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September 30 2013

AIDS : News from the front | The Economist

AIDS: News from the front | The Economist

http://www.economist.com/blogs/babbage/2013/09/aids?fsrc=scn/fb/wl/bl/newsfromfront

NO NEWS is often good news. AIDS has dropped out of the headlines in recent years, and that is because, in the battle between virus and people, people are winning.

http://cdn.static-economist.com/sites/default/files/imagecache/full-width/images/2013/09/blogs/babbage/20130928_woc971.png

This year’s campaign report by UNAIDS, the United Nations agency charged with combating the disease, confirms that optimistic picture. Though AIDS is not beaten (it still kills 1.6m people a year), this number is down from a peak of 2.3m in 2005. And the number of new infections per year has fallen by a third, to 2.3m, since 2001. Paradoxically, the number of those infected is rising. But this is because they are living longer.

#santé #sida

September 29 2013

Power and money : Wealthy politicians | The Economist

Power and money : Wealthy politicians | The Economist

http://www.economist.com/news/china/21586883-wealthy-politicians?fsrc=scn%2Ffb%2Fwl%2Fpe%2Fwealthypoliticians

Argent et politique :) Une approche intéressante

Many Americans grumble about the wealth of their politicians, but they are paupers compared with their Chinese counterparts. The 50 richest members of America’s Congress are worth $1.6 billion in all. In China, the wealthiest 50 delegates to the National People’s Congress, the rubber-stamp parliament, control $94.7 billion.

http://cdn.static-economist.com/sites/default/files/imagecache/full-width/images/print-edition/20130928_CNC970.png

Darrell Issa, a Republican from California, is the richest man in Congress, with $355m. China’s richest delegate is Zong Qinghou, boss of Hangzhou Wahaha Group, a drinks-maker, whose wealth is almost $19 billion (including assets distributed to family). Last year Mr Zong was China’s richest man, but was overtaken by Wang Jianlin, who is not a member of the NPC. Wealth can bring problems wherever you are. On September 20th, a man, angry at being refused a job, attacked Mr Zong with a knife near his home in Hangzhou. Mr Zong survived, with nasty cuts to his hand.

#etats-unis

September 24 2013

Daily chart : Starved for cash | The Economist

Daily chart: Starved for cash | The Economist
http://www.economist.com/blogs/graphicdetail/2013/09/daily-chart-17?fsrc=scn%2Ffb%2Fwl%2Fdc%2Fstarvedforcash

http://cdn.static-economist.com/sites/default/files/imagecache/595-width-retina/images/2013/09/blogs/graphic-detail/20130928_gdm973_1190_0.png

THE flow of money to poor counties has surged over the past two decades, from under $500 billion in 1990 to over $2 trillion in 2011. For the poorest, official development aid is the main source of funds. But those governments that spend more see a greater diversity of funds flow into the country — not just aid, but lending, remittances and foreign direct investment. This is only natural: better-run countries are able to spend more and also have the capacity to attract other sources of funds. Unbundling the types of financial and aid resources going to poor countries is essential for identifying ways to eradicate poverty there, according to a new report by Development Initiatives, a think-tank. The data show that mature economies like Brazil and China rely on direct investment and lending. India, with a stock of productive emigrants, enjoys remittances. Africa depends most on aid: where government spending per person is less than $500 per year, aid represents about 70% of the financial resources from abroad.

#rémittances #transfert_argent_migrants #migrations

September 17 2013

Economic history : Did living standards improve during the Industrial Revolution ? | The Economist

Economic history: Did living standards improve during the Industrial Revolution? | The Economist

http://www.economist.com/blogs/freeexchange/2013/09/economic-history-0?fsrc=scn/fb/wl/bl/didlivingstandardsimproveduringtheindustrialrevolution

Did living standards improve during the Industrial Revolution?
Sep 13th 2013, 13:43 by C.W. | LONDON

AS WE showed in a previous blog post, Europe went through a period of astonishing growth after about 1760. The level of income that Europe has today could not have been reached without the Industrial Revolution.

http://cdn.static-economist.com/sites/default/files/imagecache/290-width-retina/images/2013/09/blogs/free-exchange/20130921_woc404_580.png

In fact, people often refer to two revolutions (though historians bicker about terminology). The First Industrial Revolution was about the introduction of machines, often powered with water or steam. It lasted from roughly 1760 to 1850. The Second Industrial Revolution used more advanced technologies, such as the internal combustion engine and electricity. It lasted from roughly 1850 to 1910.

We know that the Industrial Revolution made Europe rich. But what was it like to live through it? Britain has the most complete historical records when it comes to this kind of thing, so this post will focus on that country.

#royaime-uni #histoire #économie #révolution_industrielle #visualisation

September 14 2013

MILA TESHAIEVA PHOTOGRAPHY

MILA TESHAIEVA PHOTOGRAPHY

http://www.milateshaieva.com/about

Mila Teshaieva was educated and worked as an economist before turning her professional pass into documentary photography. Since that time her work took her around the world, resulting in the bodies of work as: the War aftermath in Georgia, HIV/AIDS in Ukraine, Asylum seekers in Germany, and other. In her personal work Mila is focusing on the combination of fragility and a power of an individual submerged in the changing societies. She has dedicated the past years to work extensively in the ex-Soviet republics.

https://dl.dropbox.com/s/tpuudj8h3j7rdmx/mila.png

Mila’s work has been commisioned and published by: Die Zeit, Alternatives Internationales, Outlook Magazine China, Time LightBox, New Times, Vokrug Sveta, Neue Zurcher Zeitung, Zoi Environmental Network, Forbs Ukraine, Marie Claire Ukraine, many others.

She worked with NGOs and organizations as: Unicef, Swiss Development and Cooperation, IOM, International AIDS/HIV Alliance, SOS Children Village.

Mila is currently based in Berlin and represented by Laif Agentur, Cologne.

http://images.zeit.de/reisen/2013-07/fs-mila-teshaieva-promising-waters-bilder/1-Mila-Aktau.jpg

#caspienne #asie_centrale #photographie

September 13 2013

Georgian politics : Bidzina is not the messiah | The Economist

Georgian politics: Bidzina is not the messiah | The Economist

http://www.economist.com/blogs/easternapproaches/2013/09/georgian-politics?fsrc=scn/fb/wl/bl/bidzinaisnotthemessiah

Bidzina is not the messiah
Sep 10th 2013, 11:56 by G.E. | TBILISI

IT IS a phrase more readily associated with Monty Python’s “The Life of Brian”, a comic film with a cult-like following. On September 2nd, Bidzina Ivanishvili, the Georgian prime minister, released an open letter to explain his decision to leave his position shortly after the presidential elections on October 27th. The main reason, he says, is that he is not the messiah.

http://cdn.static-economist.com/sites/default/files/imagecache/full-width/images/2013/09/blogs/eastern-approaches/20130914_eup502_473.jpg

Georgia has a complicated relationship with political saviours. All three of Georgia’s previous post-independence leaders, Zviaad Gamsakhurdia, Eduard Shevardnardze and Mikheil Saakashvili, the current president, fitted this mould. Each man courted wildly unrealistic expectations from the Georgian public, but yielded little by way of accountability in return. As Georgians saw reality, their dreams turned to deep disillusionment.

#géorgie #caucase

September 08 2013

« Nazi needs russian resources » Daily chart : As a datum speaketh | The Economist

« Nazi needs russian resources »

Daily chart : As a datum speaketh | The Economist

http://www.economist.com/blogs/graphicdetail/2013/09/daily-chart?fsrc=scn%2Ffb%2Fwl%2F170%2Finfographicslideshow

As a datum speaketh Sep 2nd 2013, 17:16 by K.N.C., P.B. AND P.K.

Notable infographics from The Economist’s archive

http://cdn.static-economist.com/sites/default/files/70.sep2_1939b.png?1378132680

EXACTLY 170 years ago today issue No. 1 of The Economist appeared. Data were at the heart of the 16-page publication, part of the nascent fad of applying quantification and basic statistics to understand the political economy and much else. The front page was replete with a table of figures—called an “annexed tabular history”. And so it went for decades: the paper was stuffed with numbers. But there was a bias against infographics, as if visually representing data were for dilettantes. This is especially odd considering that the time-series, line graph and pie chart were created around 1800 and by mid-century used by everyone from the British Army to the Guardian newspaper to make sense of that era’s big data. Only in the 1930s did this newspaper begin to embrace charts as a way to present information—and then, only cautiously. What follows is a slideshow of infographics from past issues dating back to the first.

#cartographie #visualisation #Economist #histoire #infographie #nazi

September 06 2013

Daily chart : State of pay | The Economist

Daily chart: State of pay | The Economist

http://www.economist.com/blogs/graphicdetail/2013/09/daily-chart-4?fsrc=scn/fb/wl/dc/statesofplay

State of pay
Sep 6th 2013, 13:29 by R.W., J.M.F. and L.P.

The wide diversity in the size and salary of America’s state legislatures : poor Kansas lawmakers...

http://cdn.static-economist.com/sites/default/files/imagecache/595-width-retina/images/2013/09/blogs/graphic-detail/20130914_gdc347_1190.png

. They earn $4,000 apiece—almost ten times less than their peers in neighbouring Oklahoma and Missouri. Californians earn the most, but represent the most populous state, and face tricky issues. So what explains Pennsylvania, whose legislature is almost twice the size, and paid three times as much, as the national average? The issue is controversial in austere times, as we explain in this week’s edition. See full article.

#états-unis #revenus

August 28 2013

India's malnourished : A mess of pottage | The Economist

India’s malnourished: A mess of pottage | The Economist

http://www.economist.com/news/asia/21584042-huge-cheap-food-scheme-influence-voters-will-not-end-malnutrition-mess-pottage?fsrc=scn/fb/wl/pe/amessofpottage

“HISTORIC” and “unparalleled” were the words Sonia Gandhi, boss of the ruling Congress party, used to describe India’s new food law at a launch in Delhi on August 20th. She promised an end to hunger for the poor. More accurate terms for the law and its introduction would be “expedient” and “chaotic”.

http://cdn.static-economist.com/sites/default/files/imagecache/290-width/images/print-edition/P/20130824_ASP002_0.jpg

The scheme aims to reach 800m of India’s 1.2 billion people, giving each a monthly dole of 5 kilos of rice or wheat, at a nominal price. That makes it the world’s biggest serving of subsidised food. Yet it has been launched amid confusion, cynicism and claims of fiscal irresponsibility.

#inde #malnutrition #alimentation

August 26 2013

Prison reform : An unlikely alliance of left and right | The Economist

Prison reform: An unlikely alliance of left and right | The Economist
http://www.economist.com/news/united-states/21583701-america-waking-up-cost-mass-incarceration-unlikely-alliance-left

America has the world’s largest prison population. China, which has more than four times as many people and nobody’s idea of a lenient judiciary, comes a distant second.

#prison #états-unis #discrimination #répression

August 24 2013

« Offensive pictures : Sense and censorship » _Why prisons in Missouri censor The Economist_

« Offensive pictures : Sense and censorship »

Why prisons in Missouri censor The Economist

http://www.economist.com/news/united-states/21584016-why-prisons-missouri-censor-economist-sense-and-censorship

http://cdn.static-economist.com/sites/default/files/imagecache/290-width/images/print-edition/20130629_USP004_0.jpg

If you are reading this in a prison in Missouri, you probably didn’t see the June 29th issue of The Economist (pictured). We recently received a letter from the Missouri Department of Corrections informing us that it had been censored.

The problem was not the cover, although it does show a semi-naked woman. Rather, the prison authorities objected to a photo accompanying an article about the Supreme Court’s recent rulings on race. The picture showed a Klansman with a noose, to remind readers what race relations were like before the Voting Rights Act of 1965.
In this section

The censors thought it might instil “violence or hatred among the offender population”. This is not absurd: you could imagine some of the nuance of the article being lost if, say, a white inmate were to shove the picture of the Klansman in the face of a black prisoner. Under the state’s all-or-nothing rules, the entire issue was thrown out.

#US #presse #The_Economist #racisme #prison #censure

Reposted bypaket paket

August 20 2013

New Israeli towns : Looking south | The Economist

New Israeli towns: Looking south | The Economist

http://www.economist.com/news/middle-east-and-africa/21583670-israeli-planners-want-switch-development-new-frontiers-looking-south?fsrc=scn/fb/wl/pe/lookingsouth

New Israeli towns

Looking south

Israeli planners want to switch development to new frontiers
Aug 17th 2013 | KIRIYAT HADRACHA |From the print edition

Make it bloom for Zion

AFTER decades of building Jewish settlements in the West Bank, which Palestinians see as the basis of their would-be state, Israel’s government may be moving its focus south. Long in a slump, construction in Israel’s southern desert, the Negev, is outpacing not only that of the West Bank settlements, but in central Israel as well. At a cost of $6 billion, Israel is transforming the wastes around Beersheba, on the edge of the Negev, and building new cities, including one that is the country’s largest such project. By 2020 Israel plans to boost its Negev population by 50% to 1m, almost twice the number of settlers now in the West Bank and East Jerusalem.

http://cdn.static-economist.com/sites/default/files/imagecache/290-width/images/print-edition/P/20130817_MAP002_1.jpg

#israel #palestine #occupation #colonisation

July 30 2013

GPS jamming : Out of sight | The Economist

GPS jamming: Out of sight | The Economist

http://www.economist.com/news/international/21582288-satellite-positioning-data-are-vitalbut-signal-surprisingly-easy

GPS jamming Out of sight
Satellite positioning-data are vital—but the signal is surprisingly easy to disrupt
Jul 27th 2013 |From the print edition

http://cdn.static-economist.com/sites/default/files/imagecache/full-width/images/print-edition/D/20130727_IRD001_0.jpg

EVERY day for up to ten minutes near the London Stock Exchange, someone blocks signals from the global positioning system (GPS) network of satellites. Navigation systems in cars stop working and timestamps on trades made in financial institutions can be affected. The incidents are not a cyber-attack by a foreign power, though. The most likely culprit, according to Charles Curry, whose firm Chronos Technology covertly monitors such events, is a delivery driver dodging his bosses’ attempts to track him.

The signals are weak. Mr Curry likens them to a 20-watt light bulb viewed from 12,000 miles (19,300 km). And the jammers are cheap: a driver can buy a dashboard model for about £50 ($78). They are a growing menace. The bubbles of electromagnetic noise they create interfere with legitimate GPS users. They can disrupt civil aviation and kill mobile-phone signals, too. In America their sale and use is banned. In Britain they are illegal for civilians to use deliberately, but not, yet, to buy: Ofcom, a regulator, is mulling a ban. In recent years Australian officials have destroyed hundreds of jammers.

#geographie #sig #cartographie #gps #technologie

July 28 2013

Chris Christie's anti-libertarian populism : Tell it to the widows | The Economist

Chris Christie’s anti-libertarian populism: Tell it to the widows | The Economist
http://www.economist.com/blogs/democracyinamerica/2013/07/chris-christies-anti-libertarian-populism?fsrc=scn/tw_ec/tell_it_to_the_widows

[We have] first [to] establish[..] that 9/11 was an extremely unusual event, unlikely to be repeated. Because the threat of terrorism is so insignificant, it merits no special defensive measures, and certainly not the abrogation of our basic rights.

#terrorisme #surveillance

July 09 2013

Et l'expérience esthétique advint chez la souris à la faveur de la.... morphine. « Art and the…

Et l’expérience esthétique advint chez la souris à la faveur de la.... morphine.

« Art and the animal kingdom : Of mice and Manet » | The Economist

http://www.economist.com/news/science-and-technology/21580132-murine-appreciation-paintings-mice-and-manet

Dr Watanabe was curious to see whether his mice had a preference for certain painters. He put them in a chamber, one at a time, and showed each a pair of paintings by different artists. (...) His mice expressed no particular preference between a picture by Wassily Kandinsky, a Russian abstract painter, and another by Piet Mondrian (...) But things got more interesting when Dr Watanabe added morphine to the mix. The mice were injected with the drug when viewing one picture, and with an inactive saline solution when viewing another. After a few repetitions, they began to associate one of the paintings with the morphine high, and would spend longer standing next to it. This implies that the mice were able to tell one painting from another, when given an incentive to do so.

#science #animal #art #morphine #peinture

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