Newer posts are loading.
You are at the newest post.
Click here to check if anything new just came in.

September 13 2013

Black Mauritanians suffer 'slavery-like' conditions, says UN | Global development | theguardian.com

Black Mauritanians suffer ’slavery-like’ conditions, says UN | Global development | theguardian.com
http://www.theguardian.com/global-development/2013/sep/12/black-mauritania-slavery-un

Black Mauritanians are still subject to slavery-like practices, including sexual violence and discrimination, a UN human rights expert has said.

The UN special rapporteur on racism, Mutuma Ruteere, told the Guardian that generations of people, particularly women and girls, were still living with families in a “slavery-like” relationship, and were being forced into sex with male relatives, in some cases with their fathers.

“You have situations where people still live with and are working for certain families, and where women are forced to have sexual relations with family members – fathers and sons,” said Ruteere, speaking from Kenya. “And there are situations where children, particularly the girls who are the products of those relations, are then forced to have sexual relations with the same family members.”

“This kind of relationship is going on over generations. There is a lot of sexual violence against these women and girls, I met individuals who are subjected to this. It’s a situation that is slavery-like.”

#esclavage #viol #culture_du_viol #racisme #impunité #Mauritanie #femmes #filles #inceste

Kenya water discovery brings hope for drought relief in rural north | Global development |…

#Kenya water discovery brings hope for drought relief in rural north | Global development | theguardian.com
http://www.theguardian.com/global-development/2013/sep/11/kenya-water-discovery-drought-relief

Two vast underground aquifers, storing billions of litres of water, have been discovered in the poorest and least developed area of Kenya.

The finds, in Turkana county in the north west, were uncovered using new technology to interpret ground-penetrating radar from satellites. Professor Judy Wakhungu, appointed minister of environment, water and natural resources in April, described the find as extremely significant. “It is not too deep and ought not to be not too expensive to develop,” she added.

Wakhungu said Kenya plans to use the technology to map the entire country: “We are excited to be able to provide a national map of the country’s water resources.”

“We processed imagery from the pace shuttle,” Gachet said. “This allowed us to build up a detailed surface map. Then we interpreted radar imagery from the Japanese space agency and deep seismic data from the oil industry. With this approach, we were able to peel back the surface of the earth like an onion.”

#eau #satellite #cartographie #aquifère

September 05 2013

Squatting on Kenya's Mineral Wealth | Inter Press Service

Squatting on #Kenya’s #Mineral Wealth | Inter Press Service
http://www.ipsnews.net/2013/09/squatting-on-kenyas-mineral-wealth

President Uhuru Kenyatta started issuing title deeds on Aug. 30, in an ongoing exercise that will in this first phase benefit 60,000 households from Coast Province. Over the next five years, the Ministry of Lands intends to issue three million land title deeds across this East African nation, changing lives significantly. These title deeds can be used to secure loans and improve livelihoods.

(...) land ownership is a complex matter here as the area is rich in minerals. An existing #titanium mining project is set to begin in the county this month. And in July, minerals explorer Cortec Corporation announced that they had found deposits of #niobium, a ductile grey metal, estimated to be worth 62.4 billion dollars.

(...) The president’s family owns large tracts of land across the country, particularly in the Coast Province, Rift Valley and Central Kenya. This became a major political issue in the run up to the general election.
(...) “Land ownership has been a persistent problem. The entire coastal region is owned by a few rich tycoons. If President Kenyatta is playing politics while improving our lives, let him,” Amina Juma, a squatter in Kilifi, Coast Province, tells IPS.

#terre #terres_rares

June 28 2013

Failed states are a western_myth | Elliot Ross | Comment is free | guardian.co.uk

Failed states are a #western_myth | Elliot Ross | Comment is free | guardian.co.uk
http://www.guardian.co.uk/commentisfree/2013/jun/28/failed-states-western-myth-us-interests

Quibbling with the many bizarre claims of the index is tempting (Kenya is “less stable” than Syria, we learn), but in the end such gripes only give credibility to this tedious yearly exercise in faux-empirical cultural bigotry. For anyone interested in actually finding out about places such as Yemen or Uganda, the index is probably the last place you'd want to go. But what's more interesting, and more helpful in understanding what the index really does, is to grasp that the very concept of the “#failed_state” comes with its own story.

The organisation that produces the index, the #Fund_for_Peace http://global.fundforpeace.org/index.php, is the kind of outfit John le Carré thinks we should all be having nightmares about. Its director, JJ Messner (who puts together the list), is a former #lobbyist for the private military industry. None of the raw data behind the index is made public. So why on earth would an organisation like this want to keep the idea of the failed state prominent in public discourse?

The main reason is that the concept of the failed state has never existed outside a programme for western intervention. It has always been a way of constructing a rationale for imposing #US_interests on less powerful nations.

Luckily, we can pinpoint exactly where it all began – right down to the words on the page. The failed state was invented in late 1992 by Gerald Helman and Steven Ratner, two US state department employees, in an article in – you guessed it – #Foreign_Policy, suggestively entitled Saving failed states. With the end of the cold war, they argued, “a disturbing new phenomenon is emerging: the failed nation state, utterly incapable of sustaining itself as a member of the international community”. And with that, the beast was born.

Mais dire « US interests » c'est adopter le vocabulaire de ceux que l'on dénonce.

Older posts are this way If this message doesn't go away, click anywhere on the page to continue loading posts.
Could not load more posts
Maybe Soup is currently being updated? I'll try again automatically in a few seconds...
Just a second, loading more posts...
You've reached the end.

Don't be the product, buy the product!

Schweinderl