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November 26 2013

Four short links: 26 November 2013

  1. The Death and Life of Great Internet Cities“The sense that you were given some space on the Internet, and allowed to do anything you wanted to in that space, it’s completely gone from these new social sites,” said Scott. “Like prisoners, or livestock, or anybody locked in institution, I am sure the residents of these new places don’t even notice the walls anymore.”
  2. What You’re Not Supposed To Do With Google Glass (Esquire) — Maybe I can put these interruptions to good use. I once read that in ancient Rome, when a general came home victorious, they’d throw him a triumphal parade. But there was always a slave who walked behind the general, whispering in his ear to keep him humble. “You are mortal,” the slave would say. I’ve always wanted a modern nonslave version of this — a way to remind myself to keep perspective. And Glass seemed the first gadget that would allow me to do that. In the morning, I schedule a series of messages to e-mail myself throughout the day. “You are mortal.” “You are going to die someday.” “Stop being a selfish bastard and think about others.” (via BoingBoing)
  3. Neural Networks and Deep Learning — Chapter 1 up and free, and there’s an IndieGogo campaign to fund the rest.
  4. What We Know and Don’t KnowThat highly controlled approach creates the misconception that fossils come out of the ground with labels attached. Or worse, that discovery comes from cloaked geniuses instead of open discussion. We’re hoping to combat these misconceptions by pursuing an open approach. This is today’s evolutionary science, not the science of fifty years ago We’re here sharing science. [...] Science isn’t the answers, science is the process. Open science in paleoanthropology.

August 29 2013

Lantern : archives numériques retraçant l'histoire des médias

Lantern : archives numériques retraçant l’histoire des médias
http://www.actualitte.com/applications/lantern-archives-numeriques-retracant-l-histoire-des-medias-44695.htm

La Toile recèle désormais une nouvelle plateforme destinée aux universitaires comme aux simples amateurs s’intéressant à l’histoire du cinéma, de la télévision ou encore de la radio. The Media History Digital Library, avec l’aide de l’université du Wisconsin et du Madison Department of Communication Arts, a lancé sa bibliothèque d’archives en ligne, en open access, que les partenaires ont baptisée Lantern. Un grenier aux trésors, la poussière en moins.

#archives #médias

August 20 2013

L'Atelier Nadar : 400 photographies sur Gallica BnF

L’Atelier Nadar : 400 photographies sur Gallica BnF
http://www.actualitte.com/bibliotheques/l-atelier-nadar-400-photographies-sur-gallica-bnf-44492.htm

Gaspar-Félix Tournachon, dit Nadar, a effectué, à partir de 1850, des séries de photos d’artistes du XIXe siècle, parmi les plus célèbres. Journalistes, publicistes, hommes de lettres, mais également dramaturges, littérateurs et autres écrivains autant que romanciers, la galerie de portrait de Gallica vient de s’étoffer de nombreuses photographies provenant de l’Atelier Nadar.

#photo #Nadar #archives #BNF

July 17 2013

Une pensée sur la crête, Paul Ariès - Entropia La Revue

Une pensée sur la crête, Paul Ariès - Entropia La Revue
http://www.entropia-la-revue.org/spip.php?article118

La décroissance est une pensée sur la crête, qui peut conduire au meilleur comme au pire. Le meilleur est ce qui permet aux peuples de reprendre espoir dans l’avènement d’une société plus humaine, en ayant, pour cela, tiré toutes les leçons des tragédies passées. Le pire serait de préparer l’avènement d’une société dont nous ne voudrions pas. (...)

Il n’est certes jamais possible d’écrire l’histoire avant qu’elle ne se fasse, mais on doit se prémunir contre certains « virus » idéologiques en commençant par faire la chasse aux concepts équivoques.

pour mes #archives ; #décroissance et #extrême-droite

July 08 2013

A propos de la monumentale étude sur *la formation de la classe ouvrière anglaise*(collection…

A propos de la monumentale étude sur la formation de la classe ouvrière anglaise(collection Points Histoire) de l'historien #Edward_P_Thompson

Entretien avec #Miguel_Abensour à qui l'on doit l'édition française et l'historien #François_Jarrige qui a rédigé la préface pour l'édition en poche.
http://www.lemonde.fr/livres/article/2012/04/05/miguel-abensour-philosophe-et-francois-jarrige-historien-une-biographie-de-l

Quelle a été l'influence de ce livre d'E. P. Thompson ? Pourquoi est-il si méconnu en France ?

M. A. : Le livre a été traduit trop tard en français, en 1988, date qui explique que sa réception n'a pas été réussie. S'il avait été traduit en 1968, ou juste après, la situation aurait été différente. Est-ce qu'aujourd'hui les conditions sont réunies pour une meilleure réception ? L'école de François Furet (1927-1997), qui s'était repliée sur une lecture politique, au sens étroit du terme, paraît aujourd'hui dépassée, ce qui rend le contexte plus favorable.

F. J. : Il faut bien voir que ce livre a infusé absolument partout, dans toute l'historiographie mondiale. En cela, la #France ressemble à un îlot épargné. En histoire, si on sort du cas hexagonal, les innovations les plus importantes des années 1980-1990, comme les Subaltern Studies en Inde, se sont totalement imprégnées d'Edward P. Thompson, car il s'agit d'écrire une histoire « par en bas », des dominés, de ceux qui ont été marginalisés par l'historiographie nationaliste ou marxiste. Et même en France, à mesure qu'on s'est détachés de l'historiographie marxiste, qui s'intéresse essentiellement aux organisations, aux syndicats ou aux leaders, on a vu monter un intérêt pour Thompson.

Conférence à la #Sorbonne de François Jarrige et Xavier Vigna Maîtres de conférence en Histoire contemporaine à l'Université de Bourgogne autour du livre d'Edward P. Thompson.
http://vimeo.com/62285302

Biographie de l'auteur :
http://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Edward_Palmer_Thompson

E. P. Thompson est né en 1924 à Oxford d'un père missionnaire presbytérien au Bengale, Edward John Thompson (1896-1946). Il abandonne ses études en 1941, à 17 ans, pour s'engager dans l'armée britannique : il combat notamment dans une unité blindée lors de la campagne d'Italie ; il participe notamment à la bataille de Monte Cassino4, puis à la prise de Pérouse, sur laquelle il reviendra lors d'une rencontre du mouvement pour la paix en Italie en 1984 5. Il adhère dans le même temps au Parti communiste de Grande-Bretagne.
À l'issue de la guerre, alors qu'il dirige des cours du soir (extramural studies) de littérature dans le Yorkshire, il crée en 1946 le Communist Party Historians Group, avec notamment Christopher Hill, #Eric_Hobsbawm, Rodney Hilton et Dona Torr ; avec eux, il lance en 1952 une revue destinée à avoir une grande influence, Past & Present. De fait, « E. P. Thompson est un outsider académique, qui reste toute sa vie extérieur au monde d'Oxbridge, et un franc-tireur idéologique »3 : il quitte en 1956 le #parti #communiste pour protester contre l'#intervention #soviétique en Hongrie et contribue à la recomposition de la #gauche #marxiste #britannique, la Nouvelle #gauche (« New Left ») dans les années 1960. Il joue ainsi un rôle important, avec Perry Anderson ou Eric Hobsbawm, dans la création de la New Left Review en 1960, avant de prendre en 1965 la tête du Centre for Study of Social History (université de Warwick). Idéologiquement marqué par le socialisme anti-industriel du sujet de ses premières recherches, William Morris, E. P. Thompson « prône un #humanisme marxiste teinté de radicalisme plébéien »3.
Il meurt à Worcester en 1993, à l'âge de 69 ans.
http://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Edward_P._Thompson

#Histoire #historiographie #Archives #Ouvriers #Luttes #Révolution_industrielle #Politique #Sociologie #Usine #Luddisme #Livre

April 23 2013

Four short links: 23 April 2013

  1. Drawscript — Processing for Illustrator. (via BERG London)
  2. Archive Team Warriora virtual archiving appliance. You can run it to help with the ArchiveTeam archiving efforts. It will download sites and upload them to our archive. (via Ed Vielmetti)
  3. Retro Vectorsroyalty-free and free of charge.
  4. TokutekDB Goes Open Sourcea high-performance, transactional storage engine for MySQL and MariaDB. See the announcement.

April 17 2013

Four short links: 17 April 2013

  1. Computer Software Archive (Jason Scott) — The Internet Archive is the largest collection of historical software online in the world. Find me someone bigger. Through these terabytes (!) of software, the whole of the software landscape of the last 50 years is settling in. (And documentation and magazines and …). Wow.
  2. 7 in 10 Doctors Have a Self-Tracking Patientthe most common ways of sharing data with a doctor, according to the physicians, were writing it out by hand or giving the doctor a paper printout. (via Richard MacManus)
  3. opsmezzo — open-sourced provisioning tools from the Nodejitsu team. (via Nuno Job)
  4. Hacking Secret Ciphers with Pythonteaches complete beginners how to program in the Python programming language. The book features the source code to several ciphers and hacking programs for these ciphers. The programs include the Caesar cipher, transposition cipher, simple substitution cipher, multiplicative & affine ciphers, Vigenere cipher, and hacking programs for each of these ciphers. The final chapters cover the modern RSA cipher and public key cryptography.

October 29 2012

Four short links: 29 October 2012

  1. Inside BJ Fogg’s Behavior Design Bootcamp — see also Day 2 and Day 3.
  2. Recollect — archive your social media existence. Very easy to use and I wish I’d been using it longer. (via Tom Cotes)
  3. Duplicating House Keys on a 3D Printer — never did a title say so precisely what the post was about. (via Jim Stogdill)
  4. Teleduplication via Optical Decoding (PDF) — duplicating a key via a photograph.

November 29 2011

Four short links: 29 November 2011

  1. Reconstructing My Grandfather (JP Rangaswami) -- this is how libraries will be used in the future, by ordinary people (i.e., not professional researchers) reconstructing their families. See my library essay for more thoughts on this.
  2. Physical Conservation vs Digitisation for Preservation (Leeds) -- they chose deliberately compromised paper materials (acid-riddled paper) and found that it still would take 50 years for digitisation to pay off. Digitisation, even destructive, is bloody expensive compared to just keeping the paper ticking along.
  3. Open Source Everything (Tom Preston-Werner) -- reprises a lot of the discussion we had around the boardroom as we figured out how to articulate why we keep Silverstripe open source. It was interesting to see this the same day Doom3 was open-sourced. (via Hacker News)
  4. Coding is the New Latin (BBC) -- in elite England, "Latin" means that it's part of a classical education which leads to new career opportunities and social mobility.

November 24 2011

Four short links: 24 November 2011

  1. Libraries: Where It All Went Wrong -- I was asked to provocatively help focus librarians on the opportunities offered to libraries in the Internet age. If I ask you to talk about your collections, I know that you will glow as you describe the amazing treasures you have. When you go for money for digitization projects, you talk up the incredible cultural value. ANZAC! Constitution! Treaties! Development of a nation! But then if I look at the results of those digitization projects, I find the shittiest websites on the planet. It’s like a gallery spent all its money buying art and then just stuck the paintings in supermarket bags and leaned them against the wall. CC-BY-SA licensed, available in nicely-formatted A4 and Letter versions.
  2. Green Array Chips -- 144 cores on a single chip, $20 per chip in batches of 10. From the creator of Forth, Chuck Moore. (via Hacker News)
  3. The Atlantic's Online Revenue Exceeds Print -- doesn't say how, other than "growth" (instead of the decline of print). (via Andy Baio)
  4. On the Perpetuation of Ignorance (PDF) -- ignorance about an issue leads to dependence leads to government trust leads to avoidance of information about that issue. Again I say to Gov 2.0 advocates that simply making data available doesn't generate a motivated, engaged, change-making citizenry. (via Roger Dennis)

August 25 2011

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February 11 2011

Four short links: 11 February 2012

  1. Phantom of the Flopera (YouTube) -- Bach's Tocata and Fugue in D Minor (BWV 565) as performed by floppy drives. Creative intimacy with one's tools is a sign of mastery. (via Andy Baio)
  2. Save Entire BBC Archive (Ben Goldacre) -- I pointed earlier to the questionable BBC closure of scores of websites in the name of cost-cutting. It's a torrent of an archive of spidered BBC websites. (via Andy Baio)
  3. Android Hidden NFC Capabilities Unlocked -- Gibraltar Software Factory, based in Argentina, went through the source code of Android 2.3 and found that Google has purposefully hidden several NFC related API calls, most likely due to the fact that they’re not quite stable enough for public release. Some minor tweaking of the source code, and boom, they’ve enabled write support for NFC tags. This means mobile phones will not just read RFID tags, but also act like RFID tags. (via Chris Heathcote on Delicious)
  4. Pinboard Creator Maciej Ceglowski (ReadWriteWeb) -- I think many developers (myself included) are easily seduced by new technology and are willing to burn a lot of time rigging it together just for the joy of tinkering. So nowadays we see a lot of fairly uninteresting web apps with very technically sweet implementations. In designing Pinboard, I tried to steer clear of this temptation by picking very familiar, vanilla tools wherever possible so I would have no excuse for architectural wank. The other reason I like the approach is that the tried-and-true stuff is extensively debugged and documented. The chances of you finding a bug in MySQL or PHP as the author of a mid-sized website are microscopic. That's not the case for newer infrastructure like NoSQL or the various web frameworks.

January 11 2011

October 01 2010

Four short links: 1 October 2010

  1. Interview with Martin Wichary (Ajaxian) -- interview with the creator of Google's Pacman logo, the original HTML5 slide deck. One of the first popular home video game consoles was 1977's Atari VCS 2600. It was an incredibly simple piece of hardware. It didn't even have video memory - you literally had to construct pixels just moments before they were handed to the electron gun. It was designed for very specific, trivial games: two players, some bullets and a very sparse background. All the launch games looked like that. But within five years, companies figured out how to make games like Pitfall, which were much, much cooler and more sophisticated. Here's the kicker: if you were to take those games, go back in time, and show them even to the *creators* of VCS, I bet they would tell you "Naah, it's impossible to do that. The hardware we just put together won't ever be able to handle this." Likewise, if you were to take Google Maps or iPhone Web apps, take your deLorean to 1991 and show them to Tim Berners-Lee, he'd be all like "get the hell out of here." (via Russ Weakley)
  2. Liberating Lives -- The historian Tim Hitchcock, behind projects such as the Old Bailey Online and London Lives, has reflected on the impact of digitisation on our access to archives. Archives, he notes, tend to reflect the assumptions and practices of the institutions that created them. But by providing new ways into these records systems, technology can undermine the power relations that persist within their structures. Read the entire post, which has a moving description of the bureaucracy of Australia's racism and the modern-day projects built on it. (via spanishmanners on Twitter)
  3. Deblurring Images -- interesting research work reconstructing original scenes from blurred images. (via anselm on Twitter)
  4. 50 Years of Cyborgs: I Have Not the Words (Quinn Norton) -- We need language that lets us talk about the terrorism of little changes. Be they good or bad, they are terrible in aggregate. Thought-provoking essay pushing our ideas of change, future, technology, and culture until they break. (via kevinmarks on Twitter)

July 27 2010

Four short links: 27 July 2010

  1. Digital Continuity Conference Proceedings -- proceedings from a New Zealand conference on digital archiving, preservation, and access for archives, museums, libraries, etc.
  2. What Are The Scaling Issues to Keep in Mind While Developing a Social Network Feed? (Quora) -- insight into why you see the failwhale. (via kellan on Twitter)
  3. Fan Feeding Frenzy -- Amanda Palmer sells $15k in merch and music in 3m via Bandcamp. Is the record available on iTunes yet? Absolutely not. We have nothing against iTunes, it’ll end up there eventually I’m sure, but it was important for us to do this in as close to a DIY manner as possible. If we were just using iTunes, we couldn’t be doing tie-ins with physical product, monitoring our stats (live), and helping people in real-time when they have a question regarding the service. Being able to do all of those things and having such a transparent format in which to do it has been a dream come true. We all buy stuff on the iTunes store - or AmazonMP3 or whatever - but it’s not THE way artists should be connecting to fans, and it’s certainly not the way someone is going to capture the most revenue on a new release. (via BoingBoing)
  4. Sad State of Open Source in Android Tablets -- With the exception of Barnes & Noble’s Nook e-reader, a device that isn’t even really a tablet, I found one tablet manufacturer who was complying with the minimum of their legal open source requirements under GNU GPL. Let alone supporting community development.

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