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September 06 2013

Daily chart : State of pay | The Economist

Daily chart: State of pay | The Economist

http://www.economist.com/blogs/graphicdetail/2013/09/daily-chart-4?fsrc=scn/fb/wl/dc/statesofplay

State of pay
Sep 6th 2013, 13:29 by R.W., J.M.F. and L.P.

The wide diversity in the size and salary of America’s state legislatures : poor Kansas lawmakers...

http://cdn.static-economist.com/sites/default/files/imagecache/595-width-retina/images/2013/09/blogs/graphic-detail/20130914_gdc347_1190.png

. They earn $4,000 apiece—almost ten times less than their peers in neighbouring Oklahoma and Missouri. Californians earn the most, but represent the most populous state, and face tricky issues. So what explains Pennsylvania, whose legislature is almost twice the size, and paid three times as much, as the national average? The issue is controversial in austere times, as we explain in this week’s edition. See full article.

#états-unis #revenus

September 05 2013

September 03 2013

US spied on presidents of Brazil, Mexico, documents from Snowden reveal - World Socialist Web Site

US spied on presidents of Brazil, Mexico, documents from Snowden reveal - World Socialist Web Site

http://www.wsws.org/en/articles/2013/09/03/snow-s03.html

US spied on presidents of Brazil, Mexico, documents from Snowden reveal
By Tom Eley
3 September 2013

The US National Security Agency eavesdropped on the communications of the presidents of Brazil and Mexico, according to documents gathered by whistleblower Edward Snowden and revealed by journalist Glenn Greenwald to the Brazilian television news program Fantastico.

#prism #snowden #états-unis #mxique #brésil #espionnage

August 29 2013

Home and Away : Iraq and Afghanistan War Casualties - CNN.com

Home and Away : Iraq and Afghanistan War Casualties - CNN.com

http://edition.cnn.com/SPECIALS/war.casualties/index.html

Cette infographie a reçu le 2012 award du site « information is biutiful »

http://www.informationisbeautifulawards.com/gallery/cnn-home-and-away

http://s.informationisbeautifulawards.com/blog-content/uploads/2012/07/cnn-home-and-away-459x344.png

Déjà signalé ici
http://seenthis.net/messages/89682#message89685
par @odilon

C’est techniquement bien fait, je suis d’accord, une exploitation efficace de la base de données, mais sur le fond, je ne sais pas quoi en penser. Ou alors c’est très incomplet (photo et nom de chaque soldat de la coalition tombés au combat), et ça provoque un gros malaise : il faudrait en plus cartographier les morts civils. Ils sont mentionnés en introduction (more than 8 000 soldiers died in Irak and Afghanistan and thousands of civilians. ça sera la seule mention.

#visualisation #infographie #irak #afghanistan #cartographie #états-unis

August 27 2013

A new school year begins in Chicago - World Socialist Web Site

A new school year begins in Chicago - World Socialist Web Site

http://www.wsws.org/en/articles/2013/08/27/chic-a27.html

A new school year begins in Chicago
By Jeff Lusanne and Kristina Betinis
27 August 2013

Chicago Public School (CPS) students return to school this week in a dramatically different environment. School closures and consolidations have resulted in longer commutes through dangerous areas, falling school enrollment and overcrowded classrooms. The deep cuts to school budgets have also resulted in barebones classroom instruction. Meanwhile, the district has still managed to award principals thousands of dollars in merit pay bonuses.

#états-unis #éducation #chicago

August 26 2013

Prison reform : An unlikely alliance of left and right | The Economist

Prison reform: An unlikely alliance of left and right | The Economist
http://www.economist.com/news/united-states/21583701-america-waking-up-cost-mass-incarceration-unlikely-alliance-left

America has the world’s largest prison population. China, which has more than four times as many people and nobody’s idea of a lenient judiciary, comes a distant second.

#prison #états-unis #discrimination #répression

Mapping where English is not the language at home - The Washington Post

Mapping where English is not the language at home - The Washington Post

http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-srv/special/national/us-language-map/?Post+generic=%3Ftid%3Dsm_twitter_washingtonpost

Mapping where English is not the language at home

By Dan Keating and Darla Cameron, Updated: Aug. 20, 2013

https://dl.dropbox.com/s/crlobr2jwzt9iw5/%C3%A9tats-unis-langues.png

More than a quarter of counties in the United States have at least one in 10 households where English is not the language spoken at home. Spanish is, by far, the most common language other than English spoken in the home, especially on the West Coast, in the Southwest, the Eastern urban corridor and other big cities. Native American languages are also common in the West, as is French around New Orleans and in some counties in the Northeast. German is a common language in some Midwestern and Western areas.

#états-unis #langues #language

August 19 2013

Drastic growth in “extreme poverty” in US - World Socialist Web Site

Drastic growth in “extreme poverty” in US - World Socialist Web Site

http://www.wsws.org/en/articles/2013/08/19/extr-a19.html

Drastic growth in “extreme poverty” in US
By Debra Watson
19 August 2013

A report this summer from the National Poverty Center (NPC) reveals that the number of people in the US living on less than $2 a day per person, termed “extreme poverty,” increased by 160 percent from 1996 to mid-2011, rising from 636,000 households to some 1.65 million households. The findings throw light on the terrible plight of children in America. Concentrating on non-elderly households with children, the report found that 4.3 percent of these households were in extreme poverty, with 3.55 million children living in them.

#états-unis #pauvreté #extrême_pauvreté #santé

August 05 2013

Les graves lacunes du procès de Bradley Manning | Amnesty International France

Les graves lacunes du procès de Bradley Manning | Amnesty International France

http://www.amnesty.fr/AI-en-action/Violences/Securite/Actualites/Les-graves-lacunes-du-proces-de-Bradley-Manning-9108

Signalé par Jean-Arnault Dérens

02/08/2013

« Il existe un contraste choquant entre la peine extraordinairement sévère que Bradley Manning pourrait se voir infliger et l’indulgence, voire l’impunité complète, dont ont bénéficié les responsables de certaines des graves violations des droits humains que cet homme a révélées ».

Widney Brown, directrice générale chargée du droit international et de la stratégie politique à Amnesty International.

#états-unis #wikileaks #bradley_maning

July 29 2013

Psychology and the Prevention of War Trauma : An Article Rejected by American Psychologist by Marc…

Psychology and the Prevention of War Trauma: An Article Rejected by American Psychologist
by Marc Pilisuk and Ines-Lena Mahr http://www.projectcensored.org/wp-content/uploads/2013/07/Psych-Prevention-of-War-Trauma-Revised.pdf

There is more than one #narrative that guides the services provided by psychology to the military and its soldiers. The dominant narrative is that wars happen and that a peaceful but powerful nation such as the United States responds to the aggression of other nations or groups using military force when diplomacy or other efforts at persuasion are not successful. This view presumes decisions to engage in war emanate from decisions by democratically elected officeholders to protect us. War requires a great mobilization of technology, supplies and soldiers. Soldiers are recruited for such patriotic service and undergo serious physical and mental challenges, some continuing long after the time of service. Within this framework the sacrifices are justified and the building of psychological resilience for soldiers—as described in an entire issue of the #American_Psychologist dedicated to #Comprehensive_Fitness_Training makes perfect sense. “The program’s overall goal is to increase the number of soldiers who grow through their combat experience and return home without serious mental health problems” according to Michael Matthews, a professor with the Department of Behavioral Sciences and Leadership at the United States Military Academy at West Point.

There is however another narrative that casts the contributions and responsibilities of psychology to the military in a different light. In this perspective violent eruptions occur because some people are deprived or displaced and see no non-violent options to improve the quality of their lives. They see control over the resources needed to make their lives better as increasingly centered among a relatively small group of brokers of concentrated power and wealth. It is the decisions of this elite group, according to this second narrative, that necessitate violence and suggest a common root underlying war, poverty and environmental destruction. Resource depletion now causes or intensifies most overt conflicts, and serious global malnutrition affects 925 million people. Such structural violence is neither accidental nor inevitable. Rather it is, in this narrative, a natural consequence of a system inordinately influenced by a small, interconnected network of corporate, military, and government leaders with the power to instill fear, to increase their excessive fortunes, and to restrict information, particularly about their own clandestine dealings. With the predictable benefits of violence going to a small set of corporate and government officials, the recruitment and motivation of soldiers, and of the public, requires a measure of concealment or deception as to who will pay what costs and who will receive what benefits. In this view the sacrifices required from soldiers not only go well beyond what resilience training may prevent, but are not justifiable in the first place. This second narrative calls psychologists to different tasks. They are to draw attention to voices that have been excluded, to clarify the deep psychological and social consequences of the dominant narrative, and to illustrate for people who have been adversely affected, the ways to resolve conflicts without recourse to killing.

The resilience training program flags a larger concern that the discipline of psychology needs to come to grips with the implications of its involvement in facilitating the psychological preparation for war.

#psychologie #états-unis

Four in five Americans economically insecure - World Socialist Web Site

Four in five Americans economically insecure - World Socialist Web Site
http://www.wsws.org/en/articles/2013/07/29/pove-j29.html

Four in five Americans economically insecure

By Andre Damon
29 July 2013

Four in five Americans are “economically insecure,” according to yet-unpublished data reported by the Associated Press Sunday, which shows that the vast majority of the population struggles with near-poverty and unemployment, or relies on government antipoverty programs during at least part of their lives.

#états-unis #inégalités #pauvreté

July 17 2013

Dementia Rate Is Found to Drop Sharply, as Forecast - NYTimes.com

Dementia Rate Is Found to Drop Sharply, as Forecast - NYTimes.com

http://www.nytimes.com/2013/07/17/health/study-finds-dip-in-dementia-rates.html?nl=todaysheadlines&emc=edit_th_20130

A new study has found that dementia rates among people 65 and older in England and Wales have plummeted by 25 percent over the past two decades, to 6.2 percent from 8.3 percent, a trend that researchers say is probably occurring across developed countries and that could have major social and economic implications for families and societies.

Another recent study, conducted in Denmark, found that people in their 90s who were given a standard test of mental ability in 2010 scored substantially better than people who had reached their 90s a decade earlier. Nearly one-quarter of those assessed in 2010 scored at the highest level, a rate twice that of those tested in 1998. The percentage of subjects severely impaired fell to 17 percent from 22 percent.

#états-unis #psychiatrie #santé

July 11 2013

L'image de la ville de Detroit à travers le People Mover : ville perçue ou ville pratiquée ?

L’image de la ville de Detroit à travers le People Mover : ville perçue ou ville pratiquée ?

http://echogeo.revues.org/13435

Principale ville de l’État du Michigan, Detroit est fondée en 1701 et devient une ville portuaire importante. Dès la fin du XIXe siècle, elle est la ville de l’industrie automobile américaine et connaît une croissance fulgurante. Puis, tout au long du XXe siècle, la croissance démographique est en forme de pyramide : elle a autant progressé les cinquante premières années qu’elle a chuté les cinquante suivantes. En 2007, Detroit est la onzième ville des États-Unis avec 920 000 habitants mais dans les années 1950, elle était la quatrième ville américaine totalisant 1 850 000 d’habitants. Le dernier recensement prolonge la baisse démographique (700 000 habitants en 2010). Ce phénomène de forte croissance puis de forte chute apparaît comme un cas unique sur le plan urbain, faisant d’elle une shrinking city singulière à étudier (Fol & Cunningham-Sabot, 2010).

#détroit #états-unis #crise

July 09 2013

Financial Crisis Just a Symptom of Detroit's Woes - NYTimes.com

Financial Crisis Just a Symptom of Detroit’s Woes - NYTimes.com

http://www.nytimes.com/2013/07/09/us/financial-crisis-just-a-symptom-of-detroits-woes.html?nl=todaysheadlines&em

Detroit, l’agonie, suite et pas fin (hélas)

DETROIT — A question unimaginable in most major American cities is utterly commonplace in this one: If you suddenly found yourself gravely ill, injured or even shot, would you call 911?

#detroit #états-unis #crise #agonie

June 30 2013

Mother of teen jailed for Facebook post speaks to WSWS - World Socialist Web Site

Mother of teen jailed for Facebook post speaks to WSWS - World Socialist Web Site

http://www.wsws.org/en/articles/2013/06/29/cart-j29.html

Mother of teen jailed for Facebook post speaks to WSWS
By Tom Carter
29 June 2013

Justin River Carter was arrested on February 14 of this year in Austin, Texas and charged as a “terrorist” for a post he made on Facebook. He faces up to ten years in prison.

The prosecution of Justin Carter as a “terrorist” is one of a string of dozens of similar prosecutions around the country, mainly involving teenagers and online posts on sites such as Facebook. As the World Socialist Web Site has previously reported, the purpose of these prosecutions is to undermine the First Amendment guarantee of free speech and to pave the way for the criminalization of political dissent. (See “The criminalization of political dissent in America”.)

#états-unis #terrorisme #réseaux_sociaux #facebook #contrôle #surveillance #big_brother

US, Japan to establish military bases in the Philippines - World Socialist Web Site

US, Japan to establish military bases in the Philippines - World Socialist Web Site

http://www.wsws.org/en/articles/2013/06/29/phil-j29.html

US, Japan to establish military bases in the Philippines
By Joseph Santolan
29 June 2013

On June 27, at a press conference in Quezon City, Philippines, Philippine Defense Minister Voltaire Gazmin and his Japanese counterpart, Itsunori Onodera, announced that the Philippines would establish basing arrangements with both the US and Japanese militaries. China was the explicit target of this move allowing the US and Japan to station military personnel and equipment in the Philippines.

#géopolitique #géostratégie #japon #états-unis #philippines #asie-pacifique

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