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November 13 2011

Egypt: Plight of Bloggers Continues at Military Courts

This post is part of our special coverage Egypt Revolution 2011.

A military court today decided to jail blogger Alaa Abd El Fattah for another 15 days, 15 days after first detaining him, pending investigations on what defenders say are trumped up charges. Blogger Maikel Nabil Sanad's trial was also once again postponed until November 27.

Abd El Fattah was detained on October 30, after refusing to be interrogated by the Military Prosecution, in protest against its legitimacy. His arrest, and the international outcry it has caused, is shedding light on the plight of more than 12,000 civilians, including Sanad, who have been put on military trials in Egypt since the the Supreme Council of the Armed Forces (SCAF) took power. Abd El Fattah is accused of inciting violence against the military, stealing a weapon and destroying military equipment during the October 9 Maspero massacre, in which 25 Egyptians, mostly Copts, were killed in clashes between the military poilce and protesters demanding answers for the burning of churches in Sohag and Aswan.

Supporters wrote freedom for alaa abd el fattah on the ground outside the military prosecution building in cairo. photo by nazly hussein, posted on twitter

Supporters wrote Freedom for Alaa Abd El Fattah on the ground outside the Military Prosecution building in Cairo. Photo by Nazly Hussein, posted on Twitter

Abd El Fattah's trial coincided with Sanad's - Egypt's first blogger to be arrested and charged by a military court after the revolution which ousted Hosni Mubarak as president. Sanad was sentenced to three years in prison, for writing a post on his blog, which the military said was insulting.

The charges against Sanad are insulting the armed forces, publishing false information on his blog and disturbing public security. Last month, the Supreme Military Court of Appeals annulled the conviction but continued to hold Sanad, who had started a hunger strike, transferring him to a mental health facility.

Back in prison, Sanad continued with his hunger strike and his defiance to accept being subjected to the trial of a military court, a stance similar to Abd El Fattah's.

Today's rulings are seen by many as yet another blow for free speech and human rights in post-revolutionary Egypt.

The Big Pharaoh sums up the day:

@TheBigPharoah: Alaa refused to recognize the military court legitimacy, #MaikelNabil told his lawyers not to speak. Respect. #FreeAlaa

Rasha Abdulla adds:

@RashaAbdulla: Alaa Abdel fattah gets another 15 days in prison pending investigation. MaikelNabil postponed to Nov 27. Min of defence detainees acquitted

At first, news emerged that the Military Prosecutor dropped one of the charges from Abd El Fattah's accusations - that of stealing a weapon.

Alfred Raouf tweets:

@Kemety: will be detained for another 15 days, they dropped accusation of stealing weapons. He still refused recognizing the court.

And Azza Shaaban explains [ar]:

رغم اسقاط تهمة سرقة السلاح عن علاء عبدالفتاح لكن تهم التحريض واتلاف والتجمهر واستخدام القوة لسه لم تسقط
@Azza_Shaaban: Even though the charge of stealing a weapon has been dropped from Alaa Abd El Fattah, the charges of inciting violence, gathering, destruction of property and the use of force still remain

It then turns out that the judge “forgot” to turn the charge sheet to the next page.

Sultan Al Qassemi reports:

@SultanAlQassemi: Egypt Military Prosecutor: 's charge of “stealing army weapons” remains. Judge “forgot” to turn the charge sheet.

Farah Saafan notes:

@FarahSaafan: A Military Council that issues official statements on FB with judges that forget 2 turn pages during trials & can't protect minorities= SCAF

And Moutaz Dawood adds [ar]:

وبتجديد حبس علاء عبالفتاح .. يثبت المجلس العسكرى أنه لايجيد التفاوض ولا المرواغه .. ادواته الوحيده القضاء العسكرى والشرطه العسكريه
@Moutaz_D: By renewing Alaa Abd El Fattah's detention, SCAF proves that it doesn't master the art of negotition and that its only tools are military trials and military police

Meanwhile, Nazly Hussein reports about a defiant Abd El Fattah emerging out of court [ar]:

علاء خرج دلوقتي و هتف يسقط يسقط حكم العسكر من جوة البوكس

@nazlyhussein: Alaa just left and chanted: “Down Down with Military Rule” from inside the police jeep

This post is part of our special coverage Egypt Revolution 2011.

Egypt: Why Free Blogger Alaa Abd El Fattah?

This post is part of our special coverage Egypt Revolution 2011.

A graffiti of alaa abd el fattah which reads: don't forget me. photo by bassem sabry

A graffiti of Alaa Abd El Fattah which reads: Don't forget me. Photo by Bassem Sabry

A military court judge will decide today whether Alaa Abd El Fattah will be released or will spend another 15 days behind bars, pending investigations on what defenders say are trumped up charges. He is accused of inciting violence against the military, stealing arms and damaging military property.

Abd El Fattah was detained on October 30, after refusing to be interrogated by the Military Prosecution, in protest against its legitimacy. His arrest, and the international outcry it has caused, is shedding light on the plight of more than 12,000 civilians, who have been put on military trials in Egypt since the the Supreme Council of the Armed Forces (SCAF) took over.

On Twitter, supporters have been rallying for his freedom under the hashtag #WhyFreeAlaa . Here is a selection of some of the tweets under this hashtag.

Mostafa Rafat tweets:

@llvllostafa: #WhyFreeAlaa cuz he is in prison instead of me & u

Ahmad moein shares a similar sentiment:

@ahmadmoein: #WhyFreeAlaa because you're next!

S K adds:

@nolesfan2011: #whyfreealaa because he's a hero, he's innocent and he's my friend one of the most inspiring people I know

Hussein Adel Fahmy admits [ar]:

عشان أقوله أسف أنى كنت واخد فكرة غلط عنك تماما قبل الثورة..
@7usfahmy: So that I can apologise to him because I had a completely wrong impression about him before the revolution

And his sister Mona Seif, who has been championing against the military trial of civilians, since the beginning of the revolution, tweets:

@Monasosh: #WhyFreeAlaa coz I really miss u and I am tired of pretending it's easy

Columnist Mona Eltahawy sums it up:

@monaeltahawy: #WhyFreeAlaa Because he makes #Egypt better.

This post is part of our special coverage Egypt Revolution 2011.


New book by Michel Rosenfeld on Pluralism | "Political Theory - Habermas and Rawls" - - 2011-11-13

New book by Michel Rosenfeld on Pluralism

Law, Justice, Democracy, and the Clash of Cultures

by Michel Rosenfeld

(Cambridge University Press, 2011)

320 pages


The Cold War ideological battle with universal aspirations has given way to a clash of cultures as the world concurrently moves toward globalization of economies and communications and balkanization through a clash of ethnic and cultural identities. Traditional liberal theory has confronted daunting challenges in coping with these changes and with recent developments such as the spread of postmodern thought, religious fundamentalism, and global terrorism. This book argues that a political and legal philosophy based on pluralism is best suited to confront the problems of the twenty-first century. Pointing out that monist theories such as liberalism have become inadequate and that relativism is dangerous, the book makes the case for pluralism from the standpoint of both theory and its applications. The book engages with thinkers, such as Spinoza, Kant, Hegel, Rawls, Berlin, Dworkin, Habermas, and Derrida, and with several subjects that are at the center of current controversies, including equality, group rights, tolerance, secularism confronting religious revival, and political rights in the face of terrorism.


Part I. Liberal Justice and Fleeting Specters of Unity

1. Reframing Comprehensive Pluralism: Hegel versus Rawls
2. Equality and the Dialectic Between Identity and Difference
3. Human Rights and the Clash Between Universalism and Relativism

Part II. E Pluribus Unum?

4. Spinoza's Dialectic and the Paradoxes of Tolerance
5. The Clash Between Deprivatized Religion and Relativized Secularism
6. Dworkin and the One Law Principle

Part III. Can Pluralism Thrive in Times of Stress?

7. Rethinking Political Rights in Times of Stress
8. Derrida's Deconstructive Ethics of Difference Confronts Global Terrorism
9. Habermas's Discourse Ethics of Identity and Global Terror
10. Conclusion: the Hopes of Pluralism in a More Unified and More Fragmented World

Michel Rosenfeld is Professor of Law, Benjamin N. Cardozo School of Law, Yeshiva University. He is Co-Editor (with Andrew Arato) of "Habermas on Law and Democracy: Critical Exchanges" (University of California Press, 1998).

Related papers by Michel Rosenfeld:
* The Rule of Law and the Legitimacy of Constitutional Democracy (pdf, 2001)
* Spinoza's Dialectic and the Paradoxes of Tolerance (2003)
* A Pluralist Theory of Political Rights in Times of Stress (2005)
* Habermas's Call for Cosmopolitan Constitutional Patriotism in an Age of Global Terror (2006)
* Derrida's Ethical Turn and America (2006)
* Equality and the Dialectic Between Identity and Difference (2006)
* Unveiling the Limits of Tolerance (2010) [w. Susanna Mancini]

See also a panel discussion between Michel Rosenfeld, Jeremy Waldron, Tracy Higgins and Ruti Teitel on "What is Human Rights? Universals and the Challenge of Cultural Relativism" (pdf, 1999).


Egypt: Free Speech on Military Trial in Post-Revolution Egypt

This post is part of our special coverage Egypt Revolution 2011.

Bloggers and freedom of speech and human rights defenders are holding their breath as Egypt's military courts decide the fate of two bloggers today. Maikel Nabil Sanad's trial continues today. Also, a military court judge will decide whether Alaa Abd El Fattah will be released or will spend another 15 days behind bars, pending investigations on what defenders say are trumped up charges.

Louisa Loveluck reminds us:

@leloveluck: Important day for freedom of speech in : court ruling and Abdelfattah investigation both taking place.

Sarrah Abdelrahman explains:

@sarrahsworld: today is critical. Maikel Nabil court ruling. Alaa Abdelfattah investigation

Hossam Eid calls on supporters to turn up at the hearing. He tweets:

@EidH: If you could show up at S28 in support with Alaa and all the military trailed Egyptians that would be great

And Rasha Abdulla is on her way to the trial, accompanied by Abd El Fattah's nine-month pregnant wife Manal Hassan, to C28, the headquarters of the military prosecutors:

@RashaAbdulla: Will now pick up to S28 where Alaa's case will be tried. join us at Nasr city near microbus stop

Both Sanad and Abd El Fattah refuse to acknowledge the military court trying them. Sanad was arrested days after Hosni Mubarak stepped down as the president of Egypt, and was sentenced in April to three years in prison for posts he published on his blog.

The charges against Sanad are insulting the armed forces, publishing false information on his blog and disturbing public security. Last month, the Supreme Military Court of Appeals annulled the conviction but continued to hold Sanad, who had started a hunger strike, transferring him to a mental health facility.

Back in prison, Sanad continued with his hunger strike and his defiance to accept being subjected to the trial of a military court, a stance similar to Abd El Fattah, who was detained on October 30, after refusing to be interrogated by the Military Prosecutor, in protest against its legitimacy. Abd El Fattah is accused of inciting violence against the military, overtaking armed forces weapons and damaging military equipment.

Since January 28, more than 12,000 civilians have been put on military trials in Egypt.

This post is part of our special coverage Egypt Revolution 2011.

Egypt: Police Attack Aswan Protesters Angry Over Killing of Fisherman

Egyptian Salma Said reports on Twitter: “Egyptian police attacked people in #aswan who gathered in front of a police station to protest the killing of a fisherman yesterday by police.”

November 12 2011

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RSA Animate - The Divided Brain

Uploaded by theRSAorg on Oct 21, 2011 In this new RSAnimate, renowned psychiatrist and writer Iain McGilchrist explains how our 'divided brain' has profoundly altered human behaviour, culture and society. Taken from a lecture given by Iain McGilchrist as part of the RSA's free public events programme. To view the full lecture, go to
Reposted byadamski adamski

Occasional Painting — The Wine of St. Martin’s Day - Friday, September 24, 2010

Pieter Bruegel the Elder (c. 1525-1569)

Tempera on Linen

148cm x 270.5cm

Painted between 1565-1568

November 11 2011

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Saint Martin of Tours
Nov 11
Uploaded by breski1 on Nov 10, 2007

11th of November - Saint Martin, His Life, Traditions and Custom all over Europe

Saint Martin of Tours
Catholic Encyclopedia

Saint Martin's Day - Wikipedia (EN)
The Traditions and Costums of St. Martin's Day

Reposted bykatholisch katholisch

Researchers develop insulin substitute for treating diabetes orally | Biotechnology | Discover Sigalon Valley - Where the Tags are the Topics |

The World Diabetes Foundation estimated that some 285 million people, or around 6 percent of the world's adult population, were living with diabetes in 2010. For type 1 diabetics and up to 27 percent of type 2 diabetics, that means daily insulin injections, which can be uncomfortable and inconvenient. Since most people would rather pop a pill than get a shot, researchers have been trying to develop an oral form of insulin. However, this has proven difficult because insulin is a protein that is broken down in the stomach and gut. Now a team of researchers from Australia's Curtin University has found an insulin substitute to treat diabetes orally that they hope could help take the needle out of diabetes for many people.

In an effort to find a compound that emulates the molecular map of insulin, Professor Erik Helmerhorst and his colleagues at Curtin University in research undertaken with Australian pharmaceutical company Epichem searched the structures of three million compounds.



original www-site at, here.

ROG fordert Ende der Verfolgung von Bloggern in Ägypten

Reporter ohne Grenzen hat heute eine Petition gestartet, die unsere Unterstützung benötigt.

In Ägypten werden Blogger und Dissidenten weiterhin verfolgt und inhaftiert, weil sie berichten und ihre Meinung äußern.Die Petition von ROG fordert die Einstellung der Verfolgung von Internetdissidenten sowie die umgehende und bedingungslose Freilassung der ägyptischen Blogger Maikel Nabil Sanad und Alaa Abdel Fattah.

Spread The Word!


Trügerische Ruhe in Portugal | Telepolis 2011-11-11

Der Anführer der Nelkenrevolution 1974 schließt einen Militärputsch angesichts des harten Sparkurses nicht mehr aus
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Marin Marais (1656-1728) - Sonnerie de Ste. Genevieve du Mont de Paris (1723) - 

Uploaded by theprof1958 on Dec 25, 2009

Ralph Rousseau Meulenbroeks, viola da gamba (in the picture)
Pieter Jan Belder, clavicembalo
Rémy Baudet, violino

more from the same cellist


Marin Marais (31 May 1656, Paris -- 15 August 1728, Paris) was a French composer and viol player. He studied composition with Jean-Baptiste Lully, often conducting his operas, and with master of the bass viol Monsieur de Sainte-Colombe for 6 months. He was hired as a musician in 1676 to the royal court of Versailles. He did quite well as court musician, and in 1679 was appointed "ordinaire de la chambre du roy pour la viole", a title he kept until 1725.

He was a master of the basse de viol, and the leading French composer of music for the instrument. He wrote five books of Pièces de viole (1686-1725) for the instrument, generally suites with basso continuo. These were quite popular in the court, and for these he was remembered in later years as he who "founded and firmly established the empire of the viol" (Hubert Le Blanc, 1740). His other works include a book of Pièces en trio (1692) and four operas (1693-1709), Alcyone (1706) being noted for its tempest scene.

Titon du Tillet included Marais in Le Parnasse françois, making the following comments on two of his pieces:
" A piece from his fourth book entitled The Labyrinth, which passes through various keys, strikes various dissonances and notes the uncertainty of a man caught in a labyrinth through serious and then quick passages; he comes out of it happily and finishes with a gracious and natural chaconne. But he surprised musical connoisseurs even more successfully with his pieces called La Gamme [The Scale], which is a piece de symphonie that imperceptibly ascends the steps of the octave; one then descends, thereby going through harmonious songs and melodious tones, the various sounds of music. "

As with Sainte-Colombe, little of Marin Marais' personal life is known after he reached adulthood. Marin Marais married a Parisian, Catherine d'Amicourt, on September 21, 1676. They had 19 children together.

Facsimiles of all five books of Marais' Pièces de viole are published by Éditions J.M. Fuzeau. A complete critical edition of his instrumental works in seven volumes, edited by John Hsu, is published by Broude Brothers. Marais is credited with being one of the earliest composers of program music.[1] His work The Gallbladder Operation, for viola da gamba and harpsichord, includes composer's annotations such as "The patient is bound with silken cords" and "He screameth."[1]

November 10 2011


BBC to open vast radio archive online | Telegraph 2011-11-03

The BBC is to introduce a new radio website, codenamed ‘Audiopedia’, to contain virtually its entire archive of speech radio programmes going back to the 1940s.

Ein Politker der CDU kann bei einer Aussage über die Linke sehr gut wissen, welche Zeitung darüber auf welche Weise berichten wird. Diese eingespielten Regeln führen dazu, dass man als Leser oder Zuschauer ein permanentes Déja-vu-Erlebnis hat. Irgendwie hat man den Eindruck, dass man das alles schon einmal erlebt hat, wenn auch nicht ganz genau so, aber auch nicht ganz anders. Und obwohl sich alle Beteiligten darüber informieren können, dass es sich so verhält, weshalb bei vielen eine Ernüchterung ob solcher Mechanismen die Motivation zum Weitermachen gefährdet, geht es einfach so weiter. Also auch dann, wenn die Strukturen der Reproduktion durchschaut werden, kann daran nichts geändert werden, solange das Dispositiv, das alle relevanten Vorentscheidungen durch seinen Filter schon getroffen hat, weiter funktioniert.

Sprechblasen zweiter Ordnung #piratenpartei | Differentia - 2011-11-10
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ARTE Doku über Libyen die einige der Aspekte des vorherigen Artikels aufgreift.


added by oAnth:

Uploaded by desperodair on Aug 18, 2011

zitiert vom Video-Begleittext:

// Eine von ARTE produzierte Dokumentation über Libyen aus dem Jahr 2008 von Guy Seligmann

Die Dokumentation gibt einen Überblick über das Leben von Muammar al-Gaddafi und ein Land, das in der internationalen Politik oft von sich reden macht und über das dennoch nur wenig bekannt ist.

Es gibt nur wenige Männer, die in so hohem Maße und seit so langer Zeit ihr Land verkörpern wie Muammar al-Gaddafi. Der libysche Staatschef ist seit 1969 an der Macht und damit länger als jeder andere Staatschef eines arabischen Landes. Zugleich ist er mit 66 Jahren der Jüngste von ihnen.

Die Dokumentation, gesendet von ARTE France, beleuchtet die Politik der westlichen Länder gegenüber Libyen während der letzten Jahrzehnte - Terrorismusvorwürfe, Attentate und Annäherungen. Der libysche Regierungschef wird als vorausschauender Pragmatiker vorgestellt im Gegensatz zu den Bezeichnungen als Dogmatiker oder Egozentriker in anderen Berichten. Er ist überzeugter Moslem, widersetzt sich jedoch den libyschen Imamen und verlieh den libyschen Frauen einen in der arabischen Welt einmaligen gleichberechtigten Status.

Gaddafi setzte sich als Anhänger Nassers für die arabische Einheit ein und wandte sich nach deren Scheitern Afrika zu, wo er heute als Vermittler auftritt. Während des Embargos wurde der libysche Staatschef vom Westen einhellig geächtet, während er in jüngerer Zeit sowohl Sarkozy als auch Blair, Schröder und Prodi in Tripolis empfing. All diesen Widersprüchen ist das Filmteam mit drei Spezialisten - den Journalisten Antoine Sfeir und Samir Sobh sowie dem Politologen Moncef Djaziri - während der einmonatigen Dreharbeiten in Libyen nachgegangen. //
Reposted fromphr33k phr33k

November 09 2011

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Joseph Haydn: Fantasie C-dur Hob. XVII, 4 (1789) - ( 5:30 min)
piano: Balázs Szokolay

Hochgeladen von szokolaybalazs am 14.08.2009

piano score / Klarviernoten (pdf), here.

November 07 2011

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Passacaglia by Alessandro Piccinini 1566-1638

yt-video uploaded by BaroqueMusicOnly on Dec 21, 2010

// Alessandro Piccinini (December 30, 1566 -- ca. 1638), was an Italian lutenist and composer.

Piccinini was born in Bologna into a musical family: his father Leonardo Maria Piccinini taught lute playing to Alessandro as well as his brothers Girolamo (d. 1615) and Filippo (d. 1648). He held appointments at the Este court in Ferrara (from 1582 to 1597) and with Cardinal Pietro Aldobrandini, papal legate at Bologna and Ferrara. Piccinini died around 1638, probably in Bologna.

He is best known for his two volumes of lute music: Intavolatura di Liuto et di Chitarrone, libro primo (Bologna, 1623) and Intavolaturo di Liuto (Bologna, 1639), the latter published posthumusly by his son Leonardo Maria Piccinini. The 1623 collection is of particular importance because of Piccinini's lengthy preface, which includes a detailed manual on performance, as well as claims to have invented the archlute (Piccinini also made important modifications to the chitarrone). Piccinini concentrated on toccatas, courantes and galliards, as well as different kinds of variations. No other works by Piccinini are known; his music for La selva sin amor, the first opera performed in Spain, composed by his brother Filippo Piccinini is lost.

Passacaglias for lute have been composed by figures such as Alessandro Piccinini, G. H. Kapsberger, Sylvius Leopold Weiss, Esaias Reusner, Count Logy, Robert de Visée, Jacob Bittner, Philipp Franz Lesage De Richee, Gleitsmann, Dufaut, Gallot, Denis Gaultier, Ennemond Gaultier, and Roman Turovsky-Savchuk, a passacaglia for bandura by Julian Kytasty, and for baroque guitar by Paulo Galvão, Santiago de Murcia, Francisco Guerau, Gaspar Sanz, and Marcello Vitale. //

quote from the yt-video text

November 06 2011

Egypt: Military Court Refuses Alaa Abdel Fattah's Appeal

An appeal filed by Egypt’s veteran blogger Alaa Abdel Fattah for his release pending investigation has been denied (Nov. 3) by a Cairo military court. Abdel Fattah was detained on October 30 for 15 days after refusing to be interrogated by a military court, and insisting on his right to be investigated before a civilian court.

Abdel Fattah’s lawyers argued, among other things, that he was a no-flight risk since he was originally in San Francisco when the court summoned him, and he returned a few days later to appear before the court the next day.

It is therefore evident that he is not trying to escape trial. Instead, he insists on his civilian right to being tried before a civilian court, especially that the military is itself accused in the Maspero case for which he is being investigated.

Following the denial of appeal, Abdel Fattah was transferred to Tora prison, which has much better living conditions than the appeals prison he was originally in. He had published an article in Al Shorouk newspaper [in Arabic] and the Guardian [in English] in which he explained that the conditions at the appeals prison are simply inhumane, and declared that his imprisonment is a return to the post-revolution Mubarak days. Abdel Fattah had previously been detained under Mubarak for 45 days in 2006 after participating in a protest in support of an independent judiciary.

A second blog post by Abdel Fattah [a translation of which is available here] was published on the award-winning blog Manal and Alaa Bit Bucket (, which is maintained by the blogger and his wife as one of the first and most popular blogs in Egypt and the Arab world. In his second post from behind bars, Alaa said he was offered and refused a deal to be released if he stops attacking Field Marshal Mohamed Hussein Tantawi, the head of the Supreme Council of Armed Forces, Egypt’s current ruling authority.

On a more personal note, Alaa reveals a graceful self-embarrassment at having asked to be transferred to a more humane prison, thus having to leave other cell mates behind. He tells his readers that although he was brave enough to face imprisonment, he wasn’t brave enough to hear the opinion of his nine-month pregnant wife, Manal, in his decision to remain silent before the military prosecutor, which they knew would probably lead to detention. He knew she would support him anyway, he says. He ends his blog on a note of gratitude, crediting any bit of courage that he has to the influence of his mother, his younger sisters, and his wife, whose being separated from is the hardest part of detention.

Egypt: All Set for Parliamentary Elections 2011

With the parliamentary elections in Egypt around the corner, it is hard to find any discussion where the elections is not a part of it. Beside it being the first parliament to be elected after the fall of Hosni Mubarak, this parliament will also be responsible for appointing the committee that will draft the country's new constitution which in turn will pave the way to the presidential elections later on.

The Elections Law

The People Council's (Lower House) elections will start on Monday, November 28, and will be on three stages - each for a number of the Egyptian governorates, with dates for second rounds of voting in case none of the candidates in a certain district receives the required number of votes. The three stages and their second rounds will end on January 10, 2012, as shown in the table below and the results are expected to be out on January 13. Meanwhile, the Shura (consultative) Council (Upper House) elections (Upper House) will start on January 29.

Egyptian elections time table

Egyptian Elections Time Table

The distribution of the seats in the parliament are a bit tricky and that's why on the official website of the parliamentary elections, they added a special FAQ page in order to help people understand the complex elections system they are about to participate in.

The site notes [ar]:

يتم انتخاب ثلثي أعضاء مجلسي الشعب والشورى بنظام القوائم الحزبية المغلقة والثلث الآخر بنظام الانتخاب الفردي إذ يجب أن يكون عدد الممثلين لكل محافظة عن طريق القوائم الحزبية المغلقة ضعف عدد الأعضاء الممثلين لها عن طريق الانتخاب الفردي.
و تقسم الجمهورية لانتخابات مجلس الشعب إلى ٨٣ دائرة تخصص للانتخاب بالنظام الفردي ينتخب عن كل دائرة منها عضوان يكون احدهما على الأقل من العمال والفلاحين و ٤٦ دائرة أخرى تخصص للانتخاب بنظام القوائم.
وتقسم جمهورية مصر العربية لانتخابات مجلس الشورى إلى ٣٠ دائرة تخصص للانتخاب بالنظام الفردي، ينتخب عن كل دائرة منها عضوان يكون أحدهما على الأقل من العمال والفلاحين. كما تقسم الجمهورية إلى ٣٠ دائرة أخرى تخصص للانتخاب بنظام القوائم ويمثل كل دائرة ٤ أعضاء
Two thirds of the seats of the People's Assembly (Lower House) and the Shura Council (Upper House) will be elected using closed party-list proportional representation and the other third will be chosen using individual or single-winners voting system. I.e. the seats elected in each governorate using the closed party-lists are double of those of the single-winner seats.
For the People's Assembly, the country will be divided into 83 electoral districts for individuals, and two seats will be assigned to each district where one of them at least should be a worker or peasant, while 46 districts will be for the lists.
And for the Shura Councils, the country will be divided into 30 districts for individuals, and two seats will be assigned to each district where one of them at least should be a worker or peasant, while 30 districts will be for the lists with 4 seats in each.

During the previous decades, dictatorship and the centralization of the government in Egypt prevented the MP's (Members of Parliament) from fulfilling their actual role in the political system and created a huge confusion among many Egyptians who cannot really differentiate between the role of an MP and that of a member of a local council. Alex News tried to clarify such difference here.

عضو مجلس الشعب هو من يقوم باصدار التشريعات ووضع القوانيين ومراقبة الاداء الحكومى ومناقشة الميزانية والمشاريع الكبرى للدولة وليس دورة الاهتمام بالجانب العمرانى كرصف الطرق و التى يختص بها “عضو المجلس المحلى”.
The MP is the one responsible for issuing legalisation and laws, monitoring the government performance and discussing its budget and major projects taking place in the country. And his role is not taking care of urban development such as street pavements which is the role of the local council members.

According to a poll made by the Center for Socialist Studies, some Egyptians do not trust the election results. However, they are still going to vote. Meanwhile, some others are calling for boycotting the elections in disagreement with the way the Supreme Council of Armed Forces (SCAF) is handling the transitional period in the country.

Egyptians Abroad

With an estimate of 8 million Egyptians living abroad, there has been many discussions about their right to vote. The current transnational regime has been claiming that have no problem with the Egyptian diaspora voting. However, they do not have the appropriate facilities and means to achieve this. Recently, an Egyptian court ruled that Egyptians living abroad should be allowed to vote at embassies in upcoming parliamentary and presidential elections. Since then, it is not clear whether they will finally be allowed to vote or not.

Elections Monitoring

Meanwhile, may non-governmental initiatives are being formed in order to monitor the elections. U-shahid, or You Witness, is an Ushahidi-based interactive map for monitoring any violations regarding the electoral process. They have previous experiences in monitoring the previous parliamentary elections in 2010 and the the referendum the took place in March as well. Another initiative is called Haraket Morakba (Monitoring Movement), who are looking for volunteers to join them:

@FouadZayed: If you are interested in volunteering to monitor the upcoming elections kindly check out this account @moorakpa #Egypt #EgyElections #EgElec


And finally, most of the candidates now have started their campaigns all over the country, and according to the law a campaign can go on for until two days before voting starts. Since then, we have witnessed controversial and funny banners, like the one of El-Nour (The Light) Salafi Party that decided to replace the photographs of women in their banners with a flower.

Sameh Hanafy mocked the banner here.

Also, another banner featured one of the candidates talking to himself.

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