: Just heard of a voter dipping his finger in the judge's coffee rather than the ink pot. #egyelections

Meanwhile, Greek blogger and Global Voices Online author Asteris Masouras collects netizen reactions to the elections in this Storify round up.

Also, for more reactions, check out the hash tag #EgyElections on Twitter.

This post is part of our special coverage of Egypt Elections 2011.

November 30 2011

02mydafsoup-01

Hafenarbeiter blockieren 7,5 Tonnen Tränengas

Anna Giulia Fink aus Kairo, 29. November 2011 18:41

Tränengas wurde in der vergangenen Woche gegen Demonstranten auf dem Tahrir-Platz eingesetzt

Hafenarbeiter am Adabiya-Hafen in Suez haben am Dienstag eine Lieferung Tränengas, die an das Innenministerium gehen sollte, blockiert. Es handelt sich um insgesamt 7,5 Tonnen Tränengas, das aus den Vereinigten Staaten nach Ägypten gebracht werden sollte. Das berichtet die staatliche Tageszeitung Al-Ahram. Die unabhängige Tageszeitung Al-Shorouk zitiert einen Zollbeamten, der von Wutausbrüchen der Hafenarbeitern berichtet, nachdem das Containerschiff „Danica" mit der Tränengas-Lieferung angelegt hatte.

Tränengas von „Combined Systems Inc.", einem Waffenproduzenten aus Jamestown, Pennsylvania, wurde von Sicherheitskräften in der vergangenen Woche gegen Demonstranten auf dem Kairoer Tahrir-Platz eingesetzt. Einige kamen durch direkten Beschuss ums Leben. Die Straße, in der die meisten Zusammenstöße stattfanden, die Mohamed Mahmoud Straße, die zum Tahrir Platz führt, wurde aufgrund der vielen von Tränengas und Gummigeschoss an den Augen Verletzten von den Aktivisten „Eyes of Freedom" umbenannt. Der US-Waffenproduzent belieferte schon das Regime des ehemaligen tunesischen Diktators Ben Ali mit CS-Gas-Geschossen.

Al-Ahram beruft sich auf entsprechende Lieferdokumente, die Aktivisten von Hafenarbeitern zugespielt worden seien, laut denen eine Tranche von insgesamt 21 Tonnen Tränengas nach Ägypten gebracht werden sollen. Ein entsprechender Auftrag sei vom ägyptischen Innenministerium an die US-amerikanische Firma ergangen.

Die Aktivisten am Tahrir Platz haben in der Zwischenzeit ihre Solidarität mit den Hafenarbeitern ausgesprochen, ebenso Aida Seif al-Dawla, Chef des El Nadeem Center for Rehabilitation of Victims of Violence, und Gamal Eid, Chef des Arab Network for Human Rights Information (ANHRI), schreibt Al Masry Al Youm. (fin, derStandard.at, 29.11.2011)

Reposted fromshlomo shlomo viabrightbyte brightbyte

Egypt: Tear Gas Shipment Raises Questions About the US

This post is part of our special coverage Egypt Revolution 2011.

Months after former Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak stepped down, and just days after many people were reported to have suffocated and died allegedly because of new types of tear gas used by the Egyptian police, a new tear gas shipment arrived at the Suez Port from the United States (US) a few days ago.

Photo shared by shadizm on facebook.

Photo shared by Shadizm on Facebook.

The story broke when it was reported [ar] in Al Ahram Arabic daily that the employees of the custom service in Suez refused to receive a shipment with containers of seven tons of tear gas in each, creating an uproar on social networking sites. Here is part of the conversation from Twitter:

@Psypherize: A new tear gas shipment 7 tonnes heavy just arrived in #Cairo from #Suez and stored by the #MOI. Get ready for another crackdown.

@RashaAbdulla: So apparently, the 7-ton tear gas shipment from the #US to #Egypt is only part 1 of 3. Total is 21 tons!!

@sharifkouddous: Suez rocks. Port workers in Suez refuse 7-ton shipment of tear gas from US to restock Interior Ministry supply

Later on, people knew that the workers will be subject to investigations for their refusal to receive the shipment:

احالة موظفي جمرك ميناء السويس للتحقيق الان لرفضهم استلام شحنة غاز مسيل للدموع خاصة بالداخلية
@3alaelhawa: The employees of Suez customs will be subject to investigations for refusing to receive the tear gas shipment.

Netizens were also worried about the government's intentions:

@elkammar: I pay my government to get a better tear gas, a better way to kill me and my brothers

And to show their solidarity with the workers, many Twitter users shared the following message:

أعلن أنا تضامني الكامل مع موظفي جمرك ميناء السويس الذين يتم التحقيق معهم الان لرفضهم استلام شحنة غاز مسيل للدموع للداخلية مصرية
@Ahmed_hosny_s: I announce my full solidarity with the workers in Suez customs who are being questioned now for refusing to receive the tear gas shipment sent to the Egyptian Ministry of Interior

Others urged employees in other Egyptian ports to do the same:

@AnonyOps: Spread the message to Egyptian port workers. Refuse tear gas at the ports!

The tear gas bombs in this shipment are manufactured in the United States, hence people are wondering how the US claims to support the Arab world revolutions yet continues to support tyrannies across the region.

@freddydeknatel: But what does that say then, when you’ve got tear gas shipments arriving in the Port of Suez with “Made in the USA” on the side of them?

@waleedrashed: To U.S. and European governments:instead of asking how can we promote democracy in the Egypt, just stop exporting the gas used against today

@KhaRouBology: To #USA .. SHUT UP .. Stop sending the f**kin chemical bombs to #Egypt. And then support our Revolution

Finally, it was reported that the shipment was released and headed to the Ministry of Interior:

من السويس : تراجعت ادارة الجمرك عن التحقيق مع موظفي المينا ..وتم تسليم 3 حاويات قنابل غاز فعلا الي وزارة الداخلية
@sayedfathy2006: From Suez: The port management decided not to investigate with the employees … and the 3 containers have already been handed to the Ministry of Interior now.

This post is part of our special coverage Egypt Revolution 2011.

Prince of Razor created a Storify covering this topic. Check it out for more reactions. Also, here is the transcript of the US State Dept comment on the tear gas used in Egypt.

November 29 2011

Democracy Now! 2011-11-29 Tuesday

Democracy Now! 2011-11-29 Tuesday

  • Headlines for November 29, 2011
  • Battlefield America: U.S. Citizens Face Indefinite Military Detention in Defense Bill Before Senate
  • Egypt Holds Historic Election As Military Council Resists Calls To Transfer Power To Civilians
  • Pepper-Spray Creator Decries Use of Chemical Agent on Peaceful Occupy Wall Street Protesters
  • Occupy Student Debt: Students Urged to Refuse to Pay Off Loans As Schools Hike Tuition

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Egyptians debate elections as protests continue

Voters torn between boycotting elections until demands are met and voicing their concerns at the ballot box


November 28 2011

Egypt: The Country Votes

This post is part of our special coverage of Egypt Elections 2011.

Egyptians are voting in parliamentary elections on November 28 and 29, 2011, and despite calls for a boycott, it seems that most people have chosen to participate.

Not all of Egypt votes on these dates; the elections are staggered across three stages, each covering nine governorates. The first stage includes the cities of Cairo and Alexandria.

Some people are not voting on principle, such as blogger and journalist Sarah Carr, who writes:

In case you’re asking I won’t be voting. Neither will several of my acquaintances. While there is a strong argument against a boycott (it might help keep out religiously conservative forces) it doesn’t sway my conviction that taking part in the election gives legitimacy to a regime that doesn’t deserve it, that has treated Egyptians like foolish children and whose only display of creativity during this never-ending transitional process has been in methods of killing people and building walls.

Ismail Naguib has also chosen not to vote:

For me, not voting has little to do with apathy. I believe that people should demand that an untainted civilian (perhaps in the form of a strong PM) or civilian council (perhaps in the form of Presidential Council) should be the authority to oversee the ministries who will manage parliamentary elections. Until that is the case I cannot, with a clear conscience, participate in parliamentary elections that grant legitimacy to a dictatorial force whose self interests are above those of the country.

Towards the end of the first day's voting, Mostafa Hussein was not convinced:

@moftasa: The voting was mostly free for a parliament that isn't.

And Sherief Gaber says:

@cairocitylimits: No matter who you vote for, the regime gets elected. #Egypt

Nevertheless, a great number of Egyptians have been voting, and there were long queues all over the country.

Waiting for voting papers to be delivered. image by twitter user @selnadeem

Waiting for voting papers to be delivered. Image by Twitter user @Selnadeem

Pakinam Amer was not put off by the queues:

@pakinamamer: Two hours on, still standing in line. You know, democracy is hard (!) #lol #egyelections

Nor was Twitter user @CokiCoussa discouraged:

@CokiCoussa: When u see the queue, u think it has no end, but it's not that boring neither is it that bad, it's actually motivating :)

Nada Heggy had a question:

@NadaHeggy: Why we can't vote online instead of standing in long queue that consumes hours and hours #Egyelections. #Egypt

Queuing to vote in alexandria. image by twitter user @mfatta7

Queuing to vote in Alexandria. Image by Twitter user @mfatta7

Mohamed El Dahshan remembered how this moment had been reached:

@TravellerW: Alright. Off to vote now, with our martyrs, protesters, and innocent prisoners in mind. #EgyElections #Tahrir

In the Cairo suburb of Zamalek, Fatenn Mostafa met other voters remembering those who were killed:

@FatennMostafa: A lot of women are wearing black in the zamalek queue! They answered: In memory of our #egymartyrs. #egyelections #Egypt

Despite the long waits, the complicated voting process, and accusations of violations, there has been a sense of excitement.

Voters in assiut. image by twitter user @laurenbohn

Voters in Assiut. Image by Twitter user @LaurenBohn

Canadian journalist Firas Al-Atraqchi spoke to voters in Cairo:

@Firas_Atraqchi: From talking to some of those in the queue I get an impression they are invested in the election process. They want to be heard #Egypt

Mosa'ab Elshamy was upbeat:

@mosaaberizing: Went to 5 different polling stations today. People are enjoying the queues and voting with a smile. Despite the violations, glorious day.

Mohamed Soliman was also optimistic:

@msoliman7: Proud of every Egyptian who stood or continues to stand in line to vote, the future is in your ink stained hands. #EgyElections

This post is part of our special coverage of Egypt Elections 2011.

November 25 2011

Egypt: Summing up the Second Wave of Protests So Far

This post is part of our special coverage Egypt Revolution 2011.

Thursday 24 November, 2011, and Egypt’s latest stage of unrest has now merged into Day six: it’s 4.33 am in capital Cairo. Supposedly Tahrir Square, Egypt, is under a truce for the night. But every ceasefire called in Tahrir over the past five days has been followed by a “Ha! Gotcha!” crackdown from police and Central Security Forces (CSF).

@mfatta7: The police violated the ceasefire in Mohamed Mahmoud. The youth will not back down now until squash the interior ministry.

The sullied white flag falls and a new volley of gas is blasted at the crowds of protesters occupying the various streets leading into the square - Mohamed Mahmoud Street and Tahrir Square itself.

This video, uploaded to YouTube by user TWorkx on 23 November, 2011, shows a ceasefire attempt between the Ministry of Interior and protestors:

In Alexandria, the unrest has been limited to marches between Al-Qaed Ibrahim Mosque and the suburb of Smouha, where the Security Directorate (Modereyet elAmn) is located. But despite the reportedly localised nature of the violence, at least one innocent passerby has been shot dead in the crossfire.

@RawyaRageh: Family telling us Sherif wasn't part of protest, & was just walking thru w his family when bullet hit his neck #Alexandria #Egypt #Smouha

At this point in time, the death toll in Egypt is allegedly just shy of 40 according to the Health Ministry as reported here, although this doesn’t seem to take into account the two deaths that occurred in Ismailia late on Wednesday night. Judging by Twitter reports from journalists on the ground in Alexandria and other cities, it is safe to assume that this death count is inaccurate. It’s certainly a number on the rise.

(List of Cairo’s fallen alone, as of Wednesday morning here. Numbers have most likely changed by now).

Ismailia’s non-violent protests reportedly came to a head close to midnight on Wednesday 23 November, according to this emotional call [ar] to Al Jazeera reporting at least one death from the field hospital.

Protestors on the scene also confirmed the death:

@MostafaAmin84: A 15 years old boy died in #Ismailia after security forces and army attacks on Al Mamar square

However, one man from Ismailia filmed himself driving throughout the city to prove that reports of clashes are merely hyped up rumours. All seems calm according to his footage:

Video uploaded to YouTube by user DouWorld on 23 November.

Meanwhile, news of clashes in Tahrir throughout the night kept flowing, as CSF and police reportedly continued their attack-and-retreat dance with Egyptian protestors, blasting them with tear gas and other chemical gases that are as yet unidentifiable. The one thing that’s clear, is the unanimous reportage of the gases' disturbing effects on the protestors.

But it’s not all bloodshed and mindless violence. The youth are responding to continuous state television media propaganda claims that imply they are aimless wastrels keen on aiding “foreign hands” in destroying the country, by putting together a list of their demands.

Actor Khaled Abol Naga, acknowledged to have been active in his opposition to the former regime during the revolution earlier this year, collected these points on his blog under a post titled, ‘From now on, our demands must be commands‘ [ar].

Although today makes it a total of five days of consecutive, sustained violence in Egypt, people are going about their daily lives as normal outside of Tahrir and the other protest hotspots of Egypt.

In fact, there are a great number of people furious at the protestors for disrupting the peace so close to the parliamentary elections set for 28 November.

The financial argument is another one that comes up consistently. People are fed up with poverty and the effect that protests are having on the stock market as well as their ability to work or find work.

@Sandra_Rizk: @mosaaberizing I have work to do I can't keep up with destroying Egypt and leave my job and work.. Excuse me for that.

Moreover, the same pertinent question arises – if the Supreme Council of Armed Forces (SCAF) does in fact step down, who will lead the country?

@Sandra_Rizk: @mosaaberizing don't you want the army to leave? Why would they show up and help you! I don't get what you are doing to our country!

And finally, the one question that has caused people following the news out of Egypt much bewilderment: why now? Why did the people not wait for the elections, taking place in less than a week?

This post is part of our special coverage Egypt Revolution 2011.

A longer version of this post was originally published on Thursday 24 November, 2011, on Miran Hosny's blog.

Thumbnail and featured image shows mass rally in Tahrir square, Cairo, Egypt, by Nameer Galal, copyright Demotix (25/11/11).

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