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October 31 2013

Four short links: 31 October 2013

  1. Insect-Inspired Collision-Resistant Robot — clever hack to make it stable despite bouncing off things.
  2. The Battle for Power on the Internet (Bruce Schneier) — the state of cyberspace. [M]ost of the time, a new technology benefits the nimble first. [...] In other words, there will be an increasing time period during which nimble distributed powers can make use of new technologies before slow institutional powers can make better use of those technologies.
  3. Cisco’s H.264 Good News (Brendan Eich) — Cisco is paying the license fees for a particular implementation of H.264 to be used in open source software, enabling it to be the basis of web streaming video across all browsers (even the open source ones). It’s not as ideal a solution as it might sound.
  4. Principal Component Analysis for DummiesThis post will give a very broad overview of PCA, describing eigenvectors and eigenvalues (which you need to know about to understand it) and showing how you can reduce the dimensions of data using PCA. As I said it’s a neat tool to use in information theory, and even though the maths is a bit complicated, you only need to get a broad idea of what’s going on to be able to use it effectively.

October 29 2013

Four short links: 29 October 2013

  1. Mozilla Web Literacy Standard — things you should be able to do if you’re to be trusted to be on the web unsupervised. (via BoingBoing)
  2. Berg Cloud Platform — hardware (shield), local network, and cloud glue. Caution: magic ahead!
  3. Sharka large-scale data warehouse system for Spark designed to be compatible with Apache Hive. It can execute Hive QL queries up to 100 times faster than Hive without any modification to the existing data or queries. Shark supports Hive’s query language, metastore, serialization formats, and user-defined functions, providing seamless integration with existing Hive deployments and a familiar, more powerful option for new ones. (via Strata)
  4. The Malware of Thingsa technician opening up an iron included in a batch of Chinese imports to find a “spy chip” with what he called “a little microphone”. Its correspondent said the hidden devices were mostly being used to spread viruses, by connecting to any computer within a 200m (656ft) radius which were using unprotected Wi-Fi networks.

September 24 2013

Mozilla Labs : TogetherJS

Mozilla Labs : TogetherJS
https://togetherjs.com

TogetherJS : une librairie javascript opensource créée et hébergée par Mozilla pour intégration d’outils de collaboration directmeent dans un site web. Permet navigation synchronisée, chat, suivi des focus et clics des utilisateurs, synchro des modifications

#togetherJS #javascript #outil #webapp #collaboratif #mozilla

September 23 2013

Four short links: 23 September 2013

  1. Together.js — Mozilla-produced library for in-page collaboration.
  2. This Complex and Tragic Event Supports My Own View (Vaughan Bell) — pretty much every tactic he describes, you will see deployed daily.
  3. Natalie Silvanovich — a security engineer who has extracted and decompiled the code (running on a 6502!) in the heart of a Tamagotchi, and documenting it. Formidable!
  4. Science Fiction to Science Fabrication — MIT course: This class ties science fiction with speculative/critical design as a means to encourage the ethical and thoughtful design of new technologies. (via Beta Knowledge)

September 02 2013

Four short links: 2 September 2013

  1. sifter.js — library for textually searching arrays and hashes of objects by property (or multiple properties). Designed specifically for autocomplete. (via Javascript Weekly)
  2. Tor Users Get Routed (PDF) — research into the security of Tor, with some of its creators as authors. Our results show that Tor users are far more susceptible to compromise than indicated by prior work.
  3. Glitch News — screencaps from glitches in video news.
  4. FC4: Persona (Tim Bray) — Mozilla Persona, reminds us just because you’re using a protocol that allows tracking avoidance, that doesn’t mean you’ll get it.

August 19 2013

Firefox bleibt der beliebteste Webbrowser

Der Verdrängungswettbewerb unter den »Benutzeroberflächen für Webanwendungen«, Browserwars oder Krieg der Webbrowser genannt, tobt von Beginn an im World Wide Web. Denn das Unternehmen, welches den am häufigsten genutzten Webbrowser anbietet, kann mit dessen Funktionen die Entwicklung der Websites steuern. In der Rückschau ist die Verbreitung der verschiedenen Browser in der Vergangenheit äußerst dynamisch gewesen – und bleibt vermutlich auch in der Zukunft in Bewegung. Im Folgenden ein paar aktuelle und »historische« Daten und Fakten zum Wettrennen der Webbrowser.

Firefox ist Webbrowser Nummer eins, Internet Explorer und Chrome fast gleichauf auf Platz zwei und drei

Aktuell steht Firefox auf Platz eins der Rangliste, mit großem Abstand folgen der Internet Explorer und Chrome. Es zeichnet sich ab, dass Google schon bald die Nummer zwei der Webbrowser stellen könnte. Nach kurzer Stagnation ist der Firefox-Anteil wieder gestiegen. Grund hierfür sind möglicherweise die Nutzer älterer Microsoft Windows Installationen (immerhin auf ca. einem Drittel aller Computer), auf denen kein neuerer Internet Explorer mehr installiert werden kann. Safari, Opera und weitere Browser spielen derzeit keine wichtige Rolle im Browser-Wettkampf.

Firefox ist der beliebteste Webbrowser im Internet

Der Blick zurück zeigt, dass in den früheren Jahren des Internet (1995/96) der Netscape Navigator, der erste kommerzielle Nachfolger des Ur-Webbrowsers NCSA Mosaic, eine monopolartige Stellung innehatte. Der Browser-Krieg begann, als Microsoft ansetzte, Netscape aus dem Markt zu verdrängen. Im Jahr 1999 überholte der Internet Explorer in Deutschland Netscape und war in den folgenden Jahren der meistgenutzte Browser. Da Microsoft nach Ansicht zahlreicher Webentwickler viele interessante Entwicklungen ignorierte und Sicherheitslöcher ungeflickt ließ, nahm das Non-Profit Mozilla-Projekt mit der Entwicklung von Firefox Fahrt auf. Ende 2004 gestartet, gelang es Firefox in der Version 3 im Jahr 2009 den Internet Explorer auf Platz zwei zu verweisen.

Im Jahr 2008 veröffentlichte Google die erste Version eines eigenen Webbrowsers: Chrome. Trotz zahlreicher Werbeaktivitäten on- wie offline stieg die Verbreitung langsamer als bei den drei Mitbewerbern zuvor.
Apples Safari hat es seit dem Start 2003 in Deutschland nie zu einem höherem Verbreitungsgrad als 6 % geschafft, was einerseits natürlich auf den relativ geringen Marktanteil der Apple Computer zurückzuführen ist. Andererseits gelang der 2008 veröffentlichten Windows-Version ein Durchbruch nicht.

Ein Drittel der Internet Explorer-Nutzer surft mit Version 8

Warum befindet sich der Internet Explorer trotz der technisch fortschrittlichsten Version 10 im konstanten Sinkflug? Weil die unterschiedlichen Windows-Betriebssysteme nicht alle den Internet Explorer 10 laufen lassen können. Viele Nutzer stehen vor der Wahl, einen alten Internet Explorer zu verwenden oder sich einen anderen Browser zu installieren.

Der Blick auf die Verteilung der unterschiedlichen Versionen zeigt: 29 % der Internet Explorer-Nutzer verwenden die Version 8 von 2009 – sogar knapp 7 % noch ältere Versionen.

Internet Explorer 9 in der Mehrheit, IE 10 nur knapp vor Version 8

Für Windows-Nutzer sieht die Verwendungmöglichkeit der Internet Explorer wie folgt aus: Windows XP-Nutzer können keine höhere Version als die 8 einsetzen. Auf Windows Vista läuft maximal der Internet-Explorer 9, auf Windows 7 laufen Version 9 und 10. Das aktuelle Windows 8 wird mit dem Internet Explorer 10 ausgeliefert.

Insgesamt liegt die Nutzung des Internet Explorer auf Windows PCs bei zwischen 28 und 29 %.

Windows XP wird mehr als dreimal öfter als Window 8 genutzt

Desktop-Computer und Laptops werden deutlich vom Betriebssystem Windows dominiert. Die Verwendung der Windows-Versionen ist jedoch bemerkenswert: so gibt es in Deutschland mehr als dreimal so viele Windows XP-Computer als welche mit Windows 8. Windows XP erschien 2001 – vor zwölf Jahren. Windows Vista von 2007 ist ebenfalls häufiger in Benutzung als das aktuelle System. Im Hinblick auf den Webbrowser ist es mehr als wahrscheinlich, dass die Anteile des Internet Explorer weiter sinken werden.

Microsoft Windows ist das dominante Betriebssystem, Windows XP dreimal häufiger installiert als Windows 8

Der Krieg der Webbrowser ist geschlagen

Stand heute: Der Krieg der Webbrowser für Desktops-PCs und Laptops scheint geschlagen zu sein. Wäre da nicht die Möglichkeit, einen Webbrowser zu einem einfachen Betriebssystem weiterzuentwicklen. Chrome OS existiert seit zwei Jahren als Betriebssytem für Notebooks, Firefox OS ist ein jüngst erschienenes Betriebssytem für Smartphones. Der Webbrowser dient jeweils als »Benutzeroberfläche für Webanwedungen«. Hier schließt sich auch wieder der Kreis und wir sind gespannt, ob diese Betriebssyteme zukünftig einen Einfluss bei Desktop und Laptop PCs haben werden.

Dass der Einfluss eines Webbrowsers auf Websites immer noch groß ist, zeigte Apples Safari für mobile Geräte. Von Beginn an wurden auf iPhone und iPad keine Flash-Anwendungen abgespielt, sehr zum Ärger der Nutzer. Da die mobile Internet-Nutzung jedoch hoch und die Bedeutung von iPhone/iPad stark zunahm, führte dies letztlich zu einer breiten Abkehr von Flash-Inhalten – zu Gunsten von offenen Standards (z. B. HTML5 und der Einbindung von Video/Audio/Schriften sowie Animationen via CSS).

Der Krieg der Webbrowser ist vorbei, der Kampf um das Dominante mobile Betriebssytem tobt – wir werden darüber berichten.

Diese Ergebnisse stammen aus einer Sonderauswertung der W3B-Studie, mit der sich Zielgruppen und Themen für individuelle Anforderungen passend analysieren lassen. Die Nutzung von Webbrowser und Betriebssystem wurden im Rahmen der W3B-Befragungen technisch ausgelesen und um die mobilen Geräte bereinigt.

August 14 2013

Saviez vous que Mozilla est en train de détourner l'Internet ? par Glyn Moody - Framablog

Saviez vous que Mozilla est en train de détourner l’Internet ? par Glyn Moody - Framablog
http://www.framablog.org/index.php/post/2013/08/14/interactive-advertising-bureau

« Les cons ça ose tout, c’est même à ça qu’on les reconnaît » disaient nos tontons.

Je ne connaissais pas l’Interactive Advertising Bureau, organisation regroupant des acteurs de la publicité sur Internet, mais ce qui est sûr c’est qu’elle ne gagne rien à se ridiculiser en attaquant ainsi Mozilla (qui nous protège justement de la prolifération actuelle des cookies intrusifs).

Qu’en pensent Google, Microsoft, Orange, TF1, etc., tous membres de la branche française de l’Interactive Advertising Bureau ?

#Mozilla #cookies #publicité_internet

Reposted bycheg00 cheg00

June 17 2013

Four short links: 17 June 2013

  1. Weekend Reads on Deep Learning (Alex Dong) — an article and two videos unpacking “deep learning” such as multilayer neural networks.
  2. The Internet of Actual Things“I have 10 reliable activations remaining,” your bulb will report via some ridiculous light-bulbs app on your phone. “Now just nine. Remember me when I’m gone.” (via Andy Baio)
  3. Announcing the Mozilla Science Lab (Kaitlin Thaney) — We also want to find ways of supporting and innovating with the research community – building bridges between projects, running experiments of our own, and building community. We have an initial idea of where to start, but want to start an open dialogue to figure out together how to best do that, and where we can be of most value..
  4. NAND to TetrisThe site contains all the software tools and project materials necessary to build a general-purpose computer system from the ground up. We also provide a set of lectures designed to support a typical course on the subject. (via Hacker News)

April 08 2013

Four short links: 8 April 2013

  1. mozpaya JavaScript API inspired by google.payments.inapp.buy() but modified for things like multiple payment providers and carrier billing. When a web app invokes navigator.mozPay() in Firefox OS, the device shows a secure window with a concise UI. After authenticating, the user can easily charge the payment to her mobile carrier bill or credit card. When completed, the app delivers the product. Repeat purchases are quick and easy.
  2. Firefox Looks Like it Will Reject Third-Party Cookies (ComputerWorld) — kudos Mozilla! Now we’ll see whether such a cookie policy does deliver a better user experience. Can privacy coexist with a good user experience? Answers on a tweet, please, to @radar.
  3. How We Lost the Web (Anil Dash) — excellent talk about the decreasing openness and vanishing shared culture of the web. See also David Weinberger’s transcription.
  4. 3D From Space Shuttle Footage? — neat idea! Filming in 3D generally requires two cameras that are separated laterally, to create the parallax effected needed for stereoscopic vision. Fortunately, videos shot from Earth orbit can be converted to 3D without a second camera, because the camera is constantly in motion.

April 01 2013

Four short links: 29 March 2013

  1. Titan 0.3 Out — graph database now has full-text, geo, and numeric-range index backends.
  2. Mozilla Security Community Do a Reddit AMA — if you wanted a list of sharp web security people to follow on Twitter, you could do a lot worse than this.
  3. Probabilistic Programming and Bayesian Methods for Hackers (Github) — An introduction to Bayesian methods + probabilistic programming in data analysis with a computation/understanding-first, mathematics-second point of view. All in pure Python. See also Why Probabilistic Programming Matters and Trends to Watch: Logic and Probabilistic Programming. (via Mike Loukides and Renee DiRestra)
  4. Open Source 3D-Printable Optics Equipment (PLOSone) — This study demonstrates an open-source optical library, which significantly reduces the costs associated with much optical equipment, while also enabling relatively easily adapted customizable designs. The cost reductions in general are over 97%, with some components representing only 1% of the current commercial investment for optical products of similar function. The results of this study make its clear that this method of scientific hardware development enables a much broader audience to participate in optical experimentation both as research and teaching platforms than previous proprietary methods.

September 28 2012

Four short links: 28 September 2012

  1. Mobile Content StrategyMobile is a catalyst that can help you make your content tighter without loss of clarity or information. If you make your content work well on mobile, it will work everywhere. Excellent presentation, one I want to thump on every decision-maker’s desk and say “THIS!”.
  2. Math at Google (PDF) — presentation showing the different types of math used to build Google. Good as overview, and as way to motivate highschool and college kids to do their math homework. “See, it really is useful! Really!” (via Ben Lorica)
  3. Tizen 2.0 Alpha Released — Tizen is the Linux Foundation’s mobile Linux kernel, device drivers, middleware subsystems, and Web APIs. (via The Linux Foundation)
  4. Explaining WebMaker Crisply (Mark Surman) — if you’ve wondered wtf Mozilla is up to, this is excellent. Mozilla has big priorities right now: the web on the desktop; the web on mobile; and web literacy.

June 19 2012

Four short links: 19 June 2012

  1. Mobile Maps (Luke Wroblewski) -- In the US, Google gets about 31 million users a month on its Maps app on iOS. On average those users spend more than 75 minutes apiece in the app each month.
  2. The Importance of Public Traffic Data (Anil Dash) -- Bill Gates and Paul Allen's first collaboration was a startup called Traf-O-Data, which recorded and analyzed traffic at intersections in their hometown using custom-built devices along with some smart software. Jack Dorsey's first successful application was a platform for dispatch routing, designed to optimize the flow of cars by optimizing the flow of information. It's easy to see these debates as being about esoteric "open data" battles with governments and big corporations. But it matters because the work we do to build our cities directly drives the work we do to build our communities online.
  3. Mozilla Thimble -- Write and edit HTML and CSS right in your browser. Instantly preview your work. Then host and share your finished pages with a single click.
  4. Design of the Guardian iPad App (Mark Porter) -- thoughtful analysis of the options and ideas behind the new Guardian iPad app. Unlike the iPhone and Android apps, which are built on feeds from the website, this one actually recycles the already-formatted newspaper pages. A script analyses the InDesign files from the printed paper and uses various parameters (page number, physical area and position that a story occupies, headline size, image size etc) to assign a value to the story. The content is then automatically rebuilt according to those values in a new InDesign template for the app. (via Josh Porter)

February 29 2012

Four short links: 29 February 2012

  1. StuxNet Deep Dive -- extremely technical talk, but this page has a redux. The presenter's thesis, well-argued, is that StuxNet was absolutely aimed specifically at the Natanz facility. (via Chris Douglas)
  2. Smithsonian Digitizing Items (CNet) -- two-person project, only able to do a few items a year, but still an excellent advance. See also Bronwyn Holloway-Smith's art project around artifact replicas.
  3. Collusion (Mozilla) -- have your browser tell you the third parties tracking your web browsing. (via Hacker News)
  4. Survivor (Github) -- HTML5 implementation of an Atari/C64 game. If you wanted to learn how to write HTML5 arcade games, you could do worse than study this project. (via Andy Baio)

December 21 2011

Four short links: 21 December 2011

  1. AntiMap -- open source Android software to gather arbitrary data and visualize it. This enables you to be a 21C Francis Galton, the man who walked the streets of England using a pin to prick holes on a cross of card in his pocket, all to keep track of the relative average beauty of women in different parts of the country. He was such an obsessive data gatherer that, during one particularly boring meeting, he kept track of fidgets from each of the other meeting participants. Now you can too.
  2. Defending Privacy at the U.S. Border: A Guide for Travelers Carrying Digital Devices (EFF) -- a must read guide for travelers with commercial, political, or personal confidences they would like to keep. (via Marcia Hofmann)
  3. TextSecure Open Sourced -- GPLv3 release of the source code to an encrypting text message app for Android.
  4. Meet the New Mozilla (David Ascher) -- Mozilla looks up from the browser and realizes apps and mobile are the new battlegrounds for proprietary vs open web. Bravo!

December 19 2011

Four short links: 19 December 2011

  1. The History of Version Control (Francis Irving) -- concise history of the key advances in managing source code versions. Worth it just for the delicious apposition of "history" and "version control".
  2. BrowserID -- Mozilla's authentication solution. BrowserID aims to provide a secure way of proving your identity to servers across the Internet, without having to create separate usernames and passwords each time. Instead of a new username, it uses your email address as your identity which allows it to be decentralized since anyone can send you an email verification message. It's currently implemented via JavaScript but hopefully it will be built into the browser in the future. (via Nelson Minar)
  3. A Look Inside Mobile Design Patterns -- Sample chapter on how different apps handle invitations, from a new [O'Reilly-published, huzzah!] book on mobile design patterns. (via David Kaneda)
  4. Node Toolbox -- concise compendium of resources for node.js development.

November 16 2011

Four short links: 16 November 2011

  1. Q&A with Rob O'Callahan (ComputerWorld) -- an excellent insight into how Mozilla sees the world. In particular how proprietary mobile ecosystems are the new proprietary desktop ecosystems, and how the risks for the web are the same (writing for one device, not for all).
  2. Bikes That Charge USB Devices -- German bicycle maker Silverback has recently launched two bikes with built-in USB ports that can charge devices as the rider pedals. (via Julie Starr)
  3. Mobile Farm Robots (Wired) -- The Harvest Automation robots are knee-high, wheeled machines. Each robot has a gripper for grasping pots, a deck for carrying pots, and an array of sensors to keep track of where it is and what’s around it. Teams of robots zip around nursery fields, single-mindedly spacing and grouping plants. Think Wall-E without the doe eyes and cuddly personality, or the little forest-tending ‘bots in the 1972 sci-fi classic Silent Running.
  4. ThinkUp 1.0 -- out of beta, the software to build your own archive of your social network presence is ready for prime time. See Anil's post for a pointed take on why this is desperately important right now.

October 21 2011

Four short links: 21 October 2011

  1. What Mozilla is Up To (Luke Wroblewski) -- notes from a talk that Brendan Eich gave at Web 2.0 Summit. The new browser war is between the Web and new walled gardens of native networked apps. Interesting to see the effort Mozilla's putting into native-alike Web apps.
  2. YouTube Insult Generator (Adrian Holovaty) -- mines YouTube for insults of a particular form.
  3. Ultrasound for iPhone (Geekwire) -- this personal sensor is $8000 today, but bound to drop. I want personal ultrasound at least once a month. How long until it's in the $200-500 range? (via BERG London)
  4. Web Applications Class at Stanford OpenClassroom -- a Ruby on Rails class taught by John Ousterhout, creator of TCL/Tk and log-structured filesystems.

October 03 2011

Four short links: 3 October 2011

  1. Mozilla's Secure Coding Guidelines -- the Mozilla recommendations for web application security. See also OWASP, Google's Browser Security Handbook and Google's course.
  2. Scroller -- MIT-licensed Javascript library for accelerated panning and zooming, from Zynga. (via Hacker News)
  3. How Fast-Flux Service Networks Operate -- explanation of a technique used by botnets and other malware hordes to make it hard to figure out on which machines the services are actually running. For an example, see The Inside Story of the Kelihos Botnet Takedown.
  4. Log In -- clever humour built out of password dialog boxes.

September 13 2011

Four short links: 13 September 2011

  1. Dan Saffer: How To Lie with Design Research (Google Video) -- Experience shows that, especially with qualitative research like the type designers often do, two researchers can look at the same set of data and draw dramatically different findings from them. As William Blake said, "Both read the Bible day and night, But thou read'st black where I read white." (via Keith Bolland)
  2. Teaching What You Don't Know (Sci Blogs) -- As that lecturer said, learning new things—while challenging—is also stimulating & fun. If that sense of excitement and enjoyment carries through to your actual classes, then you’ll speak with passion and enthusiasm—how better to in turn enthuse your students? Ties in with the Maori concept of Ako, that teacher and student learn from each other.
  3. Bored of 3D Printers (Tom Armitage) -- made me wonder how long it would be before we drop the "3D" prefix and expect a "printer" to emit objects. That said, I love Tom's neologism artefactory.
  4. Future of Javascript from Google's Internal Summit -- Javascript has fundamental flaws that cannot be fixed merely by evolving the language. Their two-pronged strategy is to work with ECMA (the standards body responsible for the language) and simultaneously develop Yet Another New Language. I still don't know which box to file this in: techowank fantasy ("I will build the ultimate language and all will fall in line before me!" -- btdt, have the broken coffee mug), arrogant corporate forkwits, genuine frustration with the path of progress, evil play for ownership. Read Alex Russell's commentary on this (Alex is the creator of Dojo, now an employee of Google) for some context. I have to say, We Will Build A Better Javascript doesn't fill me with confidence when it comes from folks producing Chrome-specific demos (causing involuntary shudders as we all flash back to "this site best experienced in Microsoft Internet Explorer" days). Trust makes Google possible: Microsoft wanted to roll an identity solution out to the public but was beaten to pieces for it; Google was begged to provide an API for gmail account authentication. The difference was trust: Google had it and Microsoft had lost it. When Google loses our trust, whether by hostile self-interested forking, by promoting antifeature proprietary or effectively-proprietary integrated technologies over the open web, or by traditional trust-losing techniques such as security failures or over-exploitative use of data, they're fucked. I use a lot of Google services and love them to pieces, but they must be ever-vigilant for hubris. Everyone at Google should look humbly at Yahoo!, which once served customers and worked well with others but whose death was ensured around 2000 when they rolled out popups and began eating the sheep instead of shearing them.

January 27 2011

Four short links: 27 January 2011

  1. Mozilla Home Dash -- love this experiment in rethinking the browser from Mozilla. They call it a "browse-based browser" as opposed to "search-based browser" (hello, Chrome). Made me realize that, with Chrome, Google's achieved a 0-click interface to search--you search without meaning to as you type in URLs, you see advertising results without ever having visited a web site.
  2. Periodic Table of Google APIs -- cute graphic, part of a large push from Google to hire more outreach engineers to do evangelism, etc. The first visible signs of Google's hiring binge.
  3. NFC in the Real World (Dan Hill) -- smooth airline checkin with fobs mailed to frequent fliers.
  4. XSS Prevention Cheat Sheet (OWASP) -- HTML entity encoding doesn't work if you're putting untrusted data inside a

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