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02mydafsoup-01

Eyjafjallajökull (pronounced [ˈɛɪjaˌfjatlaˌjœːkʏtl̥], translated as "island-mountains glacier") (About this sound listen ) is one of the smaller glaciers of Iceland. It is situated to the north of Skógar and to the west of the larger glacier Mýrdalsjökull.

The icecap of the glacier covers a volcano (1,666 metres or 5,466 ft in height) which has erupted relatively frequently since the Ice Age, at times bringing rhyolite to the surface.[1] The volcano erupted twice in 2010, on 20 March and 14 April. The April eruption caused massive disruption to air traffic across Northern Europe, with scientists claiming it was ten to twenty times more powerful than the March event. The most recent previous eruption was from 1821 to 1823, causing a fatal glacial lake outburst flood.[citation needed] A previous eruption was in 1612. The crater of the volcano has a diameter of 3–4 kilometres (1.9–2.5 mi) and the glacier covers an area of about 100 square kilometres (39 sq mi).

The south end of the mountain was once part of the island's Atlantic coastline. As the sea has since retreated some 5 kilometres (3.1 mi), the former coastline has left behind sheer cliffs with a multitude of beautiful waterfalls, of which the best known is Skógafoss. In strong winds, the water of the smaller falls can even be blown up the mountain.

Eyjafjallajökull - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Reposted fromSigalon02 Sigalon02

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