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February 04 2014

December 20 2013

December 03 2013

October 04 2013

Tadeusz_Wielecki : « Beethoven est un produit de masse ! »

#Tadeusz_Wielecki : « Beethoven est un produit de masse ! »
http://fr.myeurop.info/2013/10/04/tadeusz-wielecki-beethoven-est-un-produit-de-masse-12347

Marcin Zralek

Il orchestre depuis 15 ans l’un des plus prestigieux festival des #Musiques contemporaines en Europe et le trouve toujours aussi « addictif ». Le #compositeur Tadeusz Wielecki a presque l’âge de l’#Automne_de_Varsovie qu’il dirige -la soixantaine ou presque. #portrait d’un partisan radical de la (...)

#Portraits #Pologne #directeur_de_festival #musique

September 29 2013

« La Cour Suprême israélienne ne remet jamais en cause la politique de colonisation » : entretien…

« La Cour Suprême israélienne ne remet jamais en cause la politique de #colonisation » : entretien d’1h avec François Dubuisson dans une nouvelle émission de #Radio_Panik : Le mur a des oreilles, joliment sous-titrée « Conversations pour la Palestine »
http://lemuradesoreilles.org/2013/09/18/la-cour-supreme-israelienne-ne-remet-jamais-en-cause-la-politique

Podcast de notre première émission live avec François Dubuisson, professeur de #droit_international à l’ULB, qui nous parle de la #Palestine, du concept d’#apartheid en droit international mais aussi de #musique et de #cinéma.

https://soundcloud.com/lmado/le-mur-a-des-oreilles-1

cc @opironet pour les morceaux à 25:45 (« I shall sing until my land is free » de Muslimgauze) et 54:29 (« Autonomia » de Mark Stewart & Primary Scream)

pour le cinéma, ça cause de World War Z, qui a l’air d’être un sacré morceau niveau propagande éhontée
https://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/World_War_Z_%28film%29

#Israël #audio #radio

Rolf Liebermann (1910-1999), Symphonie « Les Echanges » Komposition für 156 Maschinen (02:58) :…

Rolf Liebermann (1910-1999), Symphonie „Les Echanges“ Komposition für 156 Maschinen (02:58) : composition pour 156 #machines sur #Ubuweb
http://ubu.com/sound/liebermann.html

#Rolf_Liebermann composed this piece for the Swiss Expo (National exhibition) 1964. Scored for 156 machines - amongst which one can find 16 typewriters, 18 calculator machines, 8 accounting machines, 12 office perforators, 10 caisses enregistreuses, 8 humidificateurs-colleurs, 8 tele-scripteurs, 2 metronomes, 4 bells of signalisation, 2 entrance door gongs, 10 claxons, 16 telephones, 40 experimental signal receptors,1 fork lift, a duplicator and a monte-charge. Rolf Liebermann was also the head of the main music section of the Norddeutscher Rundfunk (NDR) from 1957 to 1959. In this function he was responsible for instigating the famous NDR Jazzworkshops. His most popular work might be his Concerto for Jazz Band and Symphony Orchestra which was premiered by Hans Rosebaud in Donaueschingen in 1954.

http://ubumexico.centro.org.mx/sound/liebermann_rolf/Liebermann-Rolf_01_Les-Echanges.mp3

#audio #musique

September 27 2013

T'as jamais entendu une chanson faite de bouffe libanaise, chantée « en arabe » par un noir américain…

T’as jamais entendu une #chanson faite de bouffe libanaise, chantée « en arabe » par un noir américain ? Heureusement que #Slim-Gaillard a inventé ça pour toi.

Yip Roc Heresy - Slim Gaillard c.1951 - YouTube
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=w8iIwDCWAJg

#jazz #musique #1951

September 26 2013

Artistes flamands, identité belge

La Belgique choisira peut-être l'éclatement, et semble envisager — ce que refusent de nombreux artistes — de préférer l'identité régionale à l'identité nationale. Quels sont les enjeux de ce choix ? / Belgique, Europe, Art, Cinéma, Culture, Histoire, Identité culturelle, Langue, Minorité nationale, (...) / Belgique, Europe, Art, Cinéma, Culture, Histoire, Identité culturelle, Langue, Minorité nationale, Musique, Nationalisme, Parti politique, Région, Théâtre, Francophonie - 2013/03

September 01 2013

« Histoire de France par les chansons (disque 1) », en écoute sur

« Histoire de France par les chansons (disque 1) », en écoute sur
http://lexomaniaque.blogspot.fr/2013/08/histoire-de-france-par-les-chansons.html

De 1956 à 1961, Pierre Barbier et France Vernillat publièrent chez Gallimard une vaste anthologie de la chanson française qui regroupait des ritournelles politiquement très hétéroclites, sous le titre général Histoire de France par les chansons, en huit tomes organisés chronologiquement.

(...) Parallèlement, France Vernillat et Pierre Barbier ont fait enregistrer par différents interprètes une partie de ce répertoire à la firme « Le Chant du Monde » sous la forme d’une multitude de disques 33 T. au format 17 cm (LDY 4105, etc.), dont une sélection a été regroupée en un coffret de quatre albums 33 T. 30 cm (LDX 74461/74464), sous le titre général Histoire de France par les chansons - Des Croisades à la guerre de 14-18.

(...) Histoire de France par les chansons, disque 1 (LDX 74461)

Des croisades aux guerres de religion
1. Seigneurs sachiez… (Thibaut de Champagne, 1201-1253) – Jean Giraudeau
2. Mort de Richard Cœur de Lion (Gaucelm Faydit, 1185-1220) – Aimé Doniat
3. Le Roy anglais (Manuscrit de Bayeux) – Gérard Sandri
4. La Mort du prince d’Orange (1544) – Les Quatre Barbus
5. Chanson du printemps retourné (Adrian Le Roy, 1586) – André Vessières
6. Voyez la grande offense – Nicole Vervil
7. Contre les Huguenots – Les 4 Barbus
8. Les Commandements d’Henri (1597) – Jean-Christophe Benoît
9. L’Exécution du maréchal de Biron (1602) – Les Quatre Barbus
10. Vive Henri IV – Chorale Historia

Louis XIII – La Fronde et les mazarinades – Le Roi-Soleil – La Régence et Louis XV
11. Les Rochellois – Jean-Christophe Benoît
12. Entrée de Louis XIII après la prise de La Rochelle – Paul Barré
13. La Chasse donnée à Mazarin par les paysans – Les Quatre Barbus
14. Chanson des barricades de Paris (peut-être Blot, dit Blot l’Esprit) – Germaine Montero
15. Complainte de Guillaume d’Orange – Eric Amado
16. Complainte de la Brinvilliers – Germaine Montero
17. Le Bout de M. d’Argenson – Quatuor de la Cité
18. Révocation de l’édit de Nantes (1685) – Louis-Jacques Rondeleux
19. Contre les Jésuites – Quatuor de la Cité
20. Sur le Régent – Louis-Jacques Rondeleux
21. Lundi, je pris des actions… – Jean-Christophe Benoît
22. Sur Mme de Pompadour (Pont-de-Veyle, sur un timbre de J.-B. Lully) – Paul Barré
23. Prise de Port-Mahon (Collé, 1756) – Louis-Jacques Rondeleux
24. Les Fre-Maçons – Paul Barré

#histoire #musique #France #guerre

August 25 2013

August 08 2013

« Dancehall », chronique d'un rêve jamaïquain

Comme le dit le proverbe, « on ne devient pas riche en travaillant ». La musique constitue à Kingston le raccourci le plus évident vers une vie moins miséreuse, du moins pour qui se tient éloigné des armes et des gangs. / Caraïbes, Criminalité, Culture, Identité culturelle, Industrie culturelle, (...) / Caraïbes, Criminalité, Culture, Identité culturelle, Industrie culturelle, Inégalités, Jeunes, Langue, Musique, Pauvreté, Violence, Jamaïque, Répression - 2012/11

August 04 2013

Le Grand Débat : ne pas dégoûter les enfants de la musique - The Djac Baweur attitude

Le Grand Débat : ne pas dégoûter les enfants de la musique - The Djac Baweur attitude

http://djac.baweur.over-blog.com/article-le-grand-debat-111943707.html

Le blog musical le plus intelligent de la galaxie

Le Grand Débat

Attention.

Aujourd’hui, sur le blog, on quitte le pays des bisounours.

Foin de jolie musiquette, de blagounettes faciles, de paisibles analyses.

Éloignez les enfants de l’écran.

Là ça va saigner.

On va attaquer du lourd. On va mettre le doigt sur des blessures à peine refermées. On va relancer une sanglante guerre de gangs fratricides et irréconciliables.

#musique #enfance #solfège #apprentissage

July 29 2013

Musique et cinéma : les intermittences du coeur (3/5)

Musique et cinéma : les intermittences du coeur (3/5)
http://www.franceculture.fr/emission-continent-musiques-musique-et-cinema-les-intermittences-du-co

Aujourd’hui, nous effectuons un saut en arrière, et nous nous transportons plus à l’Est, avec un autre couple emblématique des rapports entre musique et cinéma, Prokofiev et Eisenstein.
Serguei Mikhaïlovitch Eisenstein et Sergueï Sergueïevitch Prokofiev n’ont fait que deux films ensemble, mais quels films : Alexandre Nevski en 1938 et Ivan Le Terrible sorti en deux parties en 1944 puis 1945. Les deux grandes œuvres du cinéaste russe, des monuments. Des monuments par leur ampleur d’abord – Ivan Le Terrible dure près de trois heures. Mais aussi par leur importance dans l’histoire du cinéma.

Eisenstein et Prokofiev se sont d’abord manqués, puis trouvés, et ont travaillé dans une entente parfaite, jusqu’à la mort du réalisateur à sa table de travail le 11 février 1948. Sur son bureau, des dessins et des notes pour sa grande œuvre Ivan Le Terrible, qui reste inachevée... Prokofiev qui souffre lui-aussi de problèmes cardiaques, lui survit pendant quelques années, et meurt quelques heures avant Staline. Leur contribution à l’élaboration d’un cinéma sonore et musical est immense. 

#Eisenstein #Prokofiev #cinéma #musique #urss

Llorenç Barber, _Cuaderno de Yokohama_ (2009)

Llorenç Barber, Cuaderno de Yokohama (2009)
http://monoskop.org/log/?p=8724

The booklet contains the series of 17 graphic scores that #Llorenç_Barber created in Yokohama (Japan) in 2005. The series brings together the visual exercises and/or pastimes that the composer compiled in a small notebook as he worked on Pocket Naumaquia, the closing concert of the International Triennale of Contemporary Art (ITCA) in December 2005. For this publication Barber has used these graphic notations as inspiration to write 17 texts that, like a game, readers can link to any score they wish.

http://rwm.macba.cat/uploads/qa/QA_02/QA_02.pdf [#pdf]

Llorenç Barber – Cuaderno de Yokohama, graphic score
http://continuo-docs.tumblr.com/post/52202471383/llorenc-barber-cuaderno-de-yokohama-graphic

https://gs1.wac.edgecastcdn.net/8019B6/data.tumblr.com/tumblr_m0w9et9mES1r5yt7ko5_250.jpg https://gs1.wac.edgecastcdn.net/8019B6/data.tumblr.com/tumblr_m0w9et9mES1r5yt7ko6_250.jpg https://gs1.wac.edgecastcdn.net/8019B6/data.tumblr.com/tumblr_m0w9et9mES1r5yt7ko8_250.jpg

#musique #partition #représentation #images

July 28 2013

Balkan Spirit. Esprit des Balkans. - YouTube

Balkan Spirit. Esprit des Balkans. - YouTube
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eKRK5qWynqs

Le dernier album de Jordi Savall, Espérion XXI, superbe, comme tous les autres !

#musique #savall #Balkans

July 26 2013

The Upstate Soundscape • [Archive 7.24.13] (WBNY), en écoute et téléchargement sur

The Upstate Soundscape • [Archive 7.24.13] (#WBNY), en écoute et téléchargement sur
http://upstatesoundscape.com/2013/07/25/archive-7-24-13

1) Marshall McLuhan, “Side B” The Medium is the Massage (Columbia/Five Day Weekend)
2) Swans, “Apostate” The Seer (Young God Records)
3) Pharmakon, “Ache” Abandon (Sacred Bones)
4) Cages, “Lost Lipids (Live at Soundlab 9.3.12)” The Upstate Soundscape Vol II: Summer 2013
5) Limbus 4, “Dhyana” Mandalas (Wah Wah Records)
6) Scott Walker, “The Day the ‘Conducator’ Died’ Bish Bosch (4AD)
7) Good Stuff House, “Untitled 03″ Untitled (Holodeck)
8) Can, “Future Days” Future Days (United Artist)
9) VWLS, “Cyberspace Fugitive” Mixtape Vol 1 (Bad Drone Media)
10) Elfin Choirs, “Side 1″ Elfin Choirs

Tu noteras que ça commence par la face B du mythique « The Medium is the Massage » de #McLuhan, dont la face A est écoutable dans une précédente émission
http://upstatesoundscape.com/2013/07/11/archive-7-11-13

#musique #médias #audio #radio

July 25 2013

Hakim Bey Boycott cop culture ! (faites ce que je dis pas ce que je fais - digression à propos de

Hakim Bey
Boycott cop culture !
(faites ce que je dis pas ce que je fais - digression à propos de http://seenthis.net/messages/159527#message159889 for @mad_meg)
IF ONE FICTIONAL FIGURE can be said to have dominated the popcult of the eighties, it was the Cop. Fuckin’ police ev- erywhere you turned, worse than real life. What an incredible bore.
Powerful Cops—protecting the meek and humble—at the expense of a half-dozen or so articles of the Bill of Rights- -"Dirty Harry." Nice human cops, coping with human perversity, coming out sweet ’n’ sour, you know, gruff & knowing but still soft inside—Hill Street Blues—most evil TV show ever. Wiseass black cops scoring witty racist remarks against hick white cops, who nevertheless come to love each other—Eddie Murphy, Class Traitor. For that masochist thrill we got wicked bent cops who threaten to topple our Kozy Konsensus Reality from within like Giger- designed tapeworms, but naturally get blown away just in the nick of time by the Last Honest Cop, Robocop, ideal amalgam of prosthesis and sentimentality.

We’ve been obsessed with cops since the beginning—but the rozzers of yore played bumbling fools, Keystone Kops, Car 54 Where Are You, booby-bobbies set up for Fatty Arbuckle or Buster Keaton to squash & deflate. But in the ideal drama of the eighties, the “little man” who once scattered bluebottles by the hundred with that anarchist’s bomb, innocently used to light a cigarette—the Tramp, the victim with the sudden power of the pure heart—no longer has a place at the center of narrative. Once “we” were that hobo, that quasi-surrealist chaote hero who wins thru wu- wei over the ludicrous minions of a despised & irrelevant Order. But now “we” are reduced to the status of victims without power, or else criminals. “We” no longer occupy that central role; no longer the heros of our own stories, we’ve been marginalized & replaced by the Other, the Cop.

Thus the Cop Show has only three characters—victim, criminal, and policeperson—but the first two fail to be fully human—only the pig is real. Oddly enough, human society in the eighties (as seen in the other media) sometimes appeared to consist of the same three cliche/archetypes. First the victims, the whining minorities bitching about “rights”—and who pray tell did not belong to a “minority” in the eighties? Shit, even cops complained about their “rights” being abused. Then the criminals: largely non-white (despite the obligatory & hallucinatory “integration” of the media), largely poor (or else obscenely rich, hence even more alien), largely perverse (i.e. the forbidden mirrors of “our” desires). I’ve heard that one out of four households in America is robbed every year, & that every year nearly half a million of us are arrested just for smoking pot. In the face of such statistics (even assuming they’re “damned lies”) one wonders who is NOT either victim or criminal in our police-state-of-consciousness. The fuzz must mediate for all of us, however fuzzy the interface— they’re only warrior-priests, however profane. America’s Most Wanted—the most successful TV game show of the eighties—opened up for all of us the role of Amateur Cop, hitherto merely a media fantasy of middleclass resentment & revenge. Naturally the truelife Cop hates no one so much as the vigilante—look what happens to poor &/or non-white neighborhood self-protection groups like the Muslims who tried to eliminate crack dealing in Brooklyn: the cops busted the Muslims, the pushers went free. Real vigilantes threaten the monopoly of enforcement, lÉse majest­, more abominable than incest or murder. But media(ted) vigilantes function perfectly within the CopState; in fact, it would be more accurate to think of them as unpaid (not even a set of matched luggage!) informers: telemetric snitches, electro-stoolies, ratfinks- for-a-day.

What is it that “America most wants”? Does this phrase refer to criminals—or to crimes, to objects of desire in their real presence, unrepresented, unmediated, literally stolen & appropriated? America most wants...to fuck off work, ditch the spouse, do drugs (because only drugs make you feel as good as the people in TV ads appear to be), have sex with nubile jailbait, sodomy, burglary, hell yes. What unmediated pleasures are NOT illegal? Even outdoor barbecues violate smoke ordinances nowadays. The simplest enjoyments turn us against some law; finally pleasure becomes too stress- inducing, and only TV remains—and the pleasure of revenge, vicarious betrayal, the sick thrill of the tattletale. America can’t have what it most wants, so it has America’s Most Wanted instead. A nation of schoolyard toadies sucking up to an elite of schoolyard bullies.

Of course the program still suffers from a few strange reality-glitches: for example, the dramatized segments are enacted cinema verit­ style by actors; some viewers are so stupid they believe they’re seeing actual footage of real crimes. Hence the actors are being continually harassed & even arrested, along with (or instead of) the real criminals whose mugshots are flashed after each little documentoid. How quaint, eh? No one really experiences anything—everyone reduced to the status of ghosts—media-images break off & float away from any contact with actual everyday life— PhoneSex—CyberSex. Final transcendence of the body: cybergnosis.

The media cops, like televangelical forerunners, prepare us for the advent, final coming or Rapture of the police state: the “Wars” on sex and drugs: total control totally leached of all content; a map with no coordinates in any known space; far beyond mere Spectacle; sheer ecstasy (“standing- outside-the-body”); obscene simulacrum; meaningless violent spasms elevated to the last principle of governance. Image of a country consumed by images of self-hatred, war between the schizoid halves of a split personality, Super-Ego vs the Id Kid, for the heavyweight championship of an abandoned landscape, burnt, polluted, empty, desolate, unreal. Just as the murder-mystery is always an exercise in sadism, so the cop-fiction always involves the contemplation of control. The image of the inspector or detective measures the image of “our” lack of autonomous substance, our transparency before the gaze of authority. Our perversity, our helplessness. Whether we imagine them as “good” or “evil,” our obsessive invocation of the eidolons of the Cops reveals the extent to which we have accepted the manichaean worldview they symbolize. Millions of tiny cops swarm everywhere, like the qlippoth, larval hungry ghosts—they fill the screen, as in Keaton’s famous two-reeler, overwhelming the foreground, an Antarctic where nothing moves but hordes of sinister blue penguins.

We propose an esoteric hermeneutical exegesis of the Surrealist slogan “Mort aux vaches!” We take it to refer not to the deaths of individual cops (“cows” in the argot of the period)—mere leftist revenge fantasy—petty reverse sadism—but rather to the death of the image of the flic, the inner Control & its myriad reflections in the NoPlace Place of the media—the “gray room” as Burroughs calls it. Self-censorship, fear of one’s own desires, “conscience” as the interiorized voice of consensus- authority. To assassinate these “security forces” would indeed release floods of libidinal energy, but not the violent running-amok predicted by the theory of Law ’n’ Order.

Nietzschean “self-overcoming” provides the principle of organization for the free spirit (as also for anarchist society, at least in theory). In the police-state personality, libidinal energy is dammed & diverted toward self-repression; any threat to Control results in spasms of violence. In the free-spirit personality, energy flows unimpeded & therefore turbulently but gently—its chaos finds its strange attractor, allowing new spontaneous orders to emerge.

In this sense, then, we call for a boycott of the image of the Cop, & a moratorium on its production in art. In this sense...

MORT AUX VACHES!

Avec la voix de Hakim Bey et la musique de Bill Laswell
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3-Ll70h_jXk

#musique #taz #police #culture

July 23 2013

Haile_Selassie, Speech to UN October 6 1963 - YouTube

#Haile_Selassie, Speech to #UN October 6 1963 - YouTube
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wszwI1E24eM

H.I.M. Haile Selassie address to the #Unted_Nations Oct 6, 1963
http://www.nazret.com/history/him_un.php

Mr. President, Distinguished Delegates:
Twenty-seven years ago, as Emperor of #Ethiopia, I mounted the rostrum in Geneva, Switzerland, to address the League of Nations and to appeal for relief from the destruction which had been unleashed against my defenseless nation, by the Fascist invader.I spoke then both to and for the conscience of the world. My words went unheeded, but history testifies to the accuracy of the warning that I gave in 1936.

Today, I stand before the world organization which has succeeded to the mantle discarded by its discredited predecessor. In this body is enshrined the principle of collective security which I unsuccessfully invoked at Geneva. Here, in this Assembly, reposes the best - perhaps the last - hope for the peaceful survival of mankind.

In 1936, I declared that it was not the Covenant of the League that was at stake, but #international_morality. Undertakings, I said then, are of little worth if the will to keep them is lacking. The Charter of the United Nations expresses the noblest aspirations of man: abjuration of force in the settlement of disputes between states; the assurance of human rights and fundamental freedoms for all without distinction as to race, sex, language or religion; the safeguarding of international peace and security.

But these, too, as were the phrases of the Covenant, are only words; their value depends wholly on our will to observe and honor them and give them content and meaning. The preservation of peace and the guaranteeing of man’s basic freedoms and rights require courage and eternal vigilance: courage to speak and act - and if necessary, to suffer and die - for truth and justice; eternal vigilance, that the least transgression of international morality shall not go undetected and unremedied. These lessons must be learned anew by each succeeding generation, and that generation is fortunate indeed which learns from other than its own bitter experience. This Organization and each of its members bear a crushing and awesome responsibility: to absorb the wisdom of history and to apply it to the problems of the present, in order that future generations may be born, and live, and die, in peace.

The record of the United Nations during the few short years of its life affords mankind a solid basis for encouragement and hope for the future. The United Nations has dared to act, when the League dared not in Palestine, in Korea, in Suez, in the Congo. There is not one among us today who does not conjecture upon the reaction of this body when motives and actions are called into question. The opinion of this Organization today acts as a powerful influence upon the decisions of its members. The spotlight of world opinion, focused by the United Nations upon the transgressions of the renegades of human society, has thus far proved an effective safeguard against unchecked aggression and unrestricted violation of human rights.

The United Nations continues to sense as the forum where nations whose interests clash may lay their cases before world opinion. It still provides the essential escape valve without which the slow build-up of pressures would have long since resulted in catastrophic explosion. Its actions and decisions have speeded the achievement of freedom by many peoples on the continents of Africa and Asia. Its efforts have contributed to the advancement of the standard of living of peoples in all corners of the world.

For this, all men must give thanks. As I stand here today, how faint, how remote are the memories of 1936.How different in 1963 are the attitudes of men. We then existed in an atmosphere of suffocating pessimism. Today, cautious yet buoyant optimism is the prevailing spirit. But each one of us here knows that what has been accomplished is not enough.

The United Nations judgments have been and continue to be subject to frustration, as individual member-states have ignored its pronouncements and disregarded its recommendations. The Organization’s sinews have been weakened, as member-states have shirked their obligations to it. The authority of the Organization has been mocked, as individual member-states have proceeded, in violation of its commands, to pursue their own aims and ends. The troubles which continue to plague us virtually all arise among member states of the Organization, but the Organization remains impotent to enforce acceptable solutions. As the maker and enforcer of the international law, what the United Nations has achieved still falls regrettably short of our goal of an international community of nations.

This does not mean that the United Nations has failed. I have lived too long to cherish many illusions about the essential highmindedness of men when brought into stark confrontation with the issue of control over their security, and their property interests. Not even now, when so much is at hazard would many nations willingly entrust their destinies to other hands.

Yet, this is the ultimatum presented to us: secure the conditions whereby men will entrust their security to a larger entity, or risk annihilation; persuade men that their salvation rests in the subordination of national and local interests to the interests of humanity, or endanger man’s future. These are the objectives, yesterday unobtainable, today essential, which we must labor to achieve.

Until this is accomplished, mankind’s future remains hazardous and permanent peace a matter for speculation. There is no single magic formula, no one simple step, no words, whether written into the Organization’s Charter or into a treaty between states, which can automatically guarantee to us what we seek. Peace is a day-to-day problem, the product of a multitude of events and judgments. #Peace is not an “is”, it is a “becoming.” We cannot escape the dreadful possibility of catastrophe by miscalculation. But we can reach the right decisions on the myriad subordinate problems which each new day poses, and we can thereby make our contribution and perhaps the most that can be reasonably expected of us in 1963 to the preservation of peace. It is here that the United Nations has served us - not perfectly, but well. And in enhancing the possibilities that the Organization may serve us better, we serve and bring closer our most cherished goals.

I would mention briefly today two particular issues which are of deep concern to all men: disarmament and the establishment of true equality among men. Disarmament has become the urgent imperative of our time. I do not say this because I equate the absence of arms to peace, or because I believe that bringing an end to the nuclear arms race automatically guarantees the peace, or because the elimination of nuclear warheads from the arsenals of the world will bring in its wake that change in attitude requisite to the peaceful settlement of disputes between nations. Disarmament is vital today, quite simply, because of the immense destructive capacity of which men dispose.

Ethiopia supports the atmospheric nuclear test ban treaty as a step towards this goal, even though only a partial step. Nations can still perfect weapons of mass destruction by underground testing. There is no guarantee against the sudden, unannounced resumption of testing in the atmosphere.

The real significance of the treaty is that it admits of a tacit stalemate between the nations which negotiated it, a stalemate which recognizes the blunt, unavoidable fact that none would emerge from the total destruction which would be the lot of all in a nuclear war, a stalemate which affords us and the United Nations a breathing space in which to act.

Here is our opportunity and our challenge. If the nuclear powers are prepared to declare a truce, let us seize the moment to strengthen the institutions and procedures which will serve as the means for the pacific settlement of disputes among men. Conflicts between nations will continue to arise. The real issue is whether they are to be resolved by force, or by resort to peaceful methods and procedures, administered by impartial institutions. This very Organization itself is the greatest such institution, and it is in a more powerful United Nations that we seek, and it is here that we shall find, the assurance of a peaceful future.

Were a real and effective disarmament achieved and the funds now spent in the arms race devoted to the amelioration of man’s state; were we to concentrate only on the peaceful uses of nuclear knowledge, how vastly and in how short a time might we change the conditions of mankind. This should be our goal.

When we talk of the #equality of #man, we find, also, a challenge and an opportunity; a challenge to breathe new life into the ideals enshrined in the Charter, an opportunity to bring men closer to freedom and true equality. and thus, closer to a #love of #peace.

The goal of the equality of man which we seek is the antithesis of the exploitation of one people by another with which the pages of history and in particular those written of the African and Asian continents, speak at such length. Exploitation, thus viewed, has many faces. But whatever guise it assumes, this evil is to be shunned where it does not exist and crushed where it does. It is the sacred duty of this Organization to ensure that the dream of equality is finally realized for all men to whom it is still denied, to guarantee that exploitation is not reincarnated in other forms in places whence it has already been banished.

As a free Africa has emerged during the past decade, a fresh attack has been launched against exploitation, wherever it still exists. And in that interaction so common to history, this in turn, has stimulated and encouraged the remaining dependent peoples to renewed efforts to throw off the yoke which has oppressed them and its claim as their birthright the twin ideals of liberty and equality. This very struggle is a struggle to establish peace, and until victory is assured, that brotherhood and understanding which nourish and give life to peace can be but partial and incomplete.

In the United States of America, the administration of President Kennedy is leading a vigorous attack to eradicate the remaining vestige of racial discrimination from this country. We know that this conflict will be won and that right will triumph. In this time of trial, these efforts should be encouraged and assisted, and we should lend our sympathy and support to the American Government today.

Last May, in Addis Ababa, I convened a meeting of Heads of African States and Governments. In three days, the thirty-two nations represented at that Conference demonstrated to the world that when the will and the determination exist, nations and peoples of diverse backgrounds can and will work together. in unity, to the achievement of common goals and the assurance of that equality and brotherhood which we desire.

On the question of racial discrimination, the Addis Ababa Conference taught, to those who will learn, this further lesson: That until the philosophy which holds one race superior and another inferior is finally and permanently discredited and abandoned: That until there are no longer first-class and second class citizens of any nation; That until the color of a man’s skin is of no more significance than the color of his eyes; That until the basic human rights are equally guaranteed to all without regard to race; That until that day, the dream of lasting peace and world citizenship and the rule of international morality will remain but a fleeting illusion, to be pursued but never attained; And until the ignoble and unhappy regimes that hold our brothers in Angola, in Mozambique and in South Africa in subhuman bondage have been toppled and destroyed; Until bigotry and prejudice and malicious and inhuman self-interest have been replaced by understanding and tolerance and good-will; Until all #Africans stand and speak as free beings, equal in the eyes of all men, as they are in the eyes of Heaven; Until that day, the African continent will not know peace. We Africans will fight, if necessary, and we know that we shall win, as we are confident in the victory of good over evil.

The United Nations has done much, both directly and indirectly to speed the disappearance of discrimination and oppression from the earth. Without the opportunity to focus world opinion on Africa and Asia which this Organization provides, the goal, for many, might still lie ahead, and the struggle would have taken far longer. For this, we are truly grateful.

But more can be done. The basis of racial discrimination and colonialism has been economic, and it is with economic weapons that these evils have been and can be overcome. In pursuance of resolutions adopted at the Addis Ababa Summit Conference, African States have undertaken certain measures in the economic field which, if adopted by all member states of the United Nations, would soon reduce intransigence to reason. I ask, today, for adherence to these measures by every nation represented here which is truly devoted to the principles enunciated in the Charter.

I do not believe that Portugal and South Africa are prepared to commit economic or physical suicide if honorable and reasonable alternatives exist. I believe that such alternatives can be found. But I also know that unless peaceful solutions are devised, counsels of moderation and temperance will avail for naught; and another blow will have been dealt to this Organization which will hamper and weaken still further its usefulness in the struggle to ensure the victory of peace and liberty over the forces of strife and oppression. Here, then, is the opportunity presented to us. We must act while we can, while the occasion exists to exert those legitimate pressures available to us, lest time run out and resort be had to less happy means.

Does this Organization today possess the authority and the will to act? And if it does not, are we prepared to clothe it with the power to create and enforce the rule of law? Or is the Charter a mere collection of words, without content and substance, because the essential spirit is lacking? The time in which to ponder these questions is all too short. The pages of history are full of instances in which the unwanted and the shunned nonetheless occurred because men waited to act until too late. We can brook no such delay.

If we are to survive, this Organization must survive. To survive, it must be strengthened. Its executive must be vested with great authority. The means for the enforcement of its decisions must be fortified, and, if they do not exist, they must be devised. Procedures must be established to protect the small and the weak when threatened by the strong and the mighty. All nations which fulfill the conditions of membership must be admitted and allowed to sit in this assemblage.

Equality of representation must be assured in each of its organs. The possibilities which exist in the United Nations to provide the medium whereby the hungry may be fed, the naked clothed, the ignorant instructed, must be seized on and exploited for the flower of peace is not sustained by poverty and want. To achieve this requires courage and confidence. The courage, I believe, we possess. The confidence must be created, and to create confidence we must act courageously.

The great nations of the world would do well to remember that in the modern age even their own fates are not wholly in their hands. Peace demands the united efforts of us all. Who can foresee what spark might ignite the fuse? It is not only the small and the weak who must scrupulously observe their obligations to the United Nations and to each other. Unless the smaller nations are accorded their proper voice in the settlement of the world’s problems, unless the equality which Africa and Asia have struggled to attain is reflected in expanded membership in the institutions which make up the United Nations, confidence will come just that much harder. Unless the rights of the least of men are as assiduously protected as those of the greatest, the seeds of confidence will fall on barren soil.

The stake of each one of us is identical - life or death. We all wish to live. We all seek a world in which men are freed of the burdens of ignorance, poverty, hunger and disease. And we shall all be hard-pressed to escape the deadly rain of nuclear fall-out should catastrophe overtake us.

When I spoke at Geneva in 1936, there was no precedent for a head of state addressing the League of Nations. I am neither the first, nor will I be the last head of state to address the United Nations, but only I have addressed both the League and this Organization in this capacity. The problems which confront us today are, equally, unprecedented. They have no counterparts in human experience. Men search the pages of history for solutions, for precedents, but there are none. This, then, is the ultimate challenge. Where are we to look for our survival, for the answers to the questions which have never before been posed? We must look, first, to Almighty God, Who has raised man above the animals and endowed him with intelligence and reason. We must put our faith in Him, that He will not desert us or permit us to destroy humanity which He created in His image. And we must look into ourselves, into the depth of our souls. We must become something we have never been and for which our education and experience and environment have ill-prepared us. We must become bigger than we have been: more courageous, greater in spirit, larger in outlook. We must become members of a new race, overcoming petty prejudice, owing our ultimate allegiance not to nations but to our fellow men within the human community.

#The_Lion_of_Judah #rastafari #war

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/War_%28Bob_Marley_song%29

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZCFHYyErkA0
#bob_marley #musique

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