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March 07 2011

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Graf Brühl Schneider auf einer Ziege / Meissen J Kaendler
Reposted fromhenteaser henteaser
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Berkman Center: Wiki - Digital Library of America Project

Contents

Introduction

The Berkman Center will convene a large and diverse group of stakeholders to define the scope, architecture, costs, and administration for a proposed Digital Public Library of America. This initiative was launched in December 2010 with generous support from the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation.

Planning activities will be guided by a Steering Committee of library and foundation leaders, which promises to announce a full slate of activities in early 2011. The Committee plans to bring together representatives from the educational community, public and research libraries, cultural organizations, state and local government, publishers, authors, and private industry in a series of meetings and workshops to examine strategies for improving public access to comprehensive online resources.

The initiative stems from an October 2010 meeting held at the Radcliffe Institute to discuss the possibility of creating a Digital Public Library of America. That meeting, attended by leaders from research libraries, foundations, and a variety of cultural institutions, resulted in a statement that will serve as a jumping-off point for the initiative.

Contributing to the Wiki

The evolution and success of this initiative rely on inputs from a diverse range of stakeholders and community members; we very much hope that this wiki will be the embodiment of a consensus-based and peer-produced approach.

This is just a starting point, which we hope will grow with your input and suggestions. Please help us to develop these resources and conversations by creating an account and contributing links and resources directly to the wiki, or by e-mailing Rebekah Heacock at the Berkman Center with your contributions.

Not sure where to start? Check out the most active pages or the pages with the fewest contributions so far.

Research Tracks in Support of Workstreams

The DPLA Steering Committee has formally established 5 workstreams: Content and Scope; Financial/Business Models; Governance; Legal Issues; and Technical Aspects for our initial planning phase. Community members have added two further research tracks: Audience and Interactivity. Please feel free to contribute to any of these research tracks and propose new ones. The Steering Committee will consider adding new workstreams for the next planning phases based on suggestions here on the wiki. (A note on what follows: on behalf of the Steering Committee, I've added "Big Issues" under each track based on conversations, in person on 3/1/11 in Cambridge, MA. As ever, consider them editable all the same. - John Palfrey)

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I came out of it invigorated and depressed at the same time. Invigorated: An amazing set of people, very significant national institutions ready to pitch in, an alignment on the value of access to the works of knowledge and culture. Depressed: The !@#$%-ing copyright laws are so draconian and, well, stupid, that it is hard to see how to take advantage of the new ways of connecting to ideas and to one another. As one well-known Internet archivist said, we know how to make works of the 19th and 21st centuries accessible, but the 20th century is pretty much lost: Anything created after 1923 will be in copyright about as long as there’s a Sun to read by, and the gigantic mass of works that are out of print, but the authors are dead or otherwise unreachable, is locked away as firmly as an employee restroom at a Disney theme park.

So, here are some of the issues we discussed yesterday that I found came home with me. Fortunately, most are not intractable, but all are difficult to resolve and, some, to implement:

Should the DPLA aggregate content or be a directory? Much of the discussion yesterday focused on the DPLA as an aggregation of e-works. Maybe. But maybe it should be more of a directory. That’s the approach taken by the European online library, Europeana. But being a directory is not as glamorous or useful. And it doesn’t use the combined heft of the participating institutions to drive more favorable licensing terms or legislative changes since it itself is not doing any licensing.

[...]

Joho the Blog » Questions from and for the Digital Public Library of America workshop - 20110302 - David Weinberger
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The WIKILEAKS NEWS & VIEWS BLOG for Monday—Day 100! | The Nation - Greg Mitchell - 2011-03-07

As I’ve done for more than 14 weeks, I will be updating news and views on all things WikiLeaks all day, with new items added at the top. All times are ET in USA. You can contact me at epic1934@aol.com, Read about or order my new book, The Age of WikiLeaks, updated to early February, in print or an e-book.

1:30  Panel in Prague this Saturday includes, besides yours truly,  Vaughan Smith (Frontline chief and Assange staying at house)  and Birgitta Jonsdottir (Icelandic MP).

12:50  Still "celebrating" 100th day of this blog --  see below for links to a groovy Nation slideshow,  and two new pieces by me (one on top revelations of Cablegate, the other revisiting the first day, November 28, 2010).  

12:40  Online chat with Manning friend David House on why not more visitors for Manning, although he seems to say his parents visited this past week.   Manning's attorney "holds the keys."

11:45  The Guardian column:   Don't forget Bradley Manning by  Duncan Campbell.

11:10  New slide show just launched by The Nation picking the key events in the 100 Days of Cablegate--also has key links.

10:55  Interesting teaser for new article on Manning in the Making, allegedly untold storie about his years in Tulsa and decision to enlist in Army.  Problem: Need to subscribe to get full piece.

10:20   Unseen video from 9/11, shot by helicopter at Twin Towers, leaked online, thanks to Cryptome.   Seventeen minutes of circling, landing, circling again after collapse ("We got out of there at the right time").   Here's direct link to YouTube version.   At this moment I was about 60 blocks uptown.

10:15  Marking 100th day of this blog, print edition of my "The Age of WikiLeaks" book on sale today only for $9.95.  Also available ain various e-editions.

10:10   Another new piece marking  100 days without a break for this blog: My look back at the day Cablegate was born.   See a Nation slide show coming later today. 

9:55  Excellent WikiLeaks and the Law panel in NYC, with AMy Goodman and others,  on March r 21 at 6 pm.  

9:20  My new piece marking 100th day of blog -- with a long list of top Cablegate revelations since the "gate" opened.

8:55 More on uproar in Costa Rica over U.S.-police training and "selling soul" to the Chinese.

8:20  New from Andy Greenberg at Forbes:  Anonymous targets Bradley Manning's jailers in Operation Bradical. "In a crowdsourced document used to coordinate the group’s actions, Anonymous members name Department of Defense Press Secretary Geoff Morell and chief warrant officer Denise Barnes as targets and call on members to dig up personal information on both, including phone numbers, personal histories and home addresses. The goal of the operation, for now, is to “dox” the two officials, the typical Anonymous method of publishing personal information of victims and using it for mass harassment."  Expect them to receive orders of hundreds of boxes of pizza, etc.

8:00  "The Commodication of Julian Assange":   Capitalism in action.  Well, "perhaps that explains the 'Julian Assange please marry me!' shirts."

7:45 As noted below, this is day 100 of this live-blog.  My colleague Kevin Gosztola, who has done great work almost from the start here, with my book, at WL Central and Op-Ed News is currently tweeting 100 Cablegate Revelations in 100 MInutes @KGosztola. 

7:35   As we reach 100 days for this blog, for the full story of WikiLeaks, going back to last March and the release of the Collateral Murder video, then the Afghan and Iraq war logs, and finally Cablegate (up to early February), check out my The Age of WikiLeaks book, in in print or an e-book.

7:25   Cables claim  70%  percent of Peru's lumber was felled illegally -- and gov't knew about it.

7:10  New cable from 2007 suggests: Buying cheap blood led to HIV outbreak in Libya.   Six Bulgarian medics were previously sentenced to death in this matter.


From late Sunday

11:20   Visit at your own risk: Yes, there's a Hackers Lane in L.A.  See pic.

7:50  The Telegraph with new cables, from couple years back, warning that eastern Libya with strong extremist, jihadi element vs. Gaddafi. Really not known how strong role playing today.

7:00 Aussie attorney:  Threat of Assange extradition from Sweden to USA "real," despite image of groovy Swedes.

6:55  Useful review of the whole HBGary, BOA, WikiLeaks scandal.  And "other tales from the dark side."

5:50  Sen. John Kerry defends treatment of Manning, although he's glad it's getting more study.

5:45 Profile in Sydney Morning Herald of the Icelandic journalist who might take over (they say) WikiLeaks if Assange no longer able.  "At first blush, Hrafnsson, a softly-spoken, thin 48-year-old divorced father of two, appears the polar opposite of the publicity machine that is Assange.  ''I'm rather old-school, you know; even though I'm in a broadcast journalism environment, I've never seen the journalist as, well, I think he should always strive to be in the background, not be the story.'  But when his conversation turns to the role of WikiLeaks and the impact it has had upon the press and governments around the world, he shows as much vision as the website's Australian founder."

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Anziku Kingdom, The Anziku Kingdom, also called Kingdom of M’Bé, Kingdom of Kongo, Teke Kingdom, Tyo Kingdom or Tio Kingdom, has its Palace in the modern Republic of Congo (to whom it gave its name of Congo).

 

It is known as the most ancient Kingdom of the world (4,000 years old). Oral traditions about the early history of the Kingdom were set in writing for the first time in the late 16th century, and the most comprehensive ones were recorded in the mid-seventeenth century, including those written by the Italian Capuchin missionary Giovanni Cavazzi da Montecuccolo.

The kingdom consisted of several core provinces ruled by the Mani-kongo or Makoko, the Portuguese version of the Kongo title ‘Mwene Kongo’, meaning lord or ruler of the Kongo kingdom, but its sphere of influence extended to neighbouring vassal kingdoms. 13 vassal Kings or Royal Princes (in modern language) nowadays help the Makoko to rule the Kingdom which is over the modern republics (The 2 Congo, Centrafric, Angola, Gabon, part of Chad and Cameroon.) Their job is to keep the traditions alive, to strickly respect the King’s Will and to modernize the territory. (via afrofly)

Reposted fromsynmirror synmirror
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Kein sanfter Tod für eine Schüchterne | Kultur, Aktuell, NZZ Online - 2011-03-07

Frieda Roth, die Frau des Dichters Joseph Roth, starb in der NS-Gaskammer von Schloss Hartheim

«Sie war ein hübsches mädchen. schlank, mit einem feingeschnittenen gesicht.» - friedl roth um 1920. (bild: pd)Zoom

«Sie war ein hübsches Mädchen. Schlank, mit einem feingeschnittenen Gesicht.» - Friedl Roth um 1920. (Bild: pd)

Ein Teil der Tragik im tragischen Leben des österreichischen Schriftstellers Joseph Roth war die psychische Erkrankung seiner Ehefrau, für die er sich selbst verantwortlich machte. 1930 wurde Frieda Roth ins Sanatorium eingeliefert. Sie fiel, wie hier erstmals belegt wird, am Ende dem NS-Euthanasieprogramm zum Opfer.

                       

 [...]

  

Salottobuono > projects > DREAMING MILANO

"…Thinking about the internal boundaries of the city, about its “inner front”, means to catch the opportunity of an expansion different from the peripheral one: with other relationships between open spaces and built masses, a different density, a different intensity, proper typologies.
It means also to reflect on the natural environment, not as a landscape fragment romantically survived to urbanization anymore, but as a “productive graft”, structuring space and metropolitan luxury. Cultivated place instead of social diaphragm.

The deep differences between the metropolitan boundaries and the agricultural land could exacerbate, rather than recompose in a homogeneous tissue.

On the inner edge of the contemporary city, high-speed drifting fragments of frenetic urbanity float free from intrinsic relations with the traditional organization of the built environment…"
Reposted fromrobertogreco robertogreco
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One of several illustrations from Salottobuono’s DREAMING MILANO

Reposted fromrobertogreco robertogreco

New book sheds new light on Lincoln's racial views

Source: AP (3-4-11)

Abraham Lincoln's Gettysburg Address has inspired Americans for generations, but consider his jarring remarks in 1862 to a White House audience of free blacks, urging them to leave the U.S. and settle in Central America.

Lincoln went on to say that free blacks who envisioned a permanent life in the United States were being "selfish" and he promoted Central America as an ideal location "especially because of the similarity of climate with your native land — thus being suited to your physical condition."

As the nation celebrates the 150th anniversary of Lincoln's first inauguration Friday, a new book by a researcher at George Mason University in Fairfax makes the case that Lincoln was even more committed to colonizing blacks than previously known. The book, "Colonization After Emancipation," is based in part on newly uncovered documents that authors Philip Magness and Sebastian Page found at the British National Archives outside London and in the U.S. National Archives....

Reposted fromsigalonhistory sigalonhistory

Paul Krugman: Degrees and Dollars

I've noted in the past that education is essential, but it won't work for everyone. What's the answer for everyone else?:

Degrees and Dollars, by Paul Krugman, Commentary, NY Times: It is a truth universally acknowledged that education is the key to economic success. Everyone knows that the jobs of the future will require ever higher levels of skill. ...
But what everyone knows is wrong..., the idea that modern technology eliminates only menial jobs, that well-educated workers are clear winners, may dominate popular discussion, but it’s actually decades out of date.
The fact is that since 1990 or so the U.S. job market has been characterized not by a general rise in the demand for skill, but by “hollowing out”: both high-wage and low-wage employment have grown rapidly, but medium-wage jobs — the kinds of jobs we count on to support a strong middle class — have lagged behind. And the hole in the middle has been getting wider...
Why is this happening? The belief that education is becoming ever more important rests on the plausible-sounding notion that advances in technology increase job opportunities for those who work with information — loosely speaking, that computers help those who work with their minds, while hurting those who work with their hands.
Some years ago, however, the economists David Autor, Frank Levy and Richard Murnane argued that this was the wrong way to think about it. Computers, they pointed out, excel at routine tasks, “cognitive and manual tasks that can be accomplished by following explicit rules.” Therefore, any routine task — a category that includes many white-collar, nonmanual jobs — is in the firing line. ... Most of the manual labor still being done in our economy seems to be of the kind that’s hard to automate. ...
And then there’s globalization. Once, only manufacturing workers needed to worry about competition from overseas, but the combination of computers and telecommunications has made it possible to provide many services at long range. ... Alan Blinder and Alan Krueger suggest ... that high-wage jobs performed by highly educated workers are, if anything, more “offshorable” than jobs done by low-paid, less-educated workers. If they’re right, growing international trade in services will further hollow out the U.S. job market.
So what does all this say about policy?
Yes, we need to fix American education. In particular, the inequalities Americans face at the starting line — bright children from poor families are less likely to finish college than much less able children of the affluent — aren’t just an outrage; they represent a huge waste of the nation’s human potential.
But ... the notion that putting more kids through college can restore the middle-class society we used to have is wishful thinking. It’s no longer true that having a college degree guarantees that you’ll get a good job, and it’s becoming less true with each passing decade.
So if we want a society of broadly shared prosperity, education isn’t the answer — we’ll have to go about building that society directly. We need to restore the bargaining power that labor has lost over the last 30 years, so that ordinary workers as well as superstars have the power to bargain for good wages. We need to guarantee the essentials, above all health care, to every citizen.
What we can’t do is get where we need to go just by giving workers college degrees, which may be no more than tickets to jobs that don’t exist or don’t pay middle-class wages.
Reposted from02myEcon-01 02myEcon-01
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Military-Industrial Complex from Eisenhower to Obama
Gareth Porter on how the Military-Industrial Complex evolved into the Permanent War State
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Support the campaign to audit Europe's public debt | Costas Lapavitsas - guardian.co.uk - 2011-03-03

   
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