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September 20 2013

Pioneer Awards 2013 der EFF für Aaron Swartz, James Love, Glenn Greenwald und Laura Poitras

Im altehrwürdigen Regency Center hier in San Francisco hat gestern Abend die amerikanische Bürgerrechtsorganisation Electronic Frontier Foundation (EFF) die Gewinner des Pioneer Award 2013 feierlich gewürdigt. Der verstorbene Aaron Swartz, der Access-to-Knowledge-Aktivist James Love und die Journalisten Glenn Greenwald und Laura Poitras sind die Preisträger in diesem Jahr.

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Alle vier Preisträger verbindet, dass sie polarisieren. Und dass alle vier ihre Arbeit für das Gemeinwohl über persönliche Nachteile gestellt haben, die ihnen drohten. Rechtsprofessor Lawrence Lessig führte in seiner Würdigung der Preisträger sehr bewegt aus, dass die Preisträger eigentlich gar keine Pioniere seien. Sie seien vielmehr normale Bürger, die als Vorbild handeln und gehandelt haben. Lessig machte in bewegenden Worten deutlich, wie schwer es ihm fällt, ein Amerika, eine Welt zu akzeptieren, in der ein Handeln ausgezeichnet werden muss, dass doch eigentlich selbstverständlich sein sollte.

Zur Begründung der Auszeichnung an Glenn Greenwald und Laura Poitras, beide Schlüsselfiguren bei der Aufdeckung des Überwachungsskandals, heißt es in der Mitteilung der EFF:

Glen Greenwald and Laura Poitras brought the word clear and credible news and analysis about the massive domestic surveillance programs currently conducted by the NSA – transforming leaked documents by whistleblower Edward Snowden into riveting narrative that everyone could understand.

Beide konnten nicht persönlich in San Francisco bei der Verleihung sein, schließlich besteht die Gefahr weiter, bei Einreise in die USA verhört und verhaftet zu werden. Per Video aus Brasilien und Deutschland waren sie live zugeschaltet. Neben der Freude über die Verleihung des Awards machten beide noch einmal darauf aufmerksam, in welcher schwierigen Situation Whistleblower wie Edward Snowden und Chelsea Manning sind. Sie wünschten sich ein Amerika, in dem auf das Aufdecken von ungesetzlichem Verhalten Unterstützung folgt – und nicht jahrzehntelange Haftstrafen.

Preisträger James Love ist im wahrsten Sinne des Wortes ein digitaler Pionier und kämpft seit Jahrzehnten an vorderster Front als

one of the leading champions in the international battle for access to knowledge, defending everyone’s right to free speech, privacy, fair competition, and health across the globe for more than 20 years

so die EFF in ihrer Würdigung für den Direktor von Knowledge Ecology International. Dem ist wenig hinzuzufügen. Um keine Sekunde ungenutzt vorüberziehen zu lassen, ging Love in seiner Festrede sogleich auf die heftigen weltweiten Lobbyschlachten im Urheberrecht ein. Am WIPO-Blindenvertrag, der in diesem Sommer im marokkanischen Marrakesch nach jahrelangen Kämpfen doch noch verabschiedet wurde, wurde deutlich, wieviel langen Atem es braucht, um zumindest kleine Erfolge erreichen zu können. Diesen langen Atem hat James Love.

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Und schließlich Aaron Swartz. Bis zu seinem Tod im Alter von nur 26 Jahren hat Swartz das Internet verändert und mitgestaltet. Bereits mit 14 Jahren trat er als einer der Entwickler des RSS-Feeds in Erscheinung und begeisterte fortan nicht nur seine Alterskollegen, sondern nahezu die gesamte Internetwelt in Forschung und Lehre. Nicht zuletzt Laudator Lawrence Lessig hatte eine sehr enge Beziehung zu Swartz. Sein tragischer Tod und die Vorgeschichte haben weltweit für Entsetzen gesorgt.

In der Begründung für den Preisträger Swartz betont EFF-Rechtschefin Cindy Cohn nun wehmütig:

Aaron was nominated for a Pioneer Award regularly over the years, and we always thought we’d have a long time to give it to him – he had done amazing work so far, and we knew that over time he would continue to contribute to building a better future for the Internet and digital rights.

Im Rahmen der Verleihung des Preises, der stellvertretend von zwei Freunden entgegengenommen wurde, wurde auch ein Brief der Eltern von Aaron verlesen. Die Botschaft war eindeutig: „Wir sind tief berührt über diese Auszeichnung und wollen das Vermächtnis von Aaron auch an das Auditorium weitergeben: wissenschaftliche Texte und Informationen müssen frei verfügbar sein, jetzt und für immer. Lasst uns gemeinsam für ein freies und offenes Internet kämpfen.“

March 01 2010

ISOC Community Grant Program Launched

The Internet Society (ISOC) is a nonprofit organization founded in 1992 dedicated to ensuring the open development, evolution and use of the Internet for the benefit of people throughout the world. A Community Grants Programme has been established to assist ISOC chapters and members specifically in projects that will:
  • Advance ISOC's mission and goals specifically those aligned with ISOC Major Strategic Initiatives
  • Serve the Chapters’ communities
  • Nurture collaborative work among Chapters/Individual Members
  • Enhance and utilize knowledge sharing in the global internet community and
  • Encourage Chapters’ sustainability and relevance.
All the information about ISOC Community Grant Program is available here.

January 07 2010

World's Fair Use Day

World's Fair Use Day (WFUD) is a free, all-day celebration of the doctrine of fair use: the legal right that allows innovators and creators to make particular uses of copyrighted materials. WFUD will take place at the Newseum in Washington D.C. on Tuesday January 12, 2010, and will be organized by Public Knowledge (PK), a Washington D.C.-based non-profit, consumer-advocacy group.

December 14 2009

UNESCO and ICANN signed agreement to promote linguistic diversity on Internet

On December 10, 2009 UNESCO and the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) signed an agreement to help put into operation the first multilingual domain names. The cooperation agreement follows the recent decision by the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) to introduce IDNs, or Internationalized Domain Names, in non-Latin script. Until now, domain names in Internet addresses (for example .org, .com) were written using characters from the Latin alphabet exclusively.

September 23 2009

Internet Governance Forum - United States

The first IGF-USA will take place on October 2, 2009 at the Center for Strategic and International Studies. The IGF-USA is a multistakeholder effort to raise awareness about Internet governance issues and to contribute to awareness about the Internet Governance Forum. IGF-USA is a one day forum to engage civil society, government, technologists/researchers, industry and academia in discussions about topics that are being deliberated at a global level regarding governance of the Internet, including management of critical Internet resources, privacy, cyber security, access, openness/freedom of expression, child online safety, capacity building and development. At the IGF-USA, like the IGF itself, all parties participate on an equal footing, and through identifying and discussing issues, participants help to broaden understanding and identify possible best practices that can inform global decisions that affect the Internet.
  • When?: Friday, October 2, 2009
  • Where?: Center for Strategic and International Studies, 1800 K Street, NW, Washington DC. The CSIS location is one block from the Farragut West station on the Orange and Blue lines. Take the 18th Street exit and walk north to the corner of 18th and K streets. CSIS is also just a few blocks away from the Farragut North station on the Red line.
Download the program here

September 22 2009

On One Web Day: International Civil Society Coalition reaffirmed its commitment to the Civil Society Seoul Declaration on the Future on Internet

Civil Society participants of The Public Voice coalition at the OECD Ministerial Meeting on the Future on the Internet affirmed "that the policy goals for the Future of the Internet should be considered within the broader framework of protection of human rights, the promotion of democratic institutions, and the provision of affordable and non-discriminatory access to advanced communication infrastructures and services. Economic growth should be for the many and not the few. The Internet should be available to all." The coalition called attention to government officials around the world on: Freedom of expression. Freedom of expression is being violated around the globe by state censorship and by more subtle measures such as content filtering, privatized censorship and restrictions on so-called harmful content. We urge governments to defend freedom of expression and to oppose mandated filtering, censorship of Internet content, and criminalization of content that is protected under international freedom of expression standards. Protection of Privacy and Transparency. We reaffirm our support for the OECD Privacy Guidelines as a fundamental policy instrument setting out minimal requirements for the transborder flow of personal data. We call on governments to adopt and enforce data protection laws covering all sectors, both online and offline, and to establish international data protection standards that are legally enforceable. We further urge member states to ensure fairness, transparency, and accountability for all data processing for border security, identification, and decision-making concerning individuals. Consumer Protection. Trust and confidence are critical to the success of the Internet economy. Governments should ensure that consumer protection laws are properly enforced and cover digital products to the same extent that other consumer goods and services are covered. Employment, Decent Work and Skills. We recommend governments promote learning and training opportunities for workers and address the technological and organizational change in the workplace. Promotion of Access to Knowledge. We support open access to government-funded scientific and scholarly works and endorse the OECD Principles and Guidelines for Access to Research Data. Internet Governance. Internet governance structures should reflect democratic values and be transparent and publicly accountable to users. Global Internet policymaking should involve equal participation of all people, countries, and stakeholders. We call states to support the Internet Governance Forum and to promote the multi-stakeholder process of the World Summit on the Information Society. Promotion of Open Standards and Net Neutrality. Standards-making processes should be open and should encourage competition. This promotes innovation and development. We support the procurement policies that promote open standards, open data formats, and free and open software. We further recommend Countries to oppose discrimination by network providers against particular applications, devices, or content and preserve the Internet's role in fostering innovation, economic growth, and democratic communication. Balanced Intellectual Property Policies. We urge countries to maintain a balanced framework for intellectual property protection that is least intrusive to personal privacy, least restrictive for the development of new technologies, and that promotes creativity, innovation, and learning. Countries should oppose proposals that would deny individuals access to all Internet services and opportunities based on alleged copyright infringement. We are also concerned about the secrecy of the "Anti-Counterfeiting Trade Agreement" (ACTA) treaty process and the possibility of policies that may limit legitimate business activity, the participative web, and e-government service delivery. Support for Pluralistic Media. The Internet is a universal platform for innovation, growth, and the ability of people to express and share their views. New forms of media and new applications are emerging that challenge old paradigms and enable broader public participation. At the same time, dominant Internet firms are moving to consolidate their control over the Internet. Inclusive Digital Society. The Internet should be accessible to all. Governments should ensure that all residents have the means to access the Internet and should provide public Internet access, training and support. Particular attention should be paid to rural, remote and aboriginal populations, as well as the disability community. Cultural Diversity. Governments should promote access to the full range of the world's cultures and to ensure that the Internet economy reflects the true diversity of language, art, science, and literature in our world. The deployment of International Domain Names should be a priority. Background information: OneWebDay: Your Web. Your Day OneWebDay has attracted a global network of partner organizations and individual activists committed to broadening the public awareness of Internet and Web issues while deepening a culture of participation in building a Web that works for everyone. In 2008, OneWebDay organizers documented volunteer-driven events 34 different cities across the world. The Civil Society Seoul Declaration On June 16, 2008, more than 150 participants from 15 countries gathered in Seoul, South Korea, for the Civil Society - Labor Forum "Making the Future of the Internet Economy Work for Citizens, Consumers, and Workers. The event was organized by the Public Voice coalition, the Trade Union Advisory Committee, and the OECD Civil Society Reference group, which includes the Association for Progressive Communications, the Canadian Internet Policy and Public interest Clinic, Consumers Korea, the European Digital Rights Initiative, the Electronic Privacy Information Center, the Internet Governance Project, and the Trans Atlantic Consumer Dialogue. The Civil Society Seoul Declaration was signed by 82 organizations and more than 100 individuals. # Spanish: Translation done by Renata Ávila, Creative Commons-Guatemala # Portuguese: Translation done by Marilia Maciel, DiploFoundation # Korean Translation done by Byoung-il Oh, Jinbonet # Hungarian- Translation done by Inforum
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