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August 27 2013

Une introduction à l'« Orient compliqué » : A Short Guide to the Middle East : letter to the editor…

Une introduction à l’« Orient compliqué » :

A Short Guide to the Middle East : letter to the editor published in the Financial Times

http://now.msn.com/a-short-guide-to-the-middle-east-letter-to-the-editor-published-in-the-fina

http://blu.stb.s-msn.com/i/57/21B2AE4496C34D44267F5C67C12_h316_w628_m5_cERtqKrMn.jpg

That whole Middle East deal sure can be confusing. Thankfully, in this concise and clearly articulated letter to the editor published in the Financial Times, Mr KN Al-Sabah, of London, lays it all out in a way anyone can understand. In full, his letter, entitled “A Short Guide to the Middle East,” read:

Sir, Iran is backing Assad. Gulf states are against Assad!
Assad is against Muslim Brotherhood. Muslim Brotherhood and Obama are against General Sisi.
But Gulf states are pro Sisi! Which means they are against Muslim Brotherhood!
Iran is pro Hamas, but Hamas is backing Muslim Brotherhood!
Obama is backing Muslim Brotherhood, yet Hamas is against the US!
Gulf states are pro US. But Turkey is with Gulf states against Assad; yet Turkey is pro Muslim Brotherhood against General Sisi. And General Sisi is being backed by the Gulf states!
Welcome to the Middle East and have a nice day.

#Proche-Orient #Golfe #US #géopolitique

August 21 2013

géopolitique Afriquedusud Impériale Afrique du Sud, par Anne-Cécile Robert ( _Le Monde…

#géopolitique #Afriquedusud Impériale Afrique du Sud, par Anne-Cécile Robert ( Le Monde diplomatique) , interrogeant l’influence régionale de l’Afrique du Sud et ses rapports de domination avec les pays d’Afrique australe .

L’Afrique du Sud, dotée d’un Etat structuré par l’appareil administratif et répressif de l’apartheid, légitimée par le démantèlement de ce régime raciste, dotée d’immenses richesses, profite de l’inconsistance institutionnelle de ses voisins (Mozambique, Swaziland, etc.) pour les transformer en marchés captifs. Elle cherche en outre à tirer tous les avantages de son appartenance au groupe des Brics.

Selon le politologue camerounais Achille Mbembe, la « nation arc-en-ciel », de plus en plus impériale, ignore les barrières frontalières , qu’elle contribue ainsi à effacer. Dominant économiquement toute la sous-région, devenue une sorte d’arrière-pays, Pretoria exporte par ailleurs ses compagnies de sécurité jusqu’au Mali, au Ghana, en Guinée.

Selon Mbembe, au nord, la « frontière virtuelle » de l’Afrique du Sud se situerait désormais à peu près au niveau du Katanga (sud-ouest de la République démocratique du Congo). Elle entrerait par ailleurs dans la zone d’attraction de l’océan Indien et de l’Asie.

Les tensions sociales, comme l’a illustré la répression de la grève à Marikana, les conflits de pouvoir au sein de l’African National Congress (ANC) ou les accusations de corruption à l’encontre de M. Zuma révèlent des fragilités significatives et quelques contradictions.

Pour en savoir plus : http://www.monde-diplomatique.fr/2012/12/ROBERT/48475

July 26 2013

« Two Faux Democracies That Threaten the World » - Paul Craig Roberts [CounterPunch]

« Two Faux Democracies That Threaten the World » - Paul Craig Roberts [CounterPunch]

http://www.counterpunch.org/2013/07/26/two-faux-democracies-that-threaten-the-world

For the past 68 years, most military aggression can be sourced to the US and Israel.

Yet, these two originators of wars pretend to be the victims of aggression. It is Israel that has a nuclear arsenal that is illegal, unacknowledged, and unaccountable. It is Washington that has drafted a war plan based on nuclear first strike. The rest of the world is correct to view these two rogue unaccountable governments as direct threats to life on earth.

#US #Israël #géopolitique #conflits

July 04 2013

Playing Politics With Religion - NYTimes.com

Playing Politics With Religion - NYTimes.com
http://www.nytimes.com/2013/07/04/opinion/global/playing-politics-with-religion.html?_r=1

Par #OUSAMA_MAKDISI

The fact that Bashar al-Assad is an Alawite and that many of the leading military forces are controlled by Alawite officers is an obviously salient factor in exacerbating sectarian tensions in Syria. But the regime is not Alawite in any religious sense. Like the ostensibly “Sunni” regime of Saddam Hussein that long brutalized Iraq, it is essentially despotic.

(...)

The main characteristic of these regimes has not been sectarianism; they manipulate any division among their people to secure and keep power. By contrast, the dynasties of Saudi Arabia and Qatar reject religious pluralism as a matter of state ideology. Both countries have encouraged an extraordinary outpouring of sectarian incitement against the Shiites of the Arab world in a bid to retain absolute power and to undermine what they regard as their most formidable regional foe: Shiite Iran. Tehran has close ties to Damascus and is patron to Hezbollah in Lebanon.

But the intervention by Saudi Arabia and Qatar against the Assad regime is not necessarily for sectarian reasons. Rather, both monarchies have secular interests, namely preserving the region's pro-Western petroleum order, which provides great benefits to the Saud and Thani regimes. To the extent that they are involved in a major struggle against Iran, they do so in explicit coordination with the United States.

Thus the sectarian dimension cannot and must not be isolated from the far more obvious and salient secular geopolitical one. It is politics that pushes sectarianism, that provides it with the enabling context, and that now encourages and legitimates the devastating violence across sectarian lines that is ravaging Syria and Iraq and Lebanon.

#instrumentalisation_du_religieux ressorts du #sectarisme #moyen_orient #géopolitique

July 03 2013

Trop de sommets tue les sommets, par Jonas Gahr Støre (2012/09)

Trop de sommets tue les sommets, par Jonas Gahr Støre (#2012/09)
http://www.monde-diplomatique.fr/2012/09/STORE/48103

De nouvelles puissances sont apparues, ces dernières décennies, à côté des centres de pouvoir historiques, rendant plus difficile encore la gestion des dossiers internationaux : commerce, environnement, équilibres stratégiques, etc. Du G20 aux conférences sur le climat, les réunions multilatérales se multiplient. Mais elles ne donnent pas des résultats spectaculaires…

#Diplomatie #Démocratie #Géopolitique #Mondialisation #Organisation_internationale

June 30 2013

US, Japan to establish military bases in the Philippines - World Socialist Web Site

US, Japan to establish military bases in the Philippines - World Socialist Web Site

http://www.wsws.org/en/articles/2013/06/29/phil-j29.html

US, Japan to establish military bases in the Philippines
By Joseph Santolan
29 June 2013

On June 27, at a press conference in Quezon City, Philippines, Philippine Defense Minister Voltaire Gazmin and his Japanese counterpart, Itsunori Onodera, announced that the Philippines would establish basing arrangements with both the US and Japanese militaries. China was the explicit target of this move allowing the US and Japan to station military personnel and equipment in the Philippines.

#géopolitique #géostratégie #japon #états-unis #philippines #asie-pacifique

June 28 2013

*Deux siècles de conflits autour du Nil*, par Habib Ayeb

Deux siècles de conflits autour du Nil, par Habib Ayeb
http://www.monde-diplomatique.fr/2013/07/AYEB/49297

Le Caire s'est toujours efforcé d'exercer un contrôle, direct ou indirect sur les sources du #Nil. C'est pour cette raison que le vice-roi d'Egypte, Mohammed Ali, envoya son armée occuper le Soudan dès le début du XIXe siècle.

#Eau #Histoire #Géopolitique #Droit_international #Soudan #Afrique #Éthiopie #Proche-Orient

Article inédit, là encore, en complément du reportage d'Habib Ayeb dans le Diplo de juillet (#2013/07) :

Qui captera les eaux du Nil ?
http://www.monde-diplomatique.fr/2013/07/AYEB/49325

La situation géopolitique du bassin du Nil a brusquement changé avec l'annonce officielle par l'Ethiopie de la mise en chantier du barrage de la Renaissance, sur le Nil Bleu. Cette décision a réveillé en Egypte la peur viscérale de manquer d'eau, avivant les tensions régionales autour du contrôle du fleuve.

Barrages le long du Nil par @odilon
http://www.monde-diplomatique.fr/cartes/nil
http://www.monde-diplomatique.fr/local/cache-vignettes/L540xH993/carte-nil-V4-62299.jpg

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