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January 11 2013

Insécurité alimentaire au Burkina Faso

Voici le troisième volet de Terres, la série de reportages photographiques produite par le CCFD-Terre Solidaire et soutenue par Le Monde diplomatique. Dans cet épisode, Philippe Revelli se rend à Ouagadougou pour enquêter sur les raisons des émeutes de la faim qui ont touché le Burkina Faso, et (...) / Burkina Faso, Agriculture, Alimentation, Faim - La valise diplomatique

November 19 2012

TERRA 722: Life, Land, and Justice in Uganda

John Muyiisa is 49 years old and has been farming for 34 years and lives in Kasenyi village. His small farm is just yards from the lakefront and had been surrounded by dense forest. Over time he had cultivated a coffee and fruit plantation of 40 acres on common land. With this he has been able to raise a family of 9 children. The company arrived and told him that the land was now theirs and he would have to vacate. Within days, bulldozers turned up and flattened the ancient forest and with it his coffee plantation. They offered him one million shillings and one acre of land, later changed to no money but three acres... but he refused. He wanted to take them to court and approached the local police who referred him to the resident district commission who said they would look into the case. Since then, no one has been to visit the site as they are too busy in meetings and other priorities. He now has just two acres of land left to make a living, just below the vast slope of the soon to be palm plantation and all it's chemical run off. He continues to fight for the right to his land but with little money and against a government approved multi million-dollar corporation, there is little hope.

October 29 2012

Au Paraguay, le changement a commencé…

M. Federico Franco, qui occupe la présidence du Paraguay depuis le « coup d'Etat parlementaire » du 22 juin 2012 , ne perd plus une occasion de montrer qu'il va régulièrement à la messe : très proche des milieux catholiques conservateurs, il souhaite sans doute plaire au Vatican qui, avec Taiwan, est l'un (...) / Agriculture, Christianisme, Élections, Mouvement de contestation, Parti politique, Religion, Paraguay, OGM, Coup d'État, Corruption - La valise diplomatique

October 19 2012

Accord de paix pour les musulmans philippins

Un accord-cadre a été signé le 15 octobre entre le président philippin Benigno Aguino et les représentants du Front de libération islamique moro (FLIM), particulièrement implanté dans l'île de Mindanao, au sud de l'archipel. Selon le vice-président du FLIM Ghazali Jaafar, cet accord « ouvre la voie de la (...) / Philippines, Agriculture, Agroalimentaire, Christianisme, Guérilla, Islam, Mouvement de contestation, Religion, Répression, Indépendance - La valise diplomatique

October 18 2012

Four short links: 18 October 2012

  1. Let’s Pool Our Medical Data (TED) — John Wilbanks (of Science Commons fame) gives a strong talk for creating an open, massive, mine-able database of data about health and genomics from many sources. Money quote: Facebook would never make a change to something as important as an advertising with a sample size as small as a Phase 3 clinical trial.
  2. Verizon Sells App Use, Browsing Habits, Location (CNet) — Verizon Wireless has begun selling information about its customers’ geographical locations, app usage, and Web browsing activities, a move that raises privacy questions and could brush up against federal wiretapping law. To Verizon, even when you do pay for it, you’re still the product. Carriers: they’re like graverobbing organ harvesters but without the strict ethical standards.
  3. IBM Watson About to Launch in Medicine (Fast Company) — This fall, after six months of teaching their treatment guidelines to Watson, the doctors at Sloan-Kettering will begin testing the IBM machine on real patients. [...] On the screen, a colorful globe spins. In a few seconds, Watson offers three possible courses of chemotherapy, charted as bars with varying levels of confidence–one choice above 90% and two above 80%. “Watson doesn’t give you the answer,” Kris says. “It gives you a range of answers.” Then it’s up to [the doctor] to make the call. (via Reddit)
  4. Robot Kills Weeds With 98% AccuracyDuring tests, this automated system gathered over a million images as it moved through the fields. Its Computer Vision System was able to detect and segment individual plants – even those that were touching each other – with 98% accuracy.

October 12 2012

Gratuité : en Italie, une autre économie

Tous les jours, des milliers d'Italiens vivent hors des sentiers battus de l'économie marchande. Dans le monde rural mais aussi dans les milieux culturels, ils redéfinissent, par petites touches, le lien social. Une petite localité suspendue dans le temps, un ancien bourg médiéval en pierre à (...) / Italie, Agriculture, Écologie, Économie, Monnaie - 2012/10

October 08 2012

A Bil'in, un paysan palestinien derrière l'objectif

De 2005 à 2010, Emad Burnat a filmé de l'intérieur le combat de son village contre l'annexion de ses terres par Israël et tenu la chronique de la vie quotidienne sous occupation.

- Le lac des signes / Israël, Palestine, Proche-Orient, Territoires occupés, Agriculture, Audiovisuel, Cinéma, Mouvement de contestation, Cisjordanie, Répression

September 28 2012

TERRA 718: Passing It Down

What does it take to pass down a family sheep ranching operation today? What roles do generational relationships and sentiment play in that decision making process? This short explores these questions across three generations actively involved in the ranch across the spring lambing season and introduces visions of this ranch's future within the family.

September 21 2012

Four short links: 21 September 2012

  1. Business Intelligence on FarmsMachines keep track of all kinds of data about each cow, including the chemical properties of its milk, and flag when a particular cow is having problems or could be sick. The software can compare current data with historical patterns for the entire herd, and relate to weather conditions and other seasonal variations. Now a farmer can track his herd on his iPad without having to get out of bed, or even from another state. (via Slashdot)
  2. USAxGITHUB — monitor activity on all the US Federal Government’s github repositories. (via Sarah Milstein)
  3. Rethinking Robotics — $22k general purpose industrial robot. “‘It feels like a true Macintosh moment for the robot world,’ said Tony Fadell, the former Apple executive who oversaw the development of the iPod and the iPhone. Baxter will come equipped with a library of simple tasks, or behaviors — for example, a “common sense” capability to recognize it must have an object in its hand before it can move and release it.” (via David ten Have)
  4. Shift LabsShift Labs makes low-cost medical devices for resource-limited settings. [Crowd]Fund the manufacture and field testing of the Drip Clip [...] a replacement for expensive pumps that dose fluid from IV bags.

August 28 2012

Quand le riz devient un produit financier

Pour lutter contre la faim, au-delà de l'aide ponctuelle, et nécessaire, il faudrait soustraire les matières premières agricoles au système de spéculation, comme le proposent des économistes. / Afrique, Sénégal, Agriculture, Agroalimentaire, Alimentation, Commerce international, Faim, Finance, (...) / Afrique, Sénégal, Agriculture, Agroalimentaire, Alimentation, Commerce international, Faim, Finance, Spéculation, Matières premières - 2012/02

August 16 2012

TERRA 715: TRUST Iowa

In this episode of the TRUST series, meet Glori Dei Filippone, a 13-year-old girl from Des Moines, Iowa. If we think about it, we can all remember a moment when we realized something was fundamentally wrong with our environment. For Glori Dei Filippone, her eyes were opened early to the environmental costs of meat production. Not only does Glori recognize the harm it causes to the animals, she also understands the harm it causes to the atmosphere. The magnitude of the atmospheric problem is summed up by a 2006 finding by the Food and Agriculture Organisation of the United Nations that estimates the carbon emissions associated with the livestock industry to be 18% of global emissions. Her knowledge leads to wisdom. Glori has been working at the Des Moines Farmer's Market since she was eight years old. One day, a blind lady walked up to the stand and picked up an apple. She asked Glori, "Is this an apple?" Glori answered that it was. She then asked if it were red and Glori responded, "Yes." The blind lady then shared, "It feels very beautiful, I'll take a bushel." It really hit home with Glori how this woman didn't need to see something to believe it was there. Glori equates this with climate change understanding that we can't just deny all the evidence that climate change is there just because we can't see it all the time. Her wisdom leads to action. Glori has also learned to never give up. A lesson that is very valuable in her fight to stop human-induced climate change. In honor of Mother's Day last year, she filed a petition at the Iowa Department of Natural Resources asking the agency to adopt and implement a Climate Recovery Plan. This plan, based on the best available science, would establish peak global carbon dioxide emissions by 2012, reduce annual carbon dioxide emissions by at least 6 percent every year, and commit to widespread reforestation. The petition was denied so she brought her case to court. The district court judge dismissed the case so she is now heading to the Iowa Supreme Court on appeal. For more infor­ma­tion about the law­suits and other TRUST youth, please visit: www.ourchildrenstrust.org

June 21 2012

Quand l'industrie de la viande dévore la planète

Les projections démographiques moyennes de l'Organisation des Nations unies (ONU) montrent que la planète accueillera neuf milliards de personnes en 2050, date à laquelle la population mondiale commencera à se stabiliser. Un vent de panique souffle sur la planète, certains Etats agitant le spectre de la surpopulation… Y aura-t-il alors suffisamment de ressources et de nourriture pour tous alors que déjà, en 2011, plus d'un milliard de personnes ne mangent pas à leur faim ? Depuis quelques années, (...) - Visions cartographiques / Agriculture, Agro-alimentaire, Alimentation, Animal, Criminalité, Santé, Elevage
Reposted bycheg00 cheg00

June 10 2012

TERRA 710: The Wool House

For more than a century the wool house in Sweet Grass County has provided a place for wool growers to store and package wool for shipment as part of a growing cooperative. As competitive global markets have emerged, domestic demand has withered. And as ranching interest in younger generations declines, the wool house faces an uncertain future. This short film explores the meaning of the wool house to this community and its role in the formation of an unique regional identity.

June 09 2012

Compensation carbone, l'arbre qui cache la forêt

Une expérience mexicaine ratée met en lumière les contraintes aberrantes parfois imposées aux populations au nom de la lutte contre le changement climatique. / Mexique, Agriculture, Alimentation, Écologie, Amérindiens, Forêt, Commerce, Climat, Environnement, Pollution - (...) / Mexique, Agriculture, Alimentation, Écologie, Amérindiens, Forêt, Commerce, Climat, Environnement, Pollution - 2011/12

June 07 2012

Four short links: 7 June 2012

  1. Electric Imp -- yet another group working on the necessary middleware for ubiquitous networked devices.
  2. How Big Data Transformed the Dairy Industry (The Atlantic) -- cutting-edge genomics company Illumina has precisely one applied market: animal science. They make a chip that measures 50,000 markers on the cow genome for attributes that control the economically important functions of those animals.
  3. The Curious Case of Internet Privacy (Cory Doctorow) -- I'm with Cory on the perniciousness of privacy-digesting deals between free sites and users, but I'm increasingly becoming convinced that privacy is built into business models and not technology.
  4. Chronoline (Github) -- Javascript to make a horizontal timeline out of a list of events.

June 01 2012

Dans la Grèce rurale, la révolution des jardins

C'est à Paranesti, au nord de Drama, sur les contreforts des Rhodopes, la chaîne de montagnes qui longe les deux côtés de la frontière avec la Bulgarie, que commence notre voyage. C'est la municipalité la plus grande et la moins peuplée de la Grèce, riche en immenses étendues de forêt. Nous y sommes allés pour participer à une bourse aux semences et une rencontre internationale de trois jours organisées par Peliti, une association créée il y a dix ans par Panagiotis et Sonia Sainatoudis. De ce séjour d'à (...) - Lettres de... / Grèce, Agriculture, Crise financière

May 25 2012

La « grande muraille verte » d'Afrique

Tandis qu'une famine ravage la Corne de l'Afrique, des scientifiques réfléchissent aux équilibres écologiques. Pour combattre la désertification, plusieurs pays ont lancé un projet de « grande muraille verte ». / Afrique, Sénégal, Agriculture, Alimentation, Désertification, Écologie, Faim, Femmes, Forêt, (...) / Afrique, Sénégal, Agriculture, Alimentation, Désertification, Écologie, Faim, Femmes, Forêt, Sahel, Climat, Sahara, Environnement - 2011/11

March 08 2012

Bolivie, « les quatre contradictions de notre révolution »

En juin dernier, le FMI et la Banque mondiale ont loué la « solide gestion macroéconomique » du gouvernement bolivien. Quelques mois plus tôt, les rues de La Paz avaient résonné des cris de manifestants exigeant une revalorisation salariale. L'administration Morales a-t-elle trahi ? Selon le (...) / Amérique latine, Bolivie, Agriculture, Capitalisme, Démocratie, Droit, Eau, Économie, État, Finance, Industrie, Inégalités, Mouvement de contestation, Politique, Violence, Matières premières, Privatisation, Néolibéralisme, Coup d'État, Gaz naturel - 2011/09

March 07 2012

Investisseurs libyens, paysans maliens

Le Mali a besoin de développer et de moderniser son agriculture ; mais, faute de moyens financiers, il doit faire appel aux investissements étrangers : la Libye a été l'un des premiers pays à proposer ses services. Mais les « sept principes de durabilité » prônés par les institutions internationales ne (...) / Libye, Agriculture, Aide au développement, Eau, Écologie, Mali, Environnement - 2011/09

Quand la Banque mondiale encourage la razzia sur les terres agricoles

Si les images de la famine en Afrique font le tour de la planète, on sait peu que ce fléau est en partie lié à l'essor des investissements fonciers sur le continent. Exemples en Ethiopie et au Mali. / Afrique, Corne de l'Afrique, Agriculture, Agro-alimentaire, Alimentation, Faim, Finance, Relations (...) / Afrique, Corne de l'Afrique, Agriculture, Agro-alimentaire, Alimentation, Faim, Finance, Relations Nord-Sud, Pauvreté - 2011/09
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