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September 19 2010

02mydafsoup-01

The development of the internet as a global, free and open resource is a constant challenge. The dynamic and decentralized nature of the internet offers new opportunities for communication and free expression as well as new threats. Today we have reached a critical moment in time when governments that wish to control the spread of information and individuals using digital technologies to promote change are becoming increasingly sophisticated and strategic as they confront each other around the world. The conference aims to begin a long-term discussion of these issues and to form international working groups to promote practical change. 

Internet at liberty - logo

  

Monday, September 20: Pre-conference workshops
Online tools and tactics for advocacy and protection

Afternoon workshops, aimed at activists, bloggers, NGOs and companies, will bring together the world's leading practitioners of internet activism to discuss how to harness various technologies for social change initiatives, protect oneself online, and advocate for policy.

Tuesday, September 21: Day One
The Internet as a force for change: history and challenges

Conference opening day, with sessions focused on setting the historical stage, debating the internet’s role as a democratizing force, and laying out challenges for governments and the private sector. Participants will also be asked to attend one of a series of dinners that will focus on specific topics.

Wednesday, September 22: Day Two
Moving forward: breaking barriers, transparency and innovation

Sessions focusing on national case studies and efforts to advance transparency and accountability. Break-out sessions addressing the relationship between promoting free expression and critical Internet conflicts.

The conference is designed for maximum interaction, with a minimal number of brief presentations. Moderators will be given generous powers to interrupt and involve the audience. Outside of workshops and conference sessions, participants will have the chance to exhibit online tools, publications and videos highlighting their efforts to promote online expression, and cases of dissidents and activists who have been imprisoned or attacked. Breaks will be scheduled so there will be sufficient time for informal meetings, tweeting and blogging.

Due to limited venue capacity, Internet at Liberty 2010 is by invitation only and spaces are limited. If you know of someone who might be interested in attending, please ask them to request an invitation by emailing us at liberty2010@google.com with some information about what they do and why they would like to attend.

For more information, see the Internet at Liberty 2010 website.

Conference: Internet at Liberty 2010, 20-22 September | CMCS

September 18 2010

02mydafsoup-01
Medienradio.org Ein Podcast über das Internet und andere Medien
by Philip on 18. September 2010 in Podcast

Tom Schimmeck hat die taz mitgegründet, arbeitete Jahre beim Spiegel und kann noch heute lebhaft schildern, warum er das Magazin verlassen hat. Aktuell spricht er viel über sein Buch “Am Besten nichts Neues”. Es geht um den Stand des Journalismus und warum alles so rund läuft. Tom berichtet über seine Recherchen bei Lobbyisten in den USA und bei Grenzwert-Journalisten in Ostberlin. Viel Spaß, freuen uns auf Euer Feedback.


MR031 Tom Schimmeck | Medienradio.org 20100918
02mydafsoup-01

Jugend im Jahr 2010

Generation Biedermeier

 

Ausgrenzend und anpassungswillig: Eine neue Studie zeichnet ein beunruhigendes Bild der Jugend. Die Resultate erinnern an die Sarrazin-Debatte. Damit ist die Zwei-Klassen-Gesellschaft angekommen im Denken der Heranwachsenden.

Panische Absturzangst, massiver Anpassungswille sowie Verachtung für alle, die abgerutscht sind: Das Bild, das das Marktforschungsinstitut Rheingold von der Jugend im Jahr 2010 zeichnet, ist nicht gerade beruhigend. Alle acht Jahre befragen die Kölner Forscher in psychologischen Interviews junge Menschen zwischen 18 und 24 Jahren zu ihren Lebenseinstellungen, und in diesem Jahr haben sie signifikante Zuspitzungen ermittelt.

Irgendwie erinnern einen die Resultate an die Sarrazin-Kontroverse, auch Rheingold-Chef Stephan Grünewald geht es so. Sarrazin „greift offenbar ein vorhandenes Lebensgefühl auf“, sagte Grünewald der FR. Sarrazin macht Migranten, vor allem die muslimischen, selbst für ihre Integrationsprobleme verantwortlich und wirft ihnen vor, der Gesellschaft mehr Kosten als Nutzen zu bringen. So populistisch und sozialdarwinistisch diese Schuldzuweisung sein mag – dafür, dass sie so viel Zustimmung erhält, bietet die Studie Erklärungshilfen.

Denn sie zeigt eine Jugend, die alles als brüchig empfindet. Durch instabile Familiensysteme, vor allem auch die Wirtschafts- und Finanzkrise habe sich bei den jungen Erwachsenen die Überzeugung eingegraben: „Ich kann mich auf nichts mehr verlassen.“ Folge: eine „angstvolle und ungeheuer anpassungswillige“ Jugend, eine „Generation Biedermeier“. Mit Selbstdisziplin und einer „fast manischen Suche nach festen Ordnungen und Regeln“ versuchten die jungen Menschen, der von Krisen erschütterten Lebenswirklichkeit beizukommen. Pünktlichkeit, Höflichkeit, Treue in der Partnerschaft haben ebenso Konjunktur wie eine hohe Leistungsbereitschaft: Viel Zeit wird in die Ausbildung investiert, emsig Praktika gesammelt.

Grünewald nennt das „Kompetenz-Hamstern“. Aber er mahnt zugleich, die Qualifikationen würden „häufig wahllos und schematisch angehäuft, nicht aus Liebe zur Sache oder Interesse“. Bedenklich wird der Selbstschutz aber vor allem, wo er zur Ausgrenzung anderer führt. „Erschreckend“ nennt Grünewald denn auch den Befund, in welchem Ausmaß Jugendliche ihre Absturzängste kompensieren, indem sie gesellschaftliche Verlierer schmähen. „Loser“, „Opfer“ und „Hartz IV“ seien längst zu gern gebrauchten Schimpfwörtern avanciert, konstatiert die Studie.

Selbst Menschen, die sich als eher links und solidarisch einstufen, schauten mit Verachtung auf schwächere Gruppen. Damit ist die Zwei-Klassen-Gesellschaft angekommen im Denken der Heranwachsenden: „Die Welt“, so die Studie, „ist klar geteilt in Winner und Loser, in Superstar und Hartz IV, in gut und böse.“

Jugend im Jahr 2010: Generation Biedermeier | Politik - Frankfurter Rundschau 20100912
Reposted bysera sera
02mydafsoup-01

September 16 2010

The Distribution of Income in OECD Countries

Richard Green:

While Arrow showed the impossibility of a well defined ordering of social preferences... ...we tend to act as if there is one anyway. That is, we place a lot of focus on GDP per capita when evaluating economic success. By this measure, the US is, of course, successful. By a slightly different measure from the OECD (go to page 37), average disposable income per household, the US ranks second after Luxembourg among the nations measured. Luxembourg has about the same population of Long Beach, so it is hard to worry too much about it.

But a social welfare function that looks at the lowest decile of income is just as legitimate (or perhaps I should say, illegitimate). By this measure, the US ranks 20th among countries measured, which places it toward the bottom of the OECD pack, with levels similar to Greece and Italy.

On the other hand, the top 40 percent of American household are better off than their counterparts in all other countries (with the exception of Luxembourg), reflecting a great deal of affluence across a large number of people. So where to pick? As Arrow would say, that is really impossible.

Here is the chart that he mentions:

Ineq-cross-country-by-income

Here's a bit more detail on the distribution of disposable income (the bars start at the average income of the upper 10% and end at the average income of the bottom 10%, with the average income for each of the other eight deciles marked by horizontal lines):

Ineq-cross-country

As you can see, the US has the widest distribution.

It would be nice to move the bottom of the US distribution up since it's a bit of an outlier for countries with average income in the vicinity of ours. But that might require raising taxes on the wealthy and redistributing income, or at least using the money to try and improve the conditions that lead to this outcome. That would then cause the people at the upper end of the distribution to quit working hard and taking risks, people would stop innovating, and our entire society would devolve into socialism ending our way of life as we know it. So, sorry, nothing we can do.

Reposted from02myEcon-01 02myEcon-01

September 15 2010

02mydafsoup-01

open-education - The University of Utopia

Opening Education Beyond the Property Relation: From Commons to Communism.

Paper accepted for the Open Education Conference 2010

Download PDF version

Abstract

Open Education, and specifically the OER movement, seeks to provide universal access to knowledge, undermining the historical enclosure and the increasing privatisation of the public education system. In this paper we examine this aspiration by submitting the implicit theoretical assumptions of Open Education to the test of critical political economy. We acknowledge the Open Education movement's revolutionary potential but outline the inherent limitations of its current focus on the commons (property relations) rather than the social relations of capitalist production (wage work, the company) and because of this, argue that it will only achieve limited, rather than revolutionary, impact.

Introduction

The opening of education beyond the property relation is distinguished by two terms that are often used interchangeably, yet retain subtle differences: Open Education and Open Educational Resources.

Open Education refers to recent efforts by individuals and organisations across the world to use the Internet to share knowledge, ideas, teaching practices, infrastructure, tools and resources, inside and outside formal educational settings. Through collaboration and experimentation, new pedagogies and curricula are emerging. Although the term Open Education has been used since the 1960s, the current dominant use of the term refers to co-ordinated efforts during the past decade to exploit the growing availability of personal computers and increasingly ubiquitous high speed networks.

Open Educational Resources (OER) refers to both the worldwide community effort to create an educational commons and the actual “educational materials and resources offered freely and openly for anyone to use and under some licenses to re-mix, improve and redistribute” (Wikipedia). Typically, those resources are made available under a Creative Commons license and include both learning resources and tools by which those resources are created, managed and disseminated. As both a means of protecting and liberating research, teaching and learning materials, OER relies heavily on the use of open licenses, all of which are in one way or another derived from the General Public License (GPL) and Berkeley Software Distribution (BSD) licenses first created in 1989. Since the 1990s, software has been created and distributed using such licenses and it is widely acknowledged that Creative Commons was inspired by, and drew experience from, the use of open licenses in the world of software.

[...]


Die Tea Party übernimmt gerade die Republikanische ...

Die Tea Party übernimmt gerade die Republikanische Partei in den USA.

Ich glaube ja, in Deutschland steht das auch kurz bevor, dass sich die CDU aufspaltet. Und das wird kein erfreuliches Bild für die Union, weil die extremistischen Hassprediger in Umfragen gerade so auf die 20% kommen, die CDU insgesamt aber nur auf 30%, d.h. wenn die sich abspalten, dann bleiben nur 10% in der anderen Hälfte, der mit den korrupten, inkompetenten Opportunisten. Das ist zwar noch nicht so wenig wie bei der FDP, aber doch knapp unterhalb der Werte Linkspartei.

Die Befürchtung ist natürlich, dass wir als großes Land einfach mit so vielen radikalen Hasspredigern leben müssen und auch können. 20% ist bezeichnenderweise mehr als Le Pen in Frankreich und mehr als Wilders in Holland. Je nach dem, wie man Berlusconi einschätzt, wäre Deutschland dann mal wieder ganz vorne im Rechtsaußen-Politikschema mit dabei. Die Achse Deutschland-Italien hat ja auch Tradition.

Reposted fromfefe fefe
02mydafsoup-01

Right Livelihood Award Celebrates 30th Anniversary with Gathering of Laureates in Bonn

Rightlively-web

We broadcast from Bonn, Germany, where the thirtieth anniversary of the Right Livelihood Awards is being held. The Right Livelihood Award was established in 1980 to honor and support those "offering practical and exemplary answers to the most urgent challenges facing us today." It has become widely known as the "Alternative Nobel Prize," and there are now 137 laureates from fifty-eight countries. We speak with Jakob von Uexkull, the founder of the Right Livelihood Award. [includes rush transcript]

Right Livelihood Award Celebrates 30th Anniversary with Gathering of Laureates in Bonn

The Empire strikes back

Avinash Persaud, 14 September 2010

The role of financial institutions in the global crisis has led to a consensus that financial regulation must change. This column argues that the banking lobby, far from depleted, has struck back with a vengeance. It has managed to postpone the much needed regulation for a time when the need for it will be forgotten.

Full Article: The Empire strikes back
Reposted from02myEcon-01 02myEcon-01

EU stress tests and sovereign debt exposures

Adrian Blundell-Wignall, Patrick Slovik, 14 September 2010

Despite the encouraging results from the stress tests of the EU’s banking sector, market confidence in the financial system remains subdued. This column argues that while most of the sovereign debt held by EU banks is on their banking books, the EU stress test only considered their smaller trading book exposures. Market participants do not have the luxury of being so selective.

Full Article: EU stress tests and sovereign debt exposures
Reposted from02myEcon-01 02myEcon-01

The IMF Calls for Job Creation

As Paul Krugman noted, the OECD has "climbed down" from its recommendation that advanced nations begin cutting spending and raising interest rates right away. The IMF seems to be tempering its message as well:

I.M.F. Calls for Countries to Focus on Creating Jobs, by Liz Alderman, NY Times: Rising long-term unemployment, especially among young people, poses the next big threat to the global economic recovery, the International Monetary Fund warned on Monday. ... Dominique Strauss-Kahn, the managing director of the I.M.F., said the financial crisis “won’t be over until unemployment significantly decreases.”
Mr. Strauss-Kahn urged governments to start factoring back-to-work policies into their overall equation for stoking growth. He added ... that a failure to halt persistent high joblessness could fan social tensions in several countries and restrain growth over time. ...
While governments hit by the financial crisis have had to tighten their belts, in part to address investor concern about rising debt, countries that need to rebuild credibility should first reallocate spending to get the long-term unemployed and young people back into the labor market, said Olivier J. Blanchard, the I.M.F.’s chief economist. ...
Countries that have so far avoided the harsh judgment of financial markets could afford a small increase in debt to ward off persistent joblessness, Mr. Blanchard said. He added that such a move could pay for itself in the form of increased economic activity. ...
Policy makers at the conference referred to the prospect of rising long-term unemployment as a crisis... Mr. Blanchard ... said the United States, too, should consider subsidies to help the long-term unemployed...
Reposted from02myEcon-01 02myEcon-01
02mydafsoup-01

Berkman Center for Internet & Society Podcast

Radio Berkman 162: Lessig & Zittrain Take On… Competition

djones - September 9, 2010 @ 9:00 am · audio, radioberkman

Listen: or download | …also in Ogg
The year was 1998. Cher’s autotune anthem Believe was one of the year’s biggest hits, Titanic had swept the Oscars, and in some sterile software campus in the Northwest, Bill Gates was rehearsing a deposition.

It’s been over 12 years since Gates’ and Microsoft’s anti-trust battle with the Department of Justice and the Federal Trade Commission first hit the courts. It is still seen as a watershed for the management of technology companies in the dot com age.

But in the dozen years that have passed, people are still speculating whether the anti-trust case against Microsoft made any difference, and whether the software and technology companies of today are engaging in anti-competitive practices similar to or more risky than the ones that got Microsoft in trouble.

Who are the Microsofts of today? Facebook? Apple? Google? And how do we manage competition in the digital age?

Today, two of the leading minds on the internet and law, Jonathan Zittrain and Larry Lessig, take on competition.

This is just the pilot of a new monthly feature we hope to have with Jonathan and Larry. Any thoughts on the show? Compliments or criticisms? Share them with us in the comments. We’re also looking for a name for this series. If you have any brilliant ideas drop us a comment!

BONUS CONTENT: There was too much audio to fit into this one episode. If you’re eager for some more perspectives on competition in the digital age, give these pieces a shot.

[...]

MediaBerkman 20100909 | » Blog Archive » Radio Berkman 162: Lessig & Zittrain Take On… Competition 
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