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February 29 2012

Qui pour rédiger la nouvelle Constitution égyptienne ? | egyptactus.blogspot

Le train de la procédure visant à rédiger une nouvelle Constitution pour l’Égypte sera, conformément à une demande de l’omniprésent et toujours omnipotent Conseil suprême des Forces Armées (CSFA, ou SCAF en version anglaise), mis sur les rails le 3 mars prochain, avec une réunion des membres des deux chambres du Parlement égyptien.
Pour l’heure, depuis mars 2011, la vie politique de l’Égypte est régie par une Constitution provisoire élaborée à la hâte par le CSFA, version revue et abrégée de celle de 1971.
Comment sera composé le Conseil des 100, chargé de la rédaction de la nouvelle Constitution ?
Il semblerait, de prime abord, que le processus soit simple, dans la mesure où n’auraient la possibilité de proposer des noms que les deux chambres, nouvellement élues, du Parlement. La situation, toutefois, se complexifie singulièrement. Dans la mesure où ces deux chambres sont très majoritairement composées de représentants issus de deux partis islamiques (Frères Musulmans et Salafis), comment tenir l’enjeu d’une Constitution durable, qui ne soit pas le reflet exclusif de telle ou telle obédience politique ?
Ici surgit notamment la question récurrente de l’article 2 (l’Islam est-il ou non religion d’État ?), auquel je consacrerai une prochaine note.
Comment en douter ? Qu’elle soit ou non réellement décidée à “retourner à ses casernes” pour laisser le pouvoir aux civils, l’Armée n’a pas “jeté les armes” dans ce débat qui la concerne directement. D’où ce qui se dit en coulisses au sujet d’éventuelles tractations entre CSFA et Frères Musulmans...
Conformément au principe de ce blog, je vous propose des extraits de presse récents. Je les juxtapose, sans tenter une synthèse plus ou moins artificielle. S’ils ne permettent pas d’y voir parfaitement clair dans cet imbroglio, ils soulignent la complexité politique d’une démocratie qui n’a pas encore trouvé sa pleine identité.

 

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// oAnth - source URL -- http://egyptactus.blogspot.com/2012/02/qui-pour-rediger-la-nouvelle.html



January 25 2012

Mohamad Kamel Al-Qalioubi :"Le peuple, les intellectuels et les militaires"

"Une blague égyptienne raconte qu’un homme assis dans un café griffonnait sur une feuille de papier. Un passant lui a demandé : qu’est-ce que vous faites ? Il a répondu : j’écris une lettre à mon frère. Le passant, surpris, a répliqué : mais vous ne savez pas écrire ! Il a répondu : mon frère ne sait pas lire non plus !Je ne sais pas pourquoi cette blague me rappelle étrangement la relation entre les intellectuels et un large secteur de la population. Elle me rappelle cet énorme fossé qui existe entre ceux qui écrivent parfois et qui griffonnent souvent, et ceux qui ne savent ni lire, ni déchiffrer le griffonnage.

La situation actuelle est fort décevante. Les intellectuels utilisent des moyens de communication modernes comme Internet. Ils emploient des slogans grandioses : dignité, liberté, égalité sociale, etc. Malgré cela, les premières élections intègres de l’histoire contemporaine de l’Egypte ont vu la victoire des partisans de l’Etat religieux, arriéré et moyenâgeux. Le monde a connu les Etats religieux au Moyen Age. Ils ont par la suite disparu avec tous leurs défauts et leurs vices." (publié dans Al-Ahram Hebdo)

 

 

// oAnth - original URL - hebdo.ahram.org.eg 2012-01-25/31



January 18 2012

En Égypte, l’université Al-Azhar s’engage pour la liberté religieuse

La plus haute autorité de l’islam sunnite vient d’adresser aux Égyptiens un document où elle souligne la nécessité de respecter les libertés fondamentales du peuple.

À en croire le P. Samir Khalil Samir, il s’agit là d’un « grand pas en avant » pour l’Égypte. Dans une tribune publiée sur le site d’information italien AsiaNews (*), ce jésuite né au Caire en 1938, professeur de sciences religieuses à l’université Saint-Joseph de Beyrouth, décrypte un document diffusé il y a quelques jours par l’université islamique Al-Azhar, au Caire.

Dans cette déclaration dense et argumentée, la plus haute autorité islamique d’Égypte – et l’autorité sunnite la plus influente au monde – se prononce en faveur de la liberté de religion, d’opinion, de recherche scientifique et de créativité artistique. C’est dire si de tels propos sont de nature à rassurer les coptes d’Égypte, alors que le printemps arabe laisse craindre une radicalisation de l’islam égyptien.

C’est le deuxième document présenté par Al-Azhar à la nation égyptienne depuis la révolte de la place Tahrir. Le premier avait été publié le 11 juin dernier. Mais ce nouveau texte aborde de front les points qui inquiètent chrétiens et musulmans modérés, alors que les dernières élections ont validé le poids des Frères musulmans." (François-Xavier Maigre)

 

(*) http://www.asianews.it/news-en/Al-Azhar-in-defense-of-democracy-and-religious-freedom-23702.html

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// oAnth - original URL


January 06 2012

January 05 2012

BibliOdyssey: On The Nile

“After getting astride of the saddle, comes motion No. 1, which is caused by the animal raising his hind quarters from the ground; this throws you forward, and you lose both your hat and your balance : then comes motion No. 2, which corresponds to motion No. 1, but with the front quarters; this motion throws the traveller as far backward as he was thrown forward before.

These two motions leave the animal and the traveller neither fairly up nor altogether down ; and it requires another motion, No. 3, to bring fore and hind quarters, together with the hump and other adjacent portions, to a “perpendicular;” which act, when accomplished, leaves the rider on the animal’s hump, provided he has clung to the saddle with sufficient tenacity. After the first mount the whole matter is simplified.“

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 // oAnth - original Url: http://bibliodyssey.blogspot.com/2011/12/on-nile.html


January 04 2012

Arab World: A Year In Pictures - Our Authors' Selection

Since Mohamed Bouazizi, a young Tunisian fruit vendor set himself on fire in the small city of Sidi Bouzid on December 2010, a wave of unprecedented popular protests is sweeping the Arab world. The region has seen unprecedented events that no one could ever imagine witnessing in a lifetime.

Three Arab dictators have been toppled, some others forced to engage in reforms, while in other places the confrontation is proving to be painful and bloody.

In any case, 2011 is likely to remain engraved in the history of the Arab world as the year when people started raising against their oppressive regimes.

As we bid farewell to 2011 and look ahead to 2012, we asked our authors to share with you pictures that in their eyes have marked the past year in their respective countries. The following selection represents their choices.

Tunisia

Photo by Talel Nacer, used with permission

On January, 14, 2011 thousands of protesters gathered near the Interior Ministry building in Tunis calling for the fall of the regime of dictator Zeine El Abidine Ben Ali. Later on the same day, Ben Ali fled to Saudi Arabia.

Afef Abroughi

Syria

Author unkown

A powerful message from “the occupied city of Kafar Nabel”, Syria.

Leila Nachawati

Lebanon

Photo by KrikOrion, used with permission

Even though Lebanon has not witnessed a revolution in 2011, the Land of the Cedars was highly affected by the developpements and turmoil in the area. But for Lebanese it's the high cost of living that is haunting them the most. Following each wage increase by the government and even before the plan is approved by parliament, prices soar tremendously.

Thalia Rahme

Palestine

Photo by Jillian C. York, used under a CC license (CC BY-NC-SA 2.0)

Palestine: “Marching United Towards Freedom”

Jillian C. York

Yemen

Copyright Shohdi Al-Sofi, used with permission

The peaceful massive marches of Yemen which never stopped throughout the year are a testimony of Yemenis' steadfast and resilience and prove ultimately, like the billboard reads, that “victory is to the people”.

Noon Arabia

Bahrain

Picture posted on Twitter by @almakna

The above photograph, shared by @almakna on Twitter, shows the number of areas reportedly tear gassed by the Bahrain authorities in one night. On that particular day, I myself choked on the tear gas, spending the night and the following day sick and closely followed tweets and complaints by Twitter users from across the country.

Amira Al Hussaini

Picture posted on Twitter by @SanabisVoice

This photograph, from the Sanabis Voice, shows empty teargas canisters, collected from a small area, in one day. Such photographs are found in abundance online, shared by netizens on social networking sites, and tell a story that has been recurring for 11 months - a story not much of the world cares about.

Amira Al Hussaini

Egypt

Picture by rouelshimi, used under CC license (CC BY-NC-SA 2.0)

January 25, the first wave of protesters go to Tahrir square. It's the dawn of the revolution.

Tarek Amr

Morocco

Copyright Amine Hachimoto. Used with permission.

The little girl looking up at this Moroccan Superman pausing in front of the parliament seems to be wondering if he can fly. Maybe he's an ultra-nationalist trying to make a point? Or maybe he's a supporter of the pro-reforms group February 20? It doesn't really matter. Because behind this amazing photo by Amine Hachimoto lies a new reality in Morocco: 2011 is the year when the street has become the theater of nonviolent political expression. Something that is likely to continue in the years to come.

Hisham Almiraat

Egypte-actualités : suite... | egyptactus.blogspot.com

Suite à ma note précédente, je vous informe que nous pourrons continuer à nous retrouver... au point de départ de notre aventure commune, à savoir sur le blog qui a servi d'ébauche à cette revue de presse.

 

Je vous en rappelle l'adresse :

http://egyptactus.blogspot.com/

 

Le premier mini-dossier que je vous proposerai sera consacré à l' "affaire" des ONG perquisitionnées au Caire. Il est en cours de rédaction et sera publié vraisemblablement au début de la semaine prochaine.

Merci pour votre fidélité.



January 03 2012

December 30 2011

Egypt: 2011 in Blog Posts

The year 2011 is coming to an end, and with all the events took place in Egypt, it is important to list the most important or controversial blog posts of the year.

Maikel Nabil: “The Army and The People were never One Hand”

MaikelNabil

Maikel Nabil


This blog post by Maikel Nabil Sanad [Ar] is important on many levels: Sanad was sentenced to jail for what wrote in that blog post, to be the first prisoner of conscience after the start of the Egyptian Revolution. Also, the post came less than a month after Egyptian president Hosni Mubarak stepped down, when the moment the majority of Egyptians didn't criticize the military either out of fear or because they didn't see that they deserved any criticism. What Sanad wrote in the post was challenging to the way many people used to see the military at the time. In the post, Sanad listed many examples of arrest and torture during and after the 18 days of the revolution that he saw as proof that the Army was never with the Egyptian revolution, and hence he was accused of “insulting the military institution and publishing false news about it” and “disturbing the public security” - crimes for which he was sentenced to three years in prison, which were then reduced to two years. Sanad continues a hunger strike, which he started almost 130 days ago, against his sentence. Add to all this, the fact that his arrest is not getting enough support on the street and in the media, because of his controversial opinions in his blog posts. However, it was this blog post that opened the door for breaking the taboo of criticising the military, and since then it became normal to see blogs criticizing and attacking it [Ar].

Mohamed Abo El-Ghait: “The Poor Come First Son of B*tches”

A #jan25 martyr

A #Jan25 Martyr

When I asked people on Twitter which blog posts they saw as the most important in 2011, this blog post [Ar] was the second one to get recommendations after Maikel Nabil's post. It was written in June, a few months after the constitution amendments referendum. At the time, there was a huge debate on whether to have the parliamentary elections first and then let the parliament write the country's post-revolution constitution, or have a committee to write the constitution then have the parliamentary and presidential elections later on. The debate was huge, and reached it's peak during the referendum. Mohammed Abo El-Ghait's wrote that post as he saw that the majority of those who participated in the revolution didn't care about such an “elitist” debate as their goal then was related to improving their living standards. In the post, he also did two important things, he first sort-of coined that expression, which Alaa Abdel-Fattah used later on in another important blog post called “The Dream Comes First [Ar]“, as well as many others who played on this expression in their discussions. The second thing he did, is that he challenged that mindset that the Egyptian revolution was a peaceful revolution powered by the middle and upper class. He started his post with photos of poor people, or what Egyptian call “Sarsageyya,” making fun of them because the way they dress, the background and the visual effects they have in those photos, then he shocked the readers by telling them that those photos are for martyrs who died during the revolution even though the media insists on showing the photos of the middle-class martyrs only.

Alyaa El-Mahdy: “Nude Art”

Alyaa nude photo

Alyaa Nude Photo

We can have a similar debate to that that took place among the board of the Society of Independent Artists regarding Marcel Duchamp's urinal whether what Alyaa El_Mahdy published in her blog post [Ar] was art or not. However, this post with the nude photographs of herself and some others is possibly one of the most visited blog posts in Egypt during this year. She has had more than 5 million visitors to her blog to date, and you can safely assume that almost all of those visits are to that specific post.

Alyaa has been featured and interviewed later on by many national and international newspapers, and Ahmed Abd El-Fatah also tweeted [Ar] that the feature about her in Al-Masry Al-Youm English (one of the leading English-language newspapers in Egypt) got the highest number of visits in the newspaper's history. Her decision to publish nude photos of herself also ignited a heated debate online as well as offline. Personally, I know people who never read a blog post in their lives, yet have visited Alyaa's blog.

More Blog Posts

Three days before the beginning of the Egyptian revolution on January 25, and few days after the Tunisian one, Zeinobia wrote a list of lessons she believes we should learn from the Tunisian revolution. One day after Mubarak stepped down, and while people were celebrating their victory and leaving Tahrir Square back to their homes, Hossam El-Hamalawy wrote a post warning that the revolution is far from over. He also defended the workers' right to strike, which he believes is an integral part the revolution just like demonstrations in the squares. During the sit-in in Tahrir in July, Sandmonkey wrote a post entitled, “Tahrir: an Exercise in Nation Building“, in it he said that away from the political value of the sit-in as a sort of pressure to achieve the revolution's demands, those taking part in the protest were having a fascinating social experiment as “Tahrir was very quickly becoming a miniature-size Egypt, with all of its problems, but without a centralized government. And the parallels are uncanny”. He went on comparing the parallels, and ended his post saying:

“basically if you are interested in figuring out what the problems facing our society and the best way to solve them, Tahrir is where you should be heading to right now”.

Sandmonkey's post reminds me of that post of Obliviology, where she to some extent also described Tahrir Square but during the 18 days of the revolution this time. And finally, another interesting post is that of Karim Shafei [Ar] - which was featured by Ayesha Saldanha here - where he described Cairo (the capital of Egypt) and in ironic way, compares it to mini-independent-states and not just a single city.

Thanks to @Sarahngb, @7okaha, @BentAboEs3oud, @IbrahimNegm, @YMetry, @Sankafollah, @Biiishi, @HusseinElGammal, @NermeenEdrees, @SlipknotMody and all those who helped in suggesting blog posts for me to include here.

December 22 2011

Play fullscreen
Egyptian Women March Against Military Brutality

Jihan Hafiz reports on a historic march of 10000 women mobilized in central Cairo against military

Time: 07:20 More in News & Politics
Reposted bysofias sofias

December 20 2011

02mydafsoup-01

December 17 2011

Play fullscreen
Violence Erupts in Egypt After Second Round of Parliamentary Elections

Egyptians decry military regime as government cracks down on cabinet occupation

Time: 08:35 More in News & Politics

Egypt: Tahrir Square Burning

This post is part of our special coverage Egypt Revolution 2011.

Egypt's Military Police set Cairo's Tahrir Square ablaze and forcefully pushed away protesters demonstrating outside the Cabinet on the first anniversary of the Arab revolution, sparked by the self-immolation of Mohammed Bouazizi in Sidi Bouzid, Tunisia. Egypt's netizens are on hand to provide witness accounts of what is happening on the ground now.

The battle #OccupyCabinet has been raging for two days: eight people have been killed and more than 300 injured as the military attacked protesters who have been camping outside the Cabinet headquarters in Cairo for the past three weeks, protesting against the military appointment of Egyptian Prime Minister Kamal El Ganzouri as the new Prime Minister earlier this month.

El Ganzouri just gave a press conference, stressing that the army would not attack peaceful protesters. Minutes later, a full offensive was waged on the protesters, pushing them away from the cabinet and clearing and burning Tahrir Square. Netizens report their witness accounts live on Twitter as I type.

OneRevolution tweets:

@nagoul1: A massacre is taking place in #Tahrir right #now! #egypt #NoScaf #MediaBlackout

And screams:

@Nagoul1: We lost the square! #Tahrir #Egypt #NoScaf

He explains:

@nagoul1: The army used live ammunition to disperse #tahrir protesters -forcing them back away from cabinet buiding to the mddle of the square.

And pinpoints his vantage point:

@nagoul1: I am three blocks away from where the action is. It was very loud.

On Twitter, Sharif Khaddous shares this image from Tahrir Square now and explains:

Sharif kouddous shares this picture of tahrir square minutes ago on twitter

Sharif Kouddous shares this picture of Tahrir Square minutes ago on Twitter

@sharifkouddous: Groups of soldiers roaming square. Some people getting beaten randomly. Tents burning. Tahrir looks like a war zone

The journalist adds:

@sharifkouddous: Army soldiers just came into apartment we are at and took cameras from us

As usual, journalists have not been spared in this attack on protesters. Hayat Al Yamani tweets that her colleagues from Al Jazeera Mubashar have been arrested too.

الشرطة العسكرية قبضت على زمايلي من الجزيرة مباشر مصر اللي كانوا بيصورو الفجر

@HayatElYamani
: The Military Police have arrested my colleagues at Al Jazeera Mubasher Egypt who were filming at dawn
الشرطة العسكرية داهمت المكان اللي كنا بنصور منه الفجر واخدوا المعدات وقابضين على 3من زمايلنا

@HayatElYamani
: The Military Police broke into the place we were filming in at dawn and took our equipment and arrested three of my colleagues

Bel Trew is also on the scene, tweeting live. Here are some of his frantic tweets as the chaos unfolds:

@Beltrew: Tents on fire on the midan [Square]. Army everywhere and extremely violent. Can here bangs not sure if it's gunfire #tahrir a mess

@Beltrew: Protesters being chased down corniche running between the traffic. This is ridiculous #tahrir

And Adam Makary exclaims:

@adamakary: PM Ganzouri SAID violence will not be used on peaceful protesters just ten minutes ago #Egypt

And adds:

@adammakary: The military police have taken tahrir and qasr el aini - they've got it sealed from every rooftop and every road entrance. Painful images

And he shares this image too:

Tahrir burning. adam makary shares this image of tahrir burning on yfrog

Tahrir Burning. Adam Makary shares this image of Tahrir burning on yfrog

@adammakary: This is #tahrir now, I'm speechless #egypt #occupycabinet

He explains:

@adamakary: Military police setting every tent ablaze in their vicinity, bashing cars, everything.. anything #egypt

This post is part of our special coverage Egypt Revolution 2011.

December 16 2011

Play fullscreen
Egyptian Workers Strike and March Against Regime

Workers say repression getting worse as they fight for a minimum wage

Time: 03:58 More in News & Politics
Reposted by99percent 99percent

December 15 2011

Video: Middle East Responds to Media via Webcam

Talk Back TV Middle East provides a way for people from in the Middle East and North Africa can talk back and give their take on state controlled television and mass media using only a webcam and computer.

The concept is explained on the talk back website:

You see something on TV and want to TalkBack – Pick your clip from our rich source media database, record your comments via webcam, use our simple editor to put it together, and then watch your video remix on TalkBackTV’s dual-screen player. When you’re done, hit publish and share you finished ‘Rant’ everywhere you go online. Your webcam is now a weapon of mass communication.

Currently highlighted on their blog is a rant by Khaled Eibid on Essam Atta, a 24 year old Egyptian activist tortured and murdered by guards in the the Egyptian military prison where he was retained. The event has failed to make headlines internationally, and that his death should go unnoticed has spurred Khaled Eibid into action:

Khaleds Eibid rant honoring Essam Atta and other activists killed by the regime is in Arabic. Here is the rough translation. I can't tell what the music is. But it is perfect.

“We did not get justice for Khaled Said”
” We did not get justice for Said bilal”
” Are going to let justice flee again for Essam Atta?”

” Why the Egyptian blood so cheap ” ?

Other collaborators have added their videos on a diversity of topics. For example, Raafatology brings to the discussion the need Egyptians had to be able to vote from abroad for the recent elections like counterparts in other countries like Sudan and Iraq are able to do. At the end and after a fight, their right to vote was respected.

Khaled Eibid provides another rant on the impunity for crimes of violence the military commits against civilians. The Egyptian army assaulted civilian demonstrators after Jan25 and the judiciary system failed to be effective in getting justice for those cases. The army represses the revolution but fails to take the chance to do something positive for the country, instead taking it out against protesters, sometimes in a ratio of 15 military personnel for each civilian.

And as a short comment on the same video, Akhnaton wonders why the police don't fall back into the headquarters now, just like they did on January 28th.

December 14 2011

Egypt: Long Queues in Second Stage of Egyptian Elections

This post is part of our special coverage of Egypt Elections 2011.

The second stage of Egypt's parliamentary elections started today, with Egyptians in nine provinces going to the polls.

Zeinobia, from Egyptian Chronicles, blogs about this stage saying that polling stations will be open in Giza, Bani Sawif, Monufia, Sharkia, Ismailia, Suez, Beheira, Sohag and Aswan.

She adds:

There are 3,387 candidates across the 9 governorates competing for 180 seats in this stage. “2,271 are competing for 60 individual seats while 1,116 are competing over 120 lists seats”

The elections, the first since the fall of former President Hosni Mubarak, started on November 28 and are expected to continue until January 10, 2012, and are being held in three stages.

About 19 million Egyptians are eligible to vote in this second stage, which continue until tomorrow. The candidates are vying for 498 seats in the lower house. Today's and tomorrow's elections will be followed by run-off elections where neck to neck candidates will face off after a week. In this round, constituents are expected to cast three ballots, two for individual candidates and a third for a party.

Once a Parliament is in place, it will be responsible for appointing a committee which will draft the country's new constitution, which will pave the way to the presidential elections later on.

Here is a snap shot of reactions from Twitter about is happening in different provinces across Egypt today.

Journalist Rawya Rageh tweets her experience in Giza so far, complaining about the harassment the Press is facing there. She asks:

@RawyaRageh: Are other journos having difficulties reporting from inside voting stations in #Giza? #Egyelections #Egypt

And continues:

@RawyaRageh: Security this time not as cooperative.. Military asked us to move away from station, police asking us about ‘permits' #Egyelections #Giza

She adds:

@RawyaRageh: Not being allowed to film inside several voting stations in #Giza despite HEC credentials, being told state TV only #Egyelections #Egypt

Rageh observes:

@RawyaRajeh: Turnout quite low in #Giza, nothing at all like the numbers I saw in #Assiut in 1stround. Any word on other provinces? #Egyelections #Egypt

Nadia El Awady disagrees with this observation, noting long badly organised queues at the polling station in Al Haram, in Al Koum Al Akhdhar.

She tweets:

@NadiaE: There was an endless non-line of women infront of school. I'll have to try again tonight or early tomorrow #egyelections

She shares this photograph on Twitpic showing the chaos.

Long queues at polling station in al haram. photo by nadia elawady, shared via twitpic on twitter

Long queues at polling station in Al Haram. Photo by Nadia ElAwady, shared via Twitpic on Twitter

She then asks:

@NadiaE: Can someone tell me the down times for women in #egyelections? Lunch time? Evening? When do i have best chance of finding fewest women?

Other journalists are also reporting long queues elsewhere.

Steven Cook tweets:

@stevenacook: Long lines waiting to vote in Imbaba. People are in good spirits #EgyElections

Hannah Allam is in Suez and writes:

@HannahAllam: In Suez, long lines of voters, heavy army presence. #Egyelections

And it won't be Egypt, if reactions were not infused with Egyptian humour.

Amira Salah-Ahmed jokes:

@Amiralx: Come to Egypt, home of the pyramids and land of perpetual elections #EgyElections

And the Arabist adds:

@arabist: Just heard of a voter dipping his finger in the judge's coffee rather than the ink pot. #egyelections

Meanwhile, Greek blogger and Global Voices Online author Asteris Masouras collects netizen reactions to the elections in this Storify round up.

Also, for more reactions, check out the hash tag #EgyElections on Twitter.

This post is part of our special coverage of Egypt Elections 2011.

November 30 2011

02mydafsoup-01

Hafenarbeiter blockieren 7,5 Tonnen Tränengas

Anna Giulia Fink aus Kairo, 29. November 2011 18:41

Tränengas wurde in der vergangenen Woche gegen Demonstranten auf dem Tahrir-Platz eingesetzt

Hafenarbeiter am Adabiya-Hafen in Suez haben am Dienstag eine Lieferung Tränengas, die an das Innenministerium gehen sollte, blockiert. Es handelt sich um insgesamt 7,5 Tonnen Tränengas, das aus den Vereinigten Staaten nach Ägypten gebracht werden sollte. Das berichtet die staatliche Tageszeitung Al-Ahram. Die unabhängige Tageszeitung Al-Shorouk zitiert einen Zollbeamten, der von Wutausbrüchen der Hafenarbeitern berichtet, nachdem das Containerschiff „Danica" mit der Tränengas-Lieferung angelegt hatte.

Tränengas von „Combined Systems Inc.", einem Waffenproduzenten aus Jamestown, Pennsylvania, wurde von Sicherheitskräften in der vergangenen Woche gegen Demonstranten auf dem Kairoer Tahrir-Platz eingesetzt. Einige kamen durch direkten Beschuss ums Leben. Die Straße, in der die meisten Zusammenstöße stattfanden, die Mohamed Mahmoud Straße, die zum Tahrir Platz führt, wurde aufgrund der vielen von Tränengas und Gummigeschoss an den Augen Verletzten von den Aktivisten „Eyes of Freedom" umbenannt. Der US-Waffenproduzent belieferte schon das Regime des ehemaligen tunesischen Diktators Ben Ali mit CS-Gas-Geschossen.

Al-Ahram beruft sich auf entsprechende Lieferdokumente, die Aktivisten von Hafenarbeitern zugespielt worden seien, laut denen eine Tranche von insgesamt 21 Tonnen Tränengas nach Ägypten gebracht werden sollen. Ein entsprechender Auftrag sei vom ägyptischen Innenministerium an die US-amerikanische Firma ergangen.

Die Aktivisten am Tahrir Platz haben in der Zwischenzeit ihre Solidarität mit den Hafenarbeitern ausgesprochen, ebenso Aida Seif al-Dawla, Chef des El Nadeem Center for Rehabilitation of Victims of Violence, und Gamal Eid, Chef des Arab Network for Human Rights Information (ANHRI), schreibt Al Masry Al Youm. (fin, derStandard.at, 29.11.2011)

Reposted fromshlomo shlomo viabrightbyte brightbyte

EGYPT: Muslim Brotherhood claims lead in Egyptian poll

Egypt's once-banned Muslim Brotherhood has claimed to be leading the initial vote count in Wednesday's legislative elections, the first free vote in the republic's history. The vote, staggered over a six-week period, is set to end January 11.
Reposted fromsigalonnewstv sigalonnewstv

Egypt: Tear Gas Shipment Raises Questions About the US

This post is part of our special coverage Egypt Revolution 2011.

Months after former Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak stepped down, and just days after many people were reported to have suffocated and died allegedly because of new types of tear gas used by the Egyptian police, a new tear gas shipment arrived at the Suez Port from the United States (US) a few days ago.

Photo shared by shadizm on facebook.

Photo shared by Shadizm on Facebook.

The story broke when it was reported [ar] in Al Ahram Arabic daily that the employees of the custom service in Suez refused to receive a shipment with containers of seven tons of tear gas in each, creating an uproar on social networking sites. Here is part of the conversation from Twitter:

@Psypherize: A new tear gas shipment 7 tonnes heavy just arrived in #Cairo from #Suez and stored by the #MOI. Get ready for another crackdown.

@RashaAbdulla: So apparently, the 7-ton tear gas shipment from the #US to #Egypt is only part 1 of 3. Total is 21 tons!!

@sharifkouddous: Suez rocks. Port workers in Suez refuse 7-ton shipment of tear gas from US to restock Interior Ministry supply

Later on, people knew that the workers will be subject to investigations for their refusal to receive the shipment:

احالة موظفي جمرك ميناء السويس للتحقيق الان لرفضهم استلام شحنة غاز مسيل للدموع خاصة بالداخلية
@3alaelhawa: The employees of Suez customs will be subject to investigations for refusing to receive the tear gas shipment.

Netizens were also worried about the government's intentions:

@elkammar: I pay my government to get a better tear gas, a better way to kill me and my brothers

And to show their solidarity with the workers, many Twitter users shared the following message:

أعلن أنا تضامني الكامل مع موظفي جمرك ميناء السويس الذين يتم التحقيق معهم الان لرفضهم استلام شحنة غاز مسيل للدموع للداخلية مصرية
@Ahmed_hosny_s: I announce my full solidarity with the workers in Suez customs who are being questioned now for refusing to receive the tear gas shipment sent to the Egyptian Ministry of Interior

Others urged employees in other Egyptian ports to do the same:

@AnonyOps: Spread the message to Egyptian port workers. Refuse tear gas at the ports!

The tear gas bombs in this shipment are manufactured in the United States, hence people are wondering how the US claims to support the Arab world revolutions yet continues to support tyrannies across the region.

@freddydeknatel: But what does that say then, when you’ve got tear gas shipments arriving in the Port of Suez with “Made in the USA” on the side of them?

@waleedrashed: To U.S. and European governments:instead of asking how can we promote democracy in the Egypt, just stop exporting the gas used against today

@KhaRouBology: To #USA .. SHUT UP .. Stop sending the f**kin chemical bombs to #Egypt. And then support our Revolution

Finally, it was reported that the shipment was released and headed to the Ministry of Interior:

من السويس : تراجعت ادارة الجمرك عن التحقيق مع موظفي المينا ..وتم تسليم 3 حاويات قنابل غاز فعلا الي وزارة الداخلية
@sayedfathy2006: From Suez: The port management decided not to investigate with the employees … and the 3 containers have already been handed to the Ministry of Interior now.

This post is part of our special coverage Egypt Revolution 2011.

Prince of Razor created a Storify covering this topic. Check it out for more reactions. Also, here is the transcript of the US State Dept comment on the tear gas used in Egypt.
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