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November 04 2013

*GROWING RESTRICTIONS, TOUGH CONDITIONS THE PLIGHT OF THOSE FLEEING SYRIA TO JORDAN* ❝Almost one…

GROWING RESTRICTIONS, TOUGH CONDITIONS THE PLIGHT OF THOSE FLEEING SYRIA TO JORDAN

Almost one third of Syria’s population have fled their homes. More than 2 million are refugees living outside Syria – mostly in Lebanon, Jordan, Turkey, Iraq and Egypt – and 4.25 million individuals are displaced internally in Syria. They have fled widespread violence and human rights abuses, including war crimes and crimes against humanity. Amnesty International is publishing this report to draw attention to the difficulties faced by people from Syria as they flee their country in search of safety.

http://www.amnesty.org/fr/library/info/MDE16/003/2013/en

#Syrie #réfugié #asile #migration #Jordanie #Amnesty

October 04 2013

Pour son premier déplacement à l'étranger, le président égyptien par intérim ira en Arabie Saoudite…

Pour son premier déplacement à l’étranger, le président égyptien par intérim ira en Arabie Saoudite - Ahram Online
http://english.ahram.org.eg/NewsContent/1/64/82570/Egypt/Politics-/Egypt%E2%80%99s-interim-president-chooses-Saudi-Arabia-for.aspx

Tout comme M.Morsi, ce qui lui avait valu des critiques.

Egypt’s Interim President Adly Mansour will make his first official visit to Saudi Arabia on 7 October, followed by brief trips to the UAE and Kuwait.

#Egypte

Yasser Borhamy : Constitutional committee wants to erase Egypt's Islamic identity | Egypt…

Yasser Borhamy : Constitutional committee wants to erase Egypt’s Islamic identity | Egypt Independent

http://www.egyptindependent.com/news/yasser-borhamy-constitutional-committee-wants-erase-egypt-s-islami

An article they want to incorporate states that Egypt’s Islamic identity is that which has emerged from a 7000-year-old civilization, he added. “The current battle inside the committee is between the irreligious state and Islamic Identity.”

#Constitution

Activists on all sides in Egypt feel the chill

Activists on all sides in Egypt feel the chill
http://www.latimes.com/world/la-fg-egypt-crackdown-20131003,0,4640348.story

These days. (...) the official dragnet extends far beyond the Brotherhood. Criticizing the army, the mere questioning of government policy, or expressing views that could be construed as sympathetic toward dead and detained Islamist “terrorists” has become a dangerous game.

“It’s clear that we are witnessing a sort of exclusion against anyone who is voicing a concern against the current authority,” said Badr Shafai, a professor and political science researcher at Cairo University. “Anyone who criticizes the authority would be subjected to it.”

#Egypte #Junte_militaire #dictature

September 30 2013

ElBaradei warns against 'fascist' media campaign in Egypt Ahram Online, 29th of September 2013

ElBaradei warns against ’fascist’ media campaign in Egypt

Ahram Online, 29th of September 2013
http://english.ahram.org.eg/NewsContent/1/64/82756/Egypt/Politics-/ElBaradei-warns-against-fascist-media-campaign-in-.aspx

Former Egyptian vice president Mohamed ElBaradei criticised on Sunday what he described as a fascist media campaign that does not uphold the value of human life.

On his official Twitter account, the former leader of the Constitution Party complained about a “systematic fascist campaign by ‘sovereign sources’ and ‘independent’ media that are against the insistence on upholding the value of human life and the inevitability of national consensus. Violence only begets violence.”

Several state-owned and independent media outlets have been critical of political figures, including ElBaradei, who opposed recent security measures against the Muslim Brotherhood.

ElBaradei resigned from his position as vice president on 14 August in objection to the violent dispersal of pro-Morsi protest camps in Cairo by security forces, which left hundreds of protesters dead, saying he was troubled by the loss of life “particularly as I believe it could have been avoided."

Following his resignation, he left the country for Europe.

The Nobel peace laureate has been subjected to a smear campaign by some journalists and politicians who charged that his resignation was “unpatriotic” and accused him of abandoning the government at a critical moment.

ElBaradei was recently accused by opponents of collaborating with the international Muslim Brotherhood organisation to sabotage the post-Morsi government.

However, no meeting between ElBaradei and members of the Muslim Brotherhood was confirmed.

September 27 2013

« Fifth column » charges chase Egypt's activists, politicians La chasse aux traitres est ouverte en…

“Fifth column” charges chase Egypt’s activists, politicians

La chasse aux traitres est ouverte en Egypte

Analyse de la BBC

The editor-in-chief of Egypt’s state-owned Al-Ahram daily published an editorial on 23 September to say that the country would officially announce within days that “it is free from all sorts of terrorism”, and that it is starting a “new battle” against what he called the “fifth column”.

Citing an anonymous government figure, the editor said the “fifth column, represented by those who received foreign funding before and after the 2011 revolution,” would be the regime’s next target.

Accusations of pursuing a devious foreign agenda have been always chasing political activists and human rights organizations in post-Mubarak Egypt.

However, this is not the first incident of its kind. Media outlets in Egypt use the term “fifth column” to refer to groups and activists who support the Muslim Brotherhood group, whose activities, no-governmental organization and any affiliated groups were banned by a court ruling a couple of days ago.

TV
On 2 September, controversial television presenter Tawfiq Ukasha, who owns the private Fara’in (Pharaohs) TV channel gave the country’s strongman Sisi [give full name and designation] a one-week deadline to “purge” the media from elements of the “fifth column”.

Also, Abd-al-Rahim Ali, a well-known expert in Islamic affairs, told private Al-Midan TV that those who oppose the reinstatement of the State Security Investigations Service (SSIS), which was engaged in pursuing activists, are from the “fifth column” and Morsi’s supporters. He, too, named political figures and activists as being members of the “fifth column”.

Press
On 9 September, the news portal of Al-Wafd daily, the mouthpiece of Al-Wafd Party, said this “fifth column” was supported by the USA, UK and Turkey with a view to “undermining the revolution and aborting the popular will” of the Egyptians.

State-run Al-Ahram al-Arabi paper in its 12 September online edition published what it said was a list of celebrities allegedly representing the “fifth column” in the post-Morsi era. The list included a famous football player, two actors, two political writers and former Vice-President Muhammad al-Baradi’i.

Veteran writer Fahmi Huwaydi addressed the phrase in his article on 25 September while commenting on Al-Ahram’s editorial. “If our next wars will range between that on terror and another on the fifth column, this will mean that the security services would have the upper hand in the country during the next stage,” he added.

Crackdown on activists
Political activists fear that the authorities will follow up the crackdown on Islamists with wider action against those opposed to Islamists and the military.

Ahmad Mahir, whose 6 April Movement played a major role in the 2011 uprising, was said to be arrested at Cairo Airport in May as he was returning from a visit to the US. Though the group’s media spokesman denied that the arrest had taken place, it raised fears of an imminent crackdown on those who brought down the regime in 2011.

Haytham Muhamidin, a high-profile lawyer and key figure in Egypt’s labour and revolutionary movements, was released without charge after being arrested and taken to a police court on 7 September.

Reports published on 7 September also noted that the public prosecutor was looking into legal complaints against 35 prominent democracy and rights activists, of which many were important figures in the uprising against ousted Egyptian President Husni Mubarak in 2011.

Source: as listed in English 26 Sep 13

BBC Mon ME1 MECai wm/km

September 13 2013

Gaza Palestinians feel pain of new Egypt border restrictions | Reuters

Gaza Palestinians feel pain of new Egypt border restrictions | Reuters

http://www.reuters.com/article/2013/09/12/us-palestinians-egypt-gaza-idUSBRE98B0IY20130912

Before Egypt’s military ousted Mursi - who Hamas regarded as an ally - in July after mass protests against his rule, some 1,200 people a day used to cross at Rafah, Gaza’s main window to the world. Now, Egypt allows in only 250 each day.

Notons toutefois que lorsque Mohamed Morsi était président, des centaines de tunnels ont été fermés et noyés avec l’eau des égouts. (CF posts précédents).

#Gaza #Egypt #Rafah #tunnels

September 07 2013

Egypt : crackdown on journalists continues

Egypt : crackdown on journalists continues

http://www.dailynewsegypt.com/2013/09/07/crackdown-on-journalists-continues

Ismailia’s military prosecution detains award-winning Sinai journalist Abu Deraa for 15 days.

Award-winning Sinai journalist, Ahmed Abu Deraa, was detained for 15 days, claimed Al-Masry Al-Youm, the newspaper Abu Deraa works for.

The newspaper said that Abu Deraa is accused of publishing false news concerning the armed forces.

The Office of the Military Spokesperson refused to disclose the Abu Deraa’s charges. They said that Abu Deraa’s arrest happened near an army camp in Arish. They denied that he is a journalist as he “does not hold the Press Syndicate ID”, adding that he also did not possess a license to go into military-restricted areas in Sinai.

#medias #presse #armée #army #journalism #justice

August 26 2013

Ties With Egypt Army Constrain Washington - NYTimes.com

Ties With Egypt Army Constrain Washington - NYTimes.com

http://www.nytimes.com/2013/08/17/world/middleeast/us-officials-fear-losing-an-eager-ally-in-the-egyptian-military.html?pagewa

“We need them (egyptian military) for the Suez Canal, we need them for the peace treaty with Israel, we need them for the overflights, and we need them for the continued fight against violent extremists who are as much of a threat to Egypt’s transition to democracy as they are to American interests,” said Gen. James N. Mattis, who retired this year as head of the military’s Central Command.

Sur le sujet, dans les blogs du @mdiplo : « Armée égyptienne et américaine, des amis de trente ans » http://blog.mondediplo.net/2013-07-10-Des-amis-de-trente-ans

#USA #armée #Egypte

August 23 2013

Rappel - Info du 4 avril 2013 Egypte : un incendie détruit tous les documents concernant les…

Rappel - Info du 4 avril 2013
Egypte : un incendie détruit tous les documents concernant les meurtres de protestants durant le printemps arabe
http://english.alarabiya.net/en/News/middle-east/2013/04/04/Fire-put-out-in-Cairo-court-building.html

The incident has been labeled as suspicious by Egyptian Justice Minister Ahmed Mekki who spoke to Al Arabiya.
Abbas said some of the legal cases that the court was handling included Hosni Mubarak’s alleged role in the killing of protesters. The “Battle of the Camel” incident, that saw heavy violence in central Cairo on Feb. 2, 2011 and other cases. He added that trials in some of the cases would be moved to the new Zeinhom Court.
Egyptian Civil Defense Forces managed to put out the fire and an investigation into the incident has been launched.
Mekki noted that the fire should speed up the process of digitizing lawsuit documents.
“The ministry is serious in achieving this project, and the electronic lawsuits will become a reality in Egypt by October 1st, when we will have a digital original of every legal document used in lawsuits.”
(...)
The incident came amid simmering tensions between political factions in the country, with the ruling Islamists bent on eradicating what they often call “remnants” of the old regime from the public administration and positions of power.
.

#justice #Egypte #Moubarak #Morsi

August 22 2013

Fear returns to Egypt as state crackdown widens | Reuters

Fear returns to Egypt as state crackdown widens | Reuters

http://www.reuters.com/article/2013/08/21/us-egypt-protests-fear-idUSBRE97K0Z220130821

A climate of fear that kept Egyptians compliant during the 30-year rule of Hosni Mubarak is creeping back into daily life, less than three years after the revolt that toppled him.

#Egypte #dictature #peur #violence

Constitution committee's draft unfavorable to Islamists | Mada Masr 21st of August

Constitution committee’s draft unfavorable to Islamists |
Mada Masr
21st of August
http://www.madamasr.com/content/constitution-committees-draft-unfavorable-islamists

A sign of significant change in terms of parliamentary representation can be seen in the committee’s decision to return to the single candidate system during elections, reversing the rules whereby two thirds of parliament’s seats were granted to party lists and a third to individual candidates. Egypt saw the first parliamentary elections using this system in November 2011, which resulted in a 70 percent victory for Islamists, who, in turn, were able to select the 100 lawmakers who drafted the 2012 Constitution.  

A return to the single candidate system represents the return to the electoral norms during the rule of deposed President Hosni Mubarak. It has been criticized for being associated with large families in Upper and Lower Egypt being able to exert control and influence over the electoral process. Islamists, instead, relied on electoral lists to gather enough votes in a parliament, where its party representation was quite strong. 

The article in the suspended constitution stipulating the political exclusion of members of the formerly ruling National Democratic Party for a period of 10 years, has been removed by the committee. This arguably reflects an interest in the return of former regime figures either through the single candidate system or through their inclusion in political parties, particularly the liberals among them.

August 21 2013

Egypt in the rearview mirror - latimes.com

Egypt in the rearview mirror - latimes.com
http://www.latimes.com/opinion/commentary/la-oe-bacevich-egypt-military-policy-20130820,0,4550721.story

Pour #David_Bacevich, c’est à partir des #accords_de_Camp_David_de_1978 que les #Etats-Unis sont devenus particulièrement agressifs au #Moyen-orient

When it comes to Egypt, the U.S. has little leverage and therefore no real options. That’s according to the prevailing wisdom, at least.

Yet this analysis — endlessly reiterated in mainstream commentary — is misleading. The absence of leverage does not preclude options. It certainly does not require the Obama administration to debase itself by pretending that the military overthrow of a freely elected government is not a coup or by accepting the Egyptian army’s slaughter of civilians with no more than a tsk-tsk. The administration may choose to do these things, but not because circumstances oblige it to do so.

Identifying our options in Egypt requires examining U.S. policy in a broader context, since the events unfolding in that country are emblematic of a much larger failure.

It may help to recall how the United States forged its perverse relationship with the Egyptian army in the first place. That relationship dates from the 1978 Camp David accords brokered by President Jimmy Carter. (...)

From that day to the present, the United States has annually funneled billions of taxpayer dollars to Egypt and Israel. Rather than furthering the cause of mutual understanding — funding education programs or cultural exchanges, for example — most of that money has gone to the purchase of advanced weaponry.

What are we to make of this arrangement? Writing in the New York Times, Thom Shanker and Eric Schmitt recently noted that “in the four decades before Camp David, Israel and Egypt fought several major wars; in the nearly four decades since, none.”

True enough, and a welcome development. Yet no less true, if much less welcome, is this: In the four decades before Camp David, the U.S. had managed to steer clear of war in the Middle East; in the nearly four decades since, U.S. involvement in hostilities throughout the region has become routine, with little to show as a result.

What becomes clear in retrospect is that Camp David mattered less as a milestone on the road to peace than as a departure point signaling a radical transformation of U.S. policy. Before Camp David, in the Pentagon’s eyes, the region had qualified as an afterthought. After Camp David — and especially as the Cold War wound down — it became the center of attention.

(...)

August 20 2013

Why Saudi Arabia is taking a risk by backing the Egyptian coup | David Hearst | Comment is free |…

Why Saudi Arabia is taking a risk by backing the Egyptian coup | David Hearst | Comment is free | theguardian.com
http://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2013/aug/20/saudi-arabia-coup-egypt?CMP=twt_gu

Why has the kingdom, famed for its caution on the diplomatic stage, put all its eggs in one basket, which, considering the volatility in Egypt, remains fragile and unpredictable. Who knows which side in Egypt will prevail, and if that is so, why back the coup leader General Abdel Fattah al-Sisi so publicly ? Sisi thanked the kingdom in fulsome terms. He said that the Saudi intervention was unprecedented since the Yom Kippur 1973 war with Israel. Praise indeed.

For Dr Maha Azzam, associate fellow of the Middle East and North Africa programme at Chatham House, the kingdom’s fire-breathing support for the coup comes as little surprise. Not only had they been astonished by Washington’s abandonment of the kingdom’s closest regional ally in Hosni Mubarak, a point they made very clear during his trial. They had seen him replaced, at the polls, by the Brotherhood, which challenged the kingdom’s claim to be the protector of Islam.

Azzam said: “What they had was a lethal equation, democracy plus Islamism, albeit under the Muslim Brotherhood. That was a lethal concoction in undermining the kingdom’s own legitimacy in the long run. They know full well they do not want democracy, but to have another group representing Islam was intolerable.”

King Abdullah has good reason to fear the Brotherhood, which has been getting unprecedented support in Saudi Arabia since the 3 July coup. Sympathy for Mohamed Morsi has filled Twitter feeds in the country. Support for Morsi on social media has its own emblem, a four-fingered salute, known as the sign of Rabaa.

It is one thing to upset the middle class and the intelligentsia, but quite another to have the country’s religious scholars denounce you. A group of 56 of them did so, by issuing a statement describing the events of 3 July as “unquestionably a military coup and an unlawful and illicit criminal act”. The king has also been attacked in a sermon by a sheikh at the al-Masjid al-Nabawi mosque in Medina, Islam’s second holiest site.

The royal family have responded to the campaign they are facing on social media by sacking a Kuwaiti TV preacher with Brotherhood links. Tareq al-Suwaidan, who has more than 1.9 million Twitter followers, was told that there is no place for those who carry deviant thoughts at the Al Resalah channel.

But this is a dangerous strategy. As president, Morsi resisted calling his regional enemies out for the money and support they gave to Egyptian opposition politicians, parties and private television channels for good reason. Up to 2 million Egyptians are employed as guest workers in the kingdom and their remittances were important for an economy on its knees. He feared that the Saudis would kick them out if he accused them of undermining his presidency. However today, Egyptian ex-pats are not the Brotherhood’s problem or responsibility. What could well follow is an unrestrained campaign by its members to destabilise the Saudi and UAE regimes.

Azzam said : “For the US and EU, there is very little grey area. Either you have authoritarian regimes, including Assad or you have the Arab spring. The authoritarian regimes are saying: ’If we use enough force, we can quell the tide of democracy.’ For Washington it means that there is no regional player that can now mediate with the Egyptian military. No one that can play the role of good cop.”

The battles lines have now been clearly drawn throughout the Arab world. The military coup in Egypt, and Saudi support for it, represents an attempt to turn the clock back, to halt the wave of democratisation heralded by the toppling of Arab dictators. It is unlikely to be the final word or battle in what promises to be an epic struggle .

Tweet Haitham Tabei (reporter AFP) "Egypt : During past week, 1015 killed nationwide, including 102…

Tweet Haitham Tabei (reporter AFP) “Egypt : During past week, 1015 killed nationwide, including 102 officers and 45 in Sinai, accordind to an AFP tally.”

#bilan #violence

Egypt : Government must protect Christians from sectarian violence | Amnesty International

Egypt: Government must protect Christians from sectarian violence | Amnesty International

http://amnesty.org/en/news/egypt-government-must-protect-christians-sectarian-violence-2013-08-20

There has been an unprecedented rise in sectarian violence across Egypt targeting Coptic Christians and the Egyptian authorities must take immediate steps to ensure their safety, Amnesty International said.

#minorités #violence #coptes

Saudi Arabia Blames America For the Turmoil in Egypt

Saudi Arabia Blames America For the Turmoil in Egypt
http://www.thedailybeast.com/articles/2013/08/19/saudi-arabia-blames-america-for-the-turmoil-in-egypt.html

In an unprecedented comment this weekend, Saudi Arabia’s King Abdullah blamed American “ignorance” for the crisis in Egypt. Without mentioning America by name, the king blamed Washington’s “interference” in Arab politics for the last two years of turmoil.

In a scathing statement, the king urged Muslims to stand behind the Egyptian Army in fighting terrorism and extremism. Speaking in sorrow, Abdullah blamed outsiders ignorant of Arabism, Islam, and Egypt for senseless interference in the politics of the Arab world’s most populous state. Clearly referring to President Obama’s decision two years ago to push for Hosni Mubarak’s ouster, the king suggested Washington played with fire and has now been burned.

Egypt's Rulers Have a New Friend in DC : The Israel Lobby | The Cable

Egypt’s Rulers Have a New Friend in DC: The Israel Lobby | The Cable

http://thecable.foreignpolicy.com/posts/2013/08/19/egypts_rulers_have_a_new_friend_in_dc_the_israel_lobby

As pressure mounts on Washington to cut off U.S. military aid to Egypt, Cairo has found an awkward ally in the form of AIPAC, the influential pro-Israel lobby firm that is actively pushing for continued U.S. aid to Egypt.

http://thecable.foreignpolicy.com/files/140650757.jpg

Long considered an incentive for Cairo to maintain peaceful ties with Israel, America’s $1.3 billion package in annual U.S. military assistance to Egypt has come under global criticism as Egypt’s military continues its bloody crackdown against anti-government protesters with U.S.-funded tanks and tear gas.

#egypte #israel

August 19 2013

The New Axis of Evil : Saudi Arabia, Israel, and the Pentagon Are Backing Egypt's Bloody Crackdown |…

The New Axis of Evil: Saudi Arabia, Israel, and the Pentagon Are Backing Egypt’s Bloody Crackdown | Pepe Escobar | 16 août
http://www.alternet.org/world/saudi-arabia-israel-and-pentagon-are-backing-egypts-bloody-crackdown

Perception is everything. Informed opinion all across the Middle East immediately identifies [Robert] Ford as a creepy death squad facilitator. His CV prior to Syria - where he legitimized the “rebels” - is matchless; sidekick to sinister John Negroponte promoting the “Salvador Option” in Iraq in 2004. The “Salvador Option” is code for US-sponsored death squads, a tactic first applied in El Salvador (by Negroponte) in the 1980s (causing at least 75,000 deaths) but with deep origins in Latin America in the late 1960s throughout the 1970s. 

Sisi will keep playing his game according to his own master plan - bolstering the narrative myth that the Egyptian army defends the nation and its institutions when in fact defending its immense socio-economic privileges. Forget about civilian oversight. And forget about any possible independent political party - or movement - in Egypt. 

As for Washington, MB or “deep state”, even a civil war in Egypt - Arabs killing Arabs, divide and rule ad infinitum - that’s fine, as long as there is no threat to Israel. 

With Israel possibly mulling another invasion of Lebanon; the Kerry “peace process” an excuse for more settlements in Palestine; Bandar Bush back practicing the dark arts; the pre-empting of any possible solution to the Iranian nuclear dossier; Egypt in civil war; Syria and also Iraq bleeding to death, what’s left is the certified proliferation of all kinds of axes, and all kinds of evil.

[…]

There’s no other way of saying it; from Washington’s point of view, Arabs can kill each other to Kingdom Come, be it Sunnis against Shiites, jihadis against secularists, peasants against urbanites, and Egyptians against Egyptians. The only thing that matters is the Camp David agreements; and nobody is allowed to antagonize Israel.

*In Pictures : Egypt's troubled Sinai peninsula* (de Mosaab_Elshamy) ❝Since the Egyptian uprising…

In Pictures : Egypt’s troubled Sinai peninsula (de #Mosaab_Elshamy)

Since the Egyptian uprising in 2011, the Sinai peninsula - a vast land of mountains and deserts - has become increasingly volatile. The new government inherited a legacy of lawlessness caused by 30 years of neglect, marginalisation and hostility between the Bedouins native to the region and the state.

The rise of attacks against army checkpoints and police stations have spurred calls for more development in the region, which many see as a possible solution to the unrest.

http://www.acus.org/files/u51414/IMG_4816.jpg

http://www.aljazeera.com/indepth/inpictures/2012/12/2012122484750886262.html

#photo #photographie #photoreportage #Sinaï #Egypte #migration #armes #Bédouins

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