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October 04 2013

*Predictive Policing* _The Role of Crime Forecasting in Law Enforcement Operations_ | Rapport 2013…

Predictive Policing
The Role of Crime Forecasting in Law Enforcement Operations | Rapport 2013 de la RAND Corporation, by Walter L. Perry, Brian McInnis, Carter C. Price, Susan Smith, John S. Hollywood
http://www.rand.org/pubs/research_reports/RR233.html

Predictive policing is the use of analytical techniques to identify promising targets for police intervention with the goal of preventing crime, solving past crimes, and identifying potential offenders and victims. These techniques can help departments address crime problems more effectively and efficiently. They are being used by law enforcement agencies across the United States and elsewhere, and these experiences offer valuable lessons for other police departments as they consider the available tools to collect data, develop crime-related forecasts, and take action in their communities. This guide is one in a series of resources sponsored by the National Institute of Justice to help police departments develop strategies to more effectively prevent crime or conduct investigations. It provides assessments of some of the most promising technical tools for making predictions and tactical approaches for acting on them, drawing on prior research, information from vendors and developers, case studies of predictive policing in practice, and lessons from the use of similar techniques in military operations. It also dispels some myths about predictive methods and explores some pitfalls to avoid in using these tools. Predictive policing is a topic of much enthusiasm and much concern, particularly with regard to civil liberties and privacy rights. As this guide shows, these tools are not a substitute for integrated approaches to policing, nor are they a crystal ball; the most effective predictive policing approaches are elements of larger proactive strategies that build strong relationships between police departments and their communities to solve crime problems.

#prédiction #police #surveillance via @evgenymorozov cc @pr

En lien : http://seenthis.net/messages/181015
http://seenthis.net/messages/174268
http://seenthis.net/messages/174278

August 25 2013

TATIANA ZASLAVSKAÎA Lenta.ru : Наука и техника : Наука : Скончалась социолог и экономист Татьяна…

TATIANA ZASLAVSKAÎA

Lenta.ru : Наука и техника : Наука : Скончалась социолог и экономист Татьяна Заславская

Via Jean-Marie Chauvier

http://lenta.ru/news/2013/08/24/zaslavskaya

Son nom est peu connu en Occident. C’est pourtant elle qui a posé le premier jalon de la PERESTROÏKA.
Fondatrice de l’école de sciences sociales et économiques de Novossibirsk (Sibérie occidentale), elle y défendit de
longue date, avec l’économiste Abel Aganbegian, des idées réformistes en dissidence avec le dogme officiel.
En avril 1983, appelée à Moscou par le secrétaire général Iouri Andropov, elle signa le fameux « Rapport de Novossibirsk » dans lequel il était dit que le système soviétique était au bord du krach et que des réformes fondamentales s’imposaient. Andropov mourut début 1984,

et c’est Mikhaïl Gorbatchev qui mit ces réformes en chantier à partir de 1985. Avec les conséquences que l’on sait.

Ultérieurement, la réformatrice « radicalisée » devient conseillère de Boris Elstine.

Elle était née en 1927.

http://icdn.lenta.ru/images/2013/08/24/22/20130824224650638/pic_452132729dd6798d1d137aefd084b411.jpg

На 86-м году жизни умерла социолог и экономист, основательница российской экономической социологии Татьяна Заславская. Об этом сообщается в субботу, 24 августа, на сайте Высшей школы экономики.

Заславская родилась в Киеве в 1927 году, но выросла в Москве. В 1942 году она поступила на физфак МГУ, однако затем увлеклась политэкономией и с четвертого курса перевелась на второй курс экономического факультета того же вуза.

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