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March 03 2011

02mydafsoup-01

Anonymous: Open Letter To The World

We stand at a unique time in our history, the rise of the internet and computer technology have contributed to an unparalleled rate of prosperity for the First World.

We have created for ourselves and empire unlike any other, a global network of constant trade and communication, a new age of technological advancement. We have come a long way from our humble roots in the Industrial Revolution and the days of Manifest Destiny. We are now pioneers on new digital frontiers expanding our domain from the quantum world to the far reaches of space.

And yet, the empire faces a crisis, a global recession, growing poverty, rampant violence, corruption in politics, and threats to personal freedom. As it was before in other times of crisis, the old stories have begun to repeat themselves. The half truths, this time repeated nightly on cable news and echoed through a series of tubes onto the internet: the empire is strong, change is unwise, business as usual is the answer. In times of uncertainty there are those who seek to add to the confusion, to prey on our insecurities and fears. Those who would seek to keep us divided for their own gain. The pervasive strategy takes many very convincing forms: Liberals and Conservatives, Christians and Muslims, Black and White, Saved and sinner.

But something unexpected is happening. We have begun telling each other our own stories. Sharing our lives, our hopes, our dreams, our demons. Every second, day in day out, into all hours of the night the gritty details of life on this earth are streaming around the world. As we see the lives of others played out in our living rooms we are beginning to understand the consequences of our actions and the error of the old ways. We are questioning the old assumptions that we are made to consume not to create, that the world was made for our taking, that wars are inevitable, that poverty is unavoidable. As we learn more about our global community a fundamental truth has been rediscovered: We are not so different as we may seem. Every human has strengths, weaknesses, and deep emotions. We crave love, love laughter, fear being alone and dream for a better life.

You must create a better life.

You cannot sit on the couch watching television or playing video games, waiting for a revolution. You are the revolution. Every time you decide not to exercise your rights, every time you refuse to hear another view point, every time you ignore the world around you, every time you spend a dollar at a business that doesn’t pay a fair wage you are contributing to the oppression of the human body and the repression of the human mind. You have a choice, a choice to take the easy path, the familiar path, to walk willingly into your own submission. Or a choice get up, to go outside and talk to your neighbor, to come together in new forums to create lasting, meaningful change for the human race.

This is our challenge:

A peaceful revolution, a revolution of ideas, a revolution of creation. The twenty-first century enlightenment. A global movement to create a new age of tolerance and understanding, empathy and respect. An age of unfettered technological development. An age of sharing ideas and cooperation. An age of artistic and personal expression. We can choose to use new technology for radical positive change or let it be used against us. We can choose to keep the internet free, keep channels of communication open and dig new tunnels into those places where information is still guarded. Or we can let it all close in around us. As we move in to new digital worlds, we must acknowledge the need for honest information and free expression. We must fight to keep the internet open as a marketplace of ideas where all are seated as equals. We must defend our freedoms from those who would seek to control us. We must fight for those who do not yet have a voice. Keep telling your story. All must be heard.

[Reposted for Anonymous: We Are All Anonymous]

Reposted fromBohemian Bohemian
02mydafsoup-01
Wadah Khanfar: A historic moment in the Arab world | Video on TED.com

About this talk

As a democratic revolution led by tech-empowered young people sweeps the Arab world, Wadah Khanfar, the head of Al Jazeera, shares a profoundly optimistic view of what's happening in Egypt, Tunisia, Libya and beyond -- at this powerful moment when people realized they could step out of their houses and ask for change.

About Wadah Khanfar

As Director General of Al Jazeera, the only international TV network based in the developing world, Wadah Khanfar works to bring rare liberties like information, transparency and dissenting voices to… Full bio and more links

02mydafsoup-01

   

"Die österreichischen Unis sind

   

bereits tot"

02. März 2011, 18:03
  • Artikelbild:

    "Von ihrem Potenzial her sind die Unis immer noch eine Produktionsstätte der Demokratie." - "Sind sie das noch?" Marlene Streeruwitz betrachtet Christian Felbers guten Glauben skeptisch.

Marlene Streeruwitz und Christian Felber sprachen einst im besetzten Audimax - Über die Hochschulpolitik seit "unibrennt"

UniStandard: Wie beurteilen Sie die Hochschulpolitik seit "unibrennt"?

Streeruwitz: Bildung wird endgültig in Ausbildung verwandelt. Mitbestimmung wird nicht als bildungsrechtliche Voraussetzung angesehen. Was ich sehe ist, dass dieser Staat zurückkehrt in das Jahr 1804, wo irgendsoein Erzherzog Alexander vor sich hingemurmelt hat, dass man denen das Lesen und Schreiben nicht beibringen soll, weil sonst gehen sie nicht mehr aufs Feld arbeiten. Es herrscht eine vollkommene Verachtung der Rolle der Bildung für die Entwicklung der Person. Und die Frau Karl ist eine Person, die diesen Bereich in unbewusster Selbstverachtung behandelt und gegen ihre eigenen Interessen als Mitglied einer Universität argumentiert. Noch dazu unter einem geistfeindlichen Kanzler, der die Kunst des Regierens in keiner Weise beherrscht.

UniStandard: Hätten Sie dieselbe Zustandsbeschreibung auch vor eineinhalb Jahren gegeben?

Streeruwitz: Nein, es ist heute viel schlimmer, weil sich herausgestellt hat, dass die Unfähigkeit, auf die Begehren von Studierenden zu antworten, durch alle hierarchischen Schichten geht - von der Politik bis zum Rektorat. Es ist wie Sauerstoffentzug.

Felber: Der Sauerstoff wäre für mich die Bildung als öffentliches Gut. Ich empfinde Bildung zwar nicht als Oberschichtenprivileg, aber es geht in Richtung Wirtschaftsgut und das heißt, dass nicht mehr der Blutadel einen privilegierten Zugang hat, sondern der Geldadel der Zukunft. Was ich in den letzten eineinhalb Jahren beobachte, ist, dass man die Banken liberalisiert und die Kosten auf die Allgemeinheit übergewälzt hat - und die Folge ist, dass man die Unis dadurch viel leichter liberalisieren kann.

UniStandard: Nun werden die Unis aber auf totaler Sparflamme gehalten, sodass sie gerade für private Investoren wenig attraktiv sind.

Felber: Die Spreu ist eben noch nicht vom Weizen getrennt. Aber genau dazu dienen ja die Vorbereitungen auf den allgemeinen Wettbewerb. Und wenn man sich das Dienstleistungsabkommen der WTO oder die Binnenmarktfantasien der EU ansieht, dann ist dort Bildung eine Handelsware wie jede andere und der tertiäre Sektor ist ein extra ausgewiesenes Filetstück innerhalb der Liberalisierungsschnitten.

UniStandard: Aber gibt es nicht einen Unterschied zwischen dem, was die WTO plant und der konkreten österreichischen Situation?

Streeruwitz: Aber sicher. Ich wollte, es wäre alles so strategisch, dann könnten wir viel besser eingreifen. Es ist ja allen ganz recht, wenn niemand was lernen kann, das ist ein gesellschaftlicher Sadismus gegen junge Leute, eine gewisse Schadenfreude, in der die ÖVP besonders geübt ist.

Felber: Ich sehe ein Zusammenwirken dieses antiintellektuellen Heranzüchtens eines unkritischen Publikums mit der Kommerzialisierungstendenz. Beides ist sowohl gegen die Freiheit als auch die Menschenwürde gerichtet. Frage ich heute meine Studierenden wie es ihnen gehtm, höre ich postwendend: Angst und Wut.

UniStandard: War die Situation in der Geschichte schon einmal aussichtsreicher?

Streeruwitz: Na, die Drittelparität wäre schon demokratischer gewesen, wenn die Professoren diese Demokratie implementiert hätten. In einem System in dem alte Eliten neue Strukturen einführen sollen, bedarf es eben deren Mitarbeit. Diese haben aber lieber ihren Besitzstand bewahrt und zwar unter Aufgabe jeder Möglichkeit von Kritik. Dann sind Revolutionen doch gründlicher. 

Felber: Also, ich würde es gleich von Grund auf demokratisch gestalten. Ich denke etwa an einen Bildungskonvent, in dem einerseits das Organisationsmodell der Universitäten demokratisch zustande kommt und nicht aus dem Ministerium, und dann könnte man auch über die Finanzierung demokratischer abstimmen. Denn Österreich ist so reich, dass wir das Zwei-Prozent-Ziel (Uni-Budget gemessen am BIP) mit dem Fingernagel des kleinen Fingers finanzieren könnten. Wir geben derzeit 2,7 Milliarden Euro für die Unis aus. Das bereits zugesagte Volumen des Bankenrettungsschirms umfasst 37 Milliarden. 

Streeruwitz: Also die Bankenrettung würde ich hier draußen lassen, unter dem Aspekt, dass es nicht das einzige sein kann, das finanziert wird. Mit den Sparmaßnahmen aber werden die Räume für Erkenntnis immer kleiner, der Zusammenhalt mit der eigenen Geschichte geht verloren und wir geraten in neue Faschismen.

Felber: Ich glaube, dass in der Bevölkerung ein Konsens für eine ausreichende Finanzierung der Unis zu finden wäre. Die Regierung hat hier aber eine Doppelmühle aufgemacht: Entweder wir sparen alle, oder wir gehen in den Staatsbankrott. 

Streeruwitz: Ja, das ist Erpressung, eigentlich ein krimineller Tatbestand ...

UniStandard: Was ist dann von den Unis noch zu erwarten?

Felber: Von ihrem Potential her sind die Universitäten immer noch eine der wertvollsten Produktionsstätten der Demokratie.

Streeruwitz: Sind sie das noch? Ich glaube, die österreichischen Universitäten sind bereits tot. Heute muss ich ganz offen sagen, ohne Neugründungen geht es nicht. Ich würde gerne freie Akademien öffentlich finanziert sehen - dann könnte ein blühendes Geistesleben entstehen. Wir sind in Wien in einem Niemandsland der Geistigkeit. Denn das wirklich kritische Denken ist hier nie vorgekommen.

Felber: Aber das ist kein Ersatz von öffentlich ausfinanzierten Universitäten. Auch wenn wir sehen, dass es jetzt in die Gegenrichtung geht und die Universitäten finanziell ausgehungert werden.

UniStandard: Was wurde aus den Uni-Reformen der letzten 20 Jahre?

Streeruwitz: Das Begehren von Busek 1993 war eine Amerikanisierung. Was ich an der Uni nie erfahren habe, ist dieses Gefühl, ein Recht auf Bildung zu haben, es besteht ein Rangeln um jeden Augenblick des Studiums. Was waren denn die österreichischen Universitäten? Hochzensurierte Ausbildungsakademien für Staatsdiener in der Monarchie. Und im Austrofaschismus gab es dann ohnehin den Wunsch, vor die französische Revolution und vor die Aufklärung zurück zu gehen, in einer Mischung aus Ausbildung und Ideologiesierung. Das ist das Bildungsprogramm der ÖVP, die ja alle Kreisky‘schen Reformen zurückgebaut hat, und ich kann mir heute sogar vorstellen, dass das alles scheitern wird.

Felber: Ein grundlegendes Problem ist, dass die Universitäten ein viel zu differenziertes und spezialisiertes Wissen produzieren, in unüberschaubarer Zusammenhangslosigkeit. Und damit sind sie mitverantwortlich, dass das Wirtschaftssystem, ohne dass es die Ökonomen selbst erkannt haben, eine gigantische Krise produziert, dass die Technik unsere ökologischen Lebensgrundlagen zerstört, weil sie nicht rückgebunden ist, einerseits an Ethik, andererseits an den gesamten Baum der Wissenschaft. Ich wollte eigentlich Universalwissenschaften an den Universitäten studieren und hab dann zur Kenntnis nehmen müssen, dass es das nicht gibt und dass die vergessen haben, was ihr eigener Name bedeutet.

Streeruwitz: Dann müssen Sie aber ins 15. Jahrhundert zurück gehen ...

Felber: In diesem Aspekt wäre das nicht obsolet.

UniStandard: Gibt es heute noch ein Revolutionspotential?

Streeruwitz: Einen revolutionären Augenblick werden wir sehr lange nicht haben. Wir sind eben nicht in Tunis.

Felber: Das kann sich ändern ...

Streeruwitz: Nein, das sind wir noch lange nicht. Das Problem ist, dass mittlerweile alle Zurichtungen in die Person eingewandert sind. Das heißt, dass die Erfüllung der Universität in der Person selbst stattfindet, nicht mehr außerhalb. Deswegen ist diese Lähmung ja auch ganz selbstverständlich, weil eine junge Person heute davon ausgeht, dass sie für sich sorgen und vorsorgen muss und dadurch gar keine Bewegungsfreiheit mehr hat. Das ist diese Lebensarbeitsdurchrechnungszeitraumsgeschichte, die der Kerker der Person ist, da gibt es kein Steineschmeißen mehr, das ist vorbei. Deswegen ist die Frage nach Demokratie für mich heute ganz anders zu stellen. Die Frage ist, wie kann ich erkennen, was überhaupt mit mir passiert, bevor ich von den Rahmenbedinungen selbst schon umgebaut worden bin.

Felber: Je enger dieser Kerker wird und diese daraus resultierende Ohnmacht, desto eher gibt es dann auch wieder einen Schrei nach Freiheit.

Streeruwitz: Dieser Schrei nach Freiheit erstickt ja hier in Depression.

Felber: Derzeit vielleicht, aber was im Audimaxismus passiert ist, war die erste Artikulation.

Streeruwitz: Nein, das war eine unglaubliche Anstrengung.

Felber: Der Freiheitstrieb ist eine permanente Kraft.

Streeruwitz: Der Freiheitstrieb ist eine soziale Konstruktion und wenn er nicht sozial konstruiert ist, gibt es ihn nicht.

"Die österreichischen Unis sind bereits tot" - Uni - derStandard.at › Bildung
Reposted fromkellerabteil kellerabteil
Play fullscreen

Josh Fox: Gasland

GASLAND - (2010) Directed by Josh Fox. Winner of Special Jury Prize - Best US Documentary Feature - Sundance 2010. Screening at Cannes 2010.

It is happening all across America and now in Europe and Africa as well - rural landowners wake up one day to find a lucrative offer from a multinational energy conglomerate wanting to lease their property. The Reason? In America, the company hopes to tap into a huge natural gas reservoir dubbed the Saudi Arabia of natural gas. Halliburton developed a way to get the gas out of the ground—a hydraulic drilling process called fracking—and suddenly America finds itself on the precipice of becoming an energy superpower.

But what comes out of the ground with that natural gas? How does it affect our air and drinking water? GASLAND is a powerful personal documentary that confronts these questions with spirit, strength, and a sense of humor. When filmmaker Josh Fox receives his cash offer in the mail, he travels across 32 states to meet other rural residents on the front lines of fracking. He discovers toxic streams, ruined aquifers, dying livestock, brutal illnesses, and kitchen sinks that burst into flame. He learns that all water is connected and perhaps some things are more valuable than money.

GASLAND Trailer 2010 (via CMGOpMgr)

Reposted fromcreamneuron creamneuron

Pressure Grows for Answers on Fracking

Congressional Democrats demand answers about the safety of hydraulic fracturing after revelations that wastewater from such drilling is regularly dumped into rivers and streams without proper treatment.
02mydafsoup-01

[...]


5:30  Bradley Manning's lawyer responds to new charges (see below) at his blog.  Also, separate take on easily the most serious charge: "aiding the enemy."    He quotes from Article 104: “Intelligence” means any helpful information, given to and received by the enemy, which is true, at least in part.... “Enemy” includes (not only) organized opposing forces in time of war(but also any other hostile body that our forces may be opposing)...." 

5:00  NBC reports that following a 7-month investigation, the Army today filed 22 additional charges against Bradley Manning.  Includes hyper-significant "aiding the enemy."   But chooses not to press for death penalty.  UPDATE from full NBC story:  No mention of WikiLeaks in charges at all.  Life in prison recommended but judge could rule for death penalty.  Pentagon says informants names released, most rounded up for proetection, some not found yet.  "Pentagon and military officials also report that investigators have made no direct link between Manning and WikiLeaks founder Julian Assange."


[...]

Blogging WikiLeaks News & Views for Wednesday, Day 95 | The Nation 2011-03-02
0044 545d 500

centuriespast:

LEMOYNE, François
Perseus and Andromeda
1723
Oil on canvas, 184 x 151 cm
Wallace Collection, London

Reposted fromjohnstaedler johnstaedler
02mydafsoup-01

How Pakistan's Blasphemy Laws Are Tearing The Country Apart | globalspin.blogs.time.com - posted by Aryn Baker Wednesday, March 2, 2011

    

In a sign of Pakistan's increasing instability gunmen attacked and killed Pakistan's minister for religious minorities earlier this morning. Shabaz Bhatti, a member of Pakistan's minority Christian community, had been vocal about Pakistan's draconian anti-blasphemy laws. And he is not the first: in January, Salman Taseer, the outspoken governor of Pakistan's largest province, was assassinated by his own bodyguard while walking out of an Islamabad restaurant. The bodyguard, Malik Mumtaz Hussain Qadri, said he was simply doing his religious duty, and that in denouncing Pakistan's blasphemy laws Taseer was himself committing blasphemy, a crime punishable by death.

Pakistan's blasphemy laws are a colonial holdover put in place by British administrators seeking to calm the subcontinent's fractious religious groups. They were sharpened under the reign of dictator Zia ul Haq, who added a clause calling for death to anyone found guilty of slandering the Prophet Mohammad. Since then some 1000 blasphemy cases have been registered. Though roughly half have been applied to religious minorities the others have been registered against muslims, in what is widely assumed to be the pursuit of personal vendettas. In one recent example a schoolboy from Karachi is being held in jail for allegedly writing insults against the on a school exam paper (because repeating what the boy wrote would in itself be considered blasphemy, the accusation  is enough to keep him in detention. Though considering what happened to Taseer, it could also be construed as keeping him safe). In another example, a religious leader and his son have been accused of committing blasphemy because they tore down a poster promoting an upcoming religious conference.

Yet any attempts to amend these laws to stem such abuse has been met with intense outrage by both religious leaders and Pakistani citizens, who hold that the law is divine, and cannot be changed. The blasphemy cases have become a boon for Pakistan's religious parties, who have seldom done well at the polls. But with the country's current government on the brink of collapse, religious group may be gambling that the issue of blasphemy could leverage them into power if new elections are called. Their gamble may well pay off. Qadri, Taseer's assassin, was feted as a hero in Pakistan. In his confession, he said he had been inspired by the teachings of his local mullah Hanif Qureshi, who condemned anyone standing against the blasphemy law, saying they were worthy of death. At a rally a few days later, Qureshi claimed credit for motivating Qadri. “He would come to my Friday prayers and listen to my sermons.” Then he repeated his point: “The punishment for a blasphemer is death.”

But is it? Two weeks after Taseer's murder, I went to visit Qari Muhammad Zawar Bahadur, a prominent leader of one of Pakistan's mainstream religious groups and co-signer of a statement that advised Muslims not to show “grief or sympathy on the death of the governor, as those who support blasphemy of the Prophet are themselves indulging in blasphemy." For more than an hour he justified his groups' stance, telling me that the Koran was clear on the issue. I asked him to show me the exact verse detailing the punishments for blasphemy. He mumbled that “there are several passages,” as if there were so many he couldn't decide which one to quote. When pressed further he consulted a Koran and read aloud one passage that spoke about killing a man who had once harmed the prophet.

That verse has routinely been dismissed by leading Islamic scholars as referring to a specific case and having nothing to do with blasphemy. They say there is no definition of blasphemy in the Koran, nor is there a prescription for its punishment (punishments are mentioned in other books about the Prophet's life, but they are not considered the word of God).

Yet few people stand up to the leaders who misinterpret the Koran for their own ends. After what happened first to Taseer, and now Bhatti, even less are likely to do so now.

More from Time.com:  Read Omar Waraich on Pakistan's extremist drift.


4359 28a4 500

chazhuttonsfsm:

From NASA:

When a rather large-sized (M 3.6 class) flare occurred near the edge of the Sun, it blew out a gorgeous, waving mass of erupting plasma that swirled and twisted over a 90-minute period (Feb. 24, 2011). This event was captured in extreme ultraviolet light by NASA’s Solar Dynamics Observatory spacecraft . Some of the material blew out into space and other portions fell back to the surface. Because SDO images are super-HD, we can zoom in on the action and still see exquisite details. And using a cadence of a frame taken every 24 seconds, the sense of motion is, by all appearances, seamless. Sit back and enjoy the jaw-dropping solar show.

Reposted fromStellaVista StellaVista

March 02 2011

02mydafsoup-01

Gadafi setzt Drohnen aus Wien im Bürgerkrieg ein


Vier Helikopter-Drohnen, die eine Firma aus Wien der libyischen Regierung verkauft hat, haben am Dienstag für Aufregung bei der Nationalratssitzung gesorgt. Der Grün-Abgeordnete Peter Pilz bezeichnete die vom Wirtschaftsministerium genehmigte Lieferung als illegal und Verstoß gegen das Kriegsmaterialgesetz. Offenbar setzt das Gadafi-Regime die Überwachungsdrohnen zum Aufstöbern von Aufständischen ein. Laut Hersteller sind die ferngesteuerten Helikopter unbewaffnet und wurden von Libyen zur Grenzkontrolle angeschafft.

Laut Pilz würden die Drohnen von der militärischen Elite- Einheit von Staatschef Muammar al- Gadafi, der 32. Brigade, eingesetzt. Es sei dies “die brutalste Einheit des Regimes”, schreibt der Abgeordnete auf seiner Website . Seiner Meinung nach verstoße die Lieferung der Firma Schiebel mit Sitz in Wien gegen das Kriegsmaterialiengesetz, da der Verkauf zwar vom Wirtschaftsressort, aber ansonsten weder von Außen- noch Innen- oder Verteidigungsministerium genehmigt worden sei.

Als Vermittler für den Verkauf der Camcopter S- 100 (Bild), bekannt auch als Schiebel S- 100, hat Pilz zufolge ein Syrer gedient, der in der Wiener Innenstadt eine Pizzeria betreibt. Das Auftragsvolumen lag bei mehr als sieben Millionen Euro. Geplant sei ursprünglich gewesen, acht weitere Drohnen zu liefern, behauptete der Abgeordnete am Dienstag im Nationalratsplenum. Angesichts der derzeitigen Vorgänge in Libyen sei davon aber nun Abstand genommen worden.

Hersteller dementiert Verstoß

[...]

______________________________________


auf Soup.io vollständig hier

Libya: “Breaking News: Gaddafi is Lying”

Written by John Liebhardt

This post is part of our special coverage Libya Uprising 2011.

Libyan leader Colonel Muammar Al Gaddafi spoke for more than three hours on state television Wednesday, March 2, denying that anti-government protesters and members of the military were mobilizing against his regime. Instead the dictator, who has been in power for four decades, blamed Islamic terror groups, foreign nations with colonial aspirations and the international media for creating stories about the Libya's descent into chaos.

“I dare you to find that peaceful protesters were killed,” he said. “In America, France, and everywhere, if people attacked military stores and tried to steal weapons, they will shoot them.”

Speaking to loyalists and members of the foreign press at a ceremony celebrating more than three decades of “people power,” Gaddafi covered a lot of ground during his speech, including: His disdain for the Egyptian revolution in February; his anger at international media for not covering pro-government demonstrations; and the fact fleeing foreigners will create more jobs for Libyans.

Gaddafi spent much time tying the country's upheaval to a foreign conspiracy — led by the United States and the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) — to grab Libya's oil and enslave the country. He also told the crowd that thousands of people will die if foreign forces enter Libya.

On Twitter, people offered their commentary during the speech with a hint of ridicule that is now customary when Gaddafi speaks.

@Dima_Khatib:
Gaddafi is speaking to a crowd of mainly men, seated inside a hall. Foreign press is there. #libya #feb17

@Dima_Khatib: Signal on Libyan State TV is back but Gaddafi's voice was heard intermittently earlier, sounding more like a techno song !! #libya #feb17

@ChangeInLibya: Whoever is responsible for jamming gaddafi is an absolute GENIUS. #libya #feb17

@JustAmira: Are all of Gaddafi's cheerleaders on drugs?

@mosaaberizing: I can understand hiring mercenaries to fight, but bringing them in to attend his speech and clap at intervals is a new touch. #GaddafiSpeech

@ChangeInLibya:
Hahahahaha, Aljazeera Arabic get bored yet AGAIN and cut off gaddafi's speech #libya #feb17

@Dima_Khatib:
During Gaddafi's speech a man in Benghazi is holding a sign that reads: “Breaking News - Gaddafi is lying” !! #libya #feb17

@hudduh:
Loving Benghazi's people. On split screen you can see them writing instant response posters to his nonsense #feb17 #Libya #Gaddaficrimes


“Breaking News: Gaddafi is Lying,” from Libyan Youth Movement's Facebook page.

@JustAmira: How many more speeches Gaddafi? We believe u: there are no protests. No one died. Move on

@Dima_Khatib:
Looking at faces of men attending Gaddafi's speech, I would say they look more bored than I am ! Some look half-asleep #libya #feb17

Even with a few technical difficulties, many people quoted parts of the speech directly:

@NicRobertsonCNN:#Gadhafi said anyone who opens door to aid to #Libya will be accused of treason — he said we have enough food and supplies.

@SultanAlQassemi:
Gaddafi: Italy didn't thank us for defending its embassy. We will bring Indian & Chinese firms to replace the Western companies in #Libya

@NicRobertsonCNN: #Gadhafi threatened attacks on US 6th Fleet and warned there will be no peace in the Mediterranean if there is no peace in #Libya.

@EyesOnAlgeria:
Qaddafi's metaphor : “If a rat comes into your cave, the best way to fight him is to burn the whole cave down” #Libya

@SultanAlQassemi:
Gaddafi: There is no more unemployment in #Libya after the Egyptians & Tunisians left

@SultanAlQassemi:
Al Jazeera showing images of Libyans holding their shoes up to Gaddafi

@SultanAlQassemi: Gaddafi: In Libya there are no political prisoners, not one. Because politics belongs to the people, we want people to take authority

@Dima_Khatib: Gaddafi explains why Arab media is not telling truth about #Libya by saying Arabs envy Libyan people because of oil and vast area #feb17

@SultanAlQassemi: Gaddafi: They took over dangerous arms so the military started bombarding the weapons depots so the terrorists don't take them over

@Dima_Khatib: Gaddafi : Obama is not a yankee and adventurer like Bush & Clinton #libya #feb17 #obama

@ShababLibya:
Gaddafi: i was told Cameron froze the Libyan assets, I put 2 fingers in his eyes, it is not mine, they belong to Libyan banks #Libya #Feb17

@SultanAlQassemi:On Al Arabiya now. Gaddafi: I am ready to sit with any Emir (leader) from Al Qaeda & debate with him

@SultanAlQassemi: Gaddafi: Men, women, children all over Libya went out to demonstrate for me, the TV stations didn't cover them, we have it all on tape.

After Gaddafi finished speaking, a few tweeps provided their impressions:

@TrablesVoice: too much air activity in tajoura area, also Pro-Qaddafi are outside with cars and horns celebrating their Leader.

@JustAmira: After listening to Gaddafi talk, wondering how all international media managed to convince us that anyone at all would want him out

@ToneyBrooks:
#Gaddafi is positively Nero-esque this morning. Rambling incoherently for over 2 hours while he bombs and burns his people.

@Dima_Khatib: Gaddafi deserves every condemnation possible. But how many like him and worse than him deserve it too for massacres they committed? #libya

@libi4ever: I will miss u Qadffi, no 1 can lie like u, no1 can make laugh loudly like u #libya #17feb

Tunisia: Refugee Crisis at the Libya Border

Written by Afef Abrougui

This post is part of our special coverage Tunisia Revolution 2010-11.

The border between Tunisia and Libya has seen a massive influx of refugees since the uprising in Libya began. The journey to the border is long and tough, and for most it doesn't end there. Huge crowds of thousands have been waiting for days in freezing cold weather to cross in to Tunisia. Up to 75,000 people have fled the violence in Libya to Tunisia, since February 20, and even more people are expected. The situation at the Libya-Tunisia border is at crisis point, says the UNHCR.

The IFRC have posted this video from Ras Jdir on March 1.

Many of the refugees who are trapped at the crossing point of Ras Jdir in Tunisia are Egyptians who lived in Libya. Their compatriots in Egypt have been following the events at the border closely.

Hani Mohammed (@palestinoo7) urges Egyptians to put pressure on the government to bring back home those who are still trapped at the Ras Jedir crossing point:

٧٥ الف مصري يستغيثون في منطقة العبور راس جدير ببنقردان تونس، الرجاءالإسراع في إيصال هذا النداء الى الحكومة المصرية، الوضع بدء يتفاقم هناك وهنالك خوف من وقوع أزمة إنسانية

Thousands of Egyptians at the border crossing of Ras Jdir, in Ben Guerden, in Tunisia, are screaming for help. Please, send this message to the Egyptian government. The situation there is deteriorating and there is fear that a humanitarian crisis may occur.

Shady Al-Mahmoudi(@ShadyAlmahmoudi) tweets:

الانباء القادمه من الاصدقاء التونسيين..تتحدث عن كارثه انسانيه للمصريين الهاربين من القذافي في راس جدير الحدودية..والاعداد تفوق امكانياتهم

Tunisian friends are talking about Egyptians fleeing from Gaddafi, facing a humanitarian crisis in Ras Jdir… and the numbers have gone beyond their potential

Wael Ghonim, an Egyptian protest leader, (@Ghonim) tweets:

Thanks Tunisian brothers and sisters for hosting your fellow Egyptians. You showed them more solidarity than our careless government!

Map of libya, tunisia, egypt borders

Map of Libya, Tunisia, Egypt borders

Calls to come to the rescue of refugees in Ras Jdir have been spreading via social media, and campaigns to collect humanitarian aid have also been organised.

Hamdi Kadri(@hamdi_kadri) puts out a call for international NGOs to notice the situation:

Appel aux ONG du monde entier : la situation se dégrade sur les frontières tuniso-libyènne. Appel à l'aide.

A call for the NGOs all over the world: the situation is deteriorating at the Tunisian-Libyan border. Help!

HHassine(@HBHassine) tweets:

C'est le moment de faire preuve de solidarité, d'humanité et de responsabilité: à Ras Jdir,des milliers de gens ont besoin d'aide.Aidez-les!

It's time to show your solidarity, humanity, and responsibility: in Ras Jdir, thousands of people need help. Help them!

Zied Mhirsi,(@zizoo), a Tunisian medical doctor who has volunteered to help those fleeing violence in Libya tweets:

On a surtout besoin de ressources humaines pour gerer ces milliers d'arrivant. Venez a Ras Jedir et donnez de votre temps.

We need human resources more than anything, to manage the thousands who are crossing over to Tunisia. Come to Ras Jedir and give some of your time

He also praises the efforts of the Tunisian army:

L'armee tunisienne est en train de faire un super boulot. Les nations unies sont impressionnees.

The Tunisian army is doing great job. The United Nations are impressed.

Others, were concerned that the massive flow of refugees pay put Tunisia's interests at risk during a very fragile transition period since the President Ben Ali fled the country.

Mathieu von Rohr a Foreign Affairs Correspondent of DER SPEIGEL(@mathieuvonrohr) tweets:

refugee crisis in ras jdir is another threat to tunisia's stability - international help needed quickly.

This post is part of our special coverage Tunisia Revolution 2010-11.

Algae converted to butanol; Fuel can be used in automobiles

Chemical engineers have developed a method for converting common algae into butanol, a renewable fuel that can be used in existing combustible engines. The green technology benefits from and adds greater value to a process being used now to clean and oxygenate U.S. waterways by removing excess nitrogen and phosphorus from fertilizer in runoff.
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