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November 07 2010

02mydafsoup-01
02mydafsoup-01



Foto: Christian Ditsch, version-foto.de, c

Roma sind Europa


Die Bilder der abgeschobenen Roma aus Frankreich sorgen allerorts für Aufsehen. Auch in Deutschland drohen Abschiebungen – bisher ohne große Empörung. Eine taz-Beilage von Aktion Sühnezeichen, unterstützt von der Amadeu Antonio Stiftung, klärt auf.


Dass die Mauer in Berlin aufging, war ein Glück, von dem die Deutschen dachten, es beträfe nur sie selbst. Doch da waren die Migranten, denen das deutsche Schicksal mit einem Mal näher kam, als ihnen lieb war. Und dann kamen die Roma – aus Rumänien und Jugoslawien. Sie sind Europa und wurden überall brutal verfolgt. Gleich nach der Maueröffnung landeten sie am Bahnhof Lichtenberg, wo Skinheads und Polizisten sie mit Stöcken erwarteten. Damit sie bleiben konnten, haben wir dabei geholfen, dass sie sich selbst organisieren, Schulen besuchen, erfolgreich arbeiten können. Die nun so „Integrierten“ abzuschieben ins Ungewisse ist moralisch, politisch, wirtschaftlich und nicht zuletzt menschlich ein Desaster. Die Roma abzuschieben heißt: Europa abzuschieben und mit ihm seinen Reichtum und seine Geschichte.

Von Anetta Kahane

Das pdf zur Beilage zum Download


Das Schicksal von Johann Trollmann

Zero Tolerance für Roma

Was ist Antiziganismus?

02mydafsoup-01

ERRC.org - European Roma Rights Centre | CALL FOR SUBMISSIONS Roma Rights 2/2011


Roma and Politics: A chance for change?

4 November 2010

The European Roma Rights Centre (ERRC) is accepting original articles and other submissions (book reviews, interviews with key figures and conference reports) for its Roma Rights journal from a broad range of disciplines addressing the topic: Roma and Politics: A chance for change?

Participatory democracy is one of the fundamental principles of Europe, as promulgated by European institutions. This concept suggests that a citizen’s active involvement in the decision-making process should go beyond merely voting in the elections. A participatory democracy should create opportunities for citizens to meaningfully contribute to decision-making and broaden the range of people who have access to such opportunities. Only through making participatory democracy a reality can a society go beyond representative democracy where voting is the main form of influencing decision-making and most power is vested in the parliament and government. In a participatory democracy all groups and individuals have opportunities to reflect their particular concerns, issues, problems and solutions.

[...]

Recul de la langue française au sein des institutions de l’UE

En 1999, le français était encore la langue source de 35% des documents au sein des institutions de l’Union européenne, contre 48% pour l’anglais. En 2001, les parts respectives passaient à 30% et 55%, puis, en 2006, à 15,5% et 73%. A ce rythme, le français rejoindra bientôt l’allemand qui, entre 1999 et 2009, a chuté de 5% à 2,75%. Même tendance à la décrue au Parlement européen où, l’an dernier, l’anglais était majoritaire (51,31%, contre 45,95% en 2008), suivi du français (16,80%, contre 17,95%), de l’allemand (5,85%), de l’espagnol (4,13%) et de l’italien (3,22%).

Reposted fromScheiro Scheiro
Au moyen d’une tromperie grossière on arrive parfois en période de crise à faire croire à l’individu qu’il défend l’intérêt du groupe et se sacrifie pour un ensemble, alors que cet ensemble étant déjà organisé sous forme d’une hiérarchie de dominance, c’est en fait à la défense d’un système hiérarchique qu’il sacrifie sa vie. Enfin le groupe constituant un système fermé, entre en compétition avec les autres systèmes fermés qui constituent les autres groupes, etc., et un discours logique trouve toujours un alibi indiscutable pour motiver le meurtre de l’autre ou son asservissement.
— Henri Laborit, Eloge de la fuite, 1976
Reposted fromScheiro Scheiro
02mydafsoup-01
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"Once Upon a Time (A Children's Tale)," from Marion Brown, Geechee Recollections [Impulse]. Marion Brown, alto and soprano sax; Wadada Leo Smith, trumpet; James Jefferson, bass, cello; Steve McCall, drums; William Malone, autoharp, thumb piano; A. Kobena Adzenyah, African drums. Released 1973.

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Georgia Recollections: Goodbye, Marion Brown : A Blog Supreme : NPRGeorgia Recollections: Goodbye, Marion Brownby Lars Gotrich

Marion Brown on the cover of Geechee Recollections, part of his trilogy about Georgia.

Marion brown
Enlarge Courtesy of the artist

Marion Brown on the cover of Geechee Recollections, part of his trilogy about Georgia.

As I see it, Georgia didn't open up to me until I left home. Don't be fooled: Atlanta suburbs are not the Old South. Neighborhoods are named for the farmers who once plowed the soil, and sweet-tea-sipped accents are at least five counties away. Not until I moved to Athens, Ga., and eventually to Washington, D.C., did I see Georgia for the weird and surreal place it was and is.

Marion Brown was born Sept. 8, 1935 in Atlanta (or 1931, depending on who you ask). He stayed in Georgia long enough to see the Confederate stars and bars added to the state flag at the height of desegregation. His travels took him to New York, where Archie Shepp and Ornette Coleman encouraged Brown to develop his talents. The alto saxophonist appeared on John Coltrane's Ascension and Shepp's Fire Music, his reflective and sometimes playful tone an ear-bending foil to the fire-breathing of his peers.

 

After time in Paris and touring Europe, Brown returned to Atlanta, where a surge of creativity flowered like dogwood: Beautiful and bright, but burnt at the tips. Inspired by the stark Southern reflections in Jean Toomer's epic work Cane, and his own birthplace enlightenment, Marion Brown released a trilogy of records dedicated to Georgia: Afternoon of a Georgia Faun (1970), Geechee Recollections (1973) and Sweet Earth Flying (1974). (The latter two remain out of print.) Adorned with pastoral poetry and folksong, these albums evoke a Southern experience.

At a certain point of reflection and education, I became a conflicted Southerner. I sought the harmony of my past, the understanding of a history I adopted as my own. (My family moved to Georgia at age seven, but "American by birth, Southern by the grace of God," we say). Like its soul food, Georgia's history is lush and cooked down, yet brutal in its lumbering wake. It's near impossible to reconcile what came and what is to come with a state that only in the last decade removed the Dixie from its flag. It is our heritage, yes. And in an odd way, those of us who've struggled with those issues are proud still.

There is hurt in Marion Brown's trilogy. How could there not be? Jean Toomer wrote of "Thunder blossoms gorgeously above our heads […] Bleeding rain / Dripping rain like golden honey." Beautiful and terrifying: In its unique and abstract way, this is how I eventually came to see my home. The quiet, percussive "Afternoon of a Georgia Faun" as a haunting spirit of the swampy urban jungle; the rhythmic dance of "Once Upon a Time (A Children's Tale)" as the celebration of summer; the solo bookends of the Sweet Earth Flying suite, played by Paul Bley (Fender Rhodes) and Muhal Richard Abrams (piano), two soulful and somber blues rendering Georgia dawn and Georgia dusk.

While this Southern trilogy certainly doesn't capture the breadth of Brown's work, it's a personal statement that speaks beyond music. It should be part of the Southern canon along with The Color Purple, Coca-Cola, Rev. Howard Finster, James Brown, the Stone Mountain laser show and Sid Bream's slide into home plate.

Multiple sources are reporting that Brown died in his assisted living community in Hollywood, Fl. this past weekend. Out of sight for the past three decades due to illness, Marion Brown was a musical spirit guide to those lucky to find him. Cradled between Anthony Braxton sides at WUOG was Afternoon of a Georgia Faun for me to discover in 2004. Listening then as now, I'm taken off I-85 and down the winding, unlit roads of 441, hearing the South in moving fabric. I'm home.


More remembrances and archival interviews: Clifford Allen, All About Jazz, Peter Hum.

India: Obama Mania

By Rezwan

The US President Barack Obama is in India now as part of his ten day Asia tour and he has generated a lot of interest in this country of 1.2 billion people. The Indian media got hyped up covering every bit of Obama's action in India and the netizens are also vocal about it. Hanna Ingber Win, a Global Post correspondent from Mumbai, captures the enthusiasm of the Indians:

Welcome posters at American Center New Delhi. Image by US Embassy New Delhi. CC BY-ND

“Ala, ala, ala,” (He’s coming, he’s coming, he’s coming) a little boy shouts in Marathi, the local language spoken in Mumbai.

At another barricade, hundreds push and shove and jump up and down, trying to catch a glimpse of the president as he leaves Mani Bhavan, the museum where Mahatma Gandhi stayed when he visited Mumbai during India’s independence movement. Old men lean over their balcony railing; boys climb into trees; girls sit on top of shoulders — all holding their mobile phones out, ready to snap a photograph of Obama. When the president steps outside, the crowd goes wild, chanting, cheering and hooting away.

Greatbong at Random Thoughts Of A Demented Mind describes how the Obamas are being treated in India:

The moment we have an American President coming to visit us, the Pavlovian instincts take over and we are back into our rolling-on-the-ground mode. Coconuts are taken down so that one does not fall on the anointed one’s head. Special Indian massages are arranged for him and his wife. Platters are named in his honor. The high and mighty prostrate themselves in his path. Public money is spent like water and ordinary citizens inconvenienced for HIS convenience.

From New Delhi research analyst and blogger Varun Dixit questions “why is Barack Obama in India” and comments:

Obama is trying to bring back jobs in US, which he couldn't succeed so far and I am sure will not be able to succeed in future also. Wall Street knows setting their operations in India will help them in long term whereas Obama is just playing politics by promising to US people what he cannot do.

Indians were also very much interested to know Mr. Obama's stance on Pakistan and he somewhat startled many by his speech as Ghulam Muhammed from Mumbai explains:

He (Obama) said, it is in India’s best interest that its neighbor Pakistan should become a peaceful and stable country, so that India’s own progress towards a future of economic growth and prosperity can be assured of a steady and peaceful progression. Commentators on all English Channels exploded with open hostility while the speech was still on. Hawks like Times of India’s Washington correspondent termed it as giving in to Pakistan blackmail.

Khamba's hilarious take titled “Things Obama will never say in India ” came somewhat true with that speech.

A hoarding parodies Obama's Visit. Image via Twitpic user rushikeshgk

Here are some reactions from the Indian Twitter users:

aasthabiyani16: @ArjunKP Word! Sick of Obama Obama and more Obama, hey Raama come n save me from this drama, err that rhymes :p

hopfans: Phew!! Hoping Barack Obama's gone to sleep. The US President sure has taken India by storm… http://goo.gl/fb/hmKIO

jhunjhunwala: Why is the Indian Media having a collective orgasm over Obama? Kuch bolo bhai (please say something).

Greatbong criticizes the Obama mania and suggests:

We should treat Obama’s visit as just another visit by a head of state and not take it as a certificate of how much the US respects India. Because it does not. Definitely not under Obama.

Schottern bringt Knast

11 Uhr: Die Demonstranten probieren eine neue Taktik aus: In kleineren Gruppen versuchen sie immer wieder, auf die Gleise zu stürmen. Dabei verteilen sie sich auf mehreren hundert Metern Länge. Gelingt es einer Aktivistengruppe, an die Schienen zu kommen, tragen sie für kurze Zeit Schotter ab – werden aber sofort wieder von den Polizisten verdrängt.”

Ist den Aktivisten gegen den Castortransport eigentlich klar, was sie da tun? Ich fürchte, sie halten das “Schottern” nur für eine originelle Weiterentwicklung des passiven Widerstands durch Blockaden. Ist es aber nicht. Das liegt am Strafgesetzbuch. Aktionen, welche die Sicherheit des Bahnverkehrs beeinträchtigen, werden nach § 315 Strafgesetzbuch bestraft. Gerichte werden das Schottern ohne viel Aufhebens als eine Beschädigung oder Beseitigung von Anlagen ansehen (§ 315 Absatz 1 Nr. 1 Strafgesetzbuch) oder zumindest als “ähnlichen, ebenso gefährlichen Eingriff” (§ 315 Abs. 1 Nr. 3 Strafgesetzbuch). Nicht ganz zu Unrecht übrigens.

Natürlich wird beim polizeilich und medial überwachten Schottern die Höchststrafe von zehn Jahren Gefängnis kein Thema sein. Allerdings sollten sich diejenigen, die zu dieser neuen Form des Protestes greifen, über die möglichen Folgen klar sein. Unter sechs Monaten Freiheitsstrafe läuft bei einem gefährlichen Eingriff in den Schienenverkehr normalerweise nichts. Selbst bei einem minderschweren Fall drohen noch drei Monate Haft.

Bei so manchen Interviews habe ich das Gefühl, die Aktivisiten wissen zwar, dass sie Ärger mit dem Gesetz bekommen, denken aber eher an Konsequenzen wie fürs Schwarzfahren oder den ersten Diebstahl im Drogeriemarkt. Damit dürften sie aber deutlich daneben liegen. Was schade ist, denn durch den unbedarften Abschied von der Gewaltfreiheit verbauen sich gerade junge Leute heute ihre persönliche Zukunft.

Die Verantwortung tragen jene Oberaktivisten, die das Schottern als Bagatelle darstellen. Das ist es nicht. Aber beim bösen Erwachen vor Gericht sind die Schönfärber dann ja nicht mehr dabei.

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Reposted frominsideX insideX

"How To Survive the Age of Egoism?" by Rene Cuperus


Young people have become increasingly obsessed by looks, status, comfort and money. Individualism and hedonism are gaining ground.  The youngsters of the new ’Selfish Generation’ are materialistic thrill seekers who have a declining interest in society at large.

In a Dutch research survey by Motivaction, 50 per cent of young people agree with the statement: ‘’Buying something new is one of the things I enjoy most in life.” A similar number (51 percent) feels they are “mostly happy when able to spend money.”

The analysts see their findings as part of a “growing tide of self-satisfaction”. Instant gratification of one’s own needs and a certain apathy towards those of others are typical of the youngest generation.

What is driving this trend? According to the researchers, no generation has ever grown up with so much freedom and independence. “School offers young people less and less structure. And exerting authority has become taboo for parents”.  Even worse: many of today’s parents embrace the mentality of the youth culture. They want to be seen as youthful themselves.

 In Dutch society we witness a gradual shift in the set of values. The baby boom generation of the 1960s changed their parents’ values – modesty, patience, soberness, and a sense of duty – for individualism and freedom. And they passed on those newfound values to their children.

Some flourish, others suffer.  A large group  of ambitious, enterprising, mostly highly educated young people are masters in networking and multitasking, and cope well with today’s high paced society, full of opportunity. But a big group of less privileged “outsiders” are less self-sufficient and have trouble dealing with today’s societal complexity.

Here again, we encounter the polarisation along lines of education and social and cultural capital, which is so typical of today’s society at large. The cleavage between higher and lower educated, between those who feel connected to the modern world, and those who feel threatened by the global world is gradually undermining the value system and solidary consensus of the European welfare societies.

Last week in Helsinki, Finland, the Kalevi Sorsa Foundation (the social-democratic think tank) and the Brussels-based Foundation for European Progressive Studies (FEPS), organised their Research and Policy Days under the title ‘’Culture and Politics in the Age of Egoism’’.    

Very refreshing that in Finland, a country characterised by its high quality of living, not economic issues, but cultural and moral issues were on top of the agenda. ‘’It’s not only the economy, stupid!’’ In contemporary affluent societies, indeed, the danger is not so much coming from economic insecurities, but from cultural, social and moral anxieties and trends. (See the European Revolt of Populism.)  

The Helsinki debate came up with some original causes for the age of egoism and the crisis of societal involvement. Fingers were pointed at the loss of historical memory, the decline of social and historical awareness. What is the relevance of historical and cultural knowledge in contemporary European societies? Is our historical and cultural knowledge declining as a result of a more hectic and market oriented environment which has penetrated into the fields of politics and culture? Is there still time for critical thinking and for contemplating the ‘bigger picture’, in a culture characterised by trends such as short-term perspectives, immediacy and discontinuity?

To what extent are the short-sightedness in culture, politics and economy related to the age of egoism, of which the Selfish Generation of the contemporary youngsters are such an unhappy symbol? These existential questions raised in Helsinki are worth a debate within the European progressive family at large.

                                                                                                    (Source: Motivaction & NRC Handelsblad)

Reposted from02myEcon-01 02myEcon-01

Nietzsche in Bangkok

Reife des Mannes: Das heißt, den Ernst wiedergefunden haben, den man als Kind hatte beim Spiel.

Friedrich Nietzsche, “Die fröhliche Wissenschaft”




Friedrich Nietzsche, gemalt von Shigeru Ito. Der in Japan geborene Illustrator lebt und arbeitet derzeit in Bangkok. Hier weitere Arbeiten des bemerkenswerten Künstlers. | Hier → eine handkolorierte Fotografie von Friedrich Nietzsche. | Die Wikipedia über den Philosophen Friedrich Nietzsche.

Reposted fromglaserei glaserei
02mydafsoup-01

German Finance Minister attacks Fed move again : report | Reuters

(Reuters) - German Finance Minister Wolfgang Schaeuble renewed his criticism of the U.S. Federal Reserve's move to buy $600 billion worth of government bonds, [...]
02mydafsoup-01

La Quadrature répond à la consultation européenne sur la directive Internet

La Quadrature du Net a envoyé sa réponse à la consultation de la Commission européenne sur la directive e-Commerce.

(La suite en anglais).

The revision of the 2000 e-Commerce directive (truly an "Internet directive") is very important for the future of rights and freedoms on the Internet, especially its article 12 to 15 which set important principles regarding the legal liability regime of Internet service providers. These provisions directly impact innovation as well as the freedom of expression of Internet users. They are therefore essential to the protection of the Internet's democratizing potential.

The document identifies various issues with the way the directive has been implemented by lawmakers and courts across EU member States, and makes several recommendations on how it should be amended to better protect free speech online.

Regarding the consultation process, we deeply regret that the online form for answering the consultation did not allow citizens to address some of the most crucial questions of the questionnaire, such as question 60 regarding Internet filtering. Moreover, the online form did not allow to focus on just few of the questions of this very long questionnaire.

Although the official deadline (November 5th) is passed, we call on citizens and NGOs to submit their response by the end of the weekend to: markt-e-commerce@ec.europa.eumarkt-e-commerce@ec.europa.eu
We trust that, even late, these will be given full consideration by the Commission. Some advice on how to answer and what questions to focus on here.

Executive Summary

The 2000 e-Commerce directive, which sets a legal framework for most online activities, created a legal security for telecommunication services and even more importantly for host providers through ad hoc liability exemptions (article 12 to 15). By doing so, the directive created a special legal framework distinct from the one regulating traditional media and interpersonal means of communications, and enabled strong innovation and growth in the online sector.

In the past years, however, legislative, administrative as well as judicial decisions have led to diverging interpretations regarding the scope of the liability exemptions granted by the directive. In our opinion, the main reason for these diverging interpretations does not lie in the ambiguity of the provisions in the original directive (though some may need to be adapted to take in account new technologies and uses). Rather, this trend results from a concerted offensive of interests that do not accept the philosophy of the directive. It must be stopped if freedom of expression online is to be protected, and innovation as well as economic growth encouraged.

We substantiate this claim in our answers to the European Commission's consultation.

  • We stress that overcoming the present growing legal uncertainty while preserving the fundamental freedoms will call for a firm reassertion and a new and more detailed formulation for the core principles of the directive. The directive should expand the liability exemptions to new categories of online service providers and create a framework that can accommodate new and still unknown services.
  • In particular, while the provisions regarding the termination of an infringement can probably be clarified without substantial change, the possibility of injunctions for preventing an infringement must be reviewed to make sure that they do not result in a de facto presumption of infringement, in particular in the area of copyright or if they involve filtering systems. Such injunctions will have to be effective, proportionate and correspond to the least restrictive alternative. In general, we take the view that for all online speech, there must be a systematic presumption of freedom of publication.
  • Expeditious procedure can be put in place to prevent the continuation of an infringement in the very rare cases where it is associated with irreparable damages, such as in the case of child pornography. However, even if these cases of very serious criminal offenses, these procedures cannot unilaterally rest on obligations or actions imposed on private parties. To abide by the rule of law, such take-down procedures must at least involve an order from an administrative authority, whose preemptive action must be rapidly followed by confirmation of illegality by an independent and impartial tribunal.
  • In all other cases, notifications to service providers regarding the existence of possibly infringing content should not lead, as is often the case, to a systematic action of removal by the service provider (the host provider should first try to contact the person responsible for the posting of the allegedly illegal information). We suggest different principles to codify take-down procedures and stress that adequate and dissuasive sanctions should be provided in EU law against abusive notifications.
  • In spite of the growing trends to turn Internet service providers in police auxiliaries – whether it is at the national, European or international level (with initiatives such as the Anti-Counterfeiting Trade Agreement) – we urge the Commission to take the opportunity of this long-awaited reform of the e-Commerce directive to protect the fundamental freedoms of citizens, thereby sustaining a legal environment conducive to innovation and growth in the online ecosystem.

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