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August 16 2013

La NSA a commis"des milliers" d'infractions aux lois sur la vie privée - ÉTATS-UNIS - FRANCE 24

La NSA a commis"des milliers" d’infractions aux lois sur la vie privée - ÉTATS-UNIS - FRANCE 24
http://www.france24.com/fr/20130816-nsa-enfreint-milliers-fois-lois-vie-privee-snwoden-washington-pos

http://www.washingtonpost.com/world/national-security/nsa-broke-privacy-rules-thousands-of-times-per-year-audit-finds/2013/08/15/3310e554-05ca-11e3-a07f-49ddc7417125_story.html

Le Washington Post a révélé jeudi, que des « milliers » d’infractions avaient été commises par l’Agence nationale de la sécurité (#NSA) américaine, en s’appuyant des documents secrets livrés au journal par Edward #Snowden.

Des « milliers » d’infractions aux lois sur le respect de la #vie_privée ont été commises par l’Agence nationale de la sécurité (NSA), a rapporté jeudi 16 août le Washington Post sur son site internet. Des violations observés depuis que l’agence américaine du renseignement a été dotée de nouveaux pouvoirs, il y a cinq ans.

Ces infractions ont été révélées par une analyse d’un audit interne et d’autres documents secrets, qui ont été livrés au journal par l’ancien consultant américain du renseignement Edward Snowden.

L’un des documents cité par le Washington Post montre que la NSA avait ordonné à ses équipes de falsifier des rapports adressés au département de la Justice et au Bureau du directeur du Renseignement national, en remplaçant certains détails, selon l’article.

Selon le journal, la NSA a également caché la surveillance non intentionnelle de plusieurs Américains. Ainsi, en 2008, un « grand nombre » d’appels téléphoniques en provenance de Washington ont été surveillés après une erreur de programmation qui a interverti le préfixe de la zone de la capitale américaine (202) avec celui de l’Égypte (20). L’erreur n’avait pas été révélée à l’équipe de surveillance de la NSA, indique l’article du Post.

Selon la même source, l’audit sur la NSA, daté de mai 2012, a dénombré 2 776 incidents au cours des 12 mois précédents, concernant des « collectes, stockages, accès et communication de données protégées légalement, sans autorisation ».

La plupart de ces incidents n’étaient pas intentionnels, mais nombre d’entre eux sont dus à des défaillances, ou à la violation des procédures normales.

« Nous sommes une agence conduite par des humains et agissant dans un environnement complexe avec un grand nombre de régimes de régulation différents, c’est pourquoi nous nous retrouvons parfois du mauvais côté de la barrière », a déclaré un haut responsable de la NSA s’exprimant sous couvert de l’anonymat, en réponse aux questions du journal.

Latest Leak: NSA Abused Rules To Spy On Americans ’Thousands Of Times Each Year’ - http://www.techdirt.com/articles/20130815/18185824196/latest-leak-nsa-abused-rules-to-spy-americans-thousands-times-each-year.sh

Even worse, this report only covers the NSA’s activities in the DC area. Other NSA locations are not covered.

Three government officials, speaking on the condition of anonymity to discuss classified matters, said the number would be substantially higher if it included other NSA operating units and regional collection centers.

White House Tried To Interfere With Washington Post’s Report, And To Change Quotes From NSA | Techdirt
http://www.techdirt.com/articles/20130816/01314924200/white-house-tried-to-interfere-with-washington-posts-report-to-change-quot

http://www.washingtonpost.com/world/national-security/nsa-statements-to-the-post/2013/08/15/f40dd2c4-05d6-11e3-a07f-49ddc7417125_story.html

Among the many, many incredible revelations from the Washington Post report on the abuses by the NSA is a tidbit about an interview that the Post was able to do with the NSA’s director of compliance, John DeLong, followed by the White House’s attempt to completely whitewash the interview and block his quotes from being used, despite being told otherwise initially:

The Obama administration referred all questions for this article to John DeLong, the NSA’s director of compliance, who answered questions freely in a 90-minute interview. DeLong and members of the NSA communications staff said he could be quoted “by name and title” on some of his answers after an unspecified internal review. The Post said it would not permit the editing of quotes. Two days later, White House and NSA spokesmen said that none of DeLong’s comments could be quoted on the record and sent instead a prepared statement in his name. The Post declines to accept the substitute language as quotations from DeLong.

Read that again. This is the same White House that has been saying that they want to be as transparent as possible and to rebuild trust. And yet, here they are trying to block the Post from using an interview — an interview they suggested in the first place — and then to replace it with a bland and bogus “statement.”

#surveillance #mensonges

July 28 2013

Les USA ne se prononceront pas sur un « coup d'Etat » en Egypte - 7SUR7.be

Les USA ne se prononceront pas sur un « coup d’Etat » en Egypte - 7SUR7.be
http://www.7sur7.be/7s7/fr/1505/Monde/article/detail/1675948/2013/07/26/Les-USA-ne-se-prononceront-pas-sur-un-coup-d-Etat-en-Egypte.dhtml

Je n’avais personnellement jamais lu une énormité de cet acabit,

« La loi ne stipule pas que nous devons déterminer formellement si un coup d’Etat a eu lieu, et effectuer une telle détermination n’est pas dans notre intérêt national » a déclaré (...) [un] haut responsable de l’administration du président Barack Obama, s’exprimant sous couvert d’anonymat.

Aid to Egypt Can Keep Flowing, Despite Overthrow, White House Decides - NYTimes.com
http://www.nytimes.com/2013/07/26/world/middleeast/aid-to-egypt-can-keep-flowing-despite-overthrow-white-house-decides.html

“We will not say it was a coup, we will not say it was not a coup, we will just not say,” the official said.

Les conséquences sont malheureusement elles aussi énormes mais autrement plus sérieuses, comme l’explique #Matthew_Lee :

Analysis : US stand on Egypt ’coup’ may have costs - News Nation Washington - Boston.com
http://www.boston.com/news/nation/washington/2013/07/27/analysis-stand-egypt-coup-may-have-costs/HDKfDjpdLg6FvJJs9ysYmN/story.html

Previous U.S. administrations have endured criticism for appearing to pay them ["American values"] only lip service. But this new and unprecedented finding sends a confusing message that probably will resonate beyond Egypt to other fragile — and perhaps not so fragile — democracies where soldiers are unhappy with ballot box results or the policies of their elected commanders in chief.

#mensonges #démocratie

July 04 2013

New Report Documents the Human Cost of U.S. Drone Strikes in Yemen | Politics News | Rolling Stone

New Report Documents the Human Cost of U.S. Drone Strikes in Yemen | Politics News | Rolling Stone
http://www.rollingstone.com/politics/news/new-report-documents-the-human-cost-of-u-s-drone-strikes-in-yemen-2013

There are more than 80 names at the end of a human rights report published online this week. Each one is said to belong to a civilian killed or maimed as a result of U.S. missile strikes in Yemen since 2009. They were mothers, fathers, children and grandparents – and they stand in contrast to claims that the United States does not launch missiles into Yemen unless there is a “near-certainty that no civilians will be killed or injured,” as President Obama told the nation in May.

The names are preceded by 25 pages of detailed descriptions of U.S. airstrikes in Yemen and their consequences, offering a rare level of information on specific attacks and their physical, psychological and financial impacts on individual Yemeni civilians.

“For me, its power is in the totality,” says Gregory D. Johnsen, a former Fulbright Fellow in Yemen and author of the book The Last Refuge: Yemen, Al Qaeda, and America's War in Arabia. “We tend to hear about these strikes in drips and drabs over the course of months and years, but the report is the most comprehensive one I've seen on U.S. strikes in Yemen.”

The report has been turned over to Ben Emmerson, the United Nations' special rapporteur on human rights and counterterrorism, who is in the midst of an investigation into the civilian impacts of U.S. targeted killings and drone strikes abroad. The interviews contained within – collected by Alkarama, a Swiss-based human rights organization, and HOOD, an organization of lawyers and activists in Yemen – paint a violent picture of life on the receiving end of U.S. counterterrorism policy in the Arabian Peninsula.

La guerre des drones au Yémen : Un premier rapport présenté à l'ONU
http://fr.alkarama.org/index.php?option=com_content

#victimes_civiles #drones #Yemen #mensonges

July 02 2013

Europe's spying businesses thrive amid surveillance uproar - FT.com

Europe's spying businesses thrive amid surveillance uproar - FT.com
http://www.ft.com/intl/cms/s/0/d1b47a24-e232-11e2-a7fa-00144feabdc0.html

Europe's politicians are outraged about alleged US monitoring of EU telephone and computer communications. But when it comes to building and exporting spy equipment, few are as capable as Europe.

That much was evident last month when the world's leading sellers of electronic surveillance technology gathered in Prague at the ISS World trade show.

Police and spy agency officials listened to closed-door presentations by a succession of European companies about their highly sophisticated internet and telephone communication interception wares.

(...)

The US has by far the biggest national budget for surveillance technology but it tends to buy large bespoke surveillance systems from big US contractors. US tech start-ups often receive NSA/CIA funding and are therefore discouraged from selling overseas, says Jerry Lucas, organiser of the Prague trade show.

This means that more than 50 per cent of the almost $6bn a year market for off-the-shelf surveillance equipment – the kind favoured by nearly all governments except the US – is controlled by western European companies, according to Mr Lucas.

(...)

... few European politicians appear to have recognised that the continent's prolific export of surveillance technology also poses a direct threat to the continent's security.

In fact, it was James Clapper, US director of national intelligence, who told the US Senate in March that foreign governments had begun using surveillance technologies originally marketed for “lawful interception” to target US systems.

Christopher Soghoian, a security and privacy researcher at the American Civil Liberties Union, concludes: “It seems strange to turn a blind eye to selling hacking technology when European governments are at the same time investing in cyber security defence.

“The government claims to be protecting civilians' data and domestic businesses from foreign attack. But at the exact same time this industry is in direct conflict with that goal.”

#mensonges #hypocrisie #argent

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