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November 04 2013

*GROWING RESTRICTIONS, TOUGH CONDITIONS THE PLIGHT OF THOSE FLEEING SYRIA TO JORDAN* ❝Almost one…

GROWING RESTRICTIONS, TOUGH CONDITIONS THE PLIGHT OF THOSE FLEEING SYRIA TO JORDAN

Almost one third of Syria’s population have fled their homes. More than 2 million are refugees living outside Syria – mostly in Lebanon, Jordan, Turkey, Iraq and Egypt – and 4.25 million individuals are displaced internally in Syria. They have fled widespread violence and human rights abuses, including war crimes and crimes against humanity. Amnesty International is publishing this report to draw attention to the difficulties faced by people from Syria as they flee their country in search of safety.

http://www.amnesty.org/fr/library/info/MDE16/003/2013/en

#Syrie #réfugié #asile #migration #Jordanie #Amnesty

October 17 2013

October 01 2013

POLITICS - Government takes steps on headscarf, Kurds, electoral system ANKARA - Hürriyet Daily…

POLITICS - Government takes steps on headscarf, Kurds, electoral system
ANKARA - Hürriyet Daily News

http://www.hurriyetdailynews.com/government-takes-steps-on-headscarf-kurds-electoral-system.aspx?p

The Turkish government will lift its much-debated ban on wearing headscarves in public offices, permit education in mother tongues in private schools and commence a debate on the country’s much-criticized electoral system with a long-anticipated democratization package announced yesterday. 

Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdoğan said the package was a result of Turkey’s “democratization history,” particularly over the last 11 years. “This package is not a first and will not be the last package of such reforms,” Erdoğan said, stressing that the package was not the “final point” of a reform process that he claimed the ruling party had been pursuing since coming to power in 2002. 

“Turkey is progressing irreversibly toward democracy. This package is a fundamental and historic phase of this progress,” he said at the press conference in Ankara. He read a statement and outlined the reform list but did not take questions.

Turkish Court Investigates Syrian Jihadist Use of Chemicals - Al-Monitor : the Pulse of the Middle…

Turkish Court Investigates Syrian Jihadist Use of Chemicals - Al-Monitor: the Pulse of the Middle East
http://www.al-monitor.com/pulse/originals/2013/09/turkish-syrian-jihadis-chemical-court.html

An investigation in progress in Turkey and a court case brought by prosecutors in Adana province in south Turkey also indicate that the Syrian opposition was making efforts to produce chemical weapons. According to an indictment by an Adana prosecutor dated July 22, Syrian national Haytham Qassab — who has connections with Ahrar-i Sham and Jabhat al-Nusra in Syria — along with four Turkish citizens he was working with, tried to obtain the elements needed for production of chemical weapons from a variety of sources.

The 130-page indictment prepared by the prosecutor mainly lists telephone contacts between the accused and with sources of chemical supplies. The indictment says the accused were trying to procure fuses, chrome piping to build mortar tubes and certain chemicals. The chemicals they were looking for were thionyl chloride [SOC12], potassium fluoride [KF], methanol [CH3OH], isopropanol [C3H8O], isopropanolamine [C3H9NO], white phosphorus [P4], medical glucose and buoxite. The prosecutor charges that when these elements are combined, sarin gas can be produced and that was the aim of the accused.

#false_flag, #golfe_du_Tonkin

September 23 2013

Warring across Syria's border with Turkey - English edition

Warring across Syria’s border with Turkey - English edition
http://mondediplo.com/blogs/warring-across-syria-s-border-with-turkey

In Oncupinar in southern #Turkey, close to the Syrian border, Ahmed sits huddled with his wife and four young children. They have been refugees for going on seven months, since a missile slammed into their Aleppo home.

#Syria

Private donations give edge to Islamists in Syria, officials say

Private donations give edge to Islamists in Syria, officials say
http://www.washingtonpost.com/world/national-security/private-donations-give-edge-to-islamists-in-syria-officials-say/2013/09/21/a6c783d2-2207-11e3-a358-1144dee636dd_story.html

GAZIANTEP, Turkey — The stream of U.S. weapons heading to moderate rebel groups in Syria is being offset by a fresh torrent of cash for Islamist extremists, much of it from small networks of Arab donors who see the Syrian conflict as a step toward a broader Islamist uprising across the region, U.S. and Middle Eastern officials say.

The private donors, who use Twitter and other social media to collect millions of dollars from sympathetic Muslims, are providing crucial backing for Islamist militias that appear to be gaining ground in northern and eastern Syria, even as fighting stalls elsewhere, the officials said.

Dollars raised over the Internet are wired between private banking accounts and hand-delivered by courier, often in border towns like this city of 1.4 million, about 20 miles from the Syrian frontier, according to Middle Eastern intelligence officials who monitor the activity. Some fundraising pitches ask for specific pledges to cover the cost of a weapon, for example, or to finance an operation. For $2,400, a donor can pay for the travel, training and arming of a single non-Syrian fighter.

September 07 2013

Syria intervention plans fuelled by oil interests, not chemical weapon concerns | Nafeez Ahmed |…

Syria intervention plans fuelled by oil interests, not chemical weapon concerns | Nafeez Ahmed | Environment | theguardian.com
http://www.theguardian.com/environment/earth-insight/2013/aug/30/syria-chemical-attack-war-intervention-oil-gas-energy-pipelines

In 2009 - the same year former French foreign minister Dumas alleges the British began planning operations in Syria - Assad refused to sign a proposed agreement with Qatar that would run a pipeline from the latter’s North field, contiguous with Iran’s South Pars field, through Saudi Arabia, Jordan, Syria and on to Turkey, with a view to supply European markets - albeit crucially bypassing Russia. Assad’s rationale was “to protect the interests of [his] Russian ally, which is Europe’s top supplier of natural gas.”

Instead, the following year, Assad pursued negotiations for an alternative $10 billion pipeline plan with Iran, across Iraq to Syria, that would also potentially allow Iran to supply gas to Europe from its South Pars field shared with Qatar. The Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) for the project was signed in July 2012 - just as Syria’s civil war was spreading to Damascus and Aleppo - and earlier this year Iraq signed a framework agreement for construction of the gas pipelines.

The Iran-Iraq-Syria pipeline plan was a “direct slap in the face” to Qatar’s plans. No wonder Saudi Prince Bandar bin Sultan, in a failed attempt to bribe Russia to switch sides, told President Vladmir Putin that “whatever regime comes after” Assad, it will be “completely” in Saudi Arabia’s hands and will “not sign any agreement allowing any Gulf country to transport its gas across Syria to Europe and compete with Russian gas exports”, according to diplomatic sources. When Putin refused, the Prince vowed military action.

It would seem that contradictory self-serving Saudi and Qatari oil interests are pulling the strings of an equally self-serving oil-focused US policy in Syria, if not the wider region. It is this - the problem of establishing a pliable opposition which the US and its oil allies feel confident will play ball, pipeline-style, in a post-Assad Syria - that will determine the nature of any prospective intervention: not concern for Syrian life.

#Syrie #Russie #Arabie_saoudite #Iran #Europe #Bandar #gazoducs #pipelines

Reposted byiranelection iranelection

August 27 2013

Turmoil in emerging economies a symptom of global crisis - World Socialist Web Site

Turmoil in emerging economies a symptom of global crisis - World Socialist Web Site

http://www.wsws.org/en/articles/2013/08/27/econ-a27.html

Turmoil in emerging economies a symptom of global crisis
By Barry Grey
27 August 2013

This summer’s crisis of the so-called “emerging market” economies reached a new stage last week, as India, Brazil, Turkey and Indonesia all announced emergency measures in an attempt to stem a plunge in their currencies and stock and bond markets.

India, whose rupee has fallen 15 percent versus the US dollar since the start of the year, announced restrictions on the amount of money individuals and companies can send abroad. Turkey raised its interest rates in hopes of curtailing capital flight that has driven down the lira by 10 percent. Indonesia announced steps to increase the availability of dollars in its markets, increase taxes on luxury items and reduce oil imports. Its rupiah has dropped 8 percent this year.

#crise_économique #pays_émergents #brics #crise

August 15 2013

Arms Shipments Seen From Sudan to Syria Rebels - NYTimes.com

Arms Shipments Seen From Sudan to Syria Rebels - NYTimes.com
http://www.nytimes.com/2013/08/13/world/africa/arms-shipments-seen-from-sudan-to-syria-rebels.html

Syrian rebels, frustrated by the West’s reluctance to provide arms, have found a supplier in an unlikely source: Sudan, a country that has been under international arms embargoes and maintains close ties with a stalwart backer of the Syrian government, Iran.

In deals that have not been publicly acknowledged, Western officials and Syrian rebels say, Sudan’s government sold Sudanese- and Chinese-made arms to Qatar, which arranged delivery through Turkey to the rebels.

July 07 2013

Article d'il y a un mois et demi du Wall Street Journal : « Arabs ask US to lead on Syria », qui…

Article d'il y a un mois et demi du Wall Street Journal : « Arabs ask US to lead on Syria », qui éclaire les enjeux géopolitiques des évènements récents : http://online.wsj.com/article/SB10001424127887324244304578473212174423122.html?mod=rss_middle_east_new
ou sans le paywall, ici :
http://www.energia.gr/article_en.asp?art_id=27451

L'article évoque le fait que l'Arabie saoudite, les EAU et la Jordanie faisaient pression à l'époque sur Obama pour qu'il remette de l'ordre au Moyen-Orient sur le dossier syrien et qu'il fasse cesser le soutien du Qatar aux frères musulmans et à certains groupes syriens jihadistes, au motif qu'il nuirait à l'unité de l'opposition armée syrienne et contribuerait à prolonger le règne d'Assad :

The U.S. 's closest Arab allies are pressing President Barack Obama to take the lead in bridging the Middle East 's divisions over Syria , traveling to Washington to drive home their fears some of the region's leaders are strengthening radicals and prolonging President Bashar al-Assad's rule.
The coordinated message was delivered to Mr. Obama during separate White House meetings in recent weeks with Jordan's King Abdullah II, the United Arab Emirates' Crown Prince Mohammed bin Zayed al-Nahyan and Saudi Arabia's Foreign Minister Saud al-Faisal, according to senior U.S. and Arab officials familiar with the discussions.
The three royals' message to Mr. Obama was a not-so-subtle slap at Qatar and Turkey —both of which, officials in these Arab countries believe, are funneling funds and possibly weapons to groups promoting political Islam and in particular to those aligned with the Muslim Brotherhood.
They are also concerned that aid from Qatar has bolstered the Al-Nusra Front, a powerful Syrian militia fighting Mr. Assad's forces, which the U.S. has designated as a terrorist organization.

Il s'agissait non seulement pour les Saoudiens et ses alliés de demander aux USA de reprendre un rôle plus actif afin que les USA leurs délèguent le leadership sur les groupes de rebelles syriens au détriment du coupe qataro-turc, mais aussi et plus généralement au Moyen-Orient comme le laisse entendre la réaction de l'émir du Qatar de l'époque :

Qatar and Turkey have sought to use the Mideast 's transition to expand their diplomatic, economic and religious influence, say U.S. and Arab officials. The two countries have been the most aggressive in seeking to overthrow Mr. Assad. Qatar has been the primary financial supporter of the new governments in Cairo and Tunis , providing billions of dollars in aid to President Mohammed Morsi's government over the past 18 months, according to Qatari officials.
“In my opinion, some of our region, they did not like what happened...and they don't like it when the Muslim Brotherhood came,” Sheikh Hamad, Qatar 's prime minister, said in Washington last month. “But we respect the [other's] will and the people's will in the other nations.”

July 03 2013

Egypt, Brazil, Turkey : without politics, protest is at the mercy of the elites | Seumas Milne |…

Egypt, Brazil, Turkey: without politics, protest is at the mercy of the elites | Seumas Milne | Comment is free | The Guardian
http://www.guardian.co.uk/commentisfree/2013/jul/02/politics-protest-elites-brazil-egypt-organisation

Despite their differences, all three movements have striking common features. They combine widely divergent political groups and contradictory demands, along with the depoliticised, and lack a coherent organisational base. That can be an advantage for single-issue campaigns, but can lead to short-lived shallowness if the aims are more ambitious – which has arguably been the fate of the Occupy movement.

...

In the era of neoliberalism, when the ruling elite has hollowed out democracy and ensured that whoever you vote for you get the same, politically inchoate protest movements are bound to flourish. They have crucial strengths: they can change moods, ditch policies and topple governments. But without socially rooted organisation and clear political agendas, they can flare and fizzle, or be vulnerable to hijacking or diversion by more entrenched and powerful forces.

That also goes for revolutions – and is what appears to be happening in Egypt. Many activists regard traditional political parties and movements as redundant in the internet age. But that's an argument for new forms of political and social organisation. Without it, the elites will keep control – however spectacular the protests.

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