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February 16 2012

Pendu pour un message sur Twitter ? Appel pour la libération de Hamza Kashgari

Hamza Kashgari, jeune journaliste saoudien, a refusé de s'incliner devant le prophète Mahomet le jour anniversaire de sa naissance. Le problème, c'est qu'il l'a fait savoir sur Twitter et risque désormais la pendaison. Le philosophe Daniel Salvatore Schiffer s'en indigne dans cet appel.

 

// oAnth -  source URL -- leplus.nouvelobs.com


May 09 2011

Al-Jazira vit une situation de deuil



Lundi matin, n'importe quelle télévision, radio, journal se devait d'évoquer cet événement au moins au travers des faits : que s'est-il passé, comment, etc. Mais on a un peu l'impression, en voyant ça en langue arabe, qu'Al-Jazira vit une situation de deuil à peine dissimulée, de tristesse, de frustration. On n'est pas dans l'évocation neutre des faits, ni dans ce qu'a commis cette organisation depuis vingt ans. Il faut reconnaître que du côté américano-occidental, certains médias n'ont pas non plus fait montre d'un grand professionnalisme mettant en valeur les scènes de liesse dans les rues, avec la fameuse expression du Far West " we got him ! ". Mais sur Al-Jazira, les images de reportages qui passent en boucle montrent le chef d'Al-Qaida dans une posture beaucoup plus paisible, parfois même humaniste. Les commentaires écrits à chaud par la rédaction d'Al-Jazira évoquent davantage le désintéressement de Ben Laden pour la vie facile et mondaine et sa recherche des bienfaits du travail, du combat, du djihad...

A aucun moment Al-Jazira ne juge nécessaire d'accorder de l'espace à ceux atteints par les attentats d'Al-Qaida visant des civils innocents, même en terre arabo-musulmane, ni ne diffuse la moindre image des corps déchiquetés des dizaines de milliers de ces victimes au Yémen, au Pakistan, en Indonésie, en Asie centrale, en Turquie, en Irak, en Somalie, au Soudan, en Egypte, en Algérie, voire en Arabie saoudite et à Gaza, sans parler des milliers de victimes en Europe et aux Etats-Unis. Al-Jazira a été jusqu'à installer une terminologie distinctive choquante en hissant les victimes des bombardements américains et occidentaux au rang de martyrs (chahid), tandis que les victimes d'Al-Qaida ne demeurent en dernière instance que des morts ordinaires (maqtoul).

Hosham Dawod, anthropologue, membre de l’Institut interdisciplinaire de l’anthropologie du contemporain (IIAC-CNRS).

May 06 2011

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May 04 2011

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[...]

The gentle hopes of Hamid Karzai and Hillary Clinton – that the Taliban will be so cowed by the killing of Bin Laden that they will want to become pleasant democrats and humbly join the Western-supported and utterly corrupt leadership of Afghanistan – shows just how out of touch they are with the blood-soaked reality of the country. Some of the Taliban admired Bin Laden, but they did not love him and he had been no part of their campaign against Nato. Mullah Omar is more dangerous to the West in Afghanistan than Bin Laden. And we haven't killed Omar.

Iran, for once, spoke for millions of Arabs in its response to Bin Laden's death. "An excuse for alien countries to deploy troops in this region under the pretext of fighting terrorism has been eliminated," its foreign ministry spokesman has said. "We hope this development will end war, conflict, unrest and the death of innocent people, and help to establish peace and tranquility in the region."

[...]

Robert Fisk: If this is a US victory, does that mean its forces should go home now? | Commentators - The Independent - 2011-05-04
Reposted byiranelectionkrekk
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Robert Fisk on Bin Laden Death | Al Jazeera 2011-05-03
Al Jazeera interviews Robert Fisk, British author and journalist for the Independent

May 03 2011

US debates release of Osama bin Laden pictures to quash doubts over death | World news | guardian.co.uk 2011-05-03

[...]

"We are looking at releasing additional information, details about the raid as well as any other types of material, possibly including photos," White House counter-terrorism adviser John Brennan said on ABC News's Good Morning America show. "We want to understand exactly what the possible reaction might be to the release of this information."

The DNA evidence that confirmed Bin Laden was dead came through in the morning after the assault at Abbottabad.

By that time, US intelligence officials were 95% certain they had their man. He was identified by those who took part in the raid and by a woman in the building said to be one of the fugitive's wives.

Further identification came from photographs of the body that were beamed back to CIA specialists who compared them with confirmed images of the al-Qaida leader.

The DNA test left little room for doubt, with one intelligence official telling reporters they had "a virtually 100% match" of the body against DNA taken from "several Bin Laden family members."

As a prioritised task, the DNA analysis could be completed within six hours, said Mark Jobling, a geneticist at Leicester University where DNA fingerprinting was invented.

The first step was to extract DNA from a swab of blood or saliva, a procedure that can be done with a commercial kit in minutes. The next stage was to create a DNA profile to check against those compiled long ago from Bin Laden's relatives.

A genetic profile is based on regions of DNA called short tandem repeats (STRs). These are parts of the genetic code where a sequence of "letters", such as GATA, repeats several times over. The number of times an STR repeats varies from person to person, but is crucially inherited from parents, passed on to children and shared with siblings. A typical genetic fingerprint shows how many times 10 or more STRs repeat in an individual.

The match was obtained when the genetic profile of the dead man was compared with profiles already worked up for Bin Laden's close relatives, such as his sister, who is reported to have died in a Boston hospital. A sibling of Bin Laden's would share half his DNA, but a much stronger match was possible with profiles from more relatives.

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May 02 2011

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Obama Says Bin Laden Killed by US Forces
Rahimullah Yusufzai: Death of bin Laden a blow to Al Qaeda, but he will become a martyr that will inspire them.

More in News & Politics

April 28 2011

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While Hamas turns Gaza into an Islamist state, the Western media praise it for keeping 'law and order' | Telegraph Blogs - Michael Weiss - 2011-04-15



[...]

When Vittorio Arrigoni was abducted and killed last week in Gaza, the press wasted little time establishing its line that Hamas has done a great job of maintaining law and order.

In the words of the Financial Times’s Tobias Buck, Gaza is now “a safe destination for foreign journalists, aid workers and diplomats.” Conal Urquhart of the Guardian noted that, since winning its first parliamentary election in 2006, Hamas has gone “mainstream.”  The real nasties in the Strip are now said to be the “puritanical” Salafi-Jihadis, Koranic literalists with possible ties to al-Qaeda who think Hamas is run by softies no better than bearded Zionists.

Unfortunately, there are several problems with this analysis.

The first is that most Salafi-Jihadis used to belong to Hamas themselves, particularly the hardline military wing, the Al Qassam Brigades. Hamas admits this freely: an International Crisis Group report on Radical Islam in Gaza suggests that 60 per cent of imprisoned Salafi-Jihadis are former Hamas members. Is this why one of the four suspects in the Arrigoni murder, Mohammed al-Salfiti, is an active Hamas policeman?

Hamas has not only created the conditions in Gaza that breed schismatic ultras but also has long record of encouraging Salafi-Jihadis. ...

[...]



...., Hamas has finally discovered the oldest trick in the radical handbook: undercut the rising stars by stealing their agenda. Hamas has lately imposed a host of draconian and unpopular religious measures in Gaza, such as an insistence that men and women who hold hands in public proffer a marriage certificate. The ministry of religious endowments is offering “advice” on how to behave in a more Islamic fashion. Men should neither cut women’s hair nor swim shirtless. Mannequins in lingerie lead to tumescent Palestinians, so they ought to be removed from storefront windows. More sinister moves include the imprisonment of homosexuals and the arrest of one woman for committing “adultery” with her own husband because her family disapproved of the marriage.

Internal terrorism has also increased in Gaza in recent months. Several UNRWA [United Nations Relief and Works Agency - oA:nth] summer camps have been stormed and burnt because they teach children to do things other than blow themselves up in Jerusalem. The Crazy Water Park was attacked by arsonists last September, presumably because too many men were swimming shirtless there. That involved 20 masked men in trucks – not an inconspicuous sight in Gaza – and so many suspect the tacit approval of higher-ups.

These crimes, unlike the murder of Arrigoni, show no signs of ever being seriously investigated or solved. Either Hamas is powerless to control its own personnel or it’s reluctant to do so: take your pick. As one Palestinian UN official put it: “Hamas is using the Salafi groups to implement the social agenda that it fears implementing itself.”

But none of this stops the construction of a media narrative whereby the dirty work is done by unaffiliated fanatics whilst a “mainstream” Hamas gets credit for cracking down on the very extremism it’s been incubating.

March 22 2011

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Middle East News, Iraq, Iran current affairs | Pepe Escobar - Asia Times Online - 2011-03-12

Ten years ago, on the road in AfPak before and after 9/11, the volume of choice in my backpack was a French edition of Gilles Kepel’s Jihad. Night after night, in many a mud brick house and amid endless cups of green tea, I slowly came to embrace its key thesis: that political Islam was in fact going down, not up.

On one side, we had outfits like al-Qaeda, self-designated vanguards bent on waking the Muslim masses from their slumber to unleash a global Islamic revolution; they were in fact Muslim versions of the Italian Brigate Rosse and the German Rote Armee Fraktion.

On the other side, we had Islamists like the ones from the Turkish Justice and Development Party, ready to immerse themselves into Western-style parliamentary democracy, betting on the sovereignty of the people, not Allah’s.

At the height of the "war on terror" - with those B-52s bombing Tora Bora without knowing that Osama bin Laden had already escaped to Pakistan - the tendency in the West was to lump most, if not all Muslims as deranged jihadis.

I agreed with Kepel that "clash of civilizations" was nothing more than a silly, shoddily researched concept instrumentalized by the neo-conservatives to legitimize their "crusade". But that needed some corroboration from history.

Ten years later, one may finally say that Kepel’s analysis was spot on. Hardcore Islamism, al-Qaeda-style, is a Muslim box-office disaster. For all its myriad declinations - in Iraq, in the Maghreb, in the Arabian Peninsula - al-Qaeda is no more than a desperate sect, destined to the dustbin of history as much as those Western-backed dictators a la toppled Tunisian president Zine el-Abidine Ben Ali and Egypt's former president Hosni Mubarak who used to be the pillars of the Western struggle against radical Islam.

Kepel today directs the program of studies on the Mediterranean and the Middle East at the legendary Political Sciences school in Paris. In an article for Italian daily La Repubblica, he seals for good the victory of Islam as democracy over Islam as "revolutionary" vanguard. The money quote:
"Today the Arab peoples have emerged from that dilemma - squeezed between Ben Ali or bin Laden. They have now re-entered a universal history that has seen the fall of dictatorships in Latin America, the communist regimes in Eastern Europe, and also the military regimes in non-Arab Muslim countries such as Indonesia and Turkey."


[...]

March 03 2011

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How Pakistan's Blasphemy Laws Are Tearing The Country Apart | globalspin.blogs.time.com - posted by Aryn Baker Wednesday, March 2, 2011

    

In a sign of Pakistan's increasing instability gunmen attacked and killed Pakistan's minister for religious minorities earlier this morning. Shabaz Bhatti, a member of Pakistan's minority Christian community, had been vocal about Pakistan's draconian anti-blasphemy laws. And he is not the first: in January, Salman Taseer, the outspoken governor of Pakistan's largest province, was assassinated by his own bodyguard while walking out of an Islamabad restaurant. The bodyguard, Malik Mumtaz Hussain Qadri, said he was simply doing his religious duty, and that in denouncing Pakistan's blasphemy laws Taseer was himself committing blasphemy, a crime punishable by death.

Pakistan's blasphemy laws are a colonial holdover put in place by British administrators seeking to calm the subcontinent's fractious religious groups. They were sharpened under the reign of dictator Zia ul Haq, who added a clause calling for death to anyone found guilty of slandering the Prophet Mohammad. Since then some 1000 blasphemy cases have been registered. Though roughly half have been applied to religious minorities the others have been registered against muslims, in what is widely assumed to be the pursuit of personal vendettas. In one recent example a schoolboy from Karachi is being held in jail for allegedly writing insults against the on a school exam paper (because repeating what the boy wrote would in itself be considered blasphemy, the accusation  is enough to keep him in detention. Though considering what happened to Taseer, it could also be construed as keeping him safe). In another example, a religious leader and his son have been accused of committing blasphemy because they tore down a poster promoting an upcoming religious conference.

Yet any attempts to amend these laws to stem such abuse has been met with intense outrage by both religious leaders and Pakistani citizens, who hold that the law is divine, and cannot be changed. The blasphemy cases have become a boon for Pakistan's religious parties, who have seldom done well at the polls. But with the country's current government on the brink of collapse, religious group may be gambling that the issue of blasphemy could leverage them into power if new elections are called. Their gamble may well pay off. Qadri, Taseer's assassin, was feted as a hero in Pakistan. In his confession, he said he had been inspired by the teachings of his local mullah Hanif Qureshi, who condemned anyone standing against the blasphemy law, saying they were worthy of death. At a rally a few days later, Qureshi claimed credit for motivating Qadri. “He would come to my Friday prayers and listen to my sermons.” Then he repeated his point: “The punishment for a blasphemer is death.”

But is it? Two weeks after Taseer's murder, I went to visit Qari Muhammad Zawar Bahadur, a prominent leader of one of Pakistan's mainstream religious groups and co-signer of a statement that advised Muslims not to show “grief or sympathy on the death of the governor, as those who support blasphemy of the Prophet are themselves indulging in blasphemy." For more than an hour he justified his groups' stance, telling me that the Koran was clear on the issue. I asked him to show me the exact verse detailing the punishments for blasphemy. He mumbled that “there are several passages,” as if there were so many he couldn't decide which one to quote. When pressed further he consulted a Koran and read aloud one passage that spoke about killing a man who had once harmed the prophet.

That verse has routinely been dismissed by leading Islamic scholars as referring to a specific case and having nothing to do with blasphemy. They say there is no definition of blasphemy in the Koran, nor is there a prescription for its punishment (punishments are mentioned in other books about the Prophet's life, but they are not considered the word of God).

Yet few people stand up to the leaders who misinterpret the Koran for their own ends. After what happened first to Taseer, and now Bhatti, even less are likely to do so now.

More from Time.com:  Read Omar Waraich on Pakistan's extremist drift.


March 02 2011

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Has Pakistan's controversial blasphemy law become a political tool in the hands of religious conservatives?
- group discussion: Riz Khan at Al Jazeera English 2011-02-22 (~25 min)
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YouTube - Exclusive footage of Shahbaz Bhatti's (assassinated 20110302) interview


Shahbaz Bhatti, Pakistan's slain minister was aware of the threats that he faced in Pakistan.

Al Jazeera has obtained the footage of an interview with the minister in which he talks about how he would carry on fighting to end the suffering of his community.

Bhatti's close colleague shared the video with Al Jazeera saying that Bhatti had requested him to do so in the eventuality of his assassination because "it is with the Muslim world I want to share the message of love. That is the only message that can bring the Muslim world out of the circle of hate and killings".

Al Jazeera is not responsible for the content of this video.

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The Federal Minister for Minority Affairs, Shahbaz Bhatti, was assassinated in Islamabad on Wednesday. More here:

January 13 2011

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October 19 2008

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Hanif Kureshi, ein Dichter plädiert für eine neue linke Ideologie - euronewsde 18.10.2008
Hanif Kureishi ein Mann mit pakistanischem Namen, aufgewachsen in Großbritannien, der sich selbst einfach nur als Schriftsteller versteht. Von seinen zumeist sozialkritischen Werken erschienen auf deutsch u.a. Der Buddha aus der Vorstadt, Mein wunderbarer Waschsalon, Das schwarze Album. Für die Verfilmung seines Romas Rastlose Nähe gab es einen Goldenen Bären der Berliner Filmfestspiele. Luca Vitali besuchte den 54jährigen im Westen von London.
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